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Berlin Wall: opening of the Berlin Wall - demolition of the wall - Berliners celebrate the fall of the Wall (00:00:26)
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Berlin Wall - 0001.sec Berlin Wall - 0009.sec Berlin Wall - 0013.sec Berlin Wall - 0017.sec Berlin Wall - 0025.sec

Title:

Berlin Wall: opening of the Berlin Wall - demolition of the wall - Berliners celebrate the fall of the Wall

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

East-Germany, East Berlin, 09-11-1989

Description:

On the 9th of November, 1989, the Berlin Wall is opened after nearly three decades keeping East and West Berliners apart.

 

The Berlin Wall  starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area  that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses. The Soviet-dominated Eastern Bloc officially claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" in building a Socialist State in East Germany. However, in practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.

The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the "Anti-Fascist Protection Wall" by GDR authorities, implying that neighbouring West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified. The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the "Wall of Shame" – a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt – while condemning the Wall's restriction on freedom of movement. Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB) that demarcated the border between East and West Germany, both borders came to symbolize the "Iron Curtain" between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.

Before the Wall's erection, 3.5 million East Germans circumvented Eastern Bloc emigration restrictions and defected from the GDR, many by crossing over the border from East Berlin into West Berlin, from where they could then travel to West Germany and other Western European countries. Between 1961 and 1989, the wall prevented almost all such emigration. During this period, around 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with estimates of the resulting death toll varying between 100 and 200.

In 1989, a radical series of Eastern Bloc political changes occurred, associated with the liberalization of the Eastern Bloc's authoritarian systems and the erosion of political power in the pro-Soviet governments in nearby Poland and Hungary. After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, a euphoric public and souvenir hunters chipped away parts of the wall; the governments later used industrial equipment to remove most of the rest. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.


Other languages: show / hide


Chinese Traditional :

柏林牆,柏林,柏林莫爾,德國東部、 GDR、 復員方案、 東方集團、 東柏林、 西柏林建築工人,柏林牆,GDR 素材,DDR 鏡頭政治、 政客,,柏林牆,拆除柏林牆的開放慶祝,牆倒塌東德建築工人建築、 地鐵、 地鐵、 德里、 東德建築工人、 士兵、 帶刺的鐵絲網,建築,,


Hungarian :

Berlini fal, Berlin, Berliner Mauer, Kelet-Németország, GDR, DDR, keleti blokk, Kelet-Berlinben, Nyugat-Berlinben, építőipari munkások, a berlini fal, épület Felvételeket GDR, DDR felvételeket, politika, politikus, Kelet-német építőmunkások épület, Metro, U-Bahn, Friedrichstraße, kelet-német építőipari munkások, katonák, szögesdrót, épület, megnyitásával, a berlini fal, a fal lebontása berliniek ünneplik, csökken a fal, ,


Romanian :

Berlin Wall, Berlin, Berliner Mauer, Germania de Est, RDG, DDR, Europa de Est, estul Berlinului, Berlinul de Vest, muncitorii din construcţii, construirea zidului de la Berlin, Picior de RDG, DDR picior, Politica, politician, Muncitorii din construcţii Est-German de constructii, metrou, U-Bahn, Friedrichstraße, muncitorii Est-German, soldaţi, sârmă ghimpată, construirea, deschidere a Zidului Berlinului, demolarea Zidului, berlinezii sărbători, cad de perete, ,


Slovak :

Berlínskeho múru, Berlin, Berliner Mauer, Nemecko-východ, NDR, DDR, východného bloku, východného Berlína, západný Berlín, stavební robotníci, stavebné Berlínskeho múru, NDR zábery, DDR zábery, politika, politika, NDR stavební robotníci budovanie metra U-Bahn, Friedrichstrasse, NDR stavebných robotníkov, vojaci, ostnatý drôt, stavebné, otvorenie Berlínskeho múru, zbúranie múru, Berlínčania oslavu, pád múru, ,


Turkish :

Berlin Duvarı, Berlin, Berliner Mauer, Doğu Almanya, GDR, DDR, Doğu bloku, Doğu Berlin, Batı Berlin, Berlin Duvarı inşa inşaat işçileri, GDR görüntüleri, DDR görüntüleri, siyaset, politikacı, Bina, Bina, Metro, U-Bahn, Friedrichstraße, Doğu Alman inşaat işçileri, askerler, dikenli tel Doğu Alman inşaat işçileri Berlin duvarına, duvarın yıkılması açma Berlinli kutlamak, duvar düşmek, ,


Produced

09-11-1989   

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over ( - )
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

17847

Uploaded:

10-02-2012 23:03:40

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