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1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR. (00:08:26)
Original video: Prague Spring: Soviet tank invasion of Czechoslovakia (00:00:25)

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Title:

1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Czechoslovakia, Prague, 21-08-1968

Description:

On the night of 20–21 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary) invaded the ČSSR.

 

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5th, 1968, and running until August 20th of that same year when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies (except for Romania ) invaded the country. The Czechs and Slovaks showed increasing signs of independence under the leadership of Alexander Dubček. Dubček"s reforms of the political process inside Czechoslovakia, which he referred to as "Socialism with a human face," did not represent a complete overthrow of the old regime, as was the case in Hungary in 1956. However, it was still seen by the Soviet leadership as a threat to their hegemony over other Eastern Bloc states and to the very safety of the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia was in the middle of the defensive line of the Warsaw Pact and its possible defection to the enemy was unacceptable during the cold war. Furthermore, the role of Czechoslovakia in allowing Hitler to conquer Europe by refusing Soviet military help 30 years earlier and surrendering to Nazi Germany without resistance was still fresh in everyone"s memory.


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Czech :

1968 Pražské jaro, komunismus, Varšavská smlouva, povstání, demonstrace, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Čestmír císař, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezák, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, studentským demonstrantům v Praze, Alexander Dubcek, pouliční scény v Praze, sovětské ruské vojenské manévry, summit v Bratislavě, Brežněv a Dubček, tanky v Praze v noci, vojáci vpochodovali do Prahy, protestující bolet, konec Pražského jara , Východního bloku armád zemí Varšavské smlouvy napadli ČSSR, ČSR, Praha, czechoslowakia videozáznamy, Husák, Gustáv, Husák videozáznamy, Brežněv, Leonid, Brežněv videozáznamy, Komunismus video záznam, ,


French :

Insurrection de 1968, printemps de Prague, de communisme, Pacte de Varsovie, démonstration, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, manifestants étudiants à Prague, Alexander Dubcek, scènes de rue à Prague, les manœuvres militaires russes soviétiques, sommet à Bratislava, Brejnev et Dubcek, chars à Prague dans la nuit, les troupes ont défilé à Prague, manifestants blessés, fin du printemps de Prague , Armées du Bloc de l’est, pays du Pacte de Varsovie ont envahi la Tchécoslovaquie de la CSSR, Prague, czechoslowakia des séquences vidéo, Husák, Gustáv, Séquences vidéo Husák, Brejnev, Leonid, Séquences vidéo de Brejnev, Séquences vidéo de communisme, ,


Indonesian :

Tahun 1968, musim semi Praha, komunisme, Pakta Warsawa, pemberontakan, demonstrasi, Aleksandr Maijorov, anggota Fal Valentin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Mouckova Rani, Emilia Gogova, demonstran mahasiswa di Praha, Alexander Dubcek, street adegan di Praha, manuver militer Rusia soviet, summit di Bratislava, Brezhnev dan Dubcek, tank di Praha di malam hari, pasukan berbaris ke Praha, pengunjuk rasa sakit, akhir musim semi Praha , Pasukan blok Timur, negara-negara Pakta Warsawa menyerang CSSR, Praha, Cekoslowakia czechoslowakia rekaman video, Husák, Gustáv, Husák rekaman video, Brezhnev, Leonid, Cuplikan-cuplikan video Brezhnev, Komunisme cuplikan-cuplikan video, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "People felt like they were in paradise. Everything was allowed - the people enjoyed it. They no longer had to listen secretly to western radio broadcasts. Our radio broadcasts were more interesting. What all was happening here!. We were in the Centre of Europe again."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Compared to our system, it was more than a revolution, it was already anarchy. We did not want to accept it because it would have been a bad example, a very dangerous example."

Goldstücker, Eduard

(Czech diplomat) , speaking German:
-  "This was the first time in history that the whole directorate of the Soviet Union left the country – maybe a few members stayed."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Concerning Dubcek, Cernik and the others, first of all they lost their credit. We did not believe them. That is why there was no other choice. It could not go on like this."

Heroldova, Vera

(radio speaker ) , speaking German:
-  "Then we opened the doors and the technicians started to play the national anthem. But then the officers entered the room escorted by a few soldiers. Everyone looked out for themselves. We couldalmost feel the cold metal of the bayonets in our backs."

Majorov, General Aleksandr

(commander of the invasion troops) , speaking Russian:
-  "No, we could not say that they approached us with flowers. But really not. No-one wants to see foreign boots in their home land. But the country split into two parts, the right wing was struggling against the left wing and Dubcek could not control this any more. "

Slezak, Rudolf

(assistant cameraman) , speaking Polish:
-  "As I woke up from the coma, my first thought was: those bloody Russians. But I could not say my thoughts out loud because my mouth was full of blood and I only felt hate. "

Mouckova, Kamila

(Staffer in the office of the president of Czechoslovakian TV Jiri Pelikan) , speaking Russian:
-  "In the middle of my program, a highly ranked Soviet general came into the studio and shouted at me. Two armed soldiers escorted him. They again threatened me and shouted: "stop the broadcast right now – stop working.""

Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "My father was an employee of the utility works in Prague, he dealt with gas and water. He had a lot of things to do and he was always in the city. As he saw the tanks, he decided spontaneously to protest against them."

Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "As a matter of fact he was not a demonstrator, he was non-political. He just could not accept that they broke into the country and gave commands."

Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "The only way of helping would have been violence that would have led to war. No-one wanted this, especially America."

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: Prague Spring: Soviet tank invasion of Czechoslovakia
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_1968_2655

Uploaded:

25-12-2010 20:41:22

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