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1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall (00:08:14)
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Title:

1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Germany, Berlin, 09-11-1989

Description:

On June 27, 1989, Hungary removed its border restrictions with Austria, and in September more than 13,000 East Germans escaped through Hungary . Mass demonstrations against the government in East Germany began in the fall of 1989. The leader of East Germany , Erich Honecker, resigned on October 18, 1989. He was replaced by a short-lived successor, Egon Krenz, a few days later. The travel restrictions for East Germans were lifted somewhat by the new government on November 9, 1989. After a misunderstanding, Günter Schabowski announced in a press conference, televised live on East German state TV, that all restrictions had been abandoned. Upon this news spreading, tens of thousands of people immediately went to the Wall, where they quickly became a major crowd control problem for the surprised and overwhelmed border guards. Many hectic telephone calls and much to and fro with the guards superiors ensued while still more people kept converging on the major crossing points. It eventually became clear that there was little way to hold back these huge numbers of East German citizens as the vastly outnumbered border guards had only been equipped for another day of regular duty. The masses could also not be convinced to turn back or calm down — they had heard of Mr. Schabowskis statement and they wanted it to be acted upon. Probably the only way to hold the crowds back would have been use of lethal force, but this would have meant massacring the countrys own citizens in huge numbers — which at that point the guards and authorities were simply not willing to do. In face of the escalating crowd safety situation the guards eventually just yielded, opening the access points and allowing people through with (at most) minimal identity verification checks. The ecstatic East Berliners were soon greeted by jubilant West Berliners on the other side in an all-out party atmosphere. November 9 is thus considered the date the Wall fell.


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Arabic :

1989, جدار برلين, بوابة براندنبورغ, GDR, أوتو فون هابسبورغ, نزهة من سوبرون, مظاهرة, مواطني جمهورية ألمانيا الديمقراطية, براغ السفارة الألمانية الاتحادية, نهاية جمهورية ألمانيا الديمقراطية, Honecker, الجدار مفتوح, غورباتشوف, نهاية الحرب الباردة, نازلة من جدار برلين, ألمانيا, برلين, اريك لقطات فيديو هونيكر، الشيوعيه فيديو الشيوعية لقطات, هانز ديتريش Genscher, يواكيم أبيتز, إيغون كرينز, غونتر Schabowski, راينر Eppelmann, ,


Bulgarian :

1989, Берлинската стена, Бранденбургската врата, ГДР, Ото фон Хабсбург, Пикник от Шопрон, демонстрация, граждани на ГДР, Пражското федерално посолство, края на ГДР, Хокер, стената е отворена, Горбачов, край на Студената война, слизайки от Берлинската стена, Германия, Берлин, Ерих - Видео кадри те четоха на Хонакър. Комунизма Видео кадри от комунизма, Ханс Дитрих Геншер, Йоахим Апиц, Егон Кренц, Гюнтер Шабовски, Райнер Епелман, ,


Catalan :

1989, mur de Berlín, porta de Brandenburg, RDA, Otto von Habsburg, pícnic de Sopron, demostració, ciutadans de la RDA, Ambaixada Alemanya Federal de Praga, fi de la RDA, Honecker, paret està oberta, Gorbatxov, fi de la guerra freda, baixant del mur de Berlín, Alemanya, Berlín, Erich Imatges de vídeo Honecker, Comunisme El comunisme de vídeo, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Chinese Simplified :

1989年,柏林墙,勃兰登堡门,民主德国,奥托冯哈布斯堡,从索普龙,示范,民主德国公民,布拉格联邦德国大使馆,民主德国结束,霍内克,墙是开放的,戈尔巴乔夫,冷战结束,柏林墙倒塌,德国,柏林,埃里希 霍内克视频片段, 共产主义 共产主义视频片段,汉斯·迪特里希·根舍,约阿希姆·阿皮茨,埃贡·克伦茨,根特·沙博夫斯基,雷纳·埃佩尔曼,,


Chinese Traditional :

1989年,柏林牆,勃蘭登堡門,民主德國,奧托馮哈布斯堡,從索普龍,示範,民主德國公民,布拉格聯邦德國大使館,民主德國結束,霍內克,牆是開放的,戈巴契夫,冷戰結束,柏林牆倒塌,德國,柏林,埃裡希 霍內克視頻片段, 共產主義 共產主義視頻片段,漢斯·迪特裡希·根舍,約阿希姆·阿皮茨,埃貢·克倫茨,根特·沙博夫斯基,雷納·埃佩爾曼,,


Czech :

1989, Berlínská zeď, Braniborská brána, NDR, Otto von Habsburg, Piknik ze Šoproně, demonstrace, občané NDR, Pražské spolkové německé velvyslanectví, konec NDR, Honecker, zeď je otevřena, Gorbačov, konec studené války, sestup berlínské zdi, Německo, Berlín, Erich Honecker video záznam, Komunismus Videozáznam z komunismu, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Danish :

1989, Berlinmuren, Brandenburger Tor, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picnic fra Sopron, demonstration, DDR-borgere, Prags føderale tyske ambassade, slutningen af DDR, Honecker, muren er åben, Gorbatjov, slutningen af den kolde krig, kommer ned af Berlinmuren, Tyskland, Berlin, Erich Honecker videooptagelser, Kommunismen Kommunisme videooptagelser, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Dutch :

1989, Berlijnse Muur, Brandenburger Tor, DDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picknick uit Sopron, demonstratie, DDR burgers, Praag Federale Duitse Ambassade, einde van de DDR, Honecker, muur is open, Gorbatsjov, einde van de Koude Oorlog, naar beneden van de Berlijnse muur, Duitsland, Berlijn, Erich Honecker videobeelden, Communisme Communisme videobeelden, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Estonian :

1989, Berliini sein, Brandenburgi värav, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik Sopron, demonstratsioon, GDR kodanikud, Praha föderaalne Saksa saatkond, GDR-i lõpp, Honecker, sein on avatud, Gorbathev, külma sõja lõpp, Berliini müüri, Saksamaa, Berliini, Erich Honecker video footage, Kommunismi Kommunism video filmimaterjali, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Finnish :

1989, Berliinin muuri, Brandenburgin portti, DDR, Otto von Habsburg, Piknik Sopronista, mielenosoitus, DDR-kansalaiset, Prahan saksankielinen suurlähetystö, DDR:n loppu, Honeckerin muuri on auki, Gorbatšov, kylmän sodan loppu, Berliinin muurin, Saksan, Berliinin, Erich Honecker videomateriaalia, Kommunismi Kommunismin videomateriaalia, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


French :

1989, Berlin Wall, Brandeenburg Gate, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picnic from Sopron, demonstration, GDR citizens , Prague Federal German Embassy, end of the GDR, Honecker, wall is open, Gorbatchev, end of the Cold War, coming down of the Berlin wall, Germany, Berlin, Berlin, Erich Honecker vidé o, Communisme Vidéo du communisme, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Gànter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


German :

1989, Berliner Mauer, Brandenburger Tor, DDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picknick aus Sopron, Demonstration, DDR-Bürger, Prager Deutsche Botschaft, Ende der DDR, Honecker, Wand ist offen, Gorbatschow, Ende des Kalten Krieges, Abstürzen der Berliner Mauer, Deutschland, Berlin, Erich Honecker Videomaterial, Kommunismus Videoaufnahmen des Kommunismus, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Greek :

1989, Τείχος του Βερολίνου, Πύλη του Βρανδεμβούργου, ΟΔΓ, Otto von Habsburg, Πικνίκ από το Σόπρον, διαδήλωση, πολίτες της ΟΔΓ, Ομοσπονδιακή Γερμανική Πρεσβεία της Πράγας, τέλος της ΟΔΓ, Honecker, τείχος είναι ανοιχτό, Γκορμπατσόφ, τέλος του Ψυχρού Πολέμου, κατεβαίνοντας από το τείχος του Βερολίνου, Γερμανία, Βερολίνο, Erich Βίντεο honecker, Κομμουνισμού Βίντεο κομμουνισμού, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Haitian Creole :

1989, Belen Wall, Brandenburg gate, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, Piknik soti nan Sopron, demonstrasyon, gsitwayen Dr, Prag, anbasad Alman an, nan fen a GDR, Honecker, miray se louvri, Philisophe, nan fen lage a fret, vini desann nan miray la Belen, Almay, Belen, Rich Honecker videyo pye, kominis Kominis videyo pye, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Lola Eppelmann, ,


Hebrew :

1989, חומת ברלין, שער ברנדנבורג, GDR, אוטו פון הבסבורג, פיקניק מסופרון, הפגנה, אזרחי GDR, שגרירות גרמניה הפדרלית של פראג, סוף העיר המזרחית, הונקר, הקיר פתוח, גורבצ'וב, סוף המלחמה הקרה, יורד מחומת ברלין, גרמניה, ברלין, אריך , סרטי וידאו של הונקר קומוניזם סרטי וידאו בקומוניזם, הנס דיטריך גנשר, יואכים אפניץ, אגון קרנץ, גינטר שוונובסקי, ריינר אפילמן, ,


Hindi :

1 9 8 9, बर्लिन की दीवार, ब्रैंडनबर्ग गेट, जीडीआर, ओटू वॉन हैब्सबर्ग, सोप्पर से पिकनिक, प्रदर्शन, जीडीआर नागरिक, प्राग फेडरल जर्मन दूतावास, जीडीआर के अंत, Honecker, दीवार खुली है, गोर्बाचेव, शीत युद्ध के अंत, बर्लिन की दीवार के नीचे आ रहा है, जर्मनी, बर्लिन, Erich Honecker वीडियो फुटेज, साम्यवाद साम्यवाद वीडियो फुटेज, हंस Dietrich Genscher, जोआचिम एपित्ज़, एगॉन क्रेंज, गुंटर श्बाबोस्की, रेनर एपपेलमैन, ,


Hungarian :

1989, berlini fal, Brandenburgi kapu, NDK, Otto von Habsburg, Piknik Sopronból, demonstráció, NDK polgárok, Prágai Szövetségi Német Nagykövetség, vége az NDK, Honecker, fal nyitva van, Gorbacsov, vége a hidegháború, jön le a berlini fal, Németország, Berlin, Erich Honecker videó felvétel, Kommunizmus Kommunizmus videó felvétel, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Italian :

1989, Muro di Berlino, Porta di Brandeburgo, RdT, Otto von Habsburg, Picnic da Sopron, dimostrazione, Cittadini della RDG , Prague Federal German Embassy, fine della RDT, Honecker, wall è aperto, Gorbaciov, fine della guerra fredda, scendendo dal muro di Berlino, Germania, Berlino, Erich Le riprese video di Honecker, Comunismo Video filmati del comunismo, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Gonter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "It was a blunder. I assume the people who composed the text wanted to write a closed deadline. Which would have been 4am. So at 4 in the morning, when everybody was still asleep, the radio was supposed to have announced that there was no obstacle for any travel abroad. "

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "People travelling privately abroad can make an application without any explanation, like having family relationships or such, as it used to be before. Permission will be granted promptly. "

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "By the end of the Central Committee meeting, Krenz gave me a paper and said: we discussed the case over and over again, and it is a regulation instead of a law, which takes effect immediately. I suggest to announce it tonight. I am sure, it will „blow up like a bomb“."

Krenz, Egon

(President of the state commission of Eastern-Germany ) , speaking German:
-  "At that time, I thought that we must be able to make some connection to reforms in the Soviet Union - obviously with German specifications – and that we could reform East Germany in this manner.."

Apitz, Joachim

(inhabitant of Leipzig) , speaking German:
-  "We were absolutely terrified. People were so close to each other, that everyone stepped on other people‘s feet, since this close distance gave us a feeling of security. With this scary feeling we started to shout: We don’t want violence, we are the people, Gorbi! Gorbi! Join us! "

Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "I am here to announce that as of today, you are now free to go abroad."

Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Essentially the situation was much worse than we imagined. The people were squeezed together. Many of them were looking at me questioning, others already might have lost their hope, since they had expected good news long before. And when the news arrived, oh well…, the situation explains itself, why people reacted that intensely…"

Eppelmann, Rainer

(Civil rights activist at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "If I said that this night, for me, was like God helped us, then I can say: it was a miracle!"

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

15073

Uploaded:

13-10-2011 22:48:27

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