Solidarity : Edward Gierek speach (00:00:37)
Original video: Solidarity : How Solidarity was founded? (00:05:03)

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Solidarity : Edward Gierek speach

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Location and time:

Poland, 1980


Edward Gierek (Polish pronunciation: [ˈɛdvart ˈɡʲɛrɛk]; January 6, 1913 - July 29, 2001) was a Polish communist politician. He was born in Porąbka, outside of Sosnowiec. He lost his father to a mining accident in a pit at the age of four. His mother married again and emigrated to northern France, where he was raised. He joined the French Communist Party in 1931 and was later deported to Poland for organizing a strike. After his military service in Stryj, Galicia, Gierek went to Belgium in 1934, where he joined the Communist Party of Belgium while working in the coal mines of Waterschei. During World War II, he remained activist of the Communist Party of Belgium. He returned to Poland in 1948 and rose through the party ranks to become by 1957 a member of the Polish parliament. As first secretary of the Katowice voivodship party organization (1957-70), Gierek created a personal power base and became the recognized leader of the young technocrat faction of the party. When rioting over economic conditions broke out in late 1970, Gierek replaced Władysław Gomułka as party first secretary.[1] Gierek promised economic reform and instituted a program to modernize industry and increase the availability of consumer goods, doing so mostly through foreign loans.[2] His good relations with Western politicians, especially France's Valéry Giscard d'Estaing and Germany's Helmut Schmidt, were a catalyst for his receiving western aid and loans. The standard of living increased markedly in the Poland of the 1970s, and for a time he was hailed a miracle-worker. The economy, however, began to falter during the 1973 oil crisis, and by 1976 price increases became necessary. New riots broke out (especially Radom, 1976), and although they were forcibly suppressed, the planned price increases were canceled.[3] High foreign debts, food shortages, and an outmoded industrial base compelled a new round of economic reforms in 1980. Once again, price increases set off protests across the country, especially in the Gdańsk and Szczecin shipyards. Gierek was forced to grant legal status to Solidarity and to concede the right to strike. Shortly thereafter, in early September, 1980, he was replaced as party leader by Stanisław Kania and removed from power.[4] Gierek was jailed for a year in December 1981 by the next ruler of Poland, General Wojciech Jaruzelski, who introduced martial law on December 13, 1981, in an effort to make him a scapegoat for the economic troubles Poland was experiencing.[5] Gierek married Stanisława, née Jędrusik, and they had two sons, one of whom is MEP Adam Gierek. Edward Gierek died of a lung illness in Cieszyn, which is near the southern mountain resort of Ustroń where he spent his last years. In 1990 two books, each based on extended interviews of Gierek by Janusz Rolicki, were published in Poland and became bestsellers.[6] Polish society is divided in its assessment of Gierek. His regime is fondly remembered by some for the increase in the standard of living Poland experienced in the 1970s under Gierek's rule. Others emphasize that this increase was made possible by unsustainable foreign loans that were used unwisely, leading directly to the economic crisis the country experienced in the 1980s.

Other languages: show / hide

Arabic :

بولندا، إدوارد جيريك، السياسة، الشيوعي، سياسي،,

Bulgarian :

Полша, Герек, политика, комунистически, политик, ,

Catalan :

Polònia, Edward Gierek, polític comunista, política, ,

Chinese Simplified :


Chinese Traditional :


Czech :

Polsko, Edward Gierek, politika, komunistický, politik, ,

Danish :

Polen, Edward Gierek, politik, kommunistiske, politiker, ,

Dutch :

Polen, Edward Gierek, politiek, communistische, politicus, ,

Estonian :

Poola, Edward Gierek, poliitikas, kommunist, poliitik,

Finnish :

Puola, Edward Gierek, politiikka, kommunistipoliitikko, ,

French :

Pologne, Edward Gierek, homme politique communiste, politique, ,

German :

Polen, Edward Gierek, Politik, Politiker, ,

Greek :

Πολωνία, Edward Gierek, πολιτική, κομμουνιστικό, πολιτικός, ,

Haitian Creole :

Poland, Edward Gierek, politisyen kominis, politik yo, ,

Hebrew :

פולין, אדוארד Gierek, פוליטיקאי הקומוניסטית, פוליטיקה, ,

Hindi :

पोलैंड, एडवर्ड Gierek, राजनीति, कम्युनिस्ट, राजनीतिज्ञ, ,

Hungarian :

Lengyelország, Edward Gierek, politika, kommunista, politikus, ,

Indonesian :

Polandia, Edward Gierek, Komunis, politik, politikus, ,

Italian :

Polonia, Edward Gierek, politico comunista, politica, ,

Japanese :

エドワード ギエレク、政治、共産主義者、政治家、ポーランド,

Korean :

폴란드, 에드워드 기에레크, 정치, 공산주의자, 정치가, ,

Latvian :

Polija, Edward Gierek, politikā, komunistu, politiķis, ,

Lithuanian :

Lenkija, Edward Gierek, politika, komunistų, politikas, ,

Norwegian :

Polen, Edward Gierek, politikk, kommunist, politiker, ,

Polish :

Polska, Edward Gierek, polityka, działacz komunistyczny, ,

Portuguese :

Polónia, Edward Gierek, político comunista, política, ,

Romanian :

Polonia, Edward Gierek, politica, comunist, politician, ,

Russian :

Польша, Эдвард Герек, политика, Коммунистическая, политик, ,

Slovak :

Poľsko, Edward Gierek, politika, komunistickej, politik, ,

Slovenian :

Poljska, Edward Gierek, politics, komunistične, politik, ,

Spanish :

Polonia, Edward Gierek, político comunista, política, ,

Swedish :

Polen, Edward Gierek, politik, politiker, ,

Thai :

โปแลนด์ เอ็ดเวิร์ด Gierek เมือง คอมมิวนิสต์ นักการเมือง,

Turkish :

Polonya, Edward Gierek, siyaset, komünist, politikacı, ,

Ukrainian :

Польща, Едвард Ґєрек, Комуністична, політика, політика, ,

Vietnamese :

Ba Lan, Edward Gierek, chính trị, Đảng Cộng sản, chính trị gia, ,




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Original video: Solidarity : How Solidarity was founded?
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12-01-2011 11:17:50

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