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Berlin Wall: East German soldiers at the wall (00:00:48)
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Title:

Berlin Wall: East German soldiers at the wall

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

East Germany, East Berlin, 1961

Description:

The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the "death strip") that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses. The Soviet-dominated Eastern Bloc officially claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" in building a Socialist State in East Germany. However, in practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.

The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the "Anti-Fascist Protection Wall" (German: Antifaschistischer Schutzmauer) by GDR authorities, implying that neighbouring West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified. The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the "Wall of Shame" – a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt – while condemning the Wall's restriction on freedom of movement. Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB) that demarcated the border between East and West Germany, both borders came to symbolize the "Iron Curtain" between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.

Before the Wall's erection, 3.5 million East Germans circumvented Eastern Bloc emigration restrictions and defected from the GDR, many by crossing over the border from East Berlin into West Berlin, from where they could then travel to West Germany and other Western European countries. Between 1961 and 1989, the wall prevented almost all such emigration.[3] During this period, around 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with estimates of the resulting death toll varying between 100 and 200.

In 1989, a radical series of Eastern Bloc political changes occurred, associated with the liberalization of the Eastern Bloc's authoritarian systems and the erosion of political power in the pro-Soviet governments in nearby Poland and Hungary. After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, a euphoric public and souvenir hunters chipped away parts of the wall; the governments later used industrial equipment to remove most of the rest. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.


Other languages: show / hide


Arabic :

ألمانيا الشرقية، برلين، GDR، والتسريح وإعادة الإدماج، الجمهورية الديمقراطية الألمانية، برلين الشرقية، حائط برلين، والجدار، برلينر مور، غرب برلين، ألمانيا، ألمانيا الغربية، الهجرة وفرار، الكتلة الشرقية، الدولة الاشتراكية، والكتلة السوفياتية، الاشتراكية، الشيوعية، الدكتاتورية، الدكتاتور، الستار الحديدي، جدار الحماية مكافحة الفاشية، وفيلي برانت، وأوروبا الغربية، أوروبا الشرقية، 1961، وبناء جدار برلين، والتر فتحي، حزب الوحدة الاشتراكي، ومجلس الدولة في جمهورية ألمانيا الديمقراطية، نيكيتا خروشوف، GDR الجنود ، الحدود الحرس، الحدود، الأسلاك الشائكة، والجدار، والجدار الخرساني، "بوابة براندنبورغ"، المركبات العسكرية والسيارات المدرعة والعلم،,


Bulgarian :

Източна Германия, Берлин, ГДР, DDR, Германска демократична република, Източен Берлин, Берлинската стена, стената, berliner Мауер, Западен Берлин, Германия, Западна Германия, емиграция и неизпълнение Източен блок, социалистическа държава, съветски блок, социализъм, комунизъм, диктатура, диктатор, желязната завеса, стена за защита на анти-фашистки, Вили Бранд, Западна Европа, Източна Европа, 1961, изграждане на Берлинската стена, Валтер Улбрихт, социалистическа единство партия, ГДР Държавния съвет, Никита Хрушчов, ГДР войници , гранична охрана, граница, бодлива тел, бариера, бетон стена, Бранденбургската врата, военни превозни средства, бронирани коли, флаг, ,


Catalan :

RDA, Berlin, RDA, DDR, República Democràtica Alemanya, Berlín Est, mur de Berlín, paret, berliner mauer, Berlín, Alemanya, Alemanya Occidental, emigració i la deserció, Bloc Oriental, l'estat socialista, bloc soviètic, socialisme, comunisme, dictadura, dictador, teló, mur de Protecció Anti-Feixista, Willy Brandt, Europa occidental, Europa Oriental, 1961, construint el mur de Berlín, Walter Ulbricht, partit d'unitat socialista, Consell d'estat de RDA, Nikita Khrushchev, RDA soldats , Guàrdia, frontera, filats, barrera, mur de formigó, la porta de Brandenburg, la frontera vehicles militars, cotxe blindat, bandera, ,


Chinese Simplified :

东德,柏林,GDR,DDR、 德意志民主共和国、 东柏林,柏林墙,墙,柏林莫尔,西柏林,德国,西德,移民及其缺陷,东方集团、 社会主义国家苏联,社会主义、 共产主义、 专政,独裁者,铁幕、 反法西斯保护墙、 勃兰特、 西欧、 东欧,1961 年,柏林墙、 布利、 统一社会党、 GDR 国务院、 赫鲁晓夫、 GDR 士兵、 边境警卫队、 边框、 铁丝网、 屏障、 混凝土墙,勃兰登堡门,军用车辆、 运钞的车、 船旗,,


Chinese Traditional :

東德,柏林,GDR,DDR、 德意志民主共和國、 東柏林,柏林牆,牆,柏林莫爾,西柏林,德國,西德,移民及其缺陷,東方集團、 社會主義國家蘇聯,社會主義、 共產主義、 專政,獨裁者,鐵幕、 反法西斯保護牆、 勃蘭特、 西歐、 東歐,1961 年,柏林牆、 布利、 統一社會黨、 GDR 國務院、 赫魯雪夫、 GDR 士兵、 邊境警衛隊、 邊框、 鐵絲網、 屏障、 混凝土牆,勃蘭登堡門,軍用車輛、 運鈔的車、 船旗,,


Czech :

Východní Německo, Berlín, GDR, DDR, Německé demokratické republiky, Východní Berlín, Berlínská zeď, zeď, berliner mauer, Západní Berlín, Německo, západní Německo, emigrace a zběhnutí, východního bloku, socialistický stát sovětského bloku, socialismus, komunismus, diktatura, diktátor, Železná opona, stěna Anti-fašista, Willy Brandt, západní Evropa, východní Evropy, 1961, stavba berlínské zdi, Walter Ulbricht, socialistické strany, státní Rady NDR, Nikita Chruščov, GDR vojáci , pohraniční stráž, hranice, ostnatým drátem, bariéry, betonová zeď, Braniborská brána, vojenská vozidla, obrněné auto, vlajka, ,


Danish :

Østtyskland, Berlin, GDR, DDR, tyske Demokratiske Republik, øst-Berlin, Berlin-muren, væg, berliner mauer, vest-Berlin, Tyskland, Vesttyskland, udvandring og frafald, Østblokken, socialistiske stat, Sovjetblokken, socialisme, kommunisme, diktatur, diktator, jerntæppet, Anti-fascistiske beskyttelse væg, Willy Brandt, Vesteuropa, Østeuropa, 1961, opbygning af Berlinmuren, Walter Ulbricht, enhed socialistparti, GDR statsrådet, Nikita Khrushchev, GDR soldater , grænse vagt, grænse, pigtråd, barriere, betonvæg, Brandenburger Tor, militærkøretøjer, pansrede bil, flag, ,


Dutch :

Oost-Duitsland, Berlijn, GDR, DDR, Duitse Democratische Republiek, Oost-Berlijn, Berlijnse muur, muur, berliner mauer, West-Berlijn, Duitsland, west-Duitsland, emigratie en afvalligheid, Oostblok, socialistische staat, Sovjetblok, socialisme, communisme, dictatuur, dictator, ijzeren gordijn met Anti-fascistische bescherming muur, Willy Brandt, West-Europa, Oost-Europa, 1961, bouw van de Berlijnse muur, Walter Ulbricht Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, GDR Staatsraad, Nikita Khrushchev, GDR soldaten , border guard, grens, prikkeldraad, barrière, betonnen muur, Brandenburger Tor, militaire voertuigen, een pantserwagen, een vlag, ,


Estonian :

Ida-Saksamaa, Berliini, GDR, DDR, Saksamaa, Ida-Berliinis, Berliini müür, seina, berliner mauer, Lääne-Berliin, Saksamaa, Lääne-Saksamaa, väljaränne ja lõikus, idabloki, Sotsialistliku riigi idabloki, sotsialism, kommunism, diktatuur, diktaator, raudse eesriide, Anti-Fascist kaitse müür, Willy Brandt, Lääne-Euroopa, Ida-Euroopa, 1961, Berliini müüri ja Walter Ulbricht, Sotsialistliku ühtsuse poole, GDR Riiginõukogu, Arvo, GDR sõdurid , border guard, piiri, okastraat, tõkke, betoon seina, Brandenburgi värav, sõjaväeveokite, Soomusauto, lipp, ,


Finnish :

Itä-Saksa, Berliini, DDR, DDR, Saksan demokraattisen tasavallan, Itä-Berliinissä, Berliinin muurin, wall, berliner mauer, Länsi-Berliini, Saksa, Länsi-Saksa, maastamuutto ja loikkaus itäblokin, valtion, itäblokin, sosialismin, kommunismin, diktatuuri, diktaattori, rautaesiripun, Anti-fasisti suojaa seinää, Willy Brandt, Länsi-Euroopassa, Itä-Euroopassa, 1961, rakennuksessa Berliinin muurin, Walter Ulbricht, sosialistinen yhtenäisyyspuolue, GDR valtioneuvosto, Nikita Hruštšov, DDR: N sotilaat , raja-vartija, raja, piikkilanka, este, betoniseinä, Brandenburgin portti, sotilasajoneuvojen, panssaroitu auto, lippu, ,


French :

L’Allemagne, Berlin, RDA, DDR, République démocratique allemande, Berlin-est, mur de Berlin, mur, berliner mauer, West Berlin, Allemagne, Allemagne de l’Ouest, bloc soviétique de l’émigration et de la défection, le Bloc de l’est, l’État socialiste, socialisme, communisme, dictature, dictateur, rideau de fer, mur de Protection Anti-Fascist, Willy Brandt, l’Europe occidentale, europe de l’est, 1961, la construction du mur de Berlin, Walter Ulbricht, parti socialiste unifié, Conseil d’Etat de RDA, Nikita Khrushchev, RDA soldats , à la frontière garde frontière, fil de fer barbelé, barrière, mur en béton, porte de Brandebourg, véhicules militaires, blindés, drapeau, ,


German :

Ost-Deutschland, Berlin, DDR, DDR, Deutsche Demokratische Republik, Ost-Berlin, Berliner Mauer, Wand, Berliner Mauer, West Berlin, Deutschland, Westdeutschland, Auswanderung und Flucht, Ostblock, NS-Staat, Ostblock, Sozialismus, Kommunismus, Diktatur, Diktator, Eiserner Vorhang, Anti-faschistischen Schutzwall, Willy Brandt, Westeuropa, Osteuropa, 1961 Bau der Berliner Mauer, Walter Ulbricht, SED, DDR-Staatsrat, Nikita Khrushchev, DDR Soldaten , Grenze, Grenze, Stacheldraht, Barriere, Wache, Betonwand, Brandenburger Tor, Militärfahrzeuge, Panzerwagen, Flagge, ,


Haitian Creole :

Almay de lès, Berlin, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, DDR, Repiblik Demokratik Alman, East Berlin, Berlin miray ranpa, miray lavil la, berliner mauer, rejyon lwès Bèlen, Almay, lwès almay, Emigrasyon ak defection, blòk lès la, sosyalis eta, blòk Sovyetik, sosyalis la, sistèm kominis, diktati, diktatè, fè yon rido, Anti-Fascist pwoteksyon miray lavil la, Willy Brandt, Ewòp lwès, Ewòp de lès, 1961, bati a mi, Walter Ulbricht, pati inite sosyalis, konsèy leta Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, S' Nikita, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN sòlda yo , fontyè gad, fontyè, fil fè, baryè, konkrèt miray ranpa a, Brandenburg Gate, machin militè yo, machin blennde, drapo, ,


Hindi :

पूर्वी जर्मनी, बर्लिन, GDR, DDR, जर्मन लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य, पूर्वी बर्लिन, बर्लिन की दीवार, दीवार, बर्लिनर mauer, पश्चिम बर्लिन, जर्मनी, पश्चिम जर्मनी, उत्प्रवास और दल-बदल, पूर्वी ब्लॉक, समाजवादी राज्य, सोवियत ब्लॉक, समाजवाद, साम्यवाद, तानाशाही, तानाशाह, लोहे का परदा, विरोधी फासीवादी सुरक्षा दीवार, विली Brandt, पश्चिमी यूरोप, पूर्वी यूरोप, 1961, बर्लिन की दीवार, वाल्टर Ulbricht, समाजवादी एकता पार्टी, GDR राज्य परिषद, निकिता ख्रुश्चेव, GDR निर्माण सैनिकों , सीमा रक्षक, बॉर्डर, कंटीले तार, बाधा, ठोस दीवार, ब्रांडेनबर्ग गेट, सैन्य वाहनों, बख्तरबंद कार, ध्वज, ,


Hungarian :

Kelet-Németország, Berlin, GDR, DDR, Német Demokratikus Köztársaság, Kelet-Berlin, berlini fal, fal, berliner mauer, Nyugat-Berlin, Németország, NSZK, a kivándorlás és a disszidálás, keleti blokk, a szocialista állam, szovjet blokk, szocializmus, kommunizmus, diktatúra, a diktátor, Iron Curtain, Anti-fasiszta védelem fal, Willy Brandt, Nyugat-Európa, Kelet-Európa, 1961-ben, a berlini fal, Walter Ulbricht, szocialista egység párt, NDK állami Tanács, Nyikita Hruscsov, GDR épület katonák , border guard, határ, szögesdrót, Sorompó, betonfal, Brandenburgi kapu, katonai járművek, páncélos-autóval, zászló, ,


Indonesian :

Jerman Timur, Berlin, GDR, DDR, Republik Demokratik Jerman, Berlin Timur, tembok Berlin, dinding, berliner mauer, Berlin Barat, Jerman, Jerman Barat, emigrasi dan pembelotan, Blok Timur, negara sosialis, blok Soviet, sosialisme, komunisme, kediktatoran, diktator, tirai besi, dinding perlindungan Anti-fasis, Willy Brandt, Eropa Barat, Eropa Timur, 1961, membangun tembok Berlin, Walter Ulbricht, Partai Persatuan Sosialis, Dewan Negara GDR, Nikita Khrushchev, GDR tentara , perbatasan penjaga perbatasan, kawat berduri, penghalang, dinding beton, Gerbang Brandenburg, kendaraan militer, mobil lapis baja, bendera, ,


Italian :

Germania Est, Berlino, GDR, DDR, Repubblica democratica tedesca, Berlino est, muro di Berlino, muro, berliner mauer, Berlino ovest, Germania, Repubblica federale di Germania, emigrazione e defezione, blocco orientale, stato socialista, blocco sovietico, socialismo, comunismo, dittatura, dittatore, Cortina di ferro, muro di protezione Anti-fascista, Willy Brandt, Europa occidentale, Europa orientale, 1961, costruendo il muro di Berlino, Walter Ulbricht, partito di unità socialista, Consiglio di stato del GDR, Nikita Khrushchev, GDR soldati , bordo guardia, confine, filo spinato, barriera, muro di cemento, porta di Brandeburgo, veicoli militari, auto blindata, bandiera, ,


Japanese :

東ドイツ、ベルリンの GDR, DDR、ドイツ民主共和国、東ベルリン、ベルリンの壁、壁、ベルリンの壁、ベルリン、ドイツ、西ドイツ、移民、亡命、東欧圏、社会主義国家のソ連圏、社会主義、共産主義、独裁、独裁者、鉄のカーテン、反ファシスト党保護壁、Willy ブラント、西ヨーロッパ、東ヨーロッパ、1961 年、ベルリンの壁、ヴァルター ・ ウルブリヒト、社会主義統一党、GDR 国家評議会、フルシチョフ、GDR の兵士、国境警備隊、枠線、有刺鉄線、バリア、コンクリート壁、ブランデンブルク門、軍用車両、装甲車、フラグ、,


Latvian :

Austrumvācijā, Berlīne, VDR, DDR, Vācijas Demokrātiskā Republika, East Berlin, Berlīnes mūris, sienas, berliner mauer, West Berlin, Vācija, Rietumvācijā, emigrācija un dezertēšana, Austrumu bloka, Sociālistiskās valsts Padomju bloka valstīs, sociālisms, komunisms, diktatūra, diktators, dzelzs priekškars, Anti-fašistu aizsardzības siena, Villijs Brants, Rietumeiropas, Austrumeiropas, 1961, ēkas Berlīnes mūris, Walter Ulbricht, sociālistu vienotību, VDR valsts Padome, Nikita Khrushchev, VDR karavīri , robežas apsardzes, robežkontroles, dzeloņstieples, barjera, betona sienas, Brandenburgas vārti, militārie, bruņumašīnā, karogu, ,


Portuguese :

Alemanha Oriental, Berlim, RDA, DDR, República Democrática Alemã, Berlim Oriental, muro de Berlim, muro, berliner mauer, Berlim Ocidental, Alemanha, Alemanha Ocidental, o bloco soviético, emigração e deserção, bloco do leste, estado socialista, socialismo, comunismo, ditadura, ditador, cortina de ferro, parede de proteção Antifascista, Willy Brandt, Europa Ocidental, Europa Oriental, 1961, construindo o muro de Berlim, Walter Ulbricht, Partido Socialista Unificado, Conselho de estado da RDA, Nikita Khrushchev, GDR soldados , fronteira guarda fronteira, arame farpado, barreira, parede de cimento, portão de Brandemburgo, veículos militares, carro blindado, bandeira, ,


Produced

1961

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (master)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

zol_933682_4203_6727

Uploaded:

13-12-2010 23:55:20

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