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1993 - The UN flees Somalia: U.S Air Force - starving people - aid, aid distribution - refugees, children (00:11:59)
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Title:

1993 - The UN flees Somalia: U.S Air Force - starving people - aid, aid distribution - refugees, children

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

Somalia, Mogadisu, 09-12-1993

Description:

Somalia, formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is a coastal nation in East Africa . It currently exists solely in a de jure capacity, which can be described as anarchy. Somalia has no recognized central government authority, no national currency, nor any other feature associated with a remotely-established nation state. De facto authority resides in the hands of the governments for the unrecognized entities of Somaliland , Puntland, and other small rival warlords. Intermittent civil war has been a fact of life in Somalia since 1977. In 1991, the northern portion of the country declared its independence as Somaliland ; although de facto independent and relatively stable compared to the tumultuous south, it has not been recognized by any foreign government. Beginning in 1993, a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions, but when the UN withdrew on March 3, 1995, having suffered significant casualties, order had still not been restored. Yet again another secession from Somalia took place in the northeastern region. The self-proclaimed state took the name Puntland after declaring "temporary" independence in 1998, with the intention that it would participate in any Somali reconciliation to form a new central government.


Other languages: show / hide


Arabic :

1993، الصومال، الجوع والمجاعة، ومشاة البحرية الأمريكية، أفريقيا، الأمم المتحدة، الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، الحرب الأهلية والقتال في مقديشو، وعمليات الأمم المتحدة، وطائرة هليكوبتر، الهجوم على الأميركيين، ومكافحة، والقتال الليلي، احتفالات النصر Somalis, U.S-انسحاب القوات، المطار، العسكرية، الجيش، الجندي، الحرب، والانضباط، والزي الرسمي، موظف، رتبة، الحرس، اللاجئين، واللاجئين، الشخص، الناس، الهجرة، والأمم المتحدة يهرب Somalia, U.S القوات الجوية والطائرات، والمعونة، الأطفال، الأطفال، والشباب، وتجويع الشعب، بيليت-هون، توزيع المعونة، سيارة،,


Bulgarian :

1993 г., Сомалия, глад, глад, морски пехотинци, Африка, ООН, САЩ, гражданска война, борба Могадишу, операции на ООН, хеликоптер, атакува американците, борба, борба нощ, победата честванията на Somalis, U.S. войските оттегляне, летище, военни, армия, войник, война, дисциплина, униформи, офицер, ранг, охрана, бежанци, бежанци, човек, хора, имиграция, ООН бяга Somalia, U.S военновъздушни сили, въздухоплавателни средства, помощ, деца, деца, млади, гладуващи хора, Belet-Huen разпределението на помощите, кола, ,


Catalan :

1993, Somàlia, fam, fam, Marines, Àfrica, l'ONU, EUA, Guerra Civil, lluita Mogadiscio, UN operacions, helicòpter, atacar els nord-Americans, lluita, lluita nit, celebracions de la victòria de la Somalis, U.S. retirada tropes, l'aeroport, militar, exèrcit, soldat, guerra, disciplina, uniformes, oficial, rang, Guàrdia, refugiats, refugiats, persona, persones, immigració, l'ONU fuig Somalia, U.S Air Force, avions, ajuda, nens, nen, jove, morint gent, Belet-: hu, distribució d'ajuda, cotxe, ,


Chinese Simplified :

1993 年,索马里,饥饿、 饥荒,海军陆战队,非洲,联合国,美国,内战,战斗摩加迪沙,联合国行动、 直升机,攻击美国人,战斗,战斗夜,庆祝胜利的 Somalis, U.S.部队撤离,机场, 军事、 军队、 军人、 战争、 纪律、 制服,官秩,警卫, 难民,难民,人,人,入境事务处、 联合国出逃 Somalia, U.S 空军,飞机、 援助, 儿童、 儿童、 年轻,饿死了人,贝莱德-萱,援助分配,汽车,,


Chinese Traditional :

1993 年,索馬里,饑餓、 饑荒,海軍陸戰隊,非洲,聯合國,美國,內戰,戰鬥摩加迪休,聯合國行動、 直升機,攻擊美國人,戰鬥,戰鬥夜,慶祝勝利的 Somalis, U.S.部隊撤離,機場, 軍事、 軍隊、 軍人、 戰爭、 紀律、 制服,官秩,警衛, 難民,難民,人,人,入境事務處、 聯合國出逃 Somalia, U.S 空軍,飛機、 援助, 兒童、 兒童、 年輕,餓死了人,貝萊德-萱,援助分配,汽車,,


Czech :

1993, Somálsko, hlad, hlad, mariňáci, Afrika, OSN, USA, občanská válka, boj Mogadišu, operace OSN, vrtulník, napadají Američany, boj, boj v noci oslavy vítězství Somalis, U.S. stažení vojsk, letiště, vojenské, armáda, voják, válka, disciplína, uniformy, strážníku, hodnost, stráž, uprchlíci, uprchlíků, osoba, lidi, přistěhovalectví, The UN prchá Somalia, U.S Air Force, letadla, pomoc, děti, děti, mladí, hladovějící lidé, Belet-Huen, rozdělování pomoci, auto, ,


Danish :

1993, Somalia, sult, hungersnød, marinesoldater, Afrika, FN, USA, borgerkrig, kæmper Mogadishu, FN-operationer, helikopter, angribe amerikanerne, kæmpe, kæmpe nat, sejr festligheder Somalis, U.S. troppernes tilbagetrækning, lufthavn, militær, army, soldat, krig, disciplin, uniformer, officer, rang, vagt, flygtninge, flygtning, person, mennesker, indvandring, The UN flygter Somalia, U.S Air Force, fly, støtte, børn, barn, ung, sultende mennesker, Belet-Huen, støtte distribution, bil, ,


Dutch :

1993, Somalië, honger, honger, mariniers, Afrika, VN, VS, burgeroorlog, bestrijding van Mogadishu, VN-operaties, helikopter, aanval van de Amerikanen, vechten, vechten nacht, viering van de overwinning van de Somalis, U.S. troep terugtrekking, luchthaven, militaire, leger, soldaat, oorlog, discipline, uniformen, officer, rang, guard, vluchtelingen, vluchtelingen, persoon, mensen, immigratie, de VN vlucht Somalia, U.S luchtmacht, vliegtuigen, steun, kinderen, kind, jonge, hongerende mensen, Belet-Huen, steun distributie, auto, ,


Estonian :

1993, Somaalia, nälg, nälg, Marines, Aafrika, ÜRO, USA, kodusõda, võitlevad Mogadishu, ÜRO operatsioonidele, helikopter, rünnata ameeriklased, võidelda, võidelda võidu pidustuste Somalis, U.S. troop äravõtmisest, Lennujaama, öösel sõjaväe, armee sõdur, sõda, distsipliini, vormirõivad, ohvitser, auaste, valvur, pagulaste, pagulaste, inimene, inimesed, sisseränne, The ÜRO põgeneb Somalia, U.S õhujõudude lennuki, abi, lapsed, laps, noor, nälgivad inimesed, Belet-Huen, abi jaotamine, auto, ,


Finnish :

1993 Somaliassa, nälkä, nälänhätä, Marines, Afrikka, YK, Yhdysvallat, sisällissodan taistelut Mogadishussa, YK-operaatioissa, helikopteri, hyökätä amerikkalaiset, taistella, taistella yö, victory juhlat Somalis, U.S. joukkojen peruutetaan, lentokenttä, sotilas, armeija, sotilas, sota, kurinalaisuus, univormut, upseeri, sijoitus, vartija, pakolaisille, pakolaisten, henkilö, ihmisiä, maahanmuutto, YK: N pakenee Somalia, U.S ilmavoimien ilma, tukea, lapset, lapsi, nuori, nälkää ihmisiä, Belet Huen avun jakamista, auto, ,


French :

1993, Somalie, faim, famine, Marines, Afrique, ONU, USA, guerre civile, combats à Mogadiscio, les opérations de l’ONU, hélicoptère, attaquer les américains, lutte, lutte nuit, célébrations de la victoire de la Somalis, U.S. retrait des troupes, aéroport, militaire, armée, soldat, guerre, discipline, uniformes, officier, rang, garde, réfugiés, les réfugiés, personne, personnes, l’Immigration, l’ONU s’enfuit Somalia, U.S Aviation, avion, aides, enfants, enfants, jeunes gens, Belet-Huen, distribution de l’aide, de la faim car, ,


German :

1993, Somalia, hunger, Hungersnot, Marines, Afrika, UN, USA, Bürgerkrieg, Mogadischu, Operationen der Vereinten Nationen, Hubschrauber, kämpfen die Amerikaner angreifen, kämpfen, kämpfen Nacht, Siegesfeiern Somalis, U.S. Truppenabzug, Flughafen, Militär, Armee, Soldat, Krieg, Disziplin, Uniformen, Offizier, Rang, Wache, Flüchtlinge, Flüchtling, Person, Leute, Einwanderung, die UN flieht Somalia, U.S Luftwaffe, Flugzeug, Hilfe, Kinder, Kind, junge, hungernde Menschen, Belet Huen, Beihilfe Verteilung, Auto, ,


Greek :

1993, Σομαλία, πείνα, πείνα, πεζοναύτες, Αφρική, του ΟΗΕ, ΗΠΑ, εμφύλιος πόλεμος, μάχη του Μογκαντίσου, επιχειρήσεις του ΟΗΕ, ελικόπτερο, επιτεθεί οι Αμερικανοί, αγώνα, νύχτα, επινίκια του το Somalis, U.S. αποχώρηση των στρατευμάτων, αεροδρόμιο, πάλη στρατιωτικό, στρατός, στρατιώτης, πολέμου, πειθαρχία, στολές, αξιωματικός, κατάταξης, φρουρά, πρόσφυγες, τους πρόσφυγες, πρόσωπο, άνθρωποι, μετανάστευση, ο ΟΗΕ καταφεύγει Somalia, U.S Πολεμική Αεροπορία, αεροσκάφος, βοήθεια, παιδιά, παιδί, νέοι, πεινασμένοι άνθρωποι, Belet-Huen, διανομή, αυτοκίνητο, ,


Haitian Creole :

1993, Somali, grangou, grangou, gad kòt yo, Afrik, UN, nan Etazini, gè sivil kont Moukdicho, UN operasyon, elikoptè a, atake Ameriken, batay, batay lannwit, selebwasyon viktwa de la Somalis, U.S. retrèt ak twoup, èpòt la, militè yo, lame, sòlda, lagè, disiplin, inifòm, gad baz wotè pwen, ofisye, refijye yo, refijye, moun, moun, imigrasyon, a UN flees Somalia, U.S è fòs, avyon, èd, timoun, timoun, jenn, distribisyon èd moun, Belet Huen, kap mouri ak grangou machin, ,


Hebrew :

1993, סומליה, רעב, רעב, נחתים, אפריקה, האו"ם, ארה"ב, מלחמת האזרחים, נלחם מוגדישו, פעולות האו ם, מסוק, לתקוף את האמריקאים, להילחם, להילחם לילה, חגיגות הניצחון Somalis, U.S. לנסיגת, התעופה, צבא, צבא, חייל, מלחמה, משמעת, מדים, אדוני השוטר, דרגה, שומר, פליטים, פליטים, אדם, אנשים, הגירה, ם נמלט חיל האוויר Somalia, U.S, מטוסים, עזרה, ילדים, ילד, צעיר, מורעב אנשים, Belet-Huen, סיוע הפצה, מכונית, ,


Hindi :

1993, सोमालिया, भूख, अकाल, मरीन, अफ्रीका, संयुक्त राष्ट्र, अमरीका, गृहयुद्ध, मोगादिशू, संयुक्त राष्ट्र संचालन, हेलीकाप्टर, लड़ रहे अमेरिकियों पर हमला, लड़ो रात, Somalis, U.S. सेना वापसी, हवाई अड्डे, विजय समारोह सेना, सेना, सैनिक, युद्ध, अनुशासन, वर्दी, अधिकारी, रैंक, गार्ड, शरणार्थियों, शरणार्थी, व्यक्ति, लोगों, आव्रजन, संयुक्त राष्ट्र flees Somalia, U.S वायुसेना, विमान, सहायता, बच्चे, बच्चे, युवा लोग, Belet-Huen, सहायता वितरण, भूख से मर, कार, ,


Hungarian :

1993, Szomália, éhezés, éhínség, tengerészgyalogság, Afrika, UN, USA, polgárháború, harcok Mogadishu, ENSZ műveletek, helikopter, támadás az amerikaiak, küzdelem, harc éjjel, győzelme a Somalis, U.S. csapatkivonás, repülőtér, ünnepek katonai, hadsereg, katona, háború, fegyelem, egyenruhák, tiszt, rang, őr, menekültek, menekült, személy, ember, bevándorlás, az ENSZ menekül Somalia, U.S légierő, repülőgép, támogatás, a gyermekek, a gyermek, a fiatal, éhező emberek, Belet-Huen, támogatás elosztása, autó, ,


Indonesian :

Tahun 1993, Somalia, kelaparan, kelaparan, Marines, Afrika, PBB, USA, perang saudara, pertempuran Mogadishu, operasi PBB, helikopter, menyerang Amerika, melawan, melawan malam, Perayaan kemenangan Somalis, U.S. penarikan pasukan, Bandara, militer, tentara, prajurit, perang, disiplin, seragam, perwira, pangkat, penjaga, pengungsi, pengungsi, orang-orang, Imigrasi, PBB melarikan diri Somalia, U.S Angkatan Udara, pesawat, bantuan, anak-anak, anak, muda, kelaparan orang, Belet-Huen, bantuan distribusi, Mobil, ,


Italian :

1993, Somalia, la fame, carestia, Marines, Africa, ONU, USA, guerra civile, combattimenti a Mogadiscio, operazioni dell'ONU, elicottero, attaccare gli americani, combattere, combattere di notte, festeggiamenti per la vittoria del Somalis, U.S. ritiro della truppa, aeroporto, militare, esercito, soldato, guerra, disciplina, uniformi, ufficiale, rango, guardia, rifugiati, profughi, persona, persone, immigrazione, l'ONU fugge Somalia, U.S aeronautica, aerei, aiuto, bambini, bambino, giovane, persone, Belet-Huen, distribuzione degli aiuti, di fame auto, ,


Japanese :

1993 年、ソマリア、飢餓、飢饉、海兵隊、アフリカ、国連、アメリカ合衆国、南北戦争、国連の活動、ヘリコプター、モガディシュの戦いアメリカ人を攻撃、戦い、戦いの夜、Somalis, U.S 撤兵、空港、の勝利のお祝い。 軍隊、軍隊、兵士、戦争、規律、制服、役員、ランク、ガード、 難民、難民、人、人、移民、国連逃げる Somalia, U.S 空軍、航空機、援助、 子供、子供、若い、飢えている人、Belet ・ フエン、援助の配布、車、,


Korean :

1993 년 소말리아, 굶주림, 기근, 해병대, 아프리카, 유엔, 미국, 남북 전쟁, 싸우는 모가디슈, 유엔 운영, 헬리콥터, 미국인을 공격, 싸움, 싸움의 밤, Somalis, U.S. 부 대 철회, 공항의 승리 축 하 군사, 군대, 군인, 전쟁, 규율, 유니폼, 장교, 순위, 가드, 난민, 난민, 사람, 사람, 이민의 유엔 Somalia, U.S 공군, 항공기, 원조, 달아 난다 어린이, 어린이, 젊은, 굶주린 사람들, Belet-흔, 원조 유통, 자동차, ,


Lithuanian :

1993 m. Somalyje, badą, badas, jūrų pėstininkas, Afrika, JT, JAV, pilietinis karas, kova su Mogadišas, JT operacijoms, sraigtasparnis, išpuolių amerikiečiai, kovoti, kovoti naktį, pergalės minėjimo Somalis, U.S. kariuomenλs iπvedimo, oro uostas, kariuomenė, kariuomenė, karys, karo, drausmės, uniformos, pareigūnas, rangas, apsauga, pabėgėliai, pabėgėlių, asmens, žmonių, imigracijos, The JT bėga Somalia, U.S oro pajėgos, orlaiviai, pagalba, vaikai, vaikas, jaunas, badaujantiems žmonėms, Belet-Huen, pagalbos paskirstymo, automobilių, ,


Norwegian :

1993, Somalia, sult, sult, Marines, Afrika, FN, USA, borgerkrig, kjemper Mogadishu, FNS operasjoner, helikopter, angripe amerikanerne, kjempe, kjempe kveld, seieren feiringen av de Somalis, U.S. tropp tilbaketrekkingen flyplass, militære, hæren, soldat, krig, disiplin, uniformer, offiser, rang, vakt, flyktninger, flyktning, person, mennesker, innvandring, FNS flykter Somalia, U.S Air Force, fly, hjelp, barn, barn, unge, sultne mennesker, Belet-Huen, hjelp distribusjon, bil, ,


Portuguese :

1993, Somália, fome, fome, fuzileiros, África, ONU, EUA, Guerra Civil, lutando de Mogadíscio, as operações da ONU, helicóptero, atacar os americanos, lutar, lutar a noite, celebrações de vitória da Somalis, U.S. retirada das tropas, aeroporto, militar, exército, soldado, guerra, disciplina, uniformes, oficial, classificação, guarda, refugiados, refugiados, pessoa, pessoas, imigração, The UN foge Somalia, U.S força aérea, aeronaves, ajuda, crianças, criança, jovem, morrendo de fome as pessoas, Belet-Huen, distribuição de auxílios, carro, ,


Romanian :

1993, Somalia, foamete, foamete, Marines, Africa, ONU, SUA, razboi Civil, luptă Mogadiscio, operaţiile ONU, elicopter, ataca americanii, lupta, lupta de noapte, sărbători victoria Somalis, U.S. retragerea trupelor, aeroport, militare, armata, soldat, război, disciplina, uniforma, ofiţer, rang, paza, refugiaţi, refugiaţi, persoane, oameni, imigrare, ONU fuge Somalia, U.S Air Force, aeronave, ajutor, copii, copil, tineri, oameni, Belet-Huen, ajutor de distribuţie, de foame masina, ,


Spanish :

1993, Somalia, hambre, hambruna, Marines, África, las Naciones Unidas, Estados Unidos, Guerra Civil, -combates Mogadiscio, operaciones de la ONU, helicóptero, atacar a los americanos, luchar, luchar por la noche, las celebraciones de la victoria de la Somalis, U.S. retirada de la tropa, aeropuerto, militares, ejército, soldado, guerra, disciplina, uniformes, oficial, fila, guardia, los refugiados, refugiados, persona, gente, la inmigración, la ONU huye Somalia, U.S aérea, aviones, ayuda, niños, niño, joven, hambre de la gente, Belet Huen, distribución de ayuda, coche, ,


Swedish :

1993, Somalia, hunger, svält, marinsoldater, Afrika, FN, USA, inbördeskriget, kampen mot Mogadishu, FN-operationer, helikopter, anfalla amerikanerna, fight, fight night, seger firandet av Somalis, U.S. trupptillbakadragande, flygplats, militär, armén, soldat, krig, disciplin, uniformer, officer, rank, vakt, flyktingar, flykting, person, folk, invandring, UN flyr Somalia, U.S Air Force, flygplan, stöd, barn, barn, unga, svältande människor, Belet-Huen, stöd distribution, bil, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Peck, Fred

(American marine-Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "They observed us rather as a curiosity. I am sure that the people in Somalia had never seen things like what we took with us. First of all amphibious vehicles, then enormous hovercrafts with which we could go straight from water to the sandy beach. We had a program which could have been Disneyland for them."

Sufi, Basi Mohamed

(Former employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking English:
-  "It was inhuman. People were walking on the streets as ghosts – nothing but skin and bones."

Sufi, Basi Mohamed

(Former employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking English:
-  "We took the road each morning with small baskets to find aqueducts to get some drinking water. Then drop by drop, sometimes even waiting for 2-3 hours, we collected a bit of water."

Sufi, Basi Mohamed

(Former employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking English:
-  "The whole city echoed from the bomb-explosions. I think even some shops broke into flames. The crackle of machine-guns could be heard everywhere. It was not secure to stay in Mogadishu anymore."

Oakley, Robert

(Special commissioner at the American embassy in Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "Everybody was satisfied at this time. Equanimity was everywhere; the people got food and medical attendance. We felt we fulfilled our mission."

Oakley, Robert

(Special commissioner at the American embassy in Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "The provisions became weapons. If someone could keep the enemy away from food, it was a success. It was even better to keep the food for themselves because then he could eat, change it to weapons or even sell it. It was a horrible situation, people died in quantities."

Peck, Fred

(American marine-Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "We wanted to prove for them, how better we were. We wanted to let them know, that we were strong, we were harsh, we had weapons, and if you made trouble, we would kill you."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "The hate, the revenge and the inimical feelings took over on both sides. It was just unbelievable."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "The dew was so thick we could hardly see the earth. As soon as we jumped out from the helicopters, they shot at us. When we reached the ground, we knew it was an absolutely different commission. We were in a jam from that moment onwards, when we touched down."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "Often we couldn’t even assess, from where they were firing at us, from window or from the corner of the street. They were all around us. We couldn’t say that the enemy was here or there. We were right in the middle of the problem, as we just clogged into a wasp’s nest."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "We were continuously under fire for about 15 or 16 hours. And our munitions just got less and less. We were extremely thirsty – and even our water-resources were about running out."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "The ones, who could still walk, split into smaller groups and tried to get out from the trap behind the cars in the two sides of the street. To shoot and run – this was their plan."

Davis, Dr. James

(politologist about Somalia, 1993) , speaking English:
-  "The pictures were really shocking, and I think they had a huge response. These pictures were forcing the decision: the American troops were pulled out and they could return home."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "If we investigated the case holistically – the Somali action from the beginning till the end – then it turned out, that the different clans were fighting against each other again and again. There was no hope for a central government and the starvation was there again – so we have to state, that the intervention was not successful."

Produced

1993

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (master)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_12237

Uploaded:

14-06-2011 16:17:58

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