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Lech Walesa, 1980s (00:02:19)
Original video: Solidarity : How Solidarity was founded? (00:05:03)

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Title:

Lech Walesa, 1980s

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

Poland, Gdansk, 1980s

Description:

Lech Walesa was born on September 29, 1943 in Popowo, Poland. After graduating from vocational school, he worked as a car mechanic at a machine center from 1961 to 1965. He served in the army for two years, rose to the rank of corporal, and in 1967 was employed in the Gdansk shipyards as an electrician. In 1969 he married Danuta Golos and they have eight children. During the clash in December 1970 between the workers and the government, he was one of the leaders of the shipyard workers and was briefly detained. In 1976, however, as a result of his activities as a shop steward, he was fired and had to earn his living by taking temporary jobs. In 1978 with other activists he began to organise free non-communist trade unions and took part in many actions on the sea coast. He was kept under surveillance by the state security service and frequently detained. In August 1980 he led the Gdansk shipyard strike which gave rise to a wave of strikes over much of the country with Walesa seen as the leader. The primary demands were for workers' rights. The authorities were forced to capitulate and to negotiate with Walesa the Gdansk Agreement of August 31, 1980, which gave the workers the right to strike and to organise their own independent union. The Catholic Church supported the movement, and in January 1981 Walesa was cordially received by Pope John Paul II in the Vatican. Walesa himself has always regarded his Catholicism as a source of strength and inspiration. In the years 1980-81 Walesa travelled to Italy, Japan, Sweden, France and Switzerland as guest of the International Labour Organisation. In September 1981 he was elected Solidarity Chairman at the First National Solidarity Congress in Gdansk. The country's brief enjoyment of relative freedom ended in December 1981, when General Jaruzelski, fearing Soviet armed intervention among other considerations, imposed martial law, "suspended" Solidarity, arrested many of its leaders, and interned Walesa in a country house in a remote spot. In November 1982 Walesa was released and reinstated at the Gdansk shipyards. Although kept under surveillance, he managed to maintain lively contact with Solidarity leaders in the underground. While martial law was lifted in July 1983, many of the restrictions were continued in civil code. In October 1983 the announcement of Walesa's Nobel prize raised the spirits of the underground movement, but the award was attacked by the government press. The Jaruzelski regime became even more unpopular as economic conditions worsened, and it was finally forced to negotiate with Walesa and his Solidarity colleagues. The result was the holding of parliamentary elections which, although limited, led to the establishment of a non-communist government. Under Mikhail Gorbachev the Soviet Union was no longer prepared to use military force to keep communist parties in satellite states in power. Walesa, now head of the revived Solidarity labour union, began a series of meetings with world leaders. In April 1990 at Solidarity's second national congress, Walesa was elected chairman with 77.5% of the votes. In December 1990 in a general ballot he was elected President of the Republic of Poland. He served until defeated in the election of November 1995. Walesa has been granted many honorary degrees from universities, including Harvard University and the University of Paris. Other honors include the Medal of Freedom (Philadelphia, U.S.A.); the Award of Free World (Norway); and the European Award of Human Rights.

Other languages: show / hide


Arabic :

سوليدارنوست، ليخ فاونسا، بولندا، غدانسك، الشيوعية، والإضرابات، والنقابات، الاشتراكية، عامل، العمال، حقوق الإنسان، التجريبي، ياروزلسكي، الحزب الشيوعي، الاحتفال، والسفن الحربية، والأسلحة، طائرات الهليكوبتر، البابا يوحنا الثاني Paul, جورباشيو, أرمي السوفياتية،,


Bulgarian :

Солидарност, Лех Валенса, Полша, Гданск, комунизъм, стачки, професионални съюзи, социализъм, работник, работници, човешките права, демо, Ярузелски, комунистическата партия, празник, военни кораби, оръжия, хеликоптери, папа Йоан Paul II, Gorbashew, съветската армия,


Catalan :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polònia, Gdansk, comunisme, vagues, sindicats, socialisme, treballadors, treballadors, drets humans, de demostració, Jaruzelski, el Partit Comunista, celebració, vaixells, armes, helicòpters, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, com soviètic, ,


Chinese Simplified :

Solidarnost,莱赫 · 瓦文萨,波兰,格但斯克,共产主义,罢工,工会、 社会主义、 工人、 工人、 人权、 演示,雅鲁泽斯基的共产党、 庆祝、 军舰、 武器、 直升机,教皇约翰 Paul II、 Gorbashew、 苏联玛丽亚,,


Chinese Traditional :

Solidarnost,萊赫 · 瓦文薩,波蘭,格但斯克,共產主義,罷工,工會、 社會主義、 工人、 工人、 人權、 演示,雅魯澤斯基的共產黨、 慶祝、 軍艦、 武器、 直升機,教皇約翰 Paul II、 Gorbashew、 蘇聯瑪麗亞,,


Czech :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polsko, Gdaňsk, komunismus, stávky, odbory, socialismus, dělník, dělníci, lidská práva, demo, Jaruzelski, komunistické strany, oslava, válečné lodě, zbraně, vrtulníky, papež John Paul II, Gorbashew, sovětské Armee, ,


Danish :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polen, Gdansk, kommunisme, strejker, fagforeninger, socialisme, arbejdstager, arbejdstagere, menneskerettigheder, demo, Jaruzelski, kommunistiske parti, fest, krigsskibe, våben, helikoptere, pave Johannes Paul II, Gorbashew, sovjetiske Armee, ,


Dutch :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polen Gdansk, communisme, stakingen, vakbonden, socialisme, werknemer, werknemers, de rechten van de mens, demo, Jaruzelski de communistische partij, viering, oorlogsschepen, wapens, helikopters, Paus John Paul II, Gorbashew, Sovjet-Armee, ,


Estonian :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Poola, Gdansk, kommunism, streigid, ametiühingud, sotsialismi, töötaja, töötajate, inimõiguste, demo, Jaruzelski, Kommunistliku Partei, pidu, sõjalaevad, relvad, helikopterid, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, Nõukogude Armee,


Finnish :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Puola, Gdansk, kommunismi, lakot, ammattiliittojen, sosialismi, työntekijä, työntekijöiden, ihmisoikeuksia, esittely, Jaruzelski, kommunistisen puolueen, juhla, sota, aseet, helikopterit, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, Neuvostoliiton Armee,


French :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Pologne, Gdansk, communisme, grèves, syndicats, socialisme, travailleuse, travailleurs, droits de l'homme, démo, Jaruzelski, le parti communiste, célébration, navires de guerre, armes, hélicoptères, pape Jean Paul II, Gorbashew, Armee soviétique, ,


German :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polen, Gdansk, Kommunismus, Streiks, Gewerkschaften, Sozialismus, Arbeitnehmer, Mitarbeiter, Menschenrechte, demo, Jaruzelski, der Kommunistischen Partei, Feier, Kriegsschiffe, Waffen, Hubschraubern, Papst Johannes Paul II, Gorbashew, sowjetische Armee, ,


Greek :

Solidarnost, Λεχ Βαλέσα, Πολωνία, Γκντανσκ, τον κομμουνισμό, απεργίες, συνδικάτα, σοσιαλισμός, εργαζόμενος, εργαζομένων, τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα, demo, Γιαρουζέλσκι, το κομμουνιστικό κόμμα, γιορτή, όπλα, πολεμικά πλοία, ελικόπτερα, Παπά John Paul II, Gorbashew, Σοβιετικός Armee, ,


Haitian Creole :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polòy, Gdansk, sistèm kominis, grèv, òganizasyon Inyon komès yo, sosyalis la, travayè, travayè yo, dwa zimen yo, démonstration, Jaruzelski, a pati kòminis la, selebrasyon, bato de gè, zam, elikoptè, pap jan Paul II, Gorbashew, Armee Inyon Sovyetik, ,


Hebrew :

Solidarnost, Lech שדה ואלנסה, פולין, גדנסק, קומוניזם, שביתות, איגודים, סוציאליזם, העובד, עובדים, זכויות האדם, הדגמה, ירוזלסקי, את המפלגה הקומוניסטית, חגיגה, אוניות, כלי נשק, מסוקים, יוחנן Paul השני, Gorbashew, מלחמת ברית המועצות.,


Hindi :

Solidarnost, लेक वालेसा, पोलैंड, ग्दान्स्क, साम्यवाद, हमलों, ट्रेड यूनियनों, समाजवाद, कार्यकर्ता, श्रमिकों, मानव अधिकार, डेमो, Jaruzelski, कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी, उत्सव, युद्धपोत, हथियार, हेलीकाप्टर, पोप जॉन Paul II, Gorbashew, सोवियत Armee, ,


Hungarian :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Lengyelország, Gdansk, kommunizmus, sztrájk, szakszervezetek, szocializmus, munkavállalók, munkavállalók, emberi jogok, demo, Jaruzelski, a kommunista párt, ünneplés, hadihajók, fegyverek, helikopterek, Pope John Paul II, a Gorbashew, a szovjet vörös, ,


Indonesian :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polandia, Gdansk, komunisme, pemogokan, pekerja, sosialisme, pekerja, pekerja, hak asasi manusia, demo, Jaruzelski, Partai Komunis, perayaan, kapal perang, senjata, helikopter, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, Soviet Armee, ,


Italian :

Nel corso, Lech Walesa, Polonia, Gdansk, comunismo, scioperi, sindacati, socialismo, lavoratore, lavoratori, diritti umani, demo, Jaruzelski, il partito comunista, celebrazione, navi da guerra, armi, elicotteri, Papa John Paul II, Gorbashew, Armee sovietico, ,


Japanese :

Solidarnost、レフ ・ ワレサ、ポーランド、グダニスク、共産主義、ストライキ、労働組合、社会主義、労働者、労働者、人権、デモ、ヤルゼルスキ、共産党、お祝い、軍艦、兵器、ヘリコプター、教皇ジョン Paul II、Gorbashew、ソビエト Armee,


Korean :

Solidarnost, 레흐 바웬사, 폴란드, 그단스크, 공산주의 파업, 노동 조합, 사회주의 근로자, 노동자, 인권, 데모, Jaruzelski, 공산당, 축 하, 군함, 무기, 헬리콥터, 교황 요한 Paul 2 세, Gorbashew, 소련 육군, ,


Latvian :

Solidarnost, Lech Wałęsa, Polija, Gdaņskas, komunisma, streiki, arodbiedrības, sociālisms, darba ņēmējs, strādniekiem, cilvēktiesības, demo, Jaruzeļskis, Komunistiskās partijas, svinības, karakuģiem, ieroči, helikopteri, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, padomju Armee,


Lithuanian :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Lenkija, Gdansko, komunizmas, streikų, profesinių sąjungų, Socializmas, darbuotojas, darbuotojai, žmogaus teisių, Parodomoji versija, Jaruzelski, komunistų partija, šventė, karo, ginklų, sraigtasparniai, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, Sovietų Armee, ,


Norwegian :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polen, Gdansk, kommunismen, streik, fagforeninger, sosialisme, arbeideren, arbeidere, menneskerettigheter, demo, Jaruzelski, kommunistpartiet, feiring, krigsskip, våpen, helikoptre, pave Johannes Paul II, Gorbashew, sovjetisk Armee, ,


Polish :

Solidarnost, Lech Wałęsa, Polska, Gdańsk, komunizm, strajki, związki zawodowe, socjalizm, pracownik, pracowników, praw człowieka, demo, Jaruzelski, partii komunistycznej, uroczystości, okręty wojenne, broni, helikoptery, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, radziecki Armee, ,


Portuguese :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polónia, Gdansk, comunismo, greves, sindicatos, socialismo, trabalhador, trabalhadores, direitos humanos, demo, Jaruzelski, o partido comunista, celebração, navios de guerra, armas, helicópteros, Papa John Paul II, Gorbashew, Armee soviético, ,


Romanian :

Susţinerile, Lech Walesa, Polonia, Gdansk, comunism, greve, sindicate, socialismul, lucrător, lucrătorilor, drepturile omului, demo, Jaruzelski, Partidul Comunist, celebrare, nave de război, arme, elicoptere, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, Armee sovietice, ,


Russian :

Солидарность, Лех Валенса, Польша, Гданьск, коммунизм, забастовки, профсоюзов, социализм, рабочих, работников, права человека, демо, Ярузельский, Коммунистическая партия, праздник, корабли, оружие, вертолеты, папа римский Иоанн Paul II, Gorbashew, Советская армия, ,


Slovak :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Poľsko, Gdansk, komunizmus, štrajky, odbory, socializmus, pracovníka, pracovníkov, ľudských práv, demo, Jaruzelski, komunistická strana, oslava, vojnové lode, zbrane, vrtuľníky, pápež John Paul II, Gorbashew, sovietsky Armee,


Slovenian :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Poljska, Gdansk, komunizma, stavke, sindikati, socializem, delavec, delavci, človekove pravice, demo, Jaruzelski komunistične partije, praznovanje, vojne, orožja, helikopterjev, Pope John Paul II, Gorbashew, sovjetski branilce, ,


Spanish :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polonia, Gdansk, comunismo, huelgas, sindicatos, socialismo, trabajadores, trabajadores, derechos humanos, demo, Jaruzelski, el partido comunista, celebración, buques de guerra, armas, helicópteros, Papa John Paul II, Gorbashew, Armee soviético, ,


Swedish :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polen, Gdansk, kommunism, strejker, fackföreningar, socialism, arbetstagare, arbetstagare, mänskliga rättigheter, demo, Wojciech Jaruzelski, kommunistpartiet, firande, krigsfartyg, vapen, helikoptrar, påven John Paul II, Gorbashew, sovjetiska Armee, ,


Thai :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa โปแลนด์ Gdansk คอมมิวนิสต์ นัด สหภาพ สังคมนิยม คนงาน แรงงาน สิทธิมนุษยชน สาธิต Jaruzelski พรรคคอมมิวนิสต์ ฉลอง เรือรบ อาวุธ เฮลิคอปเตอร์ สมเด็จพระสันตะปาปา John Paul II, Gorbashew, Armee โซเวียต,


Turkish :

Solidarnost, Lech Walesa, Polonya, Gdansk, komünizm, grevler, sendikalar, sosyalizm, işçi, işçi, insan hakları, demo, Jaruzelski, Komünist Partisi, kutlama, savaş gemileri, silah, helikopter, Papa John Paul II, Gorbashew, Sovyet ordu, ,


Vietnamese :

Solidarnost, Lech Wałęsa, Ba Lan, Gdansk, chủ nghĩa cộng sản, cuộc đình công, công đoàn, chủ nghĩa xã hội, người lao động, người lao động, quyền con người, giới thiệu, Jaruzelski, Đảng Cộng sản, Lễ kỷ niệm, tàu chiến, vũ khí, máy bay trực thăng, giáo hoàng John Paul II, Gorbashew, máy Liên Xô, ,


Produced

1980s

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: Solidarity : How Solidarity was founded?
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

827_3087

Uploaded:

12-01-2011 11:15:13

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