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Formula 1: 60 years ago began the great circus 04:55
Formula 1 is the best-known motor-racing championship in the world. Whether in Dubai, Kinshasa or Moscow, both the racers and the cars they drive are household names. How did Formula 1 actually start? We look back at the racers, the races, and the excitement of the Formula 1 circuit, from its lowly and modest beginnings in Britain to the magic of Fangio and the luxury of Monaco. Formula One, also known as Formula 1 or F1, and currently officially referred to as the FIA Formula One World Championship,[2] is the highest class of single seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants' cars must comply[3]. The F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held on purpose-built circuits, and public roads. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual World Championships, one for the drivers and one for the constructors, with racing drivers, constructor teams, track officials, organizers, and circuits required to be holders of valid Super Licences,[4] the highest class racing licence issued by the FIA.[5] Formula One cars race at high speeds, up to 360 km/h (220 mph) with engines revving up to a formula imposed limit of 18,000 rpm. The cars are capable of pulling in excess of 5 g on some corners. The performance of the cars is highly dependent on electronics (although traction control and driving aids have been banned since 2008), aerodynamics, suspension, and tyres. The formula has seen many evolutions and changes through the history of the sport. Europe is Formula One's traditional centre, where all of the teams are based, and where around half of the races take place. However, the sport's scope has expanded significantly in recent years and Grands Prix are held all over the world. Formula One is a massive television event, with an aggregate global audience of 600 million people for each race.[6] The Formula One Group is the legal holder of the commercial rights.[7] As the world's most expensive sport,[8] its economic effect is significant, and its financial and political battles are widely covered. Its high profile and popularity make it an obvious merchandising environment, which leads to very high investments from sponsors, translating into extremely high budgets for the constructors. However, mostly since 2000, due to the always increasing expenditures, several teams, including works teams from car makers and those teams with minimal support from the automotive industry, have gone bankrupt or been bought out by companies wanting to establish a team within the sport; these buyouts are also influenced by Formula One limiting the number of participant teams. Formula One is the highest classes of single-seater automobile racing sanctioned by the Fédéral Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix held on purpose-built circuits and public roads. The results of the races are combined to determine two annual World Championships - one for the drivers and one for the constructors. A modern Formula One car is a single-seat, open cockpit, open wheel race car with substantial front and rear wings, and an engine positioned behind the driver. The cars must be powered by a 2.4 litre naturally-aspirated engine in a V8 engine configuration that has no more than four valves per cylinder. As of the start of the 2009 season all engines are now limited to 18,000 rpm in an effort to improve engine reliability and to cut costs down overall. And now let's take a trip back in time! The first Formula One World Championship was won in 1950 by Italian Giuseppe Farina in his Alfa Romeo. He barely defeated his Argentine teammate Juan Manuel Fangio. However Fangio won the title in1951,1954,1955,1956 and 1957. His record of five World Championship titles stood for 45 years until German driver Michael Schumacher took his sixth title in 2003. It was then that he became the most successful driver in Formula 1 history. Of the 249 races he drove in, he won 91 Grand Prix and has been World Champion 7 times, the only driver to do so. Finally, let’s mention some interesting fact from the world of Formula 1! Approximately 80,000 components come together to make an F1 car. Even though these components are assembled with an accuracy of 99.9%, it will still start if 80 things are wrong. F1 car engines complete their life in about two hours of racing. Just compare this with normal engines which go on serving us faithfully for a decent 20 years. An F1 car can accelerate from 0 to 160 kph then back to 0 in just four seconds. Road car tyres can last 60 000 to 100 000 km. Racing tyres are designed to last only 90 to 120 km. Every tire loses weight during a race; this loss amounts to about 0.5kg due to wear. The drivers lose about 2 kilos of body weight during a day’s racing. The temperature of the cockpit can rise to over 50 degrees celsius during the race.
Recorded: 02-08-1950 Event time: 02-08-1950 Location: Worldwide Number of clips: 20
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