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1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR. (00:09:12)
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1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0001.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0207.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0276.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0345.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0548.sec

Title:

1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Czechoslovakia, Prague, 21-08-1968

Description:

On the night of 20–21 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary) invaded the ČSSR.

 

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5th, 1968, and running until August 20th of that same year when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies (except for Romania ) invaded the country. The Czechs and Slovaks showed increasing signs of independence under the leadership of Alexander Dubček. Dubček"s reforms of the political process inside Czechoslovakia, which he referred to as "Socialism with a human face," did not represent a complete overthrow of the old regime, as was the case in Hungary in 1956. However, it was still seen by the Soviet leadership as a threat to their hegemony over other Eastern Bloc states and to the very safety of the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia was in the middle of the defensive line of the Warsaw Pact and its possible defection to the enemy was unacceptable during the cold war. Furthermore, the role of Czechoslovakia in allowing Hitler to conquer Europe by refusing Soviet military help 30 years earlier and surrendering to Nazi Germany without resistance was still fresh in everyone"s memory.


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Arabic :

1968 ، الكسندر مايجوروف ، ألكساندر دوبتشيك ، بريجنيف ، بريجنيف و دوبتشيك ، لقطات فيديو بريجنيف ، سيسار ، الشيوعية ، لقطات فيديو الشيوعية ، تشيكوسلوفاكيا ، كزيتشوسلوواكيا لقطات فيديو ، مظاهره ، جيوش الكتلة الشرقية ، ادوارد غولدستوكر ، غون بحر ، اميليا جوجوفا ، نهاية الربيع براغ ، غوستاف ، Husák ، Husák لقطات الفيديو ، التمرد ، Kamila موكوفا ، ليونيد ، براغ ، ربيع براغ ، المحتجين يصب ، الشغب ، رودولف سليزاك ، مناورات العسكرية الروسية السوفيتية ، مشاهد الشوارع في براغ ، طالب المتظاهرين في براغ, قمة في براتيسلافا, الدبابات في براغ في الليل, سارت القوات في براغ, فالنتين فالين, فيرا Šťovíčková هيرولدوفا, وارسو الميثاق, البلدان حلف وارسو غزت CSSR,


Bulgarian :

1968, Александър Майджоров, Александър Дъдучек, Бретнев, Бретнев и Дъбчек, Брезнев видео кадри, Кастело Сисар, комунизма, комунизъм, видео кадри, Чехословакия, видео кадри от Чехословакия, демонстрация, Източни блокове, Едуард Голдгъркър, Егон Бахр, Емилия Гогова, край на Прага Спринг, Густав, Хушак, Хушак видео кадри, въстание, камила Муцкова, Леонид, Прага, Прага, протестиращи ранени, бунт, Рудолф Слайзак, съветски руски военни маневри, улични сцени в Прага, студент демонстрационни обекти в Прага, среща на върха в Братислава, танкове в Прага през нощта, войските маршируват в Прага, Валентин Фалин, Вера Šťовíčковá Херолдова, Варшавския пакт, страните от Варшавския пакт нападнаха ССС,


Catalan :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubcek, Brezhnev, Brezhnev i Dubcek, imatges de vídeo Brezhnev, Cestmir Cisar, el comunisme, el comunisme imatges de vídeo, Txecoslovàquia, imatges de vídeo txecosslowakia, demostració, exèrcits bloc oriental, Eduard Goldstücker, Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, final de la primavera de Praga, Gustáv, Husák, Husák imatges de vídeo, insurrecció, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, Praga, primavera de Praga, manifestants ferits, disturbis, Rudolf Slezak, maniobres militars soviètiques, escenes de carrer a Praga, estudiant manifestants a Praga, cimera a Bratislava, tancs a Praga a la nit, les tropes van marxar a Praga, Valentin Falin, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, pacte de Varsòvia, els països del Pacte de Varsòvia van envair la CSSR,


Chinese Simplified :

1968 Aleksandr Maijorov, 亚历山大·杜布切克、勃列日涅夫、勃列日涅夫和杜布切克、勃列日涅夫录像、cestmir Cisar、共产主义、共产主义录像、捷克斯洛伐克、czechoslowia 录像、示威、东方集团军队、爱德华·戈德斯特克、Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, 布拉格春天结束, Gustáv, Gustáv, Husak 录像, 叛乱, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, 布拉格, 布拉格春天, 抗议者受伤, 暴乱, Rudolf Slezak, 苏联军事演习, 布拉格的街头场景, 学生示威者在布拉格, 首脑会议在布拉迪斯拉发, 坦克在布拉格夜间, 部队进军布拉格, 瓦伦丁法林, 维拉什奥夫奇科娃赫罗多娃, 华沙条约, 华沙条约国家入侵 CSSR,


Chinese Traditional :

1968 Aleksandr Maijorov, 亞歷山大·杜布切克、勃列日涅夫、勃列日涅夫和杜布切克、勃列日涅夫錄影、cestmir Cisar、共產主義、共產主義錄影、捷克斯洛伐克、czechoslowia 錄影、示威、東方集團軍隊、愛德華·戈德斯特克、Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, 布拉格春天結束, Gustáv, Gustáv, Husak 錄影, 叛亂, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, 布拉格, 布拉格春天, 抗議者受傷, 暴亂, Rudolf Slezak, 蘇聯軍事演習, 布拉格的街頭場景, 學生示威者在布拉格, 首腦會議在布拉提斯拉瓦, 坦克在布拉格夜間, 部隊進軍布拉格, 瓦倫丁法林, 維拉什奧夫奇科娃赫羅多娃, 華沙條約, 華沙條約國家入侵 CSSR,


Czech :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubček, Brežněv, Brežněv a Dubček, Brežněv video záběr, cestmir Cisar, komunismus, komunismus video záběry, Československo, czechoslowakia video záběry, demonstrace, armáda východního bloku, Eduard Goldstücker Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, konec Pražského jara, Gustáv, Husák, Husák video záběr, povstání, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, Praha, Pražský pramen, demonstranti zranění, vzpoura, Rudolf Slezak, sovětské ruské vojenské manétry, pouliční scény v Praze, student Demonstranti v Praze, vrcholné schůzce v Bratislavě, tanky v Praze v noci, vojáci pochodovali do Prahy, Valentin Falin, Věra Šťovíčková Heroldova, Varšavská smlouva, země Varšavské smlouvy do CSSR,


Danish :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubcek, Bresjnev, Bresjnev og Dubcek, Brezhnev videooptagelser, Cestmir Cisar, kommunisme, kommunisme videooptagelser, Tjekkoslovakiet, tjekkoslovakslowakia videooptagelser, demonstration, østblok hære, Eduard Goldstücker, Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, slutningen af Prag foråret, Gustáv, Husák, Husák videooptagelser, oprør, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, Prag, Prag forår, protesterende sårede, optøjer, Rudolf Slezak, sovjetiske russiske militære manøvrer, gade scener i Prag, studerende demonstranter i Prag, topmøde i Bratislava, tanks i Prag om natten, Tropperne marcherede ind i Prag, Valentin Falin, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Warszawapagt, Warszawapagtlande invaderet CSSR,


Dutch :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubcek, Brezhnev, Brezhnev en Dubcek, Brezhnev videomateriaal, Cestmir Cisar, communisme, communisme videobeelden, Tsjecho-Slowakije, Tsjechoslowakije videobeelden, demonstratie, de legers van het Oostblok, Eduard Goldstücker, Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, eind van de lente van Praag, Gustáv, Husák, Husák videomateriaal, opstand, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, Praag, de lente van Praag, demonstranten gekwetst, rel, Rudolf Slezak, Sovjet Russische militaire manoeuvres, straatscènes in Praag, student demonstranten in Praag, top in Bratislava, tanks in Praag 's nachts, de troepen marcheerden in Praag, Valentin Francois, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Warschaupact, Warschaupact landen vielen de CSSR,


Estonian :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubcek, Brežnev, Brezhnev ja Dubcek, Brezhnev video footage, Cestmir Cisar, kommunism, kommunism video filmimaterjali, Tšehhoslovakkia, tšehhoslowakia video footage, demonstratsioon, Ida bloki armeed, Eduard Goldstücker, Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, lõpus Praha Kevad, Gustáv, Husák, Husák video footage, ületamatu, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, Prague, Praha Kevad, protestijad valus, Riot, Rudolf Slezak, Nõukogude Vene sõjalise manöövrid, Street stseene Prahas, õpilane meeleavaldajad Prahas, tippkohtumine Bratislavas, öösiti Prahas, sõdurid marssisid Prahas, Valentin Falin, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Varssavi pakti, Varssavi pakti riigid tungisid CSSR,


Finnish :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubcek, Brezhnev, Brezhnev ja Dubcek, Brezhnev video materiaalia, Cestmir Cisar, kommunismi, kommunismi video materiaalia, Tšekkoslovakia, tšekklowakia video materiaalia, esittely, itäblokin armeijat, Eduard Goldstücker, Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, loppu Prahan kevät, Gustáv, Husák, Husák video materiaalia, kapula, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, Praha, Prahan kevät, mielenosoittajat satuttaa, mellakka, Rudolf Slezak, neuvosto liiton Venäjän sotilaallinen sota harjoitukset, katu kohta uksia Prahassa, opiskelija mielenosoittajat Prahassa, huippu kokouksessa Bratislavassa, säiliöt Prahassa yöllä, joukot marssivat Prahaan, Valentin Falin, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Varsovan liiton, Varsovan liiton maat hyökkäsivät CSSR,


French :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubcek, Brezhnev, Brezhnev et Dubcek, film vidéo Brezhnev, Cestmir Cisar, communisme, vidéo communisme, Tchécoslovaquie, vidéo tchécoslovaque, démonstration, armées du bloc oriental, Eduard Goldstücker, Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, fin du printemps de Prague, Gustáv, Husák, film vidéo Husák, insurrection, Kamila Mouckova, Leonid, Prague, printemps de Prague, manifestants blessés, émeute, Rudolf Slezak, manœuvres militaires russes soviétiques, scènes de rue à Prague, étudiant manifestants à Prague, sommet à Bratislava, tanks à Prague la nuit, les troupes marchaient à Prague, Valentin Falin, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Pacte de Varsovie, les pays du Pacte de Varsovie ont envahi le CSSR,


Haitian Creole :

1968, Aleksandr Maijorov, Alexander Dubcek, Brezhnev, Brezhnev ak Dubcek, vidéo métrage Brezhnev, Cestmir Cisar, sistèm kominis, vidéo métrage sistèm kominis, Czechlovaki, vidéo métrage czechoslowakia, demonstrasyon, blòk lès la ki gen tout pouvwa, Eduard, Goldstücker, Egon Bahr, Emilia Gogova, fen Prag pi, Gustáv, Husák, Husák vidéo métrage, insurrection, UN Mouckova, Leonid, Prague, Prague spring, Pwotèstè yo blese, ke, Rudolf Slezak, Inyon Sovyetik Lawisi manèv militè, Ri sèn nan Prague, elèv sommet manifestan nan Prague, nan Bratislava, tank yo nan Prague lannwit, twoup yo ap mache nan Prague, Valentin, Falin, Šťovíčková Vera Heroldova, pak Warsaw, pak Warsaw peyi yo a la CSSR,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "My father was an employee of the utility works in Prague, he dealt with gas and water. He had a lot of things to do and he was always in the city. As he saw the tanks, he decided spontaneously to protest against them."

Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "As a matter of fact he was not a demonstrator, he was non-political. He just could not accept that they broke into the country and gave commands."

Mouckova, Kamila

(Staffer in the office of the president of Czechoslovakian TV Jiri Pelikan) , speaking Russian:
-  "In the middle of my program, a highly ranked Soviet general came into the studio and shouted at me. Two armed soldiers escorted him. They again threatened me and shouted: "stop the broadcast right now – stop working.""

Slezak, Rudolf

(assistant cameraman) , speaking Polish:
-  "As I woke up from the coma, my first thought was: those bloody Russians. But I could not say my thoughts out loud because my mouth was full of blood and I only felt hate. "

Majorov, General Aleksandr

(commander of the invasion troops) , speaking Russian:
-  "No, we could not say that they approached us with flowers. But really not. No-one wants to see foreign boots in their home land. But the country split into two parts, the right wing was struggling against the left wing and Dubcek could not control this any more. "

Heroldova, Vera

(radio speaker ) , speaking German:
-  "Then we opened the doors and the technicians started to play the national anthem. But then the officers entered the room escorted by a few soldiers. Everyone looked out for themselves. We couldalmost feel the cold metal of the bayonets in our backs."

Goldstücker, Eduard

(Czech diplomat) , speaking German:
-  "This was the first time in history that the whole directorate of the Soviet Union left the country – maybe a few members stayed."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Concerning Dubcek, Cernik and the others, first of all they lost their credit. We did not believe them. That is why there was no other choice. It could not go on like this."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Compared to our system, it was more than a revolution, it was already anarchy. We did not want to accept it because it would have been a bad example, a very dangerous example."

Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "People felt like they were in paradise. Everything was allowed - the people enjoyed it. They no longer had to listen secretly to western radio broadcasts. Our radio broadcasts were more interesting. What all was happening here!. We were in the Centre of Europe again."

Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "The only way of helping would have been violence that would have led to war. No-one wanted this, especially America."

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (German)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

25379

Uploaded:

04-08-2014 01:26:23

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