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Warsaw ghetto: Nazi terror in the ghetto, executions (00:01:28)
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Title:

Warsaw ghetto: Nazi terror in the ghetto, executions

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

Poland, Warsaw, 1940s

Description:

Poland: soldiers control the jewish exit permit The Warsaw Ghetto was established by the German Governor-General Hans Frank on October 16, 1940. Frank ordered Jews in Warsaw and its suburbs rounded up and herded into the Ghetto. At this time, the population in the Ghetto was estimated to be 400,000 people, about 30% of the population of Warsaw; however, the size of the Ghetto was about 2.4% of the size of Warsaw. The ghetto was split into two areas, the "small ghetto", generally inhabited by richer Jews and the "large ghetto", where conditions were more difficult; the two ghettos were linked by a single footbridge. The Nazis then closed the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world on November 16, 1940, by building a wall, topped with barbed wire, and deploying armed guards. A child dying in the streets of the Warsaw Ghetto Dead bodies in the ghetto, 25 May 1941 During the next year and a half, thousands of the Polish Jews as well as some Romani people from smaller cities and the countryside were brought into the Ghetto, while diseases (especially typhus), and starvation kept the inhabitants at about the same number. Average food rations in 1941 for Jews in Warsaw were limited to 186 cal, compared to 1,669 cal for gentile Poles and 2,614 cal for Germans. Unemployment was a major problem in the ghetto. Illegal workshops were created to manufacture goods to be sold illegally on the outside and raw goods were smuggled in often by children. Hundreds of four to five year old Jewish children went across en masse to the "Aryan side", sometimes several times a day, smuggling food into the ghettos, returning with goods that often weighed more than they did. Smuggling was often the only source of subsistence for Ghetto inhabitants, who would otherwise have died of starvation. Despite the grave hardships, life in the Warsaw Ghetto was rich with educational and cultural activities, conducted by its underground organizations. Hospitals, public soup kitchens, orphanages, refugee centers and recreation facilities were formed, as well as a school system. Some schools were illegal and operated under the guise of a soup kitchen. There were secret libraries, classes for the children and even a symphony orchestra. The life in the ghetto was chronicled by the Oyneg Shabbos group. Over 100,000 of the Ghetto's residents died due to rampant disease or starvation, as well as random killings, even before the Nazis began massive deportations of the inhabitants from the Ghetto's Umschlagplatz to the Treblinka extermination camp during the Grossaktion Warschau, part of the countrywide Operation Reinhard. Between Tisha B'Av (July 23) and Yom Kippur (September 21) of 1942, about 254,000 Ghetto residents (or at least 300,000 by different accounts) were sent to Treblinka and murdered there. In 1942 Polish resistance officer Jan Karski reported to the Western governments on the situation in the Ghetto and on the extermination camps. By the end of 1942, it was clear that the deportations were to their deaths, and many of the remaining Jews decided to fight. On January 18, 1943, the first instance of armed resistance occurred when the Germans started the final expulsion of the remaining Jews. The Jewish fighters had some success: the expulsion stopped after four days and the ŻOB and ŻZW resistance organizations took control of the Ghetto, building shelters and fighting posts and operating against Jewish collaborators. The final battle started on the eve of Passover of April 19, 1943, when a Nazi force consisting of several thousand troops entered the ghetto. After initial setbacks, the Germans under the field command of Jürgen Stroop systematically burned and blew up the ghetto buildings, block by block, rounding up or murdering anybody they could capture. Significant resistance ended on April 23, and the Nazi operation officially ended in mid-May, symbolically culminated with the demolition of the Great Synagogue of Warsaw on May 16. According to the official report, at least 56,065 people were killed on the spot or deported to German Nazi concentration and death camps, most of them to Treblinka.


Other languages: show / hide


Arabic :

بولندا، وارسو، هانز فرانك، اليهود البولنديين، اليهودية والشعب الروماني، ومشرك، الآرية، ومعبد Nożyk، والنازية، هتلر، SS، غيتو وارسو، والحرب، و ww2، الحرب العالمية الثانية، ألمانيا النازية، معسكرات الاعتقال، والأربعينيات، الجندي، والسيطرة، والإرهاب النازي، الإرهاب وعمليات الإعدام والقتل، وحشية، جنود النازية، بندقية، بندقية، وضباط ألمان، الصبي الصغير،,


Bulgarian :

Полша, Варшава, Ханс Франк, полски евреи, евреи, цигани, езичник, арийски, Nożyk синагога, нацистки, Хитлер, СС, Варшавското гето, война, ww2, Втората световна война, нацистка Германия, концентрационни лагери, 1940, войник, контрол, нацистки терор, терор, екзекуции, убийства, бруталност, нацистки войници, пушка, пистолет, немски офицери, малко момче, ,


Catalan :

Polònia, Varsòvia, Hans Frank, jueus polonesos, jueus, gitanos, gentil, ària, Nożyk sinagoga, nazi, Hitler, SS, gueto de Varsòvia, guerra, 2 ª Guerra Mundial, la Segona Guerra Mundial, l'Alemanya Nazi, camps de concentració, dels anys 1940, soldat, control, Nazi terror, terror, execucions, assassinat, brutalitat, soldats Nazi, rifle, pistola, alemanys, nen, ,


Chinese Simplified :

波兰, 华沙、汉斯·弗兰克、波兰犹太人、波兰犹太人、罗姆人、异教徒、雅利安人、诺蒂克犹太教堂、纳粹、希特勒、党卫军、华沙和华华战争 2, 000, 世界大战二, 纳粹德国, 集中营地, 有大量的控制纳粹恐怖、恐怖、处决、谋杀残暴, 纳粹士兵, 步枪, , 德国军官, 小男孩, ,


Chinese Traditional :

波蘭, 華沙、漢斯·弗蘭克、波蘭猶太人、波蘭猶太人、羅姆人、異教徒、雅利安人、諾蒂克猶太教堂、納粹、希特勒、党衛軍、華沙和華華戰爭 2, 000, 世界大戰二, 納粹德國, 集中營地, 有大量的控制納粹恐怖、恐怖、處決、謀殺殘暴, 納粹士兵, 步槍, , 德國軍官, 小男孩, ,


Czech :

Polsko, Varšava, Hans Frank, polských Židů, Židé, Romové, gentile, árijský, Nożyk synagoga, nacista, Hitler, SS, varšavského ghetta, válka, ww2, světové války, nacistické Německo, koncentrační tábory, 1940, voják, kontrola, nacistického teroru, teror, popravy, vraždy, Brutalita, nacistických vojáků, puška, dělo, němečtí důstojníci, chlapeček, ,


Danish :

Polen, Warszawa, Hans Frank, polske jøder, jødiske, roma-folket, gentile, ariske, Nożyk synagoge, nazistiske, Hitler, SS, Warszawa Ghetto, krig, ww2, anden verdenskrig, Nazityskland, koncentrationslejre, 1940 ' erne, soldat, kontrol, nazistiske terror, terror, henrettelser, mord, brutalitet, nazistiske soldater, riffel, pistol, tyske officerer, lille dreng, ,


Dutch :

Polen, Warschau, Hans Frank, Poolse joden, Joden, Roma, gentile, Arische, Nożyk synagoge, nazi, Hitler, SS, het getto van Warschau, oorlog, ww2, tweede Wereldoorlog, de nazi-Duitsland, de concentratiekampen, jaren 1940, soldaat, de controle, de nazi-terreur, terreur, executies, moord, wreedheid Nazi soldaten, geweer, pistool, Duitse officieren, jongetje, ,


Estonian :

Poola, Varssavi, Hans Frank, Poola juudid, juudi, mustlased, gentile, aaria, Nożyk sünagoog, nats, Hitler, SS, Varssavi geto, sõda, ww2, II maailmasõda, natsi-Saksamaa, nendeks, 1940, sõdur, kontroll, natside terror, terror, hukkamiste, mõrv, julmuse, natsi sõdurite, püss, püstol, saksa ohvitserid, poisike, ,


Finnish :

Puola, Varsova, Hans Frank, Puolan juutalaisia, juutalaiset, romanit, pakana, arjalainen, kuten Nożyk synagoga, natsi, Hitler, SS, Warsaw Ghetto, sota, ww2, toinen maailmansota, natsi-Saksan, keskitysleirejä, 1940, sotilas, ohjaus, natsien hirmuhallintoa kauhua, teloitukset, murha, Natsien sotilaat, raakuus, pieni poika, ase, kivääri, saksalaista upseeria,


French :

Pologne, Varsovie, Hans Frank, Juifs polonais, juifs, Roms, gentile, Aryan, Synagogue de Nożyki, nazi, Hitler, SS, du Ghetto de Varsovie, war, ww2, la seconde guerre mondiale, l’Allemagne nazie, les camps de concentration, des années 1940, soldat, de contrôle, de la terreur nazie, terreur, exécutions, meurtre, soldats nazis, carabine, pistolet, officiers allemands, brutalité, petit garçon, ,


German :

Polen, Warschau, Hans Frank, polnische Juden, Juden, Roma, Heide, Aryan, Nożyk Synagoge, Nazi, Hitler, SS, Warschauer Ghetto, Krieg, 2. Weltkrieg, Zweiter Weltkrieg, Nazi-Deutschland, Konzentrationslager, 1940er Jahre, Soldat, Kontrolle, Nazi-Terror, Terror, Hinrichtungen, Mord, Brutalität, Nazi-Soldaten, Gewehr, Pistole, deutsche Offiziere, kleiner Junge, ,


Greek :

Πολωνία, Βαρσοβία, Χανς Φρανκ, Πολωνικοί Εβραίοι, Εβραίοι, Ρομά, Τζεντίλε, Άρια, Nożyk συναγωγή, Ναζί, Χίτλερ, SS, γκέτο της Βαρσοβίας, πόλεμος, ww2, β ' Παγκοσμίου πολέμου, η ναζιστική Γερμανία, στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης, του 1940, στρατιώτης, ελέγχου, Ναζί τρόμο, τρόμο, εκτελέσεις, δολοφονίες, βιαιότητα, Ναζί στρατιώτες, τουφέκι, πυροβόλο όπλο, Γερμανούς αξιωματικούς, μικρό αγόρι, ,


Haitian Creole :

Poland, Vasovi, Hans Frank, Lapolòy jwif yo, jwif, Romani pèp, soupl, Aryenne, Nożyk sinagòg, nazi, Hitler, SS, geto Warsaw, lagè, ww2, gè MONDYAL, Almay Nazi, konsantrasyon kan yo, 40, sòlda, kontwòl, Nazi laterè, laterè, egzekisyon yo, touye moun, britalite, sòlda Nazi yo, fizi, zam, ofisye Alman yo, jenn gason, ,


Hebrew :

פולין, ורשה, הנס פרנק, יהודים פולנים, יהודים, צוענים, גוי, הארי, בית הכנסת נוז'יק, נאצים, היטלר, אס. אס, גטו ורשה, מלחמה, ww2, מלחמת העולם השנייה, גרמניה הנאצית, מחנות הריכוז, שנות ה-40, חייל, שליטה, הטרור הנאצי, טרור, הוצאות להורג, רצח, אכזריות, חיילים נאצים, רובה, אקדח, שוטרים גרמנים, ילד קטן, ,


Hindi :

पोलैंड, वारसॉ, हंस फ्रैंक, पोलिश यहूदियों, यहूदी, romani लोग, अंयजातियों, आर्यन, nożyk आराधनालय, नाजी, हिटलर, SS, वारसॉ यहूदी बस्ती, युद्ध, ww2, द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध, नाजी जर्मनी, एकाग्रता शिविरों, 1940 के दशक, सैनिक, नियंत्रण, नाजी आतंक, आतंक, फांसी, हत्या, क्रूरता, नाजी सैनिकों, राइफल, बंदूक, जर्मन अधिकारियों, छोटे लड़के, ,


Italian :

Polonia, Varsavia, Hans Frank, ebrei polacchi, ebrei, ROM, gentile, Ariana, Nożyk Synagogue, nazista, Hitler, SS, Ghetto di Varsavia, guerra, ww2, seconda guerra mondiale, la Germania nazista, campi di concentramento, 1940, soldato, controllo, terrore nazista, terrore, esecuzioni, omicidio, brutalità, soldati nazisti, fucile, pistola, ufficiali tedeschi, ragazzino, ,


Japanese :

ポーランド、ワルシャワ、ハンス ・ フランク、ポーランド系ユダヤ人、ユダヤ人、ロマ、ジェンティーレ、アーリア人、Nożyk シナゴーグ、ナチス、ヒトラー、SS、ワルシャワのゲットー、戦争、ww2 の第二次世界大戦、ナチス ・ ドイツ強制収容所、1940 年代、兵士, コントロール, ナチのテロ、テロ、処刑、殺人、残虐行為、ナチスの兵士、ライフル、銃、ドイツの役人、小さな男の子が、,


Korean :

폴란드, 바르샤바, 한스 프랭크, 폴란드 유대인, 유태인, Romani 사람들, 이방인, 아리아, Nożyk 회당, 나치, 히틀러, SS, 와르소 유대인 거리, 전쟁, ww2, 제 2 차 세계 대전, 나치 독일 강제 수용소, 1940, 군인, 제어, 나치 공포, 테러, 처형, 살인, 잔인, 나치 군인, 소총, , 독일 장교, 어린 소년, ,


Portuguese :

Polônia, Varsóvia, Hans Frank, judeus polacos, judeus, ciganos, gentile, Ariana, sinagoga Nożyk, nazista, Hitler SS, gueto de Varsóvia, guerra, 2ª Guerra Mundial, segunda guerra mundial, a Alemanha nazista, campos de concentração, de 1940, soldado, controle, terror Nazi, terror, execuções, assassinato, brutalidade, soldados nazistas, rifle, pistola, oficiais alemães, garotinho, ,


Romanian :

Polonia, Varșovia, Hans Frank, evreii polonezi, evreilor, rromilor, gentile, arian, Nożyk Synagogue, nazist, Hitler, SS, Ghetoul Varșovia, război, ww2, al doilea război mondial, Germania nazistă, lagărele de concentrare, 1940, soldat, control, terorii naziste, teroare, execuţii, crime, brutalitatea, soldaţi nazişti, puşcă, arma, ofiţeri germani, băieţel, ,


Slovak :

Poľsko, Varšava, Hans Frank, poľských Židov, židovských, Rómovia, gentile, Aryan, Nożyk synagóga, nacistickej, Hitler SS, Varšavského geta, vojnu, ww2, svetovej vojny, nacistické Nemecko, koncentračné tábory, 1940, vojak, kontrola, nacistický teror, teror, popravy, vraždy, brutalita, nacistických vojakov, puška, pištoľ, nemeckých dôstojníkov, chlapček, ,


Spanish :

Polonia, Varsovia, Hans Frank, judíos polacos, judíos, romaníes, gentile, Aria, Sinagoga Nożyk, nazi, Hitler, SS, gueto de Varsovia, war, ww2, segunda guerra mundial, Alemania Nazi, campos de concentración, década de 1940, soldado, control, terror Nazi, terror, ejecuciones, homicidio, brutalidad, soldados nazis, rifle, pistola, oficiales alemanes, niño, ,


Produced

1940s

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over ( - )
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ID Nr.:

zol_90281_2765_6717

Uploaded:

13-12-2010 22:28:25

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