Israels History: UN debate of Palestina - Gromyko talks in New York (00:01:04)
Original video: Israels History: British soldiers - (00:07:10)

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Israels History: UN debate of Palestina - Gromyko talks in New York

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Location and time:

USA, New York, 26-11-1947


The highlight of this session was the Soviet position explained by Andrei Gromyko. As the debate on the fate of Palestine drew to a close, the options became increasingly limited. The Arab states opposed any solution other than a single state. The USSR, which had previously supported the binational state favored by some of the Zionist parties in Israel, by now had changed its vote to support the partition plan. The partition resolution still did not have the required two-thirds majority at this time however. Over subsequent days, including the Thanksgiving holiday, the United States and Zionist activists cajoled several foreign governments into changing their vote. Gromyko said: When the question of the future of Palestine was under discussion at the special session of the General Assembly the Government of the USSR pointed to the two most acceptable solutions of this question. The first was the creation of a single democratic Arab-Jewish State in which Arabs and Jews would enjoy equal rights. In case that solution were to prove unworkable because of Arab and Jewish insistence that, in view of the deterioration in Arab-Jewish relations, they would be unable to live together, the Government of the USSR through its delegation at the Assembly, pointed to the second solution, which was to partition Palestine into two free, independent and democratic States— an Arab and a Jewish one. Actually, the USSR had supported a one state solution, and favored a two-state partition only if the one-state solution was impossible. See UN Debate on Palestine - Remarks of Soviet Representative Andrei Gromyko, May 14, 1947. Nonetheless, Gromyko continued: Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Yisrā'el; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيلُ‎, Isrā'īl), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: About this sound מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (help•info), Medīnat Yisrā'el; Arabic: دَوْلَةُ إِسْرَائِيلَ‎, Dawlat Isrā'īl), is a parliamentary republic in the Middle East located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, the Gaza Strip and Egypt on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel is the world's only predominantly Jewish state, with a population estimated in May 2010 to be 7,602,400 people, of whom 6,051,000 are Jews. Arab citizens of Israel form the country's second-largest ethnic group, which includes Muslims, Christians, Druze, and Samaritans. According to the May 2010 population estimate, including 300,000 non-citizen Arabs living in East Jerusalem, this minority numbers 1,551,400. The modern State of Israel traces its historical and religious roots to the Biblical Land of Israel, also known as Zion, a concept central to Judaism since ancient times. Political Zionism took shape in the late-19th century under Theodor Herzl, and the Balfour Declaration of 1917 formalized British policy preferring the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people. Following World War I, the League of Nations granted Great Britain the Mandate for Palestine, which included responsibility for securing "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people". In November 1947, the United Nations voted in favor of the partition of Palestine, proposing the creation of a Jewish state, an Arab state, and a UN-administered Jerusalem.Partition was accepted by Zionist leaders but rejected by Arab leaders, leading to civil war. Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948 and neighboring Arab states attacked the next day. Since then, Israel has fought a series of wars with neighboring Arab states, and in consequence occupied territories, including the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights, beyond those delineated in the 1949 Armistice Agreements. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, but efforts by elements within both parties to diplomatically solve the problem have so far only met with limited success and some of Israel's international borders remain in dispute. Israel is a developed country and a representative democracy with a parliamentary system and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's legislative body. The economy, based on the nominal gross domestic product, was the 41st-largest in the world in 2008. Israel ranks highest among Middle Eastern countries on the UN Human Development Index, and it has one of the highest life expectancies in the world.Jerusalem is the country's capital, although it is not recognized internationally as such.[a] Israel's main financial center is Tel Aviv, and its main industrial center is Haifa. In 2010, Israel joined the OECD.

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Arabic :

إسرائيل، وفلسطين، ودولة إسرائيل، "أرض إسرائيل التوراتية"، صهيون، اليهودية، و "وعد بلفور" لعام 1917، الضفة الغربية، شبه جزيرة سيناء، وقطاع غزة، ومرتفعات الجولان، الكنيست، معسكر أوشفيتز، واليهودية، اليهود، مذبحة، الطاووس، النجوم الصفراء، السجناء، المحرقة، تدريب، النقل والسكك الحديدية، بولندا، التوابيت، معاداة السامية، لاذ بالفرار الفرار، بيسلن معسكر، الصهيونية، كليمنت اتلي ريتشارد، تل أبيب، الولايات المتحدة، واشنطن، سبنسر، هاري Truman, U.S-الرئيس، إرنست بيفين، بيسلن بيرغن، والانتداب البريطاني، ديفيد بن جوريون، ثيودور هرتزل، والقدس، والعربية، حاييم عزرئيل وايزمان، الجندي، وارسو، الدولة اليهودية، واللاجئين، والستار الحديدي، والمظاهرات، والعلم، وتاريخ إسرائيل، حاييم وايزمان، الجنود البريطانيين، الهاغانا، تيروريزم، والعسكرية، "الانتداب البريطاني"، ولاية فلسطين، أجاثا العملية، السبت الأسود، السبت الأسود، والقيادة العسكرية البريطانية، شعبة التحقيقات الجنائية، وفندق الملك ديفيد التفجير، الهجوم، القوات شبه العسكرية، ومناقشة الأمم المتحدة منبر، اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوفياتية، جروميكو، نيويورك، السوفياتي، الأمم المتحدة،,




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Original video: Israels History: British soldiers -
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17-10-2010 16:18:13

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