1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash (00:08:27)
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1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

United States, New York, 29-10-1929


Black Frida: The Stock Market Crash: The Stock Market Crashy or the Wall Street Crash refers to October 29, 1929, the day when the New York Stock Exchange crashed; this event eventually led to the Great Depression. The crash followed a speculative boom which had taken hold in the late 1920s and which had led millions of Americans to invest heavily in the stock market.This investment drove share prices up to artificially high levels; the rising share prices encouraged more people to invest, as they hoped the shares would rise further, thus fueling further rises and creating an economic bubble. The banks lent heavily to fund this share-buying spree. On October 29, 1929, the bubble finally burst and panic selling set in. Thirteen million shares were sold in the space of one day, as people desperately tried to dispose of their shares before they became worthless. Over the following few days another thirty million shares were sold, and share prices collapsed, ruining millions of investors.The banks who had lent heavily to fund share buying found themselves saddled with debt and this led to the failure of many banks.While millions of people lost their savings, businesses lost their credit lines and were forced to close, causing massive unemployment.The crash dramatically worsened an already fragile economic situation, and was a major contributing factor to the Great Depression. There is a good deal of controversy among economists and historians about the nature of that contribution, though. Some hold that political over-reactions to the crash, such as in the passage of the draconian Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act through the US Congress, caused more harm than the crash itself. After the experience of Black Friday, stock markets around the world instituted measures to temporarily suspend trading in the event of rapid declines, so as to prevent such panic sales. As a result, later stock market crashes, such as the crash of 1987 (Black Monday), have never been quite as severe as that of 1929.

Other languages: show / hide

Arabic :

عام 1929، أسود الثلاثاء 29 أكتوبر 1929، وول ستريت، سوق الأسهم، تحطم، التضخم، والاكتئاب، والبطالة، والأزمة الاقتصادية، الطرف، أمريكا، السماسرة، نيويورك، بورصة، الذعر، مصرف، المصنع، والعمال، والعاطلين عن العمل، الجهاز، وتحطم كبيرة، سوق الأوراق المالية تحطم الطائرة، الكساد العظيم، القرن الحادي والعشرين، الاقتصاد، والنظام الاقتصادي، والاقتصادية، والاقتصادية، الأسود يوم الخميس, وول ستريت المصرفيين، وول ستريت تحطم عام 1929، تحطم سوق الأوراق المالية لعام 1929، ولقطات من المال، إدوارد لامونت، جون كينيث، شوفرو سالوين، آرثر ماركس،,

Catalan :

1929, negre divendres, 29 d'octubre de 1929, Wall Street, mercat de valors, accident, la inflació, depressió, atur, crisi econòmica, festa, Amèrica, agents de borsa, Nova York, borsa, pànic, Banc, fàbrica, treballadors, aturats, dispositiu, gran accident, mercat de valors Accident, gran depressió, del segle XX, Economia, sistema econòmic, econòmic, econòmica, negre dijous, els banquers de Wall Street, Wall Street crisi de 1929, borsa, crisi de 1929, imatges de diners, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

Danish :

1929, sort fredag, 29 oktober 1929, Wall Street, stock market, crash, inflation, depression, arbejdsløshed, økonomisk krise, fest, Amerika, mæglere, New York Stock Exchange, panik, bank, fabrik, arbejdere, arbejdsløse, enhed, Great Crash, Stock Market Crash, depressionen, 1900-tallet økonomi, økonomisk, økonomisk, økonomiske system, sort torsdag, Wall Street bankfolk, Wall Street krakket i 1929, Stock Market Crash i 1929, penge optagelser, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

French :

1929, noir mardi 29 octobre 1929, Wall Street, le marché actions, crash, inflation, dépression, chômage, crise économique, fête, Amérique, courtiers, New York, bourse, banque, usine, travailleurs, chômeurs, panique, périphérique, grand krach, bourse Crash, grande dépression, XXe siècle, économie, système économique, économique, économique, noire jeudi, les banquiers de Wall Street, Wall Street krach de 1929, Stock Market Crash de 1929, des images de l’argent, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

Korean :

1929, 검은 금요일, 1929 년 10 월 29 일, 월 스트리트, 주식 시장, 충돌, 인플레이션, 불경기, 실업, 경제 위기, 파티, 미국, 브로커, 뉴욕 증권 거래소, 공황, 은행, 공장, 노동자, 실업자, 장치, 큰 충돌, 주식 시장 충돌, 대공황, 20 세기, 경제, 경제, 경제, 경제 시스템, 블랙 목요일, 월이 은행, 1929 년의 월이 충돌 1929 주식 시장 크래시, 돈 피트, 에드워드 Lamont, 존 케네스, Salwyn Shufro, 아서 Marx, ,

Sound Bite and conversation:

Shufro, Salwyn

(Broker in 1929) , speaking English:
-  "They bought at any price too expensive, but in the end someone had to pay the bill."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Investors simply ignored the change of the economy. Their greed was greater than their senses."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "When they asked Al Capone what his opinion of the stock exchange was, he said: we all swindle in our own way."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Up until that point, the market had been rising continuously, it attracted more and more investors – the man on the street: the teacher, the postman and the hairdresser, too."

Marx, Arthur

(Son of the comedian, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Every evening he called his broker and the price of his stock was growing. He always said that it was much nicer than work."




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18-12-2010 19:59:42

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