Soviet Union: Kremlin - Khrushchev's first speech (00:00:41)
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Soviet Union: Kremlin - Khrushchev's first speech

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Soviet Union, Moscow, 1953


Soviet Union: Kremlin - Khrushchev's first speech Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev[1] (April 15, 1894 – September 11, 1971) led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. Khrushchev's party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev. Khrushchev was born in the Russian village of Kalinovka in 1894, close to the present-day border between Russia and Ukraine. He was employed as a metalworker in his youth, and during the Russian Civil War was a political commissar. With the help of Lazar Kaganovich, he worked his way up the Soviet hierarchy. He supported Stalin's purges, and approved thousands of arrests. In 1939, Stalin sent him to govern Ukraine, and he continued the purges there. During what was known in the Soviet Union as the "Great Patriotic War" (World War II), Khrushchev was again a commissar, serving as an intermediary between Stalin and his generals. Khrushchev was present at the bloody defense of Stalingrad, a fact he took great pride in throughout his life. After the war, he returned to Ukraine before being recalled to Moscow as one of Stalin's close advisers. In the power struggle triggered by Stalin's death in 1953, Khrushchev, after several years, emerged victorious. On February 25, 1956, at the Twentieth Party Congress, he delivered the "Secret Speech", denouncing Stalin's purges and ushering in a less repressive era in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). His domestic policies, aimed at bettering the lives of ordinary citizens, were often ineffective, especially in the area of agriculture. Hoping eventually to rely on missiles for national defense, Khrushchev ordered major cuts in conventional forces. Despite the cuts, Khrushchev's rule saw the tensest years of the Cold War, culminating in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Some of Khrushchev's policies were seen as erratic, particularly by his emerging rivals, who quietly rose in strength and deposed him in October 1964. However, he did not suffer the deadly fate of some previous losers of Soviet power struggles, and was pensioned off with an apartment in Moscow and a dacha in the countryside. His lengthy memoirs were smuggled to the West and published in part in 1970. Khrushchev died in 1971 of heart disease.

Other languages: show / hide

Arabic :

الاتحاد السوفياتي، والبلاشفة، البلاشفة، لينين، اللينينية والشيوعية وثورة أكتوبر، الديكتاتورية، ديكتاتورية البروليتاريا، اضطر العمال، الاشتراكية، الاقتصاد، ووحشية، والكرملين، أول خطاب نيكيتا خروشوف، السكرتير الأول للشيوعية حزب الاتحاد السوفياتي، 1953، موسكو،,

Bulgarian :

Съветския съюз, болшевизма, болшевиките, Ленин, ленинизъм, комунизма и Октомврийската революция, диктатура, пролетарската диктатура, принудителен труд, социализъм, икономика, бруталност, Кремъл, първата реч на Никита Хрушчов, първи секретар на комунистическата Партия на Съветския съюз, 1953, Москва, ,

Catalan :

Unió Soviètica, bolxevisme, bolxevics, Lenin, Leninisme, el comunisme i la revolució d'octubre, dictadura, dictadura proletària, va obligar els mà d'obra, el socialisme, economia, brutalitat, Kremlin, primer discurs de Nikita Khrushchev, primer secretari de la comunista Partit de la Unió Soviètica, Moscou, 1953,

Chinese Simplified :

苏联, 布尔什维克主义, 布尔什维克, 列宁, 列宁列宁主义, 共产主义和10月革命, 独裁, 无产阶级独裁, 强迫劳动, 社会主义, 经济, 残暴, 克里姆林宫, 赫鲁晓夫的第一次讲话, 共产党的第一个秘书苏联 Union, 1953, Moscow 党, ,

Chinese Traditional :

蘇聯, 布爾什維克主義, 布爾什維克, 列寧, 列寧列寧主義, 共產主義和10月革命, 獨裁, 無產階級獨裁, 強迫勞動, 社會主義, 經濟, 殘暴, 克里姆林宮, 赫魯雪夫的第一次講話, 共產黨的第一個秘書蘇聯 Union, 1953, Moscow 党, ,

Czech :

Sovětský svaz, bolševismu, bolševici, Lenina, leninismus, komunismu a Říjnová revoluce, diktatura, proletářské diktatuře, nucené práce, socialismus, ekonomika, Brutalita, Kreml, Nikita Chruščov první projev, první tajemník komunistické Strany Sovětského svazu, 1953, Moskva, ,

Danish :

Sovjetunionen, bolsjevismen, bolsjevikkerne, Lenin, leninismen, kommunisme og Oktoberrevolutionen, diktatur, proletariske diktatur, tvunget arbejde, socialisme, økonomi, brutalitet, Kreml, Nikita Khrushchev første tale, første sekretær for kommunistiske Parti af Sovjetunionen, 1953, Moskva, ,

Dutch :

Sovjet-Unie, bolsjewisme, bolsjewieken, Lenin, leninisme, communisme en de Oktoberrevolutie, dictatuur, proletarische dictatuur, gedwongen arbeid, socialisme, economie, wreedheid, Kremlin, Nikita Khrushchev de eerste toespraak, eerste secretaris van de communistische Partij van de Sovjet-Unie, 1953, Moskou, ,

Estonian :

Nõukogude Liidu, bolševism, enamlaste, Lenin, Leninism, kommunismi ja Oktoobrirevolutsiooni, diktatuur, proletaarse diktatuuri, sunnitud labor, sotsialismi, majanduse, jõhkrus, Kreml, Nikita Hruštšovi esimese kõne, kommunistliku i sekretär Pool 1953, Moskva, NSVL,

Finnish :

Neuvostoliitto, bolshevismin bolshevikit, Lenin, leninismi, kommunismin ja lokakuun vallankumouksen diktatuuri, proletariaatin diktatuuri, pakko työ, sosialismi, talouden, raakuutta, Kreml, Nikita Hruštšov ensimmäisessä puheenvuorossani, ensimmäinen sihteeri kommunistisen Puolueen 1953, Moskova, Neuvostoliitto,

German :

Sowjetunion, Bolschewismus, Bolschewisten, Lenin, Leninismus, Kommunismus und die Oktoberrevolution, Diktatur, Diktatur des Proletariats, gezwungen, Arbeit, Sozialismus, Wirtschaft, Brutalität, Kreml, Nikita Khrushchevs ersten Rede, erster Sekretär der kommunistischen Partei der Sowjetunion, 1953, Moskau, ,

Haitian Creole :

Inyon Sovyetik, le, Bolsheviks, Lenin, Leninism, sistèm kominis ak Oktòb revolisyon an, diktati, The diktati, te fòse travay, sosyalis la, ekonomi, britalite, Kremlin, premye diskou S' Nikita, premye sekretè peyi kominis la Pati Inyon Sovyetik la, 1953, Moscow, ,

Hindi :

सोवियत संघ, Bolshevism, बोल्शेविक, लेनिन, लेनिन, साम्यवाद और अक्टूबर क्रांति, तानाशाही, सर्वहारा तानाशाही, मजबूर परिश्रम, समाजवाद, अर्थव्यवस्था, क्रूरता, क्रेमलिन, निकिता ख्रुश्चेव का पहला भाषण, कम्युनिस्ट के प्रथम सचिव सोवियत संघ की पार्टी, 1953, मास्को, ,

Japanese :

ソビエト連邦、ボリシェヴィズム、Bolsheviks、レーニン、レーニン主義、共産主義、独裁、プロレタリア独裁、強制労働、社会主義、経済、残忍、10 月の回転ロシア政府、ニキータ ・ フルシチョフの最初スピーチ、共産主義者の一等書記官1953 年、モスクワ、ソビエト連邦のパーティー,

Lithuanian :

Sovietų Sąjunga, Bolshevism, bolševikų, Lenino, Leninizmas, komunizmo ir spalio revoliucijos, diktatūra, Proletariacki diktatūra, priverstinio darbo, Socializmas, ekonomika, žiaurumo, Kremlius, Nikitos Chruščiovo pirmąją kalbą, pirmasis sekretorius, komunistai Šalis iš Sovietų Sąjungos, 1953 m. Maskvoje, ,

Spanish :

Unión Soviética, el bolchevismo, bolcheviques, Lenin, leninismo, comunismo y la revolución de octubre, dictadura, dictadura del proletariado, obligado trabajo, socialismo, economía, brutalidad, Kremlin, primer discurso de Nikita, primer Secretario de los comunistas Partido de la Unión Soviética, 1953, Moscú, ,

Ukrainian :

Радянський Союз, більшовизму, більшовики, Леніна, ленінізм, комунізму та Жовтневого перевороту диктатури, Пролетарський диктатури, примусова праця, соціалізм, економіка, жорстокість, Кремль, першій промові Микита Хрущов, перший секретар комуністів Партія Радянського Союзу, 1953, Москві, ,

Vietnamese :

Liên Xô, Bolshevik, những người Bolshevik, Lenin, Lenin, chủ nghĩa cộng sản và cách mạng tháng mười, chế độ độc tài, chế độ độc tài vô sản, buộc phải lao động, chủ nghĩa xã hội, kinh tế, sự tàn bạo, điện Kremlin, bài phát biểu đầu tiên của Nikita Khrushchev, thư ký thứ nhất của Đảng Cộng sản Đảng của Xô viết theo tiếng Pháp, năm 1953, Moscow, ,




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21-12-2010 16:32:19

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