1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash (00:08:27)
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1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

United States, New York, 29-10-1929


Black Friday: The Stock Market Crash: The Stock Market Crashy or the Wall Street Crash refers to October 29, 1929, the day when the New York Stock Exchange crashed; this event eventually led to the Great Depression. The crash followed a speculative boom which had taken hold in the late 1920s and which had led millions of Americans to invest heavily in the stock market.This investment drove share prices up to artificially high levels; the rising share prices encouraged more people to invest, as they hoped the shares would rise further, thus fueling further rises and creating an economic bubble. The banks lent heavily to fund this share-buying spree. On October 29, 1929, the bubble finally burst and panic selling set in. Thirteen million shares were sold in the space of one day, as people desperately tried to dispose of their shares before they became worthless. Over the following few days another thirty million shares were sold, and share prices collapsed, ruining millions of investors.The banks who had lent heavily to fund share buying found themselves saddled with debt and this led to the failure of many banks.While millions of people lost their savings, businesses lost their credit lines and were forced to close, causing massive unemployment.The crash dramatically worsened an already fragile economic situation, and was a major contributing factor to the Great Depression. There is a good deal of controversy among economists and historians about the nature of that contribution, though. Some hold that political over-reactions to the crash, such as in the passage of the draconian Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act through the US Congress, caused more harm than the crash itself. After the experience of Black Friday, stock markets around the world instituted measures to temporarily suspend trading in the event of rapid declines, so as to prevent such panic sales. As a result, later stock market crashes, such as the crash of 1987 (Black Monday), have never been quite as severe as that of 1929.

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Arabic :

1929 ، الجمعة السوداء ، 29 أكتوبر 1929 ، وول ستريت ، سوق الأسهم ، تحطم ، التضخم ، الاكتئاب ، البطالة ، ألازمه الاقتصادية ، الحزب ، أمريكا ، السماسرة ، نيويورك ، البورصة ، الذعر ، البنك ، المصنع ، العمال ، العاطلين عن العمل ، الجهاز ، تحطم كبيره ، سوق الأسهم تحطم, الاكتئاب الكبير, القرن الاقتصاد ، والاقتصادية ، والاقتصادية ، والنظام الاقتص ادي ، الخميس الأسود ، وول ستريت المصرفيين ، وول ستريت تحطم من 1929 ، انهيار سوق الأسهم من 1929 ، لقطات المال ، ادوارد لامونت ، جون كينيث ، سالوين Shufro ، أرثر ماركس ،,

Bulgarian :

1929, черен петък, 29 октомври 1929, Уол Стрийт, фондова борса, катастрофа, инфлация, депресия, безработица, икономическа криза, партия, Америка, брокери, Ню Йорк, фондова борса, паника, банка, фабрика, работници, безработни, устройство, голям срив, фондова пазар Катастрофа, голяма депресия, 20-ти век, икономика, икономически, икономичен, икономически система, черен четвъртък, Уол Стрийт банц, Уол Стрийт катастрофа от 1929, фондова пазар катастрофа от 1929 г., парични кадри, Едуард Ламонт, Джон Кенет, Салуин Шуфро, Артър Маркс, ,

Catalan :

1929, divendres negre, 29 d'octubre de 1929, Wall Street, mercat de valors, accident, inflació, depressió, atur, crisi econòmica, partit, Amèrica, corredors, Nova York, borsa de valors, pànic, Banc, fàbrica, treballadors, aturats, dispositiu, gran xoc, mercat de valors Crash, gran depressió, segle XX, Economia, econòmic, econòmic, sistema econòmic, dijous negre, BANKERS Wall Street, accident de Wall Street de 1929, mercat de valors Crash de 1929, imatges de diners, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

Sound Bite and conversation:

Shufro, Salwyn

(Broker in 1929) , speaking English:
-  "They bought at any price too expensive, but in the end someone had to pay the bill."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Investors simply ignored the change of the economy. Their greed was greater than their senses."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "When they asked Al Capone what his opinion of the stock exchange was, he said: we all swindle in our own way."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Up until that point, the market had been rising continuously, it attracted more and more investors – the man on the street: the teacher, the postman and the hairdresser, too."

Marx, Arthur

(Son of the comedian, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Every evening he called his broker and the price of his stock was growing. He always said that it was much nicer than work."




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18-12-2010 19:59:42

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