Bertolt Brecht: photo (00:00:08)
Original video: 8th Olympics, Paris, 1924 (00:06:49)

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Bertolt Brecht: photo

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Location and time:

Germany, 1920s


Bertolt Brecht (German pronunciation: [ˈbɛɐ̯tɔlt ˈbʁɛçt] ( listen); born About this sound Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (help·info); 10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956) was a German poet, playwright, and theatre director. An influential theatre practitioner of the 20th century, Brecht made equally significant contributions to dramaturgy and theatrical production, the latter particularly through the seismic impact of the tours undertaken by the Berliner Ensemble—the post-war theatre company operated by Brecht and his wife and long-time collaborator, the actress Helene Weigel—with its internationally acclaimed productions.[2]

From his late twenties Brecht remained a life-long committed Marxist who, in developing the combined theory and practice of his 'epic theatre', synthesized and extended the experiments of Erwin Piscator and Vsevolod Meyerhold to explore the theatre as a forum for political ideas and the creation of a critical aesthetics of dialectical materialism. Brecht's modernist concern with drama-as-a-medium led to his refinement of the 'epic form' of the drama. This dramatic form is related to similar modernist innovations in other arts, including the strategy of divergent chapters in James Joyce's novel Ulysses, Sergei Eisenstein's evolution of a constructivist 'montage' in the cinema, and Picasso's introduction of cubist 'collage' in the visual arts.[3] In contrast to many other avant-garde approaches, however, Brecht had no desire to destroy art as an institution; rather, he hoped to 're-function' the theatre to a new social use. In this regard he was a vital participant in the aesthetic debates of his era—particularly over the 'high art/popular culture' dichotomy—vying with the likes of Adorno, Lukács, Bloch, and developing a close friendship with Benjamin. Brechtian theatre articulated popular themes and forms with avant-garde formal experimentation to create a modernist realism that stood in sharp contrast both to its psychological and socialist varieties. "Brecht's work is the most important and original in European drama since Ibsen and Strindberg," Raymond Williams argues, while Peter Bürger dubs him "the most important materialist writer of our time."[4]

Collective and collaborative working methods were inherent to Brecht's approach, as Fredric Jameson (among others) stresses. Jameson describes the creator of the work not as Brecht the individual, but rather as 'Brecht': a collective subject that "certainly seemed to have a distinctive style (the one we now call 'Brechtian') but was no longer personal in the bourgeois or individualistic sense." During the course of his career, Brecht sustained many long-lasting creative relationships with other writers, composers, scenographers, directors, dramaturgs and actors; the list includes: Elisabeth Hauptmann, Margarete Steffin, Ruth Berlau, Slatan Dudow, Kurt Weill, Hanns Eisler, Paul Dessau, Caspar Neher, Teo Otto, Karl von Appen, Ernst Busch, Lotte Lenya, Peter Lorre, Therese Giehse, Angelika Hurwicz, Carola Neher, and Helene Weigel herself. This is "theatre as collective experiment [...] as something radically different from theatre as expression or as experience."[5]

There are few areas of modern theatrical culture that have not felt the impact or influence of Brecht's ideas and practices; dramatists and directors in whom one may trace a clear Brechtian legacy include: Dario Fo, Augusto Boal, Joan Littlewood, Peter Brook, Peter Weiss, Heiner Müller, Pina Bausch, Tony Kushner, Robert Bolt and Caryl Churchill. In addition to the theatre, Brechtian theories and techniques have exerted considerable sway over certain strands of film theory and cinematic practice; Brecht's influence may be detected in the films of Jean-Luc Godard, Lindsay Anderson, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Joseph Losey, Nagisa Oshima, Ritwik Ghatak, Lars von Trier, Jan Bucquoy and Hal Hartley.[6]

Other languages: show / hide

Arabic :

برتولت بريشت، ألمانيا، يوجين فريدريش برتولد بريخت، برلين، شاعر، كاتب مسرحي، مدير المسرح، وفرقة برلينر، أفانت غارد، والمسرح،,

Bulgarian :

Бертолт Брехт, Германия, Ойген Бертолд Брехт на Фридрих, Берлин, поет, драматург, театрален режисьор, Берлинер ансамбъл, Авант-Гард, театър, ,

Catalan :

Bertolt Brecht, Alemanya, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berlín, poeta, dramaturg, director de teatre, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, teatre, ,

Chinese Simplified :

Bertolt, 德国, Eugen Berthold, 柏林, 诗人, 剧作家, 戏剧导演, 柏林花色合奏, 前卫, 剧场, ,

Chinese Traditional :

Bertolt, 德國, Eugen Berthold, 柏林, 詩人, 劇作家, 戲劇導演, 柏林花色合奏, 前衛, 劇場, ,

Czech :

Bertolt Brecht, Německo, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berlín, básník, dramatik, divadelní režisér, Berliner Ensemble, avantgardní, divadlo, ,

Danish :

Bertolt Brecht, Tyskland, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, berlin, digter, dramatiker, teaterinstruktør, Berliner Ensemble, avantgarde, teater, ,

Dutch :

Bertolt Brecht, Duitsland, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berlijn, dichter, toneelschrijver, regisseur, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, theater, ,

Estonian :

Bertolt Brecht, Saksamaa, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berliin, luuletaja, näitekirjanik, lavastaja, Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, teater, ,

Finnish :

Bertolt Brecht, Saksassa, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berliini, runoilija, näytelmäkirjailija, teatteriohjaaja, Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, teatteri, ,

French :

Bertolt Brecht (Allemagne), Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, poète, dramaturge, metteur en scène, berlin, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, théâtre, ,

German :

Bertolt Brecht, Deutschland, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Dichter, Dramatiker, Theaterregisseur, Berlin, Berliner Ensemble, Avant-Garde, Theater, ,

Greek :

Μπέρτολτ Μπρεχτ, η Γερμανία, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Βερολίνο, ποιητής, θεατρικός συγγραφέας και σκηνοθέτης του θεάτρου, του Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, Θέατρο, ,

Haitian Creole :

Bertolt Brecht, Almay, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Bèlen, Powèt, Jonathan, direktè teyat, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, teyat, ,

Hebrew :

ברטולד ברכט, גרמניה, אויגן פרידריך ברטולד ברכט, ברלין, משורר, מחזאי, במאי תיאטרון, ברלינר אנסמבל, avant-garde, תיאטרון, ,

Hindi :

Bertolt Brecht, जर्मनी, Eugen Berthold फ्रेडरिक Brecht, बर्लिन, कवि, नाटककार, रंगमंच निर्देशक, बर्लिनर पहनावा, आवंटियों-garde, थियेटर, ,

Hungarian :

Bertolt Brecht, Németország, Eugen Berthold Brecht Friedrich, berlin, költő, drámaíró, színházi rendező, a Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, színház, ,

Indonesian :

Bertolt Brecht, Jerman, Eugen Berthold Brecht Friedrich, berlin, penyair, dramawan, sutradara teater, Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, teater, ,

Italian :

Bertolt Brecht, Germania, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berlino, poeta, drammaturgo, regista teatrale, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, teatro, ,

Japanese :

ベルトルト ・ ブレヒト、ドイツのオイゲン ・ フリードリヒ ベルトルトブレヒト、ベルリン、詩人、劇作家、劇場ディレクター、ベルリナー アンサンブル、アヴァンギャルド、劇場、,

Korean :

베르톨트 브레히트, 독일, 오이겐 Berthold 프리드리히 브레히트, 베를린, 시인, 극작가, 극장 지도자, 베를리너 앙상블, 전위 예술가, 극장, ,

Latvian :

Bertolts Brehts, Vācija, Eugen Bertholds Friedrich Brecht, Berlīne, dzejnieks, dramaturgs, teātra direktors, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, teātris, ,

Lithuanian :

Bertolt Brecht, Vokietija, Eugen Berthold Brecht Friedrich, Berlynas, poetas, dramaturgas, kino režisierius, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, teatras, ,

Norwegian :

Bertolt Brecht, Tyskland, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, berlin, poet, dramatiker, regissør, Berliner Ensemble, avantgardistiske, teater, ,

Polish :

Bertolt Brecht, Niemcy, Eugen Bertold Friedrich Brecht, berlin, poeta, dramaturg, reżyser teatralny, Berliner Ensemble, awangardowej, teatr, ,

Portuguese :

Bertolt Brecht, na Alemanha, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berlim, poeta, dramaturgo e diretor de teatro, o Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, teatro, ,

Romanian :

Bertolt Brecht, Germania, Eugen Friedrich Berthold Brecht, berlin, poet, dramaturg, regizor de teatru, ansamblu Berliner, avant garde, teatru, ,

Russian :

Бертольт Брехт, Германия, Ойген Бертольд Фридрих Брехт, Берлин, поэт, драматург, театральный режиссёр, Берлинер Ансамбль, -Авангард, театр, ,

Slovak :

Bertolt Brecht, Nemecko, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berlín, básnik, dramatik, divadelný režisér, Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, divadlo, ,

Slovenian :

Bertolt Brecht, Nemčija, Eugen Berthold Brecht Friedrich, berlin, pesnik, dramatik, gledališki režiser, Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, gledališče, ,

Spanish :

Bertolt Brecht, Alemania, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Berlín, poeta, dramaturgo, director teatral, el Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, teatro, ,

Swedish :

Bertolt Brecht, Tyskland, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, berlin, poet, dramatiker, teaterchef, Berliner Ensemble, avant-garde, Teater, ,

Thai :

ตั้ง Bertolt เยอรมนี Eugen Berthold Friedrich ตั้ง เบอร์ลิน กวี นักเขียนบทละคร ผู้กำกับละครเวที วงดนตรีสระว่ายน้ำอุ่น เปรี้ยวจี๊ด ละคร,

Turkish :

Bertolt Brecht, Almanya, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, berlin, şair, oyun yazarı, tiyatro yönetmeni, Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, tiyatro, ,

Ukrainian :

Бертольд Брехт, Німеччина, Євген Бертольд Брехт Фрідріх, Берлін, поет, драматург, театральний режисер, Berliner ансамбль, avant-garde, театр, ,

Vietnamese :

Bertolt Brecht, Đức, Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, Béc-lin, nhà thơ, nhà soạn kịch, đạo diễn sân khấu, Berliner Ensemble, avant garde, kịch, ,




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Original video: 8th Olympics, Paris, 1924
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28-12-2010 22:48:57

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