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Prohibition: Elmer Gertz - about the reasons of the Prohibition (00:06:18)
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Title:

Prohibition: Elmer Gertz - about the reasons of the Prohibition

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

United States, Chicago, Illinois, 1999

Description:

Elmer Gertz (September 14, 1906 - April 27, 2000) was an American lawyer, writer and civil rights activist.

In 1919, the requisite number of legislatures of the States ratified The 18th Amendment to the Federal Constitution, enabling national Prohibition within one year of ratification. Many women, notably the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, had been pivotal in bringing about national Prohibition in the United States of America, believing it would protect families, women and children from the effects of abuse of alcohol.

Prohibition began on January 16, 1920, when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect. Federal Prohibition agents (police) were given the task of enforcing the law.

Even though the sale of alcohol was illegal, alcoholic drinks were still widely available at "speakeasies" and other underground drinking establishments. Many people also kept private bars to serve their guests. Large quantities of alcohol were smuggled in from Canada, overland and via the Great Lakes.

While the government cracked down on alcohol consuption on land it was a different story on the water where they argued that ships outside the 3 mile limit were exempt. Needless to say, this technicality was exploited by everyone including the State owned shipping line.

Legal and illegal home brewing was popular during Prohibition. Limited amounts of wine and hard cider were permitted to be made at home. Some commercial wine was still produced in the U.S., but was only available through government warehouses for use in religious ceremonies, mainly for communion. "Malt and hop" stores popped up across the country and some former breweries turned to selling malt extract syrup, ostensibly for baking and "beverage" purposes.

Whiskey could be obtained by prescription from medical doctors. The labels clearly warned that it was strictly for medicinal purposes and any other uses were illegal, but even so doctors freely wrote prescriptions and drug-stores filled them without question, so the number of "patients" increased dramatically. No attempt was made to stop this practice, so many people got their booze this way. Over a million gallons were consumed per year through freely given prescriptions.

Because Prohibition banned only the manufacturing, sale, and transport - but not possession or consuming of alcohol, some people and institutions who had bought or made liquor prior to the passage of the 18th Amendment were able to continue to serve it throughout the prohibition period legally.

Even prominent citizens and politicians later admitted to having used alcohol during Prohibition. President Harding kept the White House well stocked with bootleg liquor, though, as a Senator, he had voted for Prohibition. This discrepancy between legality and actual practice led to widespread comtempt for authority. Over time, more people drank illegally and so money ended up in gangsters' pockets. Arguments raged over the effectiveness of prohibition. It appears to have been successful in some parts of the country but overall led to an increase in lawlessness.

Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947) was an Italian-American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. Known as the "Capones", the group was dedicated to smuggling and bootlegging liquor, and other illegal activities such as prostitution, in Chicago from the early 1920s to 1931.

Born in Brooklyn, New York to Italian immigrants, Capone became involved with gang activity at a young age after being expelled from school at age 14.[1] In his early twenties, he moved to Chicago to take advantage of a new opportunity to make money smuggling illegal alcoholic beverages into the city during Prohibition. He also engaged in various other criminal activities, including bribery of government figures and prostitution. Despite his illegitimate occupation, Capone became a highly visible public figure. He made various charitable endeavors using the money he made from his activities, and was viewed by many to be a "modern-day Robin Hood".[2]

However, Capone gained infamy when the public discovered his involvement in the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, which resulted in the death of seven of Capone's rival gang members.[3] Capone's reign ended when he was found guilty of tax evasion, and sent to federal prison. His incarceration included a stay at Alcatraz federal prison. In the final years of Capone's life, his mental and physical health deteriorated rapidly due to neurosyphilis, a disease which he had contracted several years before. On January 25, 1947, he died from cardiac arrest after suffering a stroke.


Other languages: show / hide


Arabic :

الكحول، مواطن، الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، الولايات المتحدة، حظر، تخزين الكحول، وشرب الكحول، والنوادي الليلية، التقطير، الاتجار بعصابات التهريب، بوتليجير، عداء الروم، شواطئ، ال كابوني، آب روحي، وشريك، وشرطي، شيكاغو، الراعي المتنافسة، والألمانية، وحرب العصابات، والقضاة الاتحاديين، السجن، السجن، المير جيرتز، محام، أسباب تتعلق بالحظر، لقطات،,


Bulgarian :

алкохол, гражданин, САЩ, САЩ, забрана, Стая за съхранение на алкохол, пиене на алкохол, нощни клубове, дестилерии, трафика на бандите, контрабанда, bootlegger, ром бегач, брегове, Ал Капоне, Кръстникът, съучастник, полицай, Чикаго, съперник, немски Шепърд, банда война, федералните съдии, затвор, лишаване от свобода, Елмър Gertz, адвокат, за причините за забраната, кадри, ,


Catalan :

l'alcohol, ciutadà, USA, Estats Units, prohibició, emmagatzematge d'alcohol, beure alcohol, discoteques, destil·leries, tràfic Quinquis, contraban, bootlegger, corredor de ROM, costes, Al Capone, padrí, còmplice, policia, Chicago, rival, alemany pastor, guerra de colles, els jutges federals, presó, presó, Elmer Gertz, advocat, les raons de la prohibició, imatges, ,


Chinese Simplified :

酒精、 公民,美国、 美国、 禁止、 酒精存储、 饮酒、 夜总会、 酿酒厂、 贩卖团伙走私、 贩私酒,朗姆酒转轮,海岸,Al Capone 教父、 共犯、 警察、 芝加哥、 竞争对手、 德国牧羊犬,帮派战争,联邦法官,监狱,监禁,埃尔默 Gertz,律师、 禁止,录像中的原因,


Chinese Traditional :

酒精、 公民,美國、 美國、 禁止、 酒精存儲、 飲酒、 夜總會、 釀酒廠、 販賣團夥走私、 販私酒,朗姆酒轉輪,海岸,Al Capone 教父、 共犯、 員警、 芝加哥、 競爭對手、 德國牧羊犬,幫派戰爭,聯邦法官,監獄,監禁,埃爾默 Gertz,律師、 禁止,錄影中的原因,


Czech :

alkohol, občane, USA, Spojené státy americké, zákaz, skladování alkoholu, požívání alkoholu, noční kluby, lihovary, obchodování s gangy, pašování, pašerák, Rum běžec, břehy, Al Capone, Kmotr, komplic, policista, Chicago, soupeř, německý ovčák, válka gangů, federální soudce, vězení, vězení, Elmer Gertz, právník, důvody zákazu, Metráž, ,


Danish :

alkohol, borger, USA, USA, forbud, alkohol opbevaring, alkoholindtagelse, natklubber, destillerier, handel med bander, smugleri, Booties, Rum Runner, kyster, Al Capone, godfather, medskyldig, politimand, Chicago, rivaliserende, tysk Shepherd, bandekrigen, føderale dommere, fængsel, fængsling, Elmer Gertz, advokat, begrundelsen for, at forbud, optagelser, ,


Dutch :

alcohol, burger, USA, Verenigde Staten, verbod, alcohol opslag, alcohol drinken, nachtclubs, distilleerderijen, mensenhandel bendes, smokkel, bootlegger, Rum Runner, kusten, Al Capone, peetvader, medeplichtige, politieagent, Chicago, rivaliserende, Duitse herder, bende oorlog, federale rechters, gevangenis, gevangenisstraf, Elmer Gertz, advocaat, de redenen voor het verbod, beeldmateriaal, ,


Estonian :

alkohol, kodanik, USA, USA, keeld, alkoholi ladustamise, alkoholi joomine, ööklubid, alkoholitootjad, inimkaubandusega tegelevate jõukude, salakaubavedu, bootlegger, rummi jooksja, kalda, Al Capone, godfather, kaasosaline, politseinik, Chicago, rivaal, saksa lambakoer, jõugu sõda, ametlikult algab föderaalkohtunike, vangla, vangistus, Elmer Jaani, jurist, keeld, Footage, põhjused,


Finnish :

alkoholi, kansalainen USA, Yhdysvallat, kielto, alkoholin varastointi, alkoholin juominen, yökerhot, tislaamot, ihmiskaupan jengit, salakuljetusta, Piraatin puujalka, Rum Runner, rannat, Al Capone, Kummisetä, rikoskumppani, poliisi, Chicago, kilpailija, Saksan paimen, jengi sota, liittovaltion tuomarit, vankeutta, vankeusrangaistus, Elmer Gertz, asianajaja, syistä kieltää materiaalia, ,


French :

alcool, citizen, é.-u., États-Unis, interdiction, stockage d'alcool, alcool, boîtes de nuit, distilleries, traite des gangs, de contrebande, trafiquant d'alcool, rhum Runner, rives, Al Capone, parrain, complice, policier, Chicago, rival, allemand Berger, guerre des gangs, les juges fédéraux, prison, prison, Elmer Gertz, avocat, les raisons de l'interdiction, des images, ,


German :

Alkohol, Citizen, USA, Vereinigte Staaten, Verbot, Alkohol Lagerung, Alkohol zu trinken, Diskotheken, Brennereien, Handel mit Banden, Schmuggel, Schmuggler, Rum Runner, Ufer, Al Capone, Pate, Komplize, Polizist, Chicago, Rival, Deutscher Schäferhund, Bandenkrieg, Bundesrichter, Gefängnis, Haft, Elmer Gertz, Anwalt, die Gründe für das Verbot, Filmmaterial, ,


Greek :

αλκοόλ, πολίτη, ΗΠΑ, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες, απαγόρευση, αποθήκευση αλκοόλ, κατανάλωση οινοπνεύματος, νυχτερινά κέντρα, αποστακτήρια, εμπορία συμμορίες, λαθρεμπόριο, λαθρέμπορος οινοπνευματώδων, ρούμι δρομέας, ακτές, Αλ Καπόνε, Νονός, συνεργός, αστυνομικός, Σικάγο, αντίπαλες, Γερμανικός Ποιμενικός, πόλεμο συμμοριών, Ομοσπονδιακή δικαστές, φυλακές, φυλάκιση, Elmer Gertz, δικηγόρος, τους λόγους της απαγόρευσης, πλάνα, ,


Haitian Creole :

alkòl, sitwayen, AUX nan Etazini, Interdiction, alkòl nan depo, alkòl bwè, bwatdenwi, distilleries, trafik gang yo, contrebande, bootlegger, ak wonm solèy, shores, Al Capone, arenn, konplis, polisye, Chicago, rival, Alman Shepherd, lagè gang, jij federal, prizon, D', Elmer Gertz, avoka, rezon de Interdiction, Métrage, ,


Hebrew :

אלכוהול, אזרח, ארה ב, ארצות הברית, איסור, אלכוהול אחסון, שתיית אלכוהול, מועדוני לילה, ידי חיבור מאובטח, סחר כנופיות, הברחות, שתיין, רום ראנר, חופי, Al קאפונה, הסנדק, שותף, שוטר, שיקגו, יריבות, גרמנית שפרד, מלחמת כנופיות, שופט פדרלי, מאסר, מאסר, אלמר גרץ, עו ד, הסיבות של האיסור, מדה, ,


Hindi :

शराब, नागरिक, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका, नशाबंदी, शराब भंडारण, शराब पीने, नाइट क्लबों, डिस्टिलरी, तस्करी गिरोह, तस्करी, bootlegger, रम धावक, तटों, अल कैपोन, गॉडफादर, सहापराधी, पुलिसकर्मी, शिकागो, प्रतिद्वंद्वी, जर्मन शेफर्ड, गैंगवार, संघीय न्यायाधीशों, जेल, कारावास, Elmer gertz पाया, वकील, निषेध, फुटेज, के कारणों,


Hungarian :

alkohol, citizen, USA, Amerikai Egyesült Államok, tilalom, alkoholt tároló, alkoholfogyasztás, éjszakai, szeszfőzde, csempészbandák, csempészet, Félfalábbal, Rum Runner, partok, Al Capone, Keresztapa, cinkosa, rendőr, Chicago, rivális, Német Pásztor, banda háború, szövetségi bírók, a börtön szabadságvesztés, Elmer Szilvia, ügyvéd, az oka a tilalom, felvétel, ,


Indonesian :

alkohol, warga negara, USA, Amerika Serikat, larangan, Penyimpanan alkohol, minum alkohol, klub malam, distilleries, perdagangan geng, penyelundupan, bootlegger, Rum Runner, pantai, Al Capone, godfather, pembantu, polisi, Chicago, saingan, Jerman gembala, geng perang, hakim federal, penjara, penjara, Elmer Gertz, pengacara, alasan pelarangan, rekaman, ,


Italian :

alcool, cittadino, USA, Stati Uniti, divieto, stoccaggio alcol, bere alcol, discoteche, distillerie, traffico di bande, contrabbando, contrabbandiere, Rum Runner, rive, Al Capone, Padrino, complice, poliziotto, Chicago, pastore tedesco, rivale, guerra tra bande, giudici federali, carcere, carcere, Elmer Gertz, avvocato, le ragioni del divieto, filmati, ,


Japanese :

アルコール、市民、アメリカ合衆国、アメリカ合衆国、禁止、アルコール ストレージ、飲酒、ナイトクラブ、蒸留所、ギャング、密輸、密売、ラム酒のランナー、海岸、アル人身売買カポネ、ゴッドファーザー、共犯者、警官、シカゴ、ライバル、ドイツの羊飼い、ギャング戦争、連邦裁判所判事、刑務所、監禁、エルマー ガーツ、弁護士、映像、禁止の理由,


Korean :

알코올, 시민, 미국, 미국, 금지, 알코올 저장, 알코올 음주, 나이트 클럽, 양조장, 밀매 조직, 밀수, 밀매 자, 럼 러너, 해안, 알 카 포 네, 대 부, 공 범, 경찰관, 시카고, 경쟁, 독일 양치기, 갱 전쟁, 연방 판사, 감옥, 감 금, Elmer Gertz, 변호사, 영상, 금지의 이유,


Latvian :

alkohols, pilsonis, ASV, Amerikas Savienotās valstis, aizliegums, alkohola uzglabāšanas, alkohola dzeršanu, naktsklubos, spirta rūpnīcām, tirdzniecība bandas, kontrabanda, bootlegger, ruma skrējējs, krastos, Al Capone, krusttēvs, līdzdalībnieks, policists, Chicago, pretinieku, vācu Shepherd, kara banda, federālās tiesnešiem, cietumu, ieslodzījumu, Elmer Gertz, jurists, aizliegums kadrus, iemesli,


Lithuanian :

alkoholis, pilietis, JAV, JAV, draudimas, alkoholio saugojimo, alkoholio vartojimas, naktiniai klubai, degtinės, prekybos žmonėmis nusikalstamomis grupuotėmis, kontrabanda, bootlegger, romas bėgikas, krantų, Al Capone, krikštatėvis, bendrininkas, policininkas, Chicago, varžovų, Vokiečių aviganis, gaujų karas, federalinių teisėjų, kalėjimas, laisvės atėmimo bausmė, Elmer Gertz, advokatas, draudimas, filmuotą medžiagą, priežasčių,


Norwegian :

alkohol, borger, USA, USA, forbud, alkohol lagring, alkohol drikking, nattklubber, destillerier, smugling gjenger, smugling, bootlegger, Rum Runner, strender, Al Capone, Gudfaren, medskyldig, politimann, Chicago, rival, tysk Shepherd, gjengen krig, føderale dommere, fengsel, fengsel, Elmer Gertz, advokat, årsakene til forbudet, opptak, ,


Polish :

alkoholu, obywatel USA, Stany Zjednoczone, zakaz, składowania alkoholu, picie alkoholu, kluby nocne, gorzelni, przemytnicze, przemyt, bootlegger, Rum Runner, brzegu, Al Capone, Ojciec chrzestny, wspólnika, policjant, Chicago, rywal, niemiecki Owczarek, wojna gangów, sędziów federalnych, więzienie, więzienie, Elmer Gertz, prawnik, powodów zakazu, materiał, ,


Portuguese :

álcool, cidadão, EUA, Estados Unidos, proibição, armazenamento de álcool, beber álcool, clubes noturnos, destilarias, tráfico de gangues, contrabandear, contrabandista, Rum Runner, margens, Al Capone, padrinho, cúmplice, policial, Chicago, pastor alemão, rival, guerra de gangues, juízes federais, prisão, prisão, Elmer Gertz, advogado, as razões da proibição, filmagem, ,


Romanian :

alcool, cetăţean, Statele Unite ale Americii, Statele Unite, interzicerea, depozitare alcool, consumul de alcool, cluburi de noapte, distilerii, traficului de bandele, contrabandă, bootlegger, ROM Runner, malul, Al Capone, naşul, complice, poliţist, Chicago, rivale, germană Shepherd, de război bande, judecătorii federali, închisoare, închisoare, Elmer Gertz, avocat, din motive de această interdicţie, picior, ,


Russian :

алкоголь, гражданин США, Соединенные Штаты, запрет, хранения спирта, алкоголя, ночные клубы, винокуренные заводы, торговля банд, контрабанда, бутлегеров, ром раннер, берегов, Аль Капоне, Крестный отец, сообщник, полицейский, Чикаго, соперник, Немецкий Шеперд, банды, федеральные судьи, тюрьма, тюремное заключение, Элмер Герц, юрист, причины запрета, кадры, ,


Slovak :

alkohol, občan, USA, Spojené štáty, zákaz, skladovanie alkoholu, pitie alkoholu, nočné kluby, liehovary, obchodovanie gangy, pašovaním, bootlegger, Rum Runner, brehy, Al Capone, kmotor, komplic, policajt, Chicago, súper, nemecký ovčiak, vojny gangov, Federálny sudca, väzenia, trest odňatia slobody, Elmer Gertz, právnik, dôvody zákazu, zábery, ,


Slovenian :

alkohol, državljan, ZDA, ZDA, prepoved, skladiščenje alkohola, pitje alkohola, nočnih klubih, destilarne, trgovina tolpe, tihotapstvo, bootlegger, Rum Runner, obali, Al Capone, boter, sostorilec, policist, Chicago, tekmec, nemški ovčar, banda vojne, zvezni sodniki, zapora, zapora, Elmer Gertz, odvetnik, razlogi za prepoved, posnetkov, ,


Spanish :

alcohol, ciudadano, USA, Estados Unidos, prohibición, almacenamiento de alcohol, beber alcohol, discotecas, destilerías, tráfico de pandillas, contrabando, contrabandista, Rum Runner, costas, Al Capone, padrino, cómplice, policía, Chicago, rival, German Shepherd, guerra de pandillas, jueces federales, cárcel, cárcel, Elmer Gertz, abogado, las razones de la prohibición, Footage, ,


Swedish :

alkohol, medborgare, USA, USA, förbud, alkohol lagring, dricka alkohol, nattklubbar, destillerier, människohandel gäng, smuggling, smugglare, Rom löpare, kuster, Al Capone, Gudfadern, medbrottsling, polis, Chicago, rival, Tysk herde, gängkrig, federal domare, fängelse, fängelse, Elmer Gertz, advokat, skälen för förbudet, film, ,


Thai :

แอลกอฮอล์ พลเมือง สหรัฐอเมริกา สหรัฐอเมริกา Prohibition เก็บแอลกอฮอล์ ดื่มแอลกอฮอล์ ไนท์คลับ distilleries ค้าแก๊ง ลักลอบ bootlegger รัมวิ่ง ชายฝั่ง Al Capone ชอบชวนหาเรื่อง รู้ ตำรวจ ชิคาโก คู่แข่ง เยอรมันคนเลี้ยง แกะ สงครามแก๊ง ผู้พิพากษาของรัฐบาลกลาง เรือนจำ คุก เอลเมอ Gertz ทนายความ เหตุผลของ Prohibition ฟุต,


Turkish :

alkol, vatandaş, USA, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, içki yasağı, alkol depolama, alkol, gece kulüpleri, içki kaçakçılığı çeteler, kaçakçılık, taciri, Rum Runner, sahiller, Al, Capone, godfather, suç ortağı, polis, Chicago, rakip, Alman çoban, çete savaşı, federal Yargıç, hapishane, hapis, Elmer Gertz, avukat, içki yasağı, çekimi, nedenleri,


Ukrainian :

алкоголь, громадянин, США Сполучені Штати заборону, алкоголь зберігання, пити алкоголь, нічні клуби, лікеро-горілчаних заводи, торгівлі людьми банди, контрабанда, bootlegger, рому бігун, берегів, Аль Капоне, хрещений батько, спільника, поліцейський, Чикаго, суперник, німецька вівчарка, банди війна, федеральних суддів, в'язниці, позбавлення волі, Елмер Герц, юрист, причин заборони, кадри, ,


Vietnamese :

rượu, công dân, Hoa Kỳ, Hoa Kỳ, Cấm, rượu lí, uống rượu, câu lạc bộ đêm, chưng cất, buôn bán băng nhóm, buôn lậu, bootlegger, Rum Runner, shores, Al Capone, bố già, đồng lõa, cảnh sát, Chicago, đối thủ, Đức Shepherd, chiến tranh băng đảng, thẩm phán liên bang, nhà tù, bị cầm tù, Elmer Gertz, luật sư, những lý do của việc cấm, cảnh, ,


Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

5629_7633

Uploaded:

07-01-2011 19:17:43

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