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Berlin Wall: Checkpoint Charlie - allied sector (00:01:07)
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Title:

Berlin Wall: Checkpoint Charlie - allied sector

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

East Germany, East Berlin, 1980s

Description:

Checkpoint Charlie (or "Checkpoint C") was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War.

The Soviet Union prompted the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961 to stem the flow of Eastern Bloc emigration westward through what had become a "loophole" in the Soviet border system, preventing escape over the city sector border from East Berlin to West Berlin. Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold War, representing the separation of east and west, and—for some East Germans—a gateway to freedom. Soviet and American tanks briefly faced off at the location during the Berlin Crisis of 1961.

After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the reunification of Germany, the building at Checkpoint Charlie became a tourist attraction. It is now located in the Allied Museum in the Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin.

The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the "death strip") that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses. The Soviet-dominated Eastern Bloc officially claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" in building a Socialist State in East Germany. However, in practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.

The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the "Anti-Fascist Protection Wall" (German: Antifaschistischer Schutzmauer) by GDR authorities, implying that neighbouring West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified. The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the "Wall of Shame" – a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt – while condemning the Wall's restriction on freedom of movement. Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB) that demarcated the border between East and West Germany, both borders came to symbolize the "Iron Curtain" between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.

Before the Wall's erection, 3.5 million East Germans circumvented Eastern Bloc emigration restrictions and defected from the GDR, many by crossing over the border from East Berlin into West Berlin, from where they could then travel to West Germany and other Western European countries. Between 1961 and 1989, the wall prevented almost all such emigration.[3] During this period, around 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with estimates of the resulting death toll varying between 100 and 200.

In 1989, a radical series of Eastern Bloc political changes occurred, associated with the liberalization of the Eastern Bloc's authoritarian systems and the erosion of political power in the pro-Soviet governments in nearby Poland and Hungary. After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, a euphoric public and souvenir hunters chipped away parts of the wall; the governments later used industrial equipment to remove most of the rest. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.


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Arabic :

ألمانيا الشرقية، برلين، GDR، والتسريح وإعادة الإدماج، الجمهورية الديمقراطية الألمانية، برلين الشرقية، حائط برلين، الجدار، برلينر مور، غرب برلين، ألمانيا، ألمانيا الغربية، هجرة وهروب، الكتلة الشرقية، والدولة الاشتراكية، من الكتلة السوفياتية، الاشتراكية، الشيوعية، والدكتاتورية، الدكتاتور، الستار الحديدي، جدار الحماية مكافحة الفاشية، وفيلي برانت، أوروبا الغربية، وأوروبا الشرقية، عام 1961، بناء جدار برلين، فتحي Walter، حزب الوحدة الاشتراكي، ومجلس الدولة في جمهورية ألمانيا الديمقراطية، وحرس الحدود، الحدود، الأسلاك الشائكة ، الجدار، والجدار الخرساني، "نقطة تفتيش Charlie, car, flag, U.S المنطقة"، متحالفة، الفرنسية الجندي، الجندي الأمريكي، والجندي البريطاني، القطاع الأمريكي، ج نقطة تفتيش، والحلفاء الغربيين، الحدود شرق-غرب برلين،,


Bulgarian :

Източна Германия, Берлин, ГДР, DDR, Германска демократична република, Източен Берлин, Берлинската стена, стената, berliner Мауер, Западен Берлин, Германия, Западна Германия, емиграция и неизпълнение, Източен блок, социалистическа държава, съветски блок, социализъм, комунизъм, диктатура, диктатор, желязната завеса, стена за защита на анти-фашистки, Вили Бранд, Западна Европа, Източна Европа, 1961, изграждане на Берлинската стена, Walter Улбрихт, социалистическото единство, Държавния съвет на ГДР, гранична охрана, граница, бодлива тел , бариера, бетонна стена, контролно Charlie, car, flag, U.S зона, съюзниците, френски войник, американски войник, британски войник, американски сектор, контролна точка C, Западните съюзници, изток-запад Берлин граница, ,


Chinese Traditional :

東德,柏林,GDR、 DDR、 德意志民主共和國、 東柏林,柏林牆,牆,柏林莫爾,西柏林,德國,西德,移民及其缺陷,東方集團、 社會主義國家蘇聯、 社會主義、 共產主義專政獨裁者,鐵幕、 反法西斯保護牆體、 勃蘭特、 西歐、 東歐,1961 年,建設柏林牆,Walter 布利,統一社會黨、 東德國務委員會、 邊防、 邊境,帶刺的鐵絲網屏障,混凝土牆,檢查站 Charlie, car, flag, U.S 區,結盟,法國士兵,美國士兵,英國士兵,美國部門、 檢查站 C、 西方盟國,東-西柏林邊界,


French :

L'Allemagne, Berlin, RDA, DDR, République démocratique allemande, Berlin est, mur de Berlin, mur, berliner mauer, West Berlin, Allemagne, Allemagne de l'Ouest, bloc soviétique de l'émigration et de la défection, le Bloc de l'est, l'État socialiste, socialisme, communisme, dictature, dictateur, rideau de fer, mur de Protection Anti-Fascist, Willy Brandt, l'Europe occidentale, europe de l'est, 1961, construire le mur de Berlin, Walter Ulbricht, parti socialiste unifié, Conseil d'Etat de RDA, garde-frontières, frontière, fil de fer barbelé , barrière, mur en béton, Zone de point de contrôle de Charlie, car, flag, U.S, allié, Français, soldat, soldat américain, soldat britannique, secteur américain, point de contrôle C, les alliés occidentaux, frontière de Berlin-Ouest, ,


Greek :

Ανατολική Γερμανία, Βερολίνο, ΟΔΓ, DDR, Γερμανία ΛΔ, Ανατολικό Βερολίνο, το τείχος του Βερολίνου, τοίχο, τείχος του Βερολίνου, δυτικό Βερολίνο, Γερμανία, Δυτική Γερμανία, μετανάστευση και την αποστασία, ανατολικού μπλοκ, το σοσιαλιστικό κράτος, σοβιετικό μπλοκ, σοσιαλισμός, κομμουνισμός, δικτατορία, δικτάτορας, σιδηρούν παραπέτασμα, αντι-φασιστική τείχος προστασίας, Willy Brandt, Δυτική Ευρώπη, Ανατολική Ευρώπη, 1961, κτίριο το τείχος του Βερολίνου, Walter Ulbricht, Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα ενότητας, ΣΤΕ ΟΔΓ, συνοριοφύλακας, σύνορα, συρματοπλέγματα , εμπόδιο, τοίχο, σημείο ελέγχου Charlie, car, flag, U.S ζώνης, συνδεμένος, Γάλλος στρατιώτης, Αμερικανός στρατιώτης, Βρετανός στρατιωτικός, αμερικανικό τομέα, σημείο ελέγχου C, των Δυτικών Συμμάχων, σύνορα Ανατολής-Δύσης Βερολίνο, ,


Haitian Creole :

Almay de lès, Berlin, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, DDR, Repiblik Demokratik Alman, East Berlin, Berlin miray ranpa, miray lavil la, berliner mauer, rejyon lwès Bèlen, Almay, lwès almay, Emigrasyon Et defection, blòk lès la, sosyalis eta, blòk Sovyetik, sosyalis la, sistèm kominis, diktati, diktatè, fè yon rido, Anti-Fascist pwoteksyon miray lavil la, Willy Brandt, Ewòp lwès, Ewop de lès, 1961, bati a mi, Walter Ulbricht, pati inite sosyalis, konsèy leta Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, fontyè gad, fontyè, fil fè , -, konkrèt miray ranpa a, pòs Charlie, car, flag, U.S zòn, allié, Français sòlda, sòlda Ameriken, sòlda Anglè, Ameriken sektè, pòs C, alye peyi rejyon Lwès yo, fontyè rejyon lès-lwès Bèlen,


Japanese :

東ドイツ、ベルリン、GDR、DDR、ドイツ民主共和国、東ベルリン、ベルリンの壁、壁、ベルリンの壁、西ベルリン、ドイツ、西ドイツ、移住を離党、東部、社会主義国家ソビエト圏、社会主義、共産主義、独裁政権、独裁者、鉄のカーテン、反ファシスト党保護壁、Willy ブラント、西ヨーロッパ、東ヨーロッパ、1961 年、ベルリンの壁、Walter Ulbricht、社会主義統一党、GDR 国家評議会、国境警備、国境、有刺鉄線を構築、障壁、コンクリートの壁、チェックポイント Charlie, car, flag, U.S ゾーン、同盟、フランス語兵士、アメリカの兵士、イギリスの兵士、アメリカのセクター、チェックポイント C、西側同盟国、東と西ベルリンのボーダー,


Latvian :

Austrumvācijā, Berlīne, VDR, DDR, Vācijas Demokrātiskā Republika, East Berlin, Berlīnes mūris, sienas, berliner mauer, West Berlin, Vācija, Rietumvācijā, emigrācija un dezertēšana, Austrumu bloka, Sociālistiskās valsts Padomju bloka valstīs, sociālisms, komunisms, diktatūra, diktators, dzelzs priekškars, Anti-fašistu aizsardzības siena, Willy Brandt, Rietumeiropā, Austrumeiropā, 1961, ēkas Berlīnes mūris, Walter Ulbricht, Sociālistiskās vienotības partijas, VDR valsts Padome, robežsargs, robežas, barbed wire , barjera, betona sienas, Checkpoint Charlie, car, flag, U.S zonas sabiedroto, franču karavīru, amerikāņu karavīrs, Britu karavīru, amerikāņu sektora kontrolpunkta C, rietumu sabiedrotie, Berlīnes austrumu-rietumu robežas, ,


Produced

1980s

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (master)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

zol_933682_4203_6722

Uploaded:

13-12-2010 23:16:53

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