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Berlin Wall: model of the wall (00:00:29)
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Berlin Wall - 0001.sec Berlin Wall - 0010.sec Berlin Wall - 0014.sec Berlin Wall - 0019.sec Berlin Wall - 0028.sec

Title:

Berlin Wall: model of the wall

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

Germany, Berlin, 1960s

Description:

The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the "death strip") that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses. The Soviet-dominated Eastern Bloc officially claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" in building a Socialist State in East Germany. However, in practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.

The Berlin Wall was officially referred to as the "Anti-Fascist Protection Wall" (German: Antifaschistischer Schutzmauer) by GDR authorities, implying that neighbouring West Germany had not been fully de-Nazified. The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the "Wall of Shame" – a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt – while condemning the Wall's restriction on freedom of movement. Along with the separate and much longer Inner German border (IGB) that demarcated the border between East and West Germany, both borders came to symbolize the "Iron Curtain" between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.

Before the Wall's erection, 3.5 million East Germans circumvented Eastern Bloc emigration restrictions and defected from the GDR, many by crossing over the border from East Berlin into West Berlin, from where they could then travel to West Germany and other Western European countries. Between 1961 and 1989, the wall prevented almost all such emigration.[3] During this period, around 5,000 people attempted to escape over the wall, with estimates of the resulting death toll varying between 100 and 200.

In 1989, a radical series of Eastern Bloc political changes occurred, associated with the liberalization of the Eastern Bloc's authoritarian systems and the erosion of political power in the pro-Soviet governments in nearby Poland and Hungary. After several weeks of civil unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, a euphoric public and souvenir hunters chipped away parts of the wall; the governments later used industrial equipment to remove most of the rest. The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on 3 October 1990.


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Arabic :

ألمانيا الشرقية، برلين، GDR، والتسريح وإعادة الإدماج، الجمهورية الديمقراطية الألمانية، برلين الشرقية، حائط برلين، الجدار، برلينر مور، غرب برلين، ألمانيا، ألمانيا الغربية، هجرة وهروب، الكتلة الشرقية، والدولة الاشتراكية، من الكتلة السوفياتية، الاشتراكية، الشيوعية، والدكتاتورية، الدكتاتور، الستار الحديدي، جدار الحماية مكافحة الفاشية، وفيلي برانت، أوروبا الغربية، وأوروبا الشرقية، عام 1961، بناء جدار برلين، فتحي Walter، حزب الوحدة الاشتراكي، ومجلس الدولة في جمهورية ألمانيا الديمقراطية، نيكيتا خروشوف، GDR الجنود، الحدود الحرس، والحدود، والأسلاك الشائكة، الحاجز، ملموسة الجدار، نقطة تفتيش منطقة Charlie, car, flag, U.S، نموذج للجدار،,


Chinese Simplified :

东德,柏林,GDR、 DDR、 德意志民主共和国、 东柏林,柏林墙,墙,柏林莫尔,西柏林,德国,西德,移民及其缺陷,东方集团、 社会主义国家苏联、 社会主义、 共产主义专政独裁者,铁幕、 反法西斯保护墙体、 勃兰特、 西欧、 东欧,1961 年,建设柏林墙,Walter 布利,统一社会党,东德国务委员会,尼基塔 · 赫鲁晓夫,GDR 士兵边境警卫队、 边境、 铁丝网、 障碍、 混凝土墙,墙上,检查点 Charlie, car, flag, U.S 区,模型,


Finnish :

Itä-Saksa, Berliini, DDR, DDR, Saksan demokraattisen tasavallan, Itä-Berliinissä, Berliinin muurin, wall, berliner mauer, Länsi-Berliini, Saksa, Länsi-Saksa, maastamuutto ja loikkaus itäblokin, valtion, itäblokin, sosialismin, kommunismin, diktatuuri, diktaattori, rautaesiripun, Anti-fasisti suojaa seinää, Willy Brandt, Länsi-Euroopassa, Itä-Euroopassa, 1961, rakennuksessa Berliinin muurin, Walter Ulbricht, sosialistinen yhtenäisyyspuolue, GDR valtioneuvosto, Nikita Hruštšov, DDR: N sotilaat, raja, raja, vartija, este, piikkilanka, betoni seinään, Checkpoint Charlie, car, flag, U.S Zone, malli muurin,


Haitian Creole :

Almay de lès, Berlin, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, DDR, Repiblik Demokratik Alman, East Berlin, Berlin miray ranpa, miray lavil la, berliner mauer, rejyon lwès Bèlen, Almay, lwès almay, Emigrasyon Et defection, blòk lès la, sosyalis eta, blòk Sovyetik, sosyalis la, sistèm kominis, diktati, diktatè, fè yon rido, Anti-Fascist pwoteksyon miray lavil la, Willy Brandt, Ewòp lwès, Ewop de lès, 1961, bati a mi, Walter Ulbricht, pati inite sosyalis, konsèy leta Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, S' Nikita, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN sòlda yo, fontyè gad, fontyè, fil fè, -, concrètes modèl miray ranpa a, pòs Charlie, car, flag, U.S zòn, miray ranpa a, ,


Produced

1960s

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over ( - )
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ID Nr.:

zol_933682_4203_7472

Uploaded:

30-12-2010 14:06:52

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