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Prohibition : Tony Berardi - about the Lexington Hotel, Al Capone's former headquarters (00:04:34)
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Title:

Prohibition : Tony Berardi - about the Lexington Hotel, Al Capone's former headquarters

Rights-Managed, Footage

Location and time:

United States, Chicago, Illinois, 1999

Description:

Tony Berardi

Tony Berardi had been a photographer for The Chicago Evening American at the time and he worked for that newspaper for many years before retiring in 1971 from the Chicago Today newspaper. In 1923 at the age of 17 he was one of the youngest newspaper photographers working, according to his obituary in the Chicago Tribune, as well as taking the first picture of Al Capone that the gangster agreed to pose for.

In 1919, the requisite number of legislatures of the States ratified The 18th Amendment to the Federal Constitution, enabling national Prohibition within one year of ratification. Many women, notably the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, had been pivotal in bringing about national Prohibition in the United States of America, believing it would protect families, women and children from the effects of abuse of alcohol.

Prohibition began on January 16, 1920, when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect. Federal Prohibition agents (police) were given the task of enforcing the law.

Even though the sale of alcohol was illegal, alcoholic drinks were still widely available at "speakeasies" and other underground drinking establishments. Many people also kept private bars to serve their guests. Large quantities of alcohol were smuggled in from Canada, overland and via the Great Lakes.

While the government cracked down on alcohol consuption on land it was a different story on the water where they argued that ships outside the 3 mile limit were exempt. Needless to say, this technicality was exploited by everyone including the State owned shipping line.

Legal and illegal home brewing was popular during Prohibition. Limited amounts of wine and hard cider were permitted to be made at home. Some commercial wine was still produced in the U.S., but was only available through government warehouses for use in religious ceremonies, mainly for communion. "Malt and hop" stores popped up across the country and some former breweries turned to selling malt extract syrup, ostensibly for baking and "beverage" purposes.

Whiskey could be obtained by prescription from medical doctors. The labels clearly warned that it was strictly for medicinal purposes and any other uses were illegal, but even so doctors freely wrote prescriptions and drug-stores filled them without question, so the number of "patients" increased dramatically. No attempt was made to stop this practice, so many people got their booze this way. Over a million gallons were consumed per year through freely given prescriptions.

Because Prohibition banned only the manufacturing, sale, and transport - but not possession or consuming of alcohol, some people and institutions who had bought or made liquor prior to the passage of the 18th Amendment were able to continue to serve it throughout the prohibition period legally.

Even prominent citizens and politicians later admitted to having used alcohol during Prohibition. President Harding kept the White House well stocked with bootleg liquor, though, as a Senator, he had voted for Prohibition. This discrepancy between legality and actual practice led to widespread comtempt for authority. Over time, more people drank illegally and so money ended up in gangsters' pockets. Arguments raged over the effectiveness of prohibition. It appears to have been successful in some parts of the country but overall led to an increase in lawlessness.

Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947) was an Italian-American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. Known as the "Capones", the group was dedicated to smuggling and bootlegging liquor, and other illegal activities such as prostitution, in Chicago from the early 1920s to 1931.

Born in Brooklyn, New York to Italian immigrants, Capone became involved with gang activity at a young age after being expelled from school at age 14.[1] In his early twenties, he moved to Chicago to take advantage of a new opportunity to make money smuggling illegal alcoholic beverages into the city during Prohibition. He also engaged in various other criminal activities, including bribery of government figures and prostitution. Despite his illegitimate occupation, Capone became a highly visible public figure. He made various charitable endeavors using the money he made from his activities, and was viewed by many to be a "modern-day Robin Hood".[2]

However, Capone gained infamy when the public discovered his involvement in the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, which resulted in the death of seven of Capone's rival gang members.[3] Capone's reign ended when he was found guilty of tax evasion, and sent to federal prison. His incarceration included a stay at Alcatraz federal prison. In the final years of Capone's life, his mental and physical health deteriorated rapidly due to neurosyphilis, a disease which he had contracted several years before. On January 25, 1947, he died from cardiac arrest after suffering a stroke.


Other languages: show / hide


Arabic :

الكحول، والمواطن، الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، الولايات المتحدة، حظر، تخزين الكحول، وشرب الكحول، والنوادي الليلية، التقطير، الاتجار بعصابات التهريب، بوتليجير، عداء الروم، شواطئ، ال كابوني، آب روحي، وشريك، وشرطي، شيكاغو، الراعي المتنافسة، والألمانية، وحرب العصابات، والقضاة الاتحاديين، السجن، السجن، توني بيراردي، مصور، الفندق ليكسينغتون، المقر السابق لل كابوني،,


Bulgarian :

алкохол, гражданин, САЩ, Съединените щати, забрана, Стая за съхранение на алкохол, пиене на алкохол, нощни клубове, дестилерии, трафика банди, контрабанда, bootlegger, ром бегач, брегове, Ал Капоне, Кръстникът, съучастник, полицай, Чикаго, съперник, немски Шепърд, банда война, федералните съдии, затвор, лишаване от свобода, Тони Berardi, фотограф, Лексингтън хотела, бивш щаб на Ал Капоне, ,


Catalan :

l'alcohol, ciutadà, USA, Estats Units, prohibició, emmagatzematge d'alcohol, beure alcohol, discoteques, destil·leries, tràfic Quinquis, contraban, bootlegger, corredor de ROM, costes, Al Capone, padrí, còmplice, policia, Chicago, pastor alemany, rival, guerra de colles, els jutges federals, presó, presó, Tony Berardi, fotògraf, l'Hotel Lexington, antiga seu Al Capone, ,


Chinese Simplified :

酒精、 公民,美国,美国、 禁止、 酒精存储、 饮酒、 夜总会、 酿酒厂、 贩毒团伙,走私、 贩私酒,朗姆酒转轮,海岸,Al Capone 教父、 共犯、 警察、 芝加哥、 竞争对手、 德国牧羊犬,帮派战争、 联邦法官、 监狱、 监禁,托尼 · 贝拉尔迪,摄影师,莱克星顿酒店,Al Capone 前总部,,


Chinese Traditional :

酒精、 公民,美國,美國、 禁止、 酒精存儲、 飲酒、 夜總會、 釀酒廠、 販毒團夥,走私、 販私酒,朗姆酒轉輪,海岸,Al Capone 教父、 共犯、 員警、 芝加哥、 競爭對手、 德國牧羊犬,幫派戰爭、 聯邦法官、 監獄、 監禁,托尼 · 貝拉爾迪,攝影師,萊剋星頓酒店,Al Capone 前總部,,


Czech :

alkohol, občane, USA, Spojené státy americké, zákaz, skladování alkoholu, požívání alkoholu, noční kluby, lihovary, obchodování s gangy, pašování, pašerák, Rum běžec, břehy, Al Capone, Kmotr, komplic, policista, Chicago, soupeř, německý ovčák, válka gangů, federální soudce, vězení, vězení, Tony Berardi, fotograf, Lexington Hotel, Al Capone bývalého sídla, ,


Danish :

alkohol, borger, USA, USA, forbud, alkohol opbevaring, alkoholindtagelse, natklubber, destillerier, handel med bander, smugleri, Booties, Rum Runner, kyster, Al Capone, godfather, medskyldig, politimand, Chicago, rivaliserende, tysk Shepherd, bandekrigen, føderale dommere, fængsel, fængsling, Tony Berardi, fotograf, Lexington Hotel, Al Capones tidligere hovedkvarter, ,


Dutch :

alcohol, burger, USA, Verenigde Staten, verbod, alcohol opslag, alcohol drinken, nachtclubs, distilleerderijen, mensenhandel bendes, smokkel, bootlegger, Rum Runner, kusten, Al Capone, peetvader, medeplichtige, politieagent, Chicago, rivaal, Duitse herder, bende oorlog federale rechters, gevangenis, gevangenisstraf, Tony Berardi, fotograaf, het Lexington Hotel, Al Capone's voormalige hoofdkwartier, ,


Finnish :

alkoholi, kansalainen USA, Yhdysvallat, kielto, alkoholin varastointi, alkoholin juominen, yökerhot, tislaamot, ihmiskaupan jengit, salakuljetus, Piraatin puujalka, Rum Runner, rannat, Al Capone, Kummisetä, rikoskumppani, poliisi, Chicago, kilpailija, Saksan paimen, jengi sota, liittovaltion tuomarit, vankeutta, vankeusrangaistus, Tony Berardi, valokuvaaja, Lexington Hotel Al Capone entinen päämaja, ,


French :

alcool, citizen, é.-u., États-Unis, interdiction, stockage d’alcool, alcool, boîtes de nuit, distilleries, traite des gangs, de contrebande, trafiquant d’alcool, rhum Runner, rives, Al Capone, parrain, complice, policier, Chicago, rival, allemand Berger, guerre des gangs, les juges fédéraux, prison, prison, Tony Berardi, photographe, l’hôtel Lexington, ancien siège de Al Capone, ,


German :

Alkohol, Citizen, USA, Vereinigte Staaten, Verbot, Alkohol Lagerung, Alkohol zu trinken, Diskotheken, Brennereien, Menschenhandel Banden, Schmuggel, Schmuggler, Rum Runner, Ufer, Al Capone, Pate, Komplize, Polizist, Chicago, Rivale, Deutscher Schäferhund, Bandenkrieg, Bundesrichter, Gefängnis, Gefängnis, Tony Berardi, Fotograf, Lexington Hotel, Al Capones ehemaligen Hauptquartier, ,


Greek :

αλκοόλ, πολίτης, ΗΠΑ, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες, απαγόρευσης, αποθήκευση αλκοόλ, κατανάλωση οινοπνεύματος, νυχτερινά κέντρα, αποστακτήρια, εμπορία συμμορίες, λαθρεμπόριο, λαθρέμπορος οινοπνευματώδων, ρούμι δρομέας, ακτές, Αλ Καπόνε, Νονός, συνεργός, αστυνομικός, Σικάγο, αντίπαλες, Γερμανικός Ποιμενικός, πόλεμος συμμοριών, Ομοσπονδιακή δικαστές, φυλακές, φυλάκιση, Tony Berardi, φωτογράφος, το ξενοδοχείο Λέξινγκτον, πρώην έδρα του Αλ Καπόνε, ,


Haitian Creole :

alkòl, sitwayen, nan Etazini, Etazini, entèdiksyon, alkòl nan depo, bwè alkòl, bwatdenwi, distilleries, trafik gang, kontrebann, bootlegger, ak wonm solèy, shores, Al Capone, arenn, konplis, polisye, Chicago, rival, Alman Shepherd, gè ganstè, jij federal, prizon, anpwizònman, Tony Berardi, fotograf, otèl Lexington la, Al Capone ansyen katye jeneral yo, ,


Italian :

alcol, cittadino, USA, Stati Uniti, divieto, deposito di alcool, bere alcool, discoteche, distillerie, traffico di bande, contrabbando, contrabbandiere, Rum Runner, rive, Al Capone, Padrino, complice, poliziotto, Chicago, pastore tedesco, rivale, guerra tra bande, giudici federali, prigione, carcere, Tony Berardi, fotografo, l'Hotel Lexington, ex sede di Al Capone, ,


Polish :

alkohol, obywatel, USA, Stany Zjednoczone, zakaz, składowania alkoholu, picia alkoholu, kluby nocne, gorzelnie, przemytnicze, przemyt, Kuternogą, Rum Runner, brzegi, Al Capone, ojciec chrzestny, wspólnikiem, policjant, Chicago, rywal, niemiecki Pasterza, wojna gangów, sędziów federalnych, Więzienie, Więzienie, Tony Berardi, fotograf, Lexington Hotel, Al Capone dawnej siedziby, ,


Portuguese :

álcool, cidadão, EUA, Estados Unidos, proibição, armazenamento de álcool, beber álcool, clubes noturnos, destilarias, tráfico de gangues, contrabandear, contrabandista, Rum Runner, margens, Al Capone, padrinho, cúmplice, policial, Chicago, pastor alemão, rival, guerra de gangues, juízes federais, prisão, prisão, Tony Berardi, fotógrafo, o Hotel Lexington, antiga sede de Al Capone, ,


Russian :

алкоголь, гражданин, США, Соединенные Штаты, запрет, хранения спирта, алкоголя, ночные клубы, винокуренные заводы, людьми банд, контрабанда, бутлегеров, ром бегун, берегов, Аль Капоне, Крестный отец, сообщник, полицейский, Чикаго, соперник, немецкий пастух, банды, федеральных судей, тюрьма, тюремное заключение, Тони Берарди, фотограф, Лексингтон отель, Аль Капоне бывшей штаб-квартиры, ,


Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

5629_7686

Uploaded:

10-01-2011 14:48:46

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