Gagarin: astronaut candidates - selection (00:00:21)
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Gagarin: astronaut candidates - selection

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Location and time:

Soviet Union, 12-04-1961


Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin: astronaut candidates - selection (Russian: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, Russian pronunciation: [ˈjurʲɪj ɐlʲɪˈksʲeɪvʲɪtɕ ɡɐˈɡarʲɪn]; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968), Hero of the Soviet Union, was a Soviet cosmonaut who on 12 April 1961 became the first human to journey into outer space.

In 1960, after the search and selection process, Yuri Gagarin was selected with 19 other cosmonauts for the Soviet space program, and in particular for the Vostok programme. Along with the other prospective cosmonauts, he was subjected to experiments designed to test his physical and psychological endurance; he also underwent training for the upcoming flight. Out of the twenty selected, the eventual choices for the first launch were Gagarin and Gherman Titov because of their performance in training, as well as their physical characteristics — space was at a premium in the small Vostok cockpit and both men were rather short.

In August 1960, when Gagarin was one of 20 possible candidates, an Air Force doctor evaluated his personality as follows:

Modest; embarrasses when his humor gets a little too racy; high degree of intellectual development evident in Yuriy; fantastic memory; distinguishes himself from his colleagues by his sharp and far-ranging sense of attention to his surroundings; a well-developed imagination; quick reactions; persevering, prepares himself painstakingly for his activities and training exercises, handles celestial mechanics and mathematical formulae with ease as well as excels in higher mathematics; does not feel constrained when he has to defend his point of view if he considers himself right; appears that he understands life better than a lot of his friends.
—Soviet Air Force doctor

On 12 April 1961, Gagarin became the first man to travel into space, launching to orbit aboard the Vostok 3KA-3 (Vostok 1). His call sign in this flight was Kedr (Cedar; Russian: Кедр).[10] In his postflight report, Gagarin recalled his experience of spaceflight, having been the first human in space:

The feeling of weightlessness was somewhat unfamiliar compared with Earth conditions. Here, you feel as if you were hanging in a horizontal position in straps. You feel as if you are suspended.
—Yuri Gagarin, postflight report, [11]

Following the flight, Gagarin told the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev that during reentry he had whistled the tune "The Motherland Hears, The Motherland Knows" (Russian: "Родина слышит, Родина знает").[12][13] The first two lines of the song are: "The Motherland hears, the Motherland knows/Where her son flies in the sky".[14] This patriotic song was written by Dmitri Shostakovich in 1951 (opus 86), with words by Yevgeniy Dolmatovsky.

After the flight, some sources claimed that Gagarin, during his space flight, had made the comment, "I don't see any God up here." However, no such words appear in the verbatim record of Gagarin's conversations with the Earth during the spaceflight.[15] In a 2006 interview a close friend of Gagarin, Colonel Valentin Petrov, stated that Gagarin never said such words, and that the phrase originated from Nikita Khrushchev's speech at the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, where the anti-religious propaganda was discussed. In a certain context Khrushchev said, "Gagarin flew into space, but didn't see any god there".[16] Colonel Petrov also said that Gagarin had been baptised into the Orthodox Church as a child.

Other languages: show / hide

Arabic :

غاغارين، غاغارين مع الطيارين الآخرين، الاتحاد السوفياتي، اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوفياتية، اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوفياتية، ااحد، الطيران، الطائرات، الرحلة، مناطيد، الطائرة، الطائرة، أيروكارير، يطير، الفضاء، الفضاء الخارجي، الكون، الكون، العلم، المعرفة، والتعلم، رائد الفضاء، أول رائد فضاء، المركبة الفضائية، المرشحين رائد الفضاء، التحديد،,

Bulgarian :

Гагарин, Гагарин с други пилоти, Съветския съюз, съюз на съветските социалистически републики, СССР, CCCP, авиация, самолети, полет, дирижабли, самолет, самолет, aerocarrier, муха, пространство, космическото пространство, Вселената, Космос, наука, знания, обучение, астронавт, първият астронавт, космически кораби, астронавт кандидати, селекция, ,

Catalan :

Gagarin, Gagarin amb altres pilots, Unió Soviètica, Unió de Repúbliques Socialistes Soviètiques, USSR, CCCP, aviació, avions, vol, aeronaus, avió, avió, aerocarrier, mosca, espai, espai exterior, univers, cosmos, ciència, coneixement, aprenentatge, astronauta, el primer astronauta, nau, candidats astronauta, selecció, ,

Chinese Simplified :

加加林,加加林与其他飞行员,苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟,联盟苏维埃社会主义共和国、 苏联、 运筹帷幄作用、 航空、 飞机、 飞行、 飞艇、 飞机、 飞机、 aerocarrier、 飞、 空间、 外层空间、 宇宙、 宇宙、 科学、 知识、 学习、 宇航员、 第一位宇航员、 航天器、 宇航员候选人、 选择、,

Chinese Traditional :

加加林,加加林與其他飛行員,蘇維埃社會主義共和國聯盟,聯盟蘇維埃社會主義共和國、 蘇聯、 運籌帷幄作用、 航空、 飛機、 飛行、 飛艇、 飛機、 飛機、 aerocarrier、 飛、 空間、 外太空、 宇宙、 宇宙、 科學、 知識、 學習、 宇航員、 第一位宇航員、 航太器、 宇航員候選人、 選擇、,

Czech :

Gagarin, Gagarin s ostatními piloty, Sovětský svaz, svaz sovětských socialistických republik, SSSR, CCCP, letectví, letadla, letu, vzducholodí, letadlo, letadlo, aerocarrier, fly, prostor, vesmíru, vesmíru, Kosmos, vědy, znalostí, učení, astronaut, první kosmonaut, kosmické, astronautů kandidátů, výběr, ,

Danish :

Gagarin, Gagarin med andre piloter, Sovjetunionen, Unionen af Socialistiske Sovjetrepublikker, USSR, CCCP, luftfart, fly, flyvning, luftskibe, fly, fly, aerocarrier, flyve, plads, ydre rum, universet, kosmos, videnskab, viden, læring, astronaut, første astronaut, rumfartøjer, astronaut kandidater, udvalg, ,

Dutch :

Gagarin, Gagarin met andere piloten, Sovjet-Unie, de Unie van Socialistische Sovjetrepublieken, USSR, CCCP, luchtvaart, vliegtuigen, vlucht, luchtschepen, vliegtuig, vliegtuig, aerocarrier, vliegen, ruimte, heelal, universum, kosmos, wetenschap, kennis, leren, astronaut, eerste astronaut, ruimtevaartuig, astronaut kandidaten, selectie, ,

Estonian :

Gagarin, Gagarin ja teised piloodid, Nõukogude Liit, Liidu Nõukogude Sotsialistlik vabariikide, USSR, CCCP, lennunduse, lennuki, lennu, õhulaevad, lennuk, lennuk, aerocarrier, lennata, ruumi, kosmoses, universumi, cosmos, teaduse, teadmiste, õppe, astronaut, esimene astronaut, kosmoseaparaadid, astronaut kandidaatide, valik, ,

Finnish :

Gagarin, Gagarin muiden ohjaajien Neuvostoliiton unionin Sosialististen neuvostotasavaltojen, Neuvostoliiton, CCCP, ilmailun, ilma, lento, ilmalaivat, kone, lentokone, aerocarrier, lentää, tilaa, ulkoavaruuden, universe, cosmos, tiede, knowledge, oppimisen, astronautti, ensimmäisenä, avaruusalus, astronautti ehdokkaita, valinta, ,

French :

Gagarine, Gagarine avec les autres pilotes, Union soviétique, l'Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques, USSR, CCCP, aviation, avion, vol, dirigeables, avion, avion, aerocarrier, mouche, espace, l'espace, univers, cosmos, science, connaissance, apprentissage, astronaute, premier astronaute, engins spatiaux, candidats astronautes, sélection, ,

German :

Gagarin, Gagarin mit anderen Piloten, Sowjetunion, Union der Sozialistischen Sowjetrepubliken, USSR, CCCP, Luftfahrt, Flugzeuge, Flug, Luftschiffe, Flugzeug, Flugzeug, Aerocarrier, fliegen, Space, Weltraum, Universum, Kosmos, Wissenschaft, wissen, lernen, Astronaut, erster Astronaut, Raumschiff, Astronaut Kandidaten, Auswahl, ,

Greek :

Gagarin, Gagarin με άλλα πιλότους, Σοβιετική Ένωση, την Ένωση Σοβιετικών Σοσιαλιστικών Δημοκρατιών, ΕΣΣΔ, CCCP, αεροπορίας, αεροσκαφών, πτήση, αερόπλοια, αεροπλάνο, αεροπλάνο, aerocarrier, μύγα, διάστημα, διάστημα, σύμπαν, cosmos, επιστήμη, γνώση, μάθηση, αστροναύτης, πρώτο αστροναύτη, διαστημόπλοιο, υποψηφίους αστροναύτης, επιλογή, ,

Haitian Creole :

Gagarin, Gagarin ak lòt pilòt yo, Inyon Sovyetik la, Inyon an Repiblik Sovyetik sosyalis yo, -, CCCP, avyasyon, avyon, vol, airships, avyon an, avyon, aerocarrier, vole, espas, lespas, Linivè, cosmos, syans, konnen, formation, aswonòt, premye aswonòt, machin lespas, aswonòt kandida yo, chwazi, ,

Hebrew :

גגארין, גגארין עם טייסים אחרים, ברית המועצות, האיחוד של הסובייטיות הסוציאליסטית, ברית המועצות, CCCP, תעופה, מטוסים, טיסה, ספינות אוויר, המטוס, מטוס, aerocarrier, זבוב, שטח, בחלל החיצון, היקום, קוסמוס, מדע, ידע, למידה, אסטרונאוט, האסטרונאוט הראשון, החללית, האסטרונאוט מועמדים, בחירה, ,

Hindi :

गागरिन, संघ सोवियत समाजवादी गणराज्यों, सोवियत संघ, CCCP, विमानन, विमान, उड़ान, airships, विमान, हवाई जहाज, aerocarrier, मक्खी, अंतरिक्ष, बाह्य अंतरिक्ष, ब्रह्मांड, ब्रह्मांड, विज्ञान, ज्ञान, शिक्षण, अंतरिक्ष यात्री, पहले अंतरिक्ष यात्री, अंतरिक्ष यान, अंतरिक्ष यात्री उम्मीदवारों, चयन गागरिन अन्य पायलटों, सोवियत संघ, के साथ, ,

Hungarian :

Gagarin, Gagarin a más pilóta, szovjet Unió Szovjet Szocialista Köztársaságok, USSR, CCCP, repülés, repülőgép, repülés, léghajók, sík, repülőgép, aerocarrier, fly, hely, világűrben, univerzum, kozmosz, tudomány, tudás, tanulás, űrhajós, első űrhajós, űrhajó, űrhajós jelöltek, kiválasztása, ,

Indonesian :

Gagarin, Gagarin dengan pilot lainnya, Uni Soviet, Uni Republik Sosialis Soviet, USSR, CCCP, penerbangan, pesawat, penerbangan, airships, pesawat, pesawat, aerocarrier, terbang, Ruang, luar angkasa, alam semesta, cosmos, ilmu pengetahuan, pengetahuan, pembelajaran, astronot, astronot pertama, pesawat ruang angkasa, kandidat astronot, seleksi, ,

Italian :

Gagarin, Gagarin con altri piloti, Unione Sovietica, Unione delle Repubbliche socialiste sovietiche, USSR, CCCP, aviazione, aerei, volo, dirigibili, aereo, aeroplano, aerocarrier, Mosca, spazio, spazio esterno, universo, cosmo, scienza, conoscenza, apprendimento, astronauta, primo astronauta, veicoli spaziali, candidati astronauta, selezione, ,

Japanese :


Korean :

가가린 Gagarin 다른 조종사, 소 연방의 소련 사회주의자 공화국, 소련 사회주의 연방 공화국, CCCP, 항공, 항공기, 비행기, 비행선, 비행기, 비행기, aerocarrier, 비행, 공간, 우주, 우주, 우주, 과학, 지식, 학습, 우주 비행사, 첫 우주 비행사, 우주선, 우주 비행사 후보자, 선택, ,

Latvian :

Gagarina, Gagarina kopā ar citiem pilotiem, Padomju Savienības Savienības Padomju Sociālistiskās Republikas, PSRS, CCCP, aviācijas, lidaparātu, lidojumu, dirižabļi, plakne, lidmašīnas, aerocarrier, lidot, telpu, kosmosā, Visumu, cosmos, zinātnes, zināšanas, mācību, astronautu, pirmais kosmonauts, kosmosa, astronautu kandidātu, atlasi, ,

Lithuanian :

Gagarinas, Gagarinas su kitais pilotais, Sovietų Sąjungos, Sąjungos Sovietų Socialistinių Respublikų, TSRS, CCCP, aviacijos, orlaivių, skrydžio, dirižabliai, plokštumos, lėktuvas, aerocarrier, skristi, vietos, kosmoso, Visata, kosmosas, mokslo, žinių, mokymosi, astronautas, pirmasis kosmonautas, ka, astronautas kandidatų, atrankos, ,

Norwegian :

Gagarin, Gagarin med andre piloter, Sovjetunionen, Unionen av sovjetiske sosialistiske republikker, USSR, CCCP, luftfart, fly, fly, luftskip, fly, fly, aerocarrier, fly, plass, verdensrommet, universet, kosmos, vitenskap, kunnskap, læring, astronaut, første astronaut, romfartøyet, astronaut kandidater, valg,

Polish :

Gagarin, Gagarin z pilotami, ZSRR, Związek Socjalistycznych Republik Radzieckich, USSR, CCCP, lotnictwa, samolotów, lotu, sterowców, samolot, samolot, aerocarrier, mucha, miejsca, przestrzeni kosmicznej, wszechświata, kosmos, nauki, wiedzy, nauki, astronauta, pierwszego kosmonauty, sonda, astronauta kandydatów, wybór, ,

Portuguese :

Gagarin, Yuri Gagarin com outros pilotos, União Soviética, União das Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas, USSR, CCCP, aviação, aeronave, vôo, dirigíveis, avião, avião, aerocarrier, mosca, espaço, espaço, universo, cosmos, ciência, conhecimento, aprendizagem, astronauta, primeiro astronauta, nave espacial, candidatos de astronauta, seleção, ,

Romanian :

Gagarin, Gagarin cu celelalte piloţi, URSS, Uniunea Republicilor Socialiste Sovietice, USSR, CCCP, aviaţiei, aeronave, zbor, aeronave, avion, avion, aerocarrier, zbura, spaţiu, spaţiul cosmic, univers, cosmos, ştiinţă, cunoştinţe, învăţare, astronaut, primul astronaut, nave spaţiale, astronautul candidaţi, selecţie, ,

Russian :

Гагарин, Гагарин с другими пилотами, советский союз, Союз Советских Социалистических Республик, СССР, CCCP, авиации, самолет, рейс, дирижабли, самолет, самолет, авианосец, летать, пространства, космического пространства, Вселенной, космос, науки, знаний, обучения, астронавт, первый космонавт, космический аппарат, астронавт кандидатов, отбора, ,

Slovak :

Gagarin, Gagarin s ostatnými pilotmi, Sovietskeho Zväzu sovietskych socialistických republík, ZSSR, CCCP, letectva, lietadla, letu, vzducholode, lietadlo, lietadlo, aerocarrier, lietať, priestor, vesmíru, vesmíru, kozmu, veda, vedomosti, učenie, astronaut, prvý slovenský kozmonaut, kozmickej lode, astronaut kandidátov, výber, ,

Slovenian :

Gagarin, Gagarin s drugi piloti, Sovjetske zveze, Zveze sovjetskih socialističnih republik, ZSSR, CCCP, letalstva, letala, letenja, zračne ladje, letalo, letalo, aerocarrier, letenje, prostor, vesolja, vesolje, cosmos, znanosti, znanja, učenja, astronavt, prvi astronavt, vesoljsko plovilo, astronavt kandidatov, izbor, ,

Spanish :

Gagarin, Gagarin con otros pilotos, Unión Soviética, la Unión de repúblicas socialistas soviéticas, USSR, CCCP, aviación, avión, vuelo, dirigibles, avión, avión, aerocarrier, mosca, espacio, espacio, universo, cosmos, ciencia, conocimiento, aprendizaje, astronauta, primer astronauta, nave espacial, candidatos astronautas, selección, ,

Swedish :

Gagarin, Gagarin med andra piloter, Sovjetunionen, unionen sovjetiska socialistiska republikerna, USSREN, CCCP, flyg, flygplan, flyg, airships, plan, flygplan, aerocarrier, flyga, utrymme, yttre rymden, universum, kosmos, vetenskap, kunskap, lärande, astronaut, första astronaut, rymdfarkoster, astronaut kandidater, urval, ,

Thai :

Gagarin, Gagarin กับนักบินอื่น ๆ สหภาพโซเวียต สหภาพชาติสังคมนิยมโซเวียต สหภาพโซเวียต CCCP บิน เครื่องบิน บิน เรือบิน เครื่องบิน เครื่องบิน aerocarrier บิน พื้นที่ อวกาศ จักรวาล ดาวกระจาย วิทยาศาสตร์ ความรู้ เรียน นักบินอวกาศ นักบินอวกาศครั้งแรก ยานอวกาศ ผู้สมัครนักบินอวกาศ เลือก,

Turkish :

Gagarin, Gagarin ile diğer pilotlar, Sovyetler Birliği'nin Birliği Sovyet Sosyalist Cumhuriyetler, USSR, CCCP, havacılık, uçak, uçuş, airships, uçak, uçak, aerocarrier, sinek, uzay, uzay, evren, evren, bilim, bilgi, öğrenme, astronot, ilk astronot, uzay aracı, astronot adayları, seçim, ,

Ukrainian :

Гагаріна, ю. Гагарін з інших пілотів, Радянський Союз, Союз Радянських Соціалістичних Республік, СРСР, КП, авіації, літаків, польоту, дирижаблі, літак, літак, авіаносець, літати, простір, космічного простору, Всесвіту, космос, науки, знань, навчання, астронавт, першого космонавта, космічних апаратів, астронавт кандидатів, виділення, ,

Vietnamese :

Gagarin, Gagarin với phi công khác, Liên Xô, liên minh không nước Cộng hoà xã hội chủ nghĩa Xô viết, USSR, CCCP, aviation, máy bay, chuyến bay, khí cầu, máy bay, máy bay, aerocarrier, bay, gian, không gian bên ngoài, vũ trụ, vũ trụ, khoa học, kiến thức, học tập, du hành vũ trụ, du hành vũ trụ đầu tiên, tàu vũ trụ, ứng cử viên du hành vũ trụ, lựa chọn, ,




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12-03-2011 15:33:45

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