Warsaw ghetto: candy salesman in the ghetto (00:00:10)
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Warsaw ghetto: candy salesman in the ghetto

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Location and time:

Poland, Warsaw, 1940s


Warsaw ghetto: candy salesman in the ghetto The Warsaw Ghetto was established by the German Governor-General Hans Frank on October 16, 1940. Frank ordered Jews in Warsaw and its suburbs rounded up and herded into the Ghetto. At this time, the population in the Ghetto was estimated to be 400,000 people, about 30% of the population of Warsaw; however, the size of the Ghetto was about 2.4% of the size of Warsaw. The ghetto was split into two areas, the "small ghetto", generally inhabited by richer Jews and the "large ghetto", where conditions were more difficult; the two ghettos were linked by a single footbridge. The Nazis then closed the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world on November 16, 1940, by building a wall, topped with barbed wire, and deploying armed guards. A child dying in the streets of the Warsaw Ghetto Dead bodies in the ghetto, 25 May 1941 During the next year and a half, thousands of the Polish Jews as well as some Romani people from smaller cities and the countryside were brought into the Ghetto, while diseases (especially typhus), and starvation kept the inhabitants at about the same number. Average food rations in 1941 for Jews in Warsaw were limited to 186 cal, compared to 1,669 cal for gentile Poles and 2,614 cal for Germans. Unemployment was a major problem in the ghetto. Illegal workshops were created to manufacture goods to be sold illegally on the outside and raw goods were smuggled in often by children. Hundreds of four to five year old Jewish children went across en masse to the "Aryan side", sometimes several times a day, smuggling food into the ghettos, returning with goods that often weighed more than they did. Smuggling was often the only source of subsistence for Ghetto inhabitants, who would otherwise have died of starvation. Despite the grave hardships, life in the Warsaw Ghetto was rich with educational and cultural activities, conducted by its underground organizations. Hospitals, public soup kitchens, orphanages, refugee centers and recreation facilities were formed, as well as a school system. Some schools were illegal and operated under the guise of a soup kitchen. There were secret libraries, classes for the children and even a symphony orchestra. The life in the ghetto was chronicled by the Oyneg Shabbos group. Over 100,000 of the Ghetto's residents died due to rampant disease or starvation, as well as random killings, even before the Nazis began massive deportations of the inhabitants from the Ghetto's Umschlagplatz to the Treblinka extermination camp during the Grossaktion Warschau, part of the countrywide Operation Reinhard. Between Tisha B'Av (July 23) and Yom Kippur (September 21) of 1942, about 254,000 Ghetto residents (or at least 300,000 by different accounts) were sent to Treblinka and murdered there. In 1942 Polish resistance officer Jan Karski reported to the Western governments on the situation in the Ghetto and on the extermination camps. By the end of 1942, it was clear that the deportations were to their deaths, and many of the remaining Jews decided to fight. On January 18, 1943, the first instance of armed resistance occurred when the Germans started the final expulsion of the remaining Jews. The Jewish fighters had some success: the expulsion stopped after four days and the ŻOB and ŻZW resistance organizations took control of the Ghetto, building shelters and fighting posts and operating against Jewish collaborators. The final battle started on the eve of Passover of April 19, 1943, when a Nazi force consisting of several thousand troops entered the ghetto. After initial setbacks, the Germans under the field command of Jürgen Stroop systematically burned and blew up the ghetto buildings, block by block, rounding up or murdering anybody they could capture. Significant resistance ended on April 23, and the Nazi operation officially ended in mid-May, symbolically culminated with the demolition of the Great Synagogue of Warsaw on May 16. According to the official report, at least 56,065 people were killed on the spot or deported to German Nazi concentration and death camps, most of them to Treblinka.

Other languages: show / hide

Arabic :

بولندا، وارسو، هانز فرانك، اليهود البولندية، واليهودية، والغير اليهود، الآرية، ومعبد Nożyk، والنازية، هتلر، SS، غيتو وارسو، والحرب، ww2، الحرب العالمية الثانية، ألمانيا النازية، ومعسكرات الاعتقال، في الأربعينات من القرن الماضي، تدابير مكافحة اليهود، التمييز، نجمة اليهود، سيارات، بائع، الحلوى،,

Bulgarian :

Полша, Варшава, Ханс Франк, полски евреи, еврейски, езичник, арийски, Nożyk синагога, нацистите, Хитлер, СС, Варшавското гето, война, ww2, Втората световна война, нацистка Германия, концлагерите, 1940, Анти-еврейски мерки, дискриминация, еврейската звезда, кола, продавач, бонбони, ,

Catalan :

Polònia, Varsòvia, Hans Frank, jueus polonesos, jueus, gentil, ària, Nożyk sinagoga, nazi, Hitler, SS, gueto de Varsòvia, guerra, 2 ª Guerra Mundial, la Segona Guerra Mundial, l'Alemanya Nazi, camps de concentració, dels anys quaranta, mesures Anti-jueu, discriminació, estrella jueu, cotxes, venedor, dolços, ,

Chinese Simplified :

波兰,华沙,汉斯 · 弗兰克,波兰犹太人,犹太人外, 邦人,雅利安人,Nożyk 犹太教堂,纳粹,希特勒、 SS、 华沙犹太区、 战争、 ww2,二次世界大战,纳粹德国集中营,20 世纪 40 年代,反犹太措施、 歧视、 犹太星、 车、 推销员,糖果,,

Chinese Traditional :

波蘭,華沙,漢斯 · 弗蘭克,波蘭猶太人,猶太人外, 邦人,雅利安人,Nożyk 猶太教堂,納粹,希特勒、 SS、 華沙猶太區、 戰爭、 ww2,二次世界大戰,納粹德國集中營,20 世紀 40 年代,反猶太措施、 歧視、 猶太星、 車、 推銷員,糖果,,

Czech :

Polsko, Varšava, Hans Frank, polských Židů, židovské, pohanů, Aryan, Nożyk synagoga, nacista, Hitler, SS, varšavského ghetta, válka, ww2, druhá světová válka, nacistické Německo, koncentrační tábory, 1940, Anti-židovské opatření, diskriminace, židovská hvězda, auto, prodavač, candy, ,

Danish :

Polen, Warszawa, Hans Frank, polske jøder, jødiske, gentile, ariske, Nożyk synagoge, nazistiske, Hitler, SS, Warszawa Ghetto, krig, ww2, anden verdenskrig, Nazityskland, koncentrationslejre, 1940 ' erne, Anti-jødiske foranstaltninger, diskrimination, jødiske star, bil, sælger, slik, ,

Dutch :

Polen, Warschau, Hans Frank, Poolse joden, joodse, heidense, Arische, Nożyk synagoge, nazi, Hitler, SS, het getto van Warschau, oorlog, ww2, tweede Wereldoorlog, nazi-Duitsland, concentratiekampen, de jaren 1940, Anti-Joodse maatregelen, discriminatie, Joodse ster, auto, verkoper, snoep, ,

Estonian :

Poola, Varssavi, Hans Frank, Polish Jews, juudi, gentile, aaria, Nożyk sünagoogi, natsi, Hitler, SS, Varssavi geto, sõda, ww2, II maailmasõda, natsi-Saksamaa, koonduslaagreid, 1940, Anti-juudi meetmed, diskrimineerimine, juudi star, auto, müügimees, kommi, ,

Finnish :

Puola, Varsova, Hans Frank, Puolan juutalaisten juutalainen, gentile, arjalainen, kuten Nożyk synagoga, natsi, Hitler, SS, Warsaw Ghetto, sota, ww2, toinen maailmansota, natsi-Saksa, keskitysleirejä, 1940, Anti-juutalainen toimenpiteet, syrjinnän, tähti, auto, myyntimies, karkkia, ,

French :

Pologne, Varsovie, Hans Frank, Juifs polonais, Juifs, païens, Aryan, Synagogue de Nożyki, nazi, Hitler, SS, du Ghetto de Varsovie, war, ww2, la seconde guerre mondiale, l'Allemagne nazie, les camps de concentration, des années 1940, les mesures Anti-juif, discrimination, étoile juive, voiture, vendeur, bonbons, ,

German :

Polen, Warschau, Hans Frank, polnische Juden, Juden, Heiden, Aryan, Nożyk Synagoge, Nazi, Hitler, SS, Warschauer Ghetto, Krieg, ww2, Weltkrieg, Nationalsozialismus, Konzentrationslager, 1940er Jahre Anti-jüdischen Maßnahmen, Diskriminierung, jüdische Stern, Auto, Verkäufer, Süßigkeit, ,

Greek :

Πολωνία, Βαρσοβία, Χανς Φρανκ, Πολωνών Εβραίων, εβραϊκή, Τζεντίλε, άριος, Nożyk συναγωγή, ναζιστική, Χίτλερ, SS, γκέτο της Βαρσοβίας, πόλεμος, ww2, τον δεύτερο παγκόσμιο πόλεμο, ναζιστική Γερμανία, στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης, του 1940, αντι-εβραϊκή μέτρα, διακρίσεις, εβραϊκό αστέρι, αυτοκίνητο, πωλητής, καραμέλα, ,

Haitian Creole :

Polòy, Vasovi, Hans Frank, Lapolòy jwif, jwif, frè, Aryenne, Nożyk sinagòg, nazi, Hitler, SS, geto Warsaw, lagè, ww2, gè MONDYAL, Almay Nazi, konsantrasyon kan yo, 40, mezi Anti-jwif, diskriminasyon, jwif zetwal, machin, vendeur, sirèt, ,

Hebrew :

פולין, ורשה, הנס פרנק, יהודים פולנים, יהודים, אומות העולם, הארי, בית הכנסת נוז'יק, נאצים, היטלר, אס. אס, גטו ורשה, מלחמה, ww2, מלחמת העולם השנייה, גרמניה הנאצית, מחנות הריכוז, שנות ה-40, באמצעים אנטי-יהודית, אפליה, ג'ואיש סטאר, רכב, מכירות, ממתקים, ,

Hindi :

पोलैंड, वॉरसॉ, हैंस फ्रैंक, पोलिश यहूदी, यहूदी, अन्यजातियों, आर्यन, Nożyk आराधनालय, नाजी, हिटलर, एस एस, वॉरसॉ यहूदी बस्ती, युद्ध, ww2, द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध, नाजी जर्मनी, एकाग्रता शिविरों, 1940 के दशक, एंटी-यहूदी उपायों, भेदभाव, यहूदी स्टार, कार, सेल्समेन, कैंडी, ,

Hungarian :

Lengyelország, Varsó, Hans Frank, lengyel zsidó, zsidó, pogány, árja, Nożyk Synagogue, nácik, Hitler, a SS, a Varsói gettó, a háború, a ww2, második világháború, a náci Németország, a koncentrációs táborok, 1940-es években Anti-zsidó intézkedések, diszkrimináció, zsidó star, autó eladó, édességet, ,

Indonesian :

Polandia, Warsawa, Hans Frank, Yahudi Polandia, Yahudi, bangsa-bangsa lain, Aryan, Nożyk Synagogue, nazi, Hitler, SS, Ghetto Warsawa, perang, ww2, Perang Dunia II, Nazi Jerman, kamp-kamp konsentrasi, 1940-an, langkah-langkah Anti-Yahudi, diskriminasi, bintang Yahudi, Mobil, salesman, permen, ,

Italian :

Polonia, Varsavia, Hans Frank, gli ebrei polacchi, ebrei, gentili, Ariana, Nożyk Synagogue, nazista, Hitler, SS, Ghetto di Varsavia, guerra, ww2, seconda guerra mondiale, la Germania nazista, campi di concentramento, 1940, misure Anti-ebraiche, discriminazione, stella ebraica, auto, venditore di caramelle, ,

Japanese :

ポーランド、ワルシャワ、Hans フランク、ポーランド系ユダヤ人、ユダヤ人、異教徒、アーリア人、Nożyk のシナゴーグ、ナチス、ヒトラー、SS、ワルシャワのゲットー、戦争、ww2、第二次世界大戦、ナチス ・ ドイツの強制収容所、1940 年代に、反ユダヤ人の手段、差別、ユダヤ人の星、車、セールスマン、お菓子、,

Korean :

폴란드, 바르샤바, 한스 프랭크, 폴란드인 유태인, 유대인, 이방인, 아리아, Nożyk 유대교 회당, 나치, 히틀러, SS, 와르소 유대인 거리, 전쟁, ww2, 제 2 차 세계 대전, 나치 독일 강제 수용소, 1940, 반대로 유태인 측정, 차별, 유대인 스타, 자동차, 세일즈 맨, 사탕, ,

Latvian :

Polija, Varšava, Hans Frank, Polijas ebreju ebreju, gentile, āriešu, Nożyk sinagogu, nacistu, Hitlers, SS, Varšavas geto, kara, ww2, II pasaules kara, nacistiskās Vācijas koncentrācijas nometnēs, 1940s, Anti-ebreju pasākumi, diskrimināciju, jūdu zvaigznes, automašīnas, pārdevējs, konfektes, ,

Lithuanian :

Lenkija, Varšuva, Hans frankas, Lenkijos žydų, žydų, pagonių, arijų, Nożyk sinagoga, nacių, Hitleris, SS, Varšuvos getas, karo, ww2, antrojo pasaulinio karo, nacistinės Vokietijos, koncentracijos stovyklos, 1940-aisiais, Anti-žydų priemones, diskriminacija, žydų žvaigždė, automobilių, pardavėjas, saldainiai, ,

Norwegian :

Polen, Warszawa, Hans Frank, polske jøder, jødiske, jødiske, ariske, Nożyk synagogen, nazi, Hitler, SS, ghettoen, krig, ww2, andre VERDENSKRIG, Nazi-Tyskland, konsentrasjonsleire, 1940 Anti-jødisk tiltak, diskriminering, jødiske star, bil, selger, godteri, ,

Polish :

Polska, Warszawa, Hans Frank, Żydów polskich, żydowskich, pogan, Aryan, Synagoga, nazistowskich, Hitler, SS, warszawskiego getta, wojny, ww2, II wojny światowej, Niemcy hitlerowskie obozy koncentracyjne, 1940, środki anty-żydowskiej, dyskryminacji, żydowski gwiazdki, samochód, sprzedawca, słodycze, ,

Portuguese :

Polônia, Varsóvia, Hans Frank, judeus polacos, judeus, gentios, Ariana, sinagoga Nożyk, nazista, Hitler SS, gueto de Varsóvia, guerra, 2ª Guerra Mundial, segunda guerra mundial, a Alemanha nazista, campos de concentração, de 1940, medidas Anti-judeu, discriminação, estrela judia, carro, vendedor, doces, ,

Romanian :

Polonia, Varsovia, Hans Frank, evreii polonezi, evrei, gentile, ariene, Sinagoga Nożyk, nazist, Hitler, SS, ghetoul Varșovia, război, ww2, al doilea război mondial, Germania nazistă, lagărele de concentrare, 1940, măsuri Anti-evreiesc, discriminare, Steaua evreiască, masina, vanzator, bomboane, ,

Russian :

Польша, Варшава, Ганс Франк, польских евреев, еврейские, язычников, арийской, Синагога Ножиков, нацистов, Гитлера, СС, Варшавского гетто, война, ww2, II мировой войны, нацистской Германии, концентрационные лагеря, в 1940-х, анти-еврейской меры, дискриминация, Еврейская звезда, автомобиль, продавец, конфеты, ,

Slovak :

Poľsko, Varšava, Hans Frank, poľských Židov, židovských, gentile, Aryan, Nożyk synagógy, nacistickej, Hitler SS, Varšavského geta, vojnu, ww2, svetovej vojny, nacistické Nemecko, koncentračných táborov, 1940, Anti-židovskej opatrenia diskriminácie, židovská hviezda, auto, predavač, sladkosti, ,

Slovenian :

Poljska, Varšava, Hans Frank, poljski Judje, judovski, gentile, Aryan, Nożyk sinagoga, nacistične, Hitler SS, Varšava židovska četrt, vojne, ww2, World war II, nacistični Nemčiji, koncentracijska taborišča, 1940, Anti-judovski ukrepi diskriminacije, judovski star, avto, prodajalec, sladkarije, ,

Spanish :

Polonia, Varsovia, Hans Frank, judíos polacos, judíos, gentiles, Aria, Nożyk sinagoga, nazi, Hitler, SS, gueto de Varsovia, guerra, ww2, segunda guerra mundial, la Alemania Nazi, campos de concentración, de los años cuarenta medidas Anti-judíos, discriminación, estrella judía, coche, vendedor de dulces, ,

Swedish :

Polen, Warszawa, Hans Frank, polska judar, judiska, gentile, ariska, Nożyk synagogan, nazi, Hitler, SS, Warsaw getto, krig, ww2, andra världskriget, Nazityskland, koncentrationsläger, 1940-talet, Anti-judiska åtgärder, diskriminering, judiska star, bil, försäljare, godis, ,

Thai :

โปแลนด์ วอร์ซอ ฮันส์ Frank ชาวยิวโปแลนด์ ชาวยิว gentile อารยัน โบสถ์ Nożyk นา ซี ฮิตเลอร์ SS วอร์ซอเกตโต สงคราม ww2 สงครามโลก นาซีเยอรมนี ค่ายสมาธิ ทศวรรษ 1940 โดย มาตรการต่อต้านชาวยิว แบ่งแยก ดาวยิว รถยนต์ ขาย ลูกอม,

Turkish :

Polonya, Varşova, Hans Frank, Polonyalı Yahudiler, Yahudi, gentile, Aryan, Nożyk Sinagogu, nazi, Hitler, SS, Varşova gettosu, savaş, ww2, İkinci Dünya Savaşı, Nazi Almanya'sı, toplama kampları, 1940'larda, Anti-Yahudi önlemler, ayrımcılık, Yahudi yıldızı, Araba, satıcı, şeker, ,

Ukrainian :

Польща, Варшава, Ганса Франка, польських євреїв, єврейських, Джентіле, арійської, Nożyk синагозі, нацистська, Гітлер СС Варшавське Гетто, війна, 2МВ, Другої світової війни, нацистської Німеччини, концентраційних таборів, 1940-х, анти-єврейська заходів, дискримінації, єврейської зірки, автомобіль, продавець, цукерки, ,

Vietnamese :

Ba Lan, warsaw, Hans Frank, người Do Thái Ba Lan, người Do Thái, gentile, Aryan, Nożyk Synagogue, phát xít, Hitler, SS, Warsaw Ghetto, chiến tranh, ww2, Đệ nhị thế chiến, Đức Quốc xã, trại tập trung, thập niên 1940, các biện pháp chống Do Thái, phân biệt đối xử, ngôi sao người Do Thái, xe hơi, nhân viên bán hàng, kẹo, ,




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Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (German)
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17-10-2010 11:17:24

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