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Berlin Wall: tunnel under the Wall (00:02:59)
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Title:

Berlin Wall: tunnel under the Wall

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

East Germany, East Berlin, 1962

Description:

The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the "death strip") that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses. The Soviet-dominated Eastern Bloc officially claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" in building a Socialist State in East Germany. However, in practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.

The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the "Anti-Fascist Protection Wall" (German: Antifaschistischer Schutzmauer) by GDR authorities, implying that neighbouring West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified. The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the "Wall of Shame" – a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt – while condemning the Wall's restriction on freedom of movement. Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB) that demarcated the border between East and West Germany, both borders came to symbolize the "Iron Curtain" between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.

Before the Wall's erection, 3.5 million East Germans circumvented Eastern Bloc emigration restrictions and defected from the GDR, many by crossing over the border from East Berlin into West Berlin, from where they could then travel to West Germany and other Western European countries. Between 1961 and 1989, the wall prevented almost all such emigration.[3] During this period, around 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with estimates of the resulting death toll varying between 100 and 200.

In 1989, a radical series of Eastern Bloc political changes occurred, associated with the liberalization of the Eastern Bloc's authoritarian systems and the erosion of political power in the pro-Soviet governments in nearby Poland and Hungary. After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, a euphoric public and souvenir hunters chipped away parts of the wall; the governments later used industrial equipment to remove most of the rest. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.


Other languages: show / hide


Bulgarian :

Източна Германия, Берлин, ГДР, DDR, Германска демократична република, Източен Берлин, Берлинската стена, стената, berliner Мауер, Западен Берлин, Германия, Западна Германия, емиграция и неизпълнение, Източен блок, социалистическа държава, съветски блок, социализъм, комунизъм, диктатура, диктатор, желязната завеса, стена за защита на анти-фашистки, Вили Бранд, Западна Европа, Източна Европа, 1961, изграждане на Берлинската стена, Валтер Улбрихт, социалистическото единство, Държавния съвет на ГДР, Никита Хрушчов, ГДР войници, гранична охрана, граница, бодлива тел, бариера, стенни, Бранденбургската врата, военни превозни средства, бронирана кола, флаг, регионална, тунели, unter стената, подземни, копаене, земята, дезертьори, бежанци, жени, мъж, Трабант, кола, сграда, ,


Catalan :

RDA, Berlin, RDA, DDR, República Democràtica Alemanya, Berlín Est, mur de Berlín, paret, berliner mauer, Berlín, Alemanya, Alemanya Occidental, emigració i la deserció, Bloc Oriental, l'estat socialista, bloc soviètic, socialisme, comunisme, dictadura, dictador, teló, mur de Protecció Anti-Feixista, Willy Brandt, Europa occidental, Europa Oriental, 1961, construint el mur de Berlín, Walter Ulbricht, partit d'unitat socialista, Consell d'estat RDA, Nikita Khrushchev, RDA soldats, Guàrdia, frontera, filferro de pues, barrera, mur de formigó, de vora la porta de Brandenburg, vehicles militars, cotxe blindat, bandera, tunel, Embotidores, unter la paret, underground, excavació, terra, desertors, refugiats, dona, home, Trabanca, cotxes, edifici, ,


Estonian :

Ida-Saksamaa, Berliini, SDV, DDR, Saksa Demokraatlik Vabariik, Ida-Berliinis, Berliini müüri, sein, berliner mauer, Lääne-Berliin, Saksamaa, Lääne-Saksamaa, väljarände ja lõikus, idabloki, Sotsialistlik riik, idabloki, sotsialism, kommunism, diktatuur, diktaator, raudse eesriide, Anti-Fascist kaitse müür, Willy Brandt, Lääne-Euroopa, Ida-Euroopas, 1961, Berliini müüri ja Walter Ulbricht, ühtsuse Socialiste, GDR Riiginõukogu, Nikita Hruštšov, Saksa sõdurid, piiride Valve, piirivalve, okastraat, tõkke, betoon seina Brandenburgi värav, sõjaväeveokite, Soomusauto, lipp, tunel, tunels, unter seina, underground, kaevamine, maa, desertöörid, pagulaste, naised, mees, trabant, auto, ehitus, ,


Finnish :

Itä-Saksa, Berliini, DDR, DDR, Saksan demokraattisen tasavallan, Itä-Berliinissä, Berliinin muurin, wall, berliner mauer, Länsi-Berliini, Saksa, Länsi-Saksa, maastamuutto ja loikkaus itäblokin, valtion, itäblokin, sosialismin, kommunismin, diktatuuri, diktaattori, rautaesiripun, Anti-fasisti suojaa seinää, Willy Brandt, Länsi-Euroopassa, Itä-Euroopassa, 1961, rakennuksessa Berliinin muurin, Walter Ulbricht, sosialistinen yhtenäisyyspuolue, GDR valtioneuvosto, Nikita Hruštšov, DDR: N sotilaat, raja-vartija, raja, piikkilanka, este, betoniseinä, Brandenburgin portti, sotilasajoneuvojen, panssaroitu auto, lippu, tunel, tunneleita, unter seinään, underground, kaivaminen, earth, karkureita, pakolaisten, naisten, mies, trabant, auto, rakennus, ,


Hebrew :

במזרח גרמניה, ברלין, GDR, DDR, גרמניה המזרחית, במזרח ברלין, חומת ברלין, קיר, ברלינר מאוור, מערב ברלין, גרמניה, גרמניה המערבית, הגירה והמצב העריקה, הגוש המזרחי, מדינה סוציאליסטית, הגוש הסובייטי, סוציאליזם, קומוניזם, דיקטטורה, דיקטטור, מסך הברזל, חומת הגנה אנטי-פשיסטית, וילי ברנדט, מערב אירופה, מזרח אירופה, 1961, בניית חומת ברלין, ולטר אולבריכט, מפלגת האיחוד הסוציאליסטי, מועצת המדינה של גרמניה המזרחית, ניקיטה חרושצ'וב, GDR חיילים, שוטרי משמר הגבול, תיל דוקרני, מכשול, קיר בטון, שער ברנדנבורג, כלי רכב צבאיים, רכב משוריין, דגל, tunel, tunels, אונטר הקיר, תת קרקעי, לחפור, הארץ, עריקים, פליטים, נשים, גבר, trabant, המכונית, בניין, ,


Italian :

Germania est, Berlino, DDR, DDR, Repubblica democratica tedesca, Berlino est, muro di Berlino, muro, berliner mauer, Berlino ovest, Germania, Repubblica federale di Germania, blocco sovietico emigrazione e defezione, blocco orientale, stato socialista, socialismo, comunismo, dittatura, dittatore, Cortina di ferro, muro di protezione Anti-fascista, Willy Brandt, Europa occidentale, Europa orientale, 1961, costruendo il muro di Berlino, Walter Ulbricht, partito di unità socialista, Consiglio di stato del GDR, Nikita Khrushchev, GDR soldati, guardia di confine, filo spinato, barriera, muro di cemento, di confine porta di Brandeburgo, veicoli militari, auto blindata, bandiera, tunel, i tunnel, unter muro, metropolitana, scavo, terra, disertori, rifugiati, donne, uomo, trabant, auto, edificio, ,


Turkish :

Doğu Almanya, Berlin, DAC, DDR, Demokratik Almanya Cumhuriyeti, Doğu Berlin, Berlin Duvarı, duvar, berliner mauer, Batı Berlin, Almanya, Batı Almanya, göç ve çıkma, Doğu bloku, sosyalist devlet, Sovyet bloku, sosyalizm, komünizm, diktatörlük, diktatör, demir perde, Anti-faşist koruma duvarı, Willy Brandt, Batı Avrupa, Doğu Avrupa, 1961, Bina Berlin Duvarı, Walter Ulbricht, Sosyalist Birlik Partisi, GDR Devlet Konseyi, Nikita Kruşçev, GDR askerler, sınır Muhafız, sınır, dikenli tel, bariyer, beton duvar, Brandenburg Kapısı, askeri araçlar, zırhlı araç, bayrak, tunel, tunels, unter duvar, underground, kazma, toprak, firari, mülteciler, kadınlar, adam, trabant, Araba, yapı, ,


Produced

1962

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over ( - )
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

zol_933682_4203_6835

Uploaded:

15-12-2010 13:27:38

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