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Title:

Warsaw ghetto: Jewish leaders are going to discuss

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Location and time:

Poland, Warsaw, 1940s

Description:

Warsaw ghetto: Jewish leaders are going to discuss The Warsaw Ghetto was established by the German Governor-General Hans Frank on October 16, 1940. Frank ordered Jews in Warsaw and its suburbs rounded up and herded into the Ghetto. At this time, the population in the Ghetto was estimated to be 400,000 people, about 30% of the population of Warsaw; however, the size of the Ghetto was about 2.4% of the size of Warsaw. The ghetto was split into two areas, the "small ghetto", generally inhabited by richer Jews and the "large ghetto", where conditions were more difficult; the two ghettos were linked by a single footbridge. The Nazis then closed the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world on November 16, 1940, by building a wall, topped with barbed wire, and deploying armed guards. A child dying in the streets of the Warsaw Ghetto Dead bodies in the ghetto, 25 May 1941 During the next year and a half, thousands of the Polish Jews as well as some Romani people from smaller cities and the countryside were brought into the Ghetto, while diseases (especially typhus), and starvation kept the inhabitants at about the same number. Average food rations in 1941 for Jews in Warsaw were limited to 186 cal, compared to 1,669 cal for gentile Poles and 2,614 cal for Germans. Unemployment was a major problem in the ghetto. Illegal workshops were created to manufacture goods to be sold illegally on the outside and raw goods were smuggled in often by children. Hundreds of four to five year old Jewish children went across en masse to the "Aryan side", sometimes several times a day, smuggling food into the ghettos, returning with goods that often weighed more than they did. Smuggling was often the only source of subsistence for Ghetto inhabitants, who would otherwise have died of starvation. Despite the grave hardships, life in the Warsaw Ghetto was rich with educational and cultural activities, conducted by its underground organizations. Hospitals, public soup kitchens, orphanages, refugee centers and recreation facilities were formed, as well as a school system. Some schools were illegal and operated under the guise of a soup kitchen. There were secret libraries, classes for the children and even a symphony orchestra. The life in the ghetto was chronicled by the Oyneg Shabbos group. Over 100,000 of the Ghetto's residents died due to rampant disease or starvation, as well as random killings, even before the Nazis began massive deportations of the inhabitants from the Ghetto's Umschlagplatz to the Treblinka extermination camp during the Grossaktion Warschau, part of the countrywide Operation Reinhard. Between Tisha B'Av (July 23) and Yom Kippur (September 21) of 1942, about 254,000 Ghetto residents (or at least 300,000 by different accounts) were sent to Treblinka and murdered there. In 1942 Polish resistance officer Jan Karski reported to the Western governments on the situation in the Ghetto and on the extermination camps. By the end of 1942, it was clear that the deportations were to their deaths, and many of the remaining Jews decided to fight. On January 18, 1943, the first instance of armed resistance occurred when the Germans started the final expulsion of the remaining Jews. The Jewish fighters had some success: the expulsion stopped after four days and the ŻOB and ŻZW resistance organizations took control of the Ghetto, building shelters and fighting posts and operating against Jewish collaborators. The final battle started on the eve of Passover of April 19, 1943, when a Nazi force consisting of several thousand troops entered the ghetto. After initial setbacks, the Germans under the field command of Jürgen Stroop systematically burned and blew up the ghetto buildings, block by block, rounding up or murdering anybody they could capture. Significant resistance ended on April 23, and the Nazi operation officially ended in mid-May, symbolically culminated with the demolition of the Great Synagogue of Warsaw on May 16. According to the official report, at least 56,065 people were killed on the spot or deported to German Nazi concentration and death camps, most of them to Treblinka.

Other languages: show / hide


Catalan :

Polònia, Varsòvia, Hans Frank, jueus polonesos, jueus, gitanos, gentil, ària, Nożyk sinagoga, nazi, Hitler, SS, gueto de Varsòvia, guerra, 2 ª Guerra Mundial, Segona Guerra Mundial, l'Alemanya Nazi, camps de concentració, dels anys quaranta, líders, anant, discutir, ,


Czech :

Polsko, Varšava, Hans Frank, polských Židů, Židé, Romové, pohan, árijský, Nożyk synagoga, nacista, Hitler, SS, varšavského ghetta, válka, ww2, světová válka II, nacistické Německo, koncentračních táborů, 1940, vůdci se, diskutovat, ,


Danish :

Polen, Warszawa, Hans Frank, polske jøder, jødiske, roma-folket, gentile, ariske, Nożyk synagoge, nazistiske, Hitler, SS, Warszawa Ghetto, krig, ww2, World war II, Nazityskland, koncentration lejre, 1940 ' erne, ledere, , diskutere, ,


Dutch :

Polen, Warschau, Hans Frank, Poolse joden, Joden, Roma, gentile, Arische, Nożyk synagoge, nazi, Hitler, SS, het getto van Warschau, oorlog, ww2, World war II, nazi-Duitsland, concentratie camps, van de jaren 1940, leiders, gaan, bespreken, ,


Estonian :

Poola, Varssavi, Hans Frank, Polish Jews, juudi, mustlased, gentile, aaria, Nożyk sünagoogi, natsi, Hitler, SS, Varssavi geto, sõda, ww2, Esimene maailmasõda, natsi-Saksamaa kontsentratsioon laagreid, 1940, juhid, saab arutada, ,


German :

Polen, Warschau, Hans Frank, polnische Juden, Juden, Sinti, Gentile, Aryan, Nożyk Synagoge, Nazi, ww2, Zweiter Weltkrieg, Nazi-Deutschland, Hitler, Krieg, SS, Warschauer Ghetto Konzentration Lager, 1940er Jahre, Führer, gehen, sprechen, ,


Haitian Creole :

Polòy, Vasovi, Hans Frank, Lapolòy jwif yo, jwif, Romani pèp, soupl, Aryenne, Nożyk sinagòg, nazi, Hitler, SS, geto Warsaw, lagè, ww2, gè mondyal II, Almay Nazi konsantrasyon kan yo, 40, lidè yo, pwal diskite, ,


Hebrew :

פולין, ורשה, הנס פרנק, יהודים פולנים, יהודים, צוענים, גוי, הארי, בית הכנסת נוז'יק, נאצים, היטלר, אס. אס, גטו ורשה, מלחמה, ww2, מלחמת העולם השנייה, גרמניה הנאצית, מחנות ריכוז, שנות ה-40, מנהיגים, הולך, לדון, ,


Hindi :

पोलैंड, वॉरसॉ, हैंस फ्रैंक, पोलिश यहूदी, यहूदी, रोमानी लोग, अन्यजातियों, आर्यन, Nożyk आराधनालय, नाजी, हिटलर, एस एस, वॉरसॉ यहूदी बस्ती, युद्ध, ww2, विश्व युद्ध II, नाजी जर्मनी, एकाग्रता शिविरों, 1940 के दशक, नेताओं, जा रहा है, पर चर्चा की, ,


Hungarian :

Lengyelország, Varsó, Hans Frank, lengyel zsidó, zsidó, Roma, zsidó, árja, Nożyk Synagogue, nácik, Hitler, a SS, a Varsói gettó, a háború, a ww2, World war II, náci Németország, koncentrációs táborok, 1940-es években vezetők, megy, megvitassák, ,


Indonesian :

Polandia, Warsawa, Hans Frank, Yahudi Polandia, Yahudi, orang-orang Romani, kafir, Aryan, Nożyk Synagogue, nazi, Hitler, SS, Ghetto Warsawa, perang, ww2, Perang Dunia II, Nazi Jerman, kamp konsentrasi, 1940-an, pemimpin, akan membahas, ,


Italian :

Polonia, Varsavia, Hans Frank, gli ebrei polacchi, ebrei, Sinti, gentile, Ariana, Nożyk Synagogue, nazista, Hitler, SS, Ghetto di Varsavia, guerra, ww2, seconda guerra mondiale, Germania nazista, campi di concentramento, anni quaranta, i leader, andando, discutere, ,


Japanese :

ポーランド、ワルシャワ、Hans フランク、ポーランド系ユダヤ人、ユダヤ人、ロマ、ジェンティーレ、アーリア人、Nożyk のシナゴーグ、ナチス、ヒトラー、SS、ワルシャワのゲットー、戦争、ww2、ナチス ・ ドイツ、第二次世界大戦濃度キャンプ、1940 年代、行く、議論し、指導者,


Korean :

폴란드, 바르샤바, 한스 프랭크, 폴란드 유대인, 유태인, Romani 사람들, 이방인, 아리아, Nożyk 유대교 회당, 나치, 히틀러, SS, 와르소 유대인 거리, 전쟁, 세계 대전, 나치 독일, ww2 집중 캠프, 1940 년대가 고, 토론, 지도자,


Latvian :

Polija, Varšava, Hans Frank, poļu ebreji, ebreju, čigāni, gentile, āriešu, Nożyk sinagogu, nacistu, Hitlers, SS, Varšavas geto, kara, ww2, pasaules kara II, nacistiskās Vācijas koncentrācijas nometnēm, 1940s, vadītāji, būs apspriest, ,


Lithuanian :

Lenkija, Varšuva, Hans frankas, Lenkijos žydų, žydų, čigonų, pagonių, arijų, Nożyk sinagoga, nacių, Hitleris, SS, Varšuvos getas, karo, ww2, II pasaulinio karo, nacistinės Vokietijos, koncentracijos stovykla, 1940-aisiais, vadovai, vyksta, aptarti, ,


Norwegian :

Polen, Warszawa, Hans Frank, polske jøder, jødiske, sigøynere, hedninger, ariske, Nożyk synagogen, nazi, Hitler, SS, ghettoen, krig, ww2, andre Verdenskrig, Nazi-Tyskland konsentrasjon leiren, 1940 ledere, går, diskutere, ,


Polish :

Polska, Warszawa, Hans Frank, Polskich Żydów, żydowskiej, Romowie, pogan, Aryan, Synagoga, nazistowskich, Hitler, SS, warszawskiego getta, wojny, ww2, World war II Rzeszy, stężenie obozy, 1940, przywódcy, będzie, dyskutować, ,


Portuguese :

Polônia, Varsóvia, Hans Frank, judeus polacos, judeus, ciganos, gentile, Ariana, sinagoga Nożyk, nazista, Hitler SS, gueto de Varsóvia, guerra, 2ª Guerra Mundial, segunda guerra mundial, a Alemanha nazista, campos de concentração, de 1940, líderes, indo, discutir, ,


Romanian :

Polonia, Varsovia, Hans Frank, evreii polonezi, evreilor, rromilor, neamuri, ariene, Sinagoga Nożyk, naziste, Hitler, SS, ghetoul Varșovia, război, ww2, al doilea război mondial, Germania nazistă, tabere de concentrare, 1940, liderii, merge, discuta, ,


Russian :

Польша, Варшава, Ганс Франк, польских евреев, евреев, цыган, язычников, арийской, Синагога Ножиков, нацистов, Гитлера, СС, Варшавского гетто, война, ww2, второй мировой войны, нацистской Германии, концентрация лагеря, 1940-х, лидеры, идя, обсудить, ,


Spanish :

Polonia, Varsovia, Hans Frank, judíos polacos, judíos, romaníes, gentile, Aria, Nożyk sinagoga, nazi, Hitler, SS, gueto de Varsovia, guerra, ww2, segunda guerra mundial, la Alemania Nazi, los campos de concentración, 1940, líderes, va, discutir, ,


Turkish :

Polonya, Varşova, Hans Frank, Polonyalı Yahudiler, Yahudi, roman insanlar, gentile, Aryan, Nożyk Sinagogu, nazi, Hitler, SS, Varşova gettosu, savaş, ww2, Dünya Savaşı, Nazi Almanya'sı, toplama kampları, 1940'larda, Liderler, gidiş, tartışmak, ,


Vietnamese :

Ba Lan, warsaw, Hans Frank, Ba Lan người Do Thái, do Thái, người Romani, gentile, Aryan, Nożyk Synagogue, phát xít, Hitler, SS, Warsaw Ghetto, chiến tranh, ww2, chiến tranh thế giới II, phát xít Đức, nồng độ trại, thập niên 1940, lãnh đạo, sẽ, thảo luận, ,


Produced

1940s

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over ( - )
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

2765_5047

Uploaded:

21-09-2010 20:41:50

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