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Munich massacre: the attack on Israeli sportsmen in Summer Olympics in Munich 08:27

The Munich Massacre occurred at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian group PLO in cooperation with Black September, an group designated as a terrorist organization by the United States and Israel. The attack directly led to the deaths of 11 Israeli athletes, five of the eight kidnappers, and one German police officer. The Olympic competition was suspended on September 5th for one full day. The next day, a memorial service attended by 80,000 spectators and 3,000 athletes was held in the Olympic Stadium. IOC President Avery Brundage made no reference to the athletes during a speech praising the strength of the Olympic movement. According to CBS News, the Israelis and many others who listened were outraged. Many of the 80,000 people who filled the Olympic Stadium for West Germany"s soccer match with Hungary carried noisemakers and waved flags, but when several spectators unfurled a banner reading "17 dead, already forgotten?" security officers removed the sign and expelled the offenders from the grounds. Willi Daume, president of the Munich organizing committee, at first wanted the remainder of the Games called off, but in the afternoon International Olympic Committee (IOC) president Avery Brundage and others prevailed, stating that they could not let terrorism halt the games. Brundage stated "the Games must go on" which was a decision that was endorsed by the Israeli government. On September 5th, the Israeli team announced they would leave Munich. All Jewish athletes were placed under guard. The Egyptian team left the games on September 7th, stating they feared reprisals. The families of some victims have asked the IOC to establish a permanent memorial to the athletes, but the IOC has declined, saying that to introduce a specific reference to the victims could "alienate other members of the Olympic community," according to the BBC Alex Gilady. An Israeli IOC official told the BBC: "We must consider what this could do to other members of the delegations that are hostile to Israel."

Recorded: 1999 Event time: 05-09-1972 Location: Germany Number of clips: 54
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