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Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC (00:00:06)

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Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC - 0001.sec Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC - 0002.sec Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC - 0003.sec Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC - 0004.sec Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC - 0005.sec

Title:

Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

Korea, 15-09-1950

Description:

General Douglas MacArthur, UN Command CiC (seated), observes the naval shelling of Incheon from the USS Mt. McKinley, 15 September 1950.

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was a Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign. Arthur MacArthur, Jr., and Douglas MacArthur were the first father and son to each be awarded the medal. He was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of general of the army in the U.S. Army, and the only man ever to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army.

Douglas MacArthur was raised as a military brat in the American Old West. He attended the West Texas Military Academy, where he was valedictorian, and the United States Military Academy at West Point, where he was First Captain and graduated top of the class of 1903. During the 1914 United States occupation of Veracruz he conducted a reconnaissance mission, for which he was nominated for the Medal of Honor. In 1917, he was promoted from major to colonel and became chief of staff of the 42nd (Rainbow) Division. In the fighting on the Western Front during World War I he rose to the rank of brigadier general, was again nominated for a Medal of Honor, and was twice awarded the Distinguished Service Cross as well as the Silver Star seven times.

From 1919 to 1922, MacArthur served as Superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, where he attempted a series of reforms. His next assignment was in the Philippines, where in 1924 he was instrumental in quelling the Philippine Scout Mutiny. In 1925, he became the Army's youngest major general. He served on the court martial of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell and was president of the United States Olympic Committee during the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. In 1930 he became Chief of Staff of the United States Army. As such, he was involved with the expulsion of the Bonus Army protesters from Washington, D.C., in 1932, and the establishment and organization of the Civilian Conservation Corps. He retired from the U.S. Army in 1937 to become Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines.

MacArthur was recalled to active duty in 1941 as commander of U.S. Army Forces Far East. A series of disasters followed, starting with the destruction of his air force on December 8, 1941, and the invasion of the Philippines by the Japanese. MacArthur's forces were soon compelled to withdraw to Bataan, where they held out until May 1942. In March 1942, MacArthur, his family and his staff left Corregidor Island in PT boats, and escaped to Australia, where MacArthur became Supreme Commander, Southwest Pacific Area. For his defense of the Philippines, MacArthur was awarded the Medal of Honor. After more than two years of fighting in the Pacific, he fulfilled a promise to return to the Philippines. He officially accepted Japan's surrender on September 2, 1945, and oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951. As the effective ruler of Japan, he oversaw sweeping economic, political and social changes. He led the United Nations Command in the Korean War from 1950 to 1951. On April 11, 1951, MacArthur was removed from command by President Harry S. Truman. He later became Chairman of the Board of Remington Rand.

South korean army in action The Korean War (1950–armistice, 1953)[28] was a military conflict between the Republic of Korea, supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea which was supported by People's Republic of China (PRC), and with air support from the Soviet Union. The war began on 25 June 1950 and an armistice was signed on 27 July 1953. The war was a result of the political division of Korea by agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War.

The Korean peninsula had been ruled by Japan from 1910 until the end of World War II. In 1945, following the surrender of Japan, American administrators divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel, with United States troops occupying the southern part and Soviet troops occupying the northern part.[29] The failure to hold free elections throughout the Korean Peninsula in 1948 deepened the division between the two sides, and the North established a Communist government. The 38th Parallel increasingly became a political border between the two Koreas. Although reunification negotiations continued in the months preceding the war, tension intensified. Cross-border skirmishes and raids at the 38th Parallel persisted. The situation escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950.[30] It was the first significant armed conflict of the Cold War.[31] The United Nations, particularly the United States, came to the aid of South Korea in repelling the invasion. A rapid UN counter-offensive drove the North Koreans past the 38th Parallel and almost to the Yalu River, causing the People's Republic of China (PRC) to enter the war on the side of the North.[30]

The Chinese launched a counter-offensive that repelled the United Nations forces past the 38th Parallel. The Soviet Union materially aided both the North Korean and Chinese armies. In 1953, the war ceased with an armistice that restored the border between the Koreas near the 38th Parallel and created the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) wide buffer zone between the two Koreas. Minor outbreaks of fighting continue to the present day. With both North and South Korea sponsored by external powers, the Korean War was a proxy war.

From a military science perspective, it combined strategies and tactics of World War I and World War II: it began with a mobile campaign of swift infantry attacks followed by air bombing raids, but became a static trench war by July 1951.


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Dutch :

Korea, Koreaanse oorlog, oorlog, militair conflict, Republiek Korea, de Verenigde Naties, de Democratische Volksrepubliek van Korea, People's Republic of China, Sovjet-Unie, bondgenoten, Pacific-oorlog, Koreaanse schiereiland, de overgave van Japan, 38e Parallel, troepen van de Verenigde Staten, communistische regering., USA, koude oorlog, Verenigde Staten, Zuid-Korea, Noord-Korea, rivier Yalu, Koreaanse DMZ, oorlog bij volmacht, infanterie, bombardementen, de loopgravenoorlog, de VN-troepen, militaire, soldaten , wapens, pistool, DMZ, militaire demarcatielijn Panmunjeom, gezamenlijk beveiligingsgebied, militaire Commissie van de wapenstilstand, zuidelijke grens van de Gedemilitariseerde Zone, mijnen, Koreaanse leger, actie, pistool wapen, tank, natuur, structuur, bush, Oost-Azië, kogel, schieten, roer, voeten, Amerikaanse oorlogsschepen, Oceaan, water, Amerikaanse vlag, golven, schip, boot, Amerikan, algemene, Algemeen Douglas MacArthur, UN opdracht CiC, telescoop, uniform, USS Mount McKinley, ,


Produced

15-09-1950   

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SD
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4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over ( - )
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ID Nr.:

zol_5062_4334_6589

Uploaded:

10-12-2010 11:38:44

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