Israels History: Jerusalem - King David Hotel - Mandate Palestine (00:00:44)
Original video: Israels History (00:07:04)

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Israels History: Jerusalem - King David Hotel - Mandate Palestine

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Palestine, Jerusalem, 1946


The building contained the British military command and their Criminal Investigation Division The King David Hotel bombing was an attack carried out by the militant right-wing Zionist underground organisation, the Irgun,[1] on the King David Hotel in Jerusalem on 22 July 1946.[2] The hotel was the site of the central offices of the British Mandatory authorities of Palestine, the Secretariat of the Government of Palestine and Headquarters of the British Forces in Palestine and Transjordan.[3][4] The attack was the deadliest directed at the British during the Mandate era (1920–1948) and more people were killed than by any bombing carried out in the subsequent Arab-Israeli conflict.[5] The event has been called by British authorities,[6] major international publications including the New York Times,[7][8] and academics as a terrorist attack aimed at civilians. The New York Times linked the Haganah paramilitary group to the Irgun attacks.[9] Israel continues to deny any wrongdoing claiming civilian deaths were incidental.[citation needed] Irgunists planted a bomb in the basement of the main building of the hotel, under the wing which housed the Mandate Secretariat and part of the British military headquarters. Telephoned warnings were sent, but not, at least directly or through the route expected by the Irgun, to the British authorities.[3][4] No evacuation was carried out.[3] The ensuing explosion caused the collapse of the western half of the southern wing of the hotel. 91 people were killed and 46 were injured, with some of the deaths and injuries occurring in the road outside the hotel and in adjacent buildings.[3] Controversy has arisen over the timing and adequacy of these warnings and the reasons why the hotel was not evacuated Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Yisrā'el; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيلُ‎, Isrā'īl), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: About this sound מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (help•info), Medīnat Yisrā'el; Arabic: دَوْلَةُ إِسْرَائِيلَ‎, Dawlat Isrā'īl), is a parliamentary republic in the Middle East located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, the Gaza Strip and Egypt on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel is the world's only predominantly Jewish state, with a population estimated in May 2010 to be 7,602,400 people, of whom 6,051,000 are Jews. Arab citizens of Israel form the country's second-largest ethnic group, which includes Muslims, Christians, Druze, and Samaritans. According to the May 2010 population estimate, including 300,000 non-citizen Arabs living in East Jerusalem, this minority numbers 1,551,400. The modern State of Israel traces its historical and religious roots to the Biblical Land of Israel, also known as Zion, a concept central to Judaism since ancient times. Political Zionism took shape in the late-19th century under Theodor Herzl, and the Balfour Declaration of 1917 formalized British policy preferring the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people. Following World War I, the League of Nations granted Great Britain the Mandate for Palestine, which included responsibility for securing "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people". In November 1947, the United Nations voted in favor of the partition of Palestine, proposing the creation of a Jewish state, an Arab state, and a UN-administered Jerusalem.Partition was accepted by Zionist leaders but rejected by Arab leaders, leading to civil war. Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948 and neighboring Arab states attacked the next day. Since then, Israel has fought a series of wars with neighboring Arab states, and in consequence occupied territories, including the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights, beyond those delineated in the 1949 Armistice Agreements. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, but efforts by elements within both parties to diplomatically solve the problem have so far only met with limited success and some of Israel's international borders remain in dispute. Israel is a developed country and a representative democracy with a parliamentary system and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's legislative body. The economy, based on the nominal gross domestic product, was the 41st-largest in the world in 2008. Israel ranks highest among Middle Eastern countries on the UN Human Development Index, and it has one of the highest life expectancies in the world.Jerusalem is the country's capital, although it is not recognized internationally as such.[a] Israel's main financial center is Tel Aviv, and its main industrial center is Haifa. In 2010, Israel joined the OECD.

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Ukrainian :

Ізраїль, Палестина, держави Ізраїль, біблійні землі Ізраїлю, Сіон, іудаїзм, Декларація Бальфура 1917 році, Західний берег Синайського півострова сектор Газа, Голанські висоти, Кнесет, Освенцим, єврейських, євреїв, погром, куріпки, жовтий зірочок, в'язнів, Голокост, поїзд, перевезення, залізниця, Польща, труни, anti антисемітизмом, втік, рятуючись від концтаборі Бельзен сіонізм Клемент Еттлі Річард, Тель-Авів, США, Вашингтон, Спенсер, Гаррі Truman, U.S. Президент, Ернест БевінБерген-Бельзен, британський мандат, Давид Бен-Гуріон, Теодор Герцль, Єрусалим, арабських, має Azriel комерційну цінність, солдат, Варшава, єврейської держави, біженців, Залізна завіса, демонстрацій, прапор, Israels історії, має комерційну цінність, британський обов'язковий, Готель King David, мандат Палестині, британський військового командування, кримінального розслідування дивізії, колоніалізму, ,




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Original video: Israels History
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17-10-2010 13:59:14

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