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"Tank Man" stops the advance of a column of tanks in Beijing's Tiananmen Square
00:31
SD RM master

China, Beijing

"Tank Man" stops the advance of a column of tanks in Beijing's Tiananmen Square

"Tank Man" stops the advance of a column of tanks in Beijing's Tiananmen Square


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1934 - Mao Zedong: The long March
08:22
SD RM English

China

1934 - Mao Zedong: The long March

The Long March was a massive military retreat undertaken by the Chinese Communist Army to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army. The Communist Army of the Chinese Soviet Republic, led by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, was on the brink of complete annihilation by Chiang Kai-Sheks troops in Jiangxi Province in October 1934. The communists escaped in circling retreat to the north, which ultimately covered some 8,000 km (4,960 miles) over 370 days. The route branched through some of the most difficult terrain of western China and arrived 9,600 km (5,952 miles) west, then north, to Shaanxi. (In 2003, Ed Jocelyn and Andrew McEwen retraced the route in 384 days and estimated it was actually about 6,000 km (3,700 miles) long.


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1934 - Mao Zedong: The long March
08:15
SD RM master

China

1934 - Mao Zedong: The long March

The Long March was a massive military retreat undertaken by the Chinese Communist Army to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army. The Communist Army of the Chinese Soviet Republic, led by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, was on the brink of complete annihilation by Chiang Kai-Sheks troops in Jiangxi Province in October 1934. The communists escaped in circling retreat to the north, which ultimately covered some 8,000 km (4,960 miles) over 370 days. The route branched through some of the most difficult terrain of western China and arrived 9,600 km (5,952 miles) west, then north, to Shaanxi. (In 2003, Ed Jocelyn and Andrew McEwen retraced the route in 384 days and estimated it was actually about 6,000 km (3,700 miles) long.


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1934 - Mao Zedong: The long March
09:11
SD RM German

China

1934 - Mao Zedong: The long March

The Long March was a massive military retreat undertaken by the Chinese Communist Army to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army. The Communist Army of the Chinese Soviet Republic, led by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, was on the brink of complete annihilation by Chiang Kai-Sheks troops in Jiangxi Province in October 1934. The communists escaped in circling retreat to the north, which ultimately covered some 8,000 km (4,960 miles) over 370 days. The route branched through some of the most difficult terrain of western China and arrived 9,600 km (5,952 miles) west, then north, to Shaanxi. (In 2003, Ed Jocelyn and Andrew McEwen retraced the route in 384 days and estimated it was actually about 6,000 km (3,700 miles) long.


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1937- Stalin the dictator: victims of Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, repression in the Soviet Union
08:19
SD RM English

Soviet Union, Moscow

1937- Stalin the dictator: victims of Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, repression in the Soviet Union

The Great Purge was a series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin from 1936 to 1938. It involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and government officials, repression of peasants, Red Army leadership, and the persecution of unaffiliated persons, characterized by widespread police surveillance, widespread suspicion of "saboteurs", imprisonment, and arbitrary executions.   Joseph Stalin was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a political leader in the Soviet Union. Stalin became general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party in 1922; following the death of Vladimir Lenin, he prevailed over Leon Trotsky in a power struggle during the 1920s and fully consolidated his authority with the Great Purge, a period of severe repression which reached its peak in 1937, remaining in power through World War II and until his death. Stalin molded the features that characterized the new Soviet regime; his policies, based on Marxist-Leninist ideology, are often considered to represent a political and economic system called Stalinism.


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1937- Stalin the dictator: victims of Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, repression in the Soviet Union
08:14
SD RM master

Soviet Union, Moscow

1937- Stalin the dictator: victims of Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, repression in the Soviet Union

The Great Purge was a series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin from 1936 to 1938. It involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and government officials, repression of peasants, Red Army leadership, and the persecution of unaffiliated persons, characterized by widespread police surveillance, widespread suspicion of "saboteurs", imprisonment, and arbitrary executions. Joseph Stalin was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a political leader in the Soviet Union. Stalin became general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party in 1922; following the death of Vladimir Lenin, he prevailed over Leon Trotsky in a power struggle during the 1920s and fully consolidated his authority with the Great Purge, a period of severe repression which reached its peak in 1937, remaining in power through World War II and until his death. Stalin molded the features that characterized the new Soviet regime; his policies, based on Marxist-Leninist ideology, are often considered to represent a political and economic system called Stalinism.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
08:19
SD RM English

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
08:13
SD RM master

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
08:12
SD RM master

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
09:09
SD RM German

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1955 - German Chancellor Adenauer in Moskow
08:15
SD RM English

Soviet Union, Moscow

1955 - German Chancellor Adenauer in Moskow

Konrad Adenauer was a German statesman. Adenauer, a politician in the Catholic Centre Party, was Mayor of Cologne from 1917 to 1933, and as such, flirted with a Rhenish state as part of Germany, but outside Prussia. From 1922 to 1933 he was president of the Prussian State Council (Preussischer Staatsrat). In 1944, he was imprisoned for his opposition to the Nazis. He was first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949-1963, a period which spans most of the preliminary phase of the Cold War. In this period, West Germany was politically separated from East Germany. Adenauer was co-founder of the Christian Democratic Union, a successor to the Centre which hoped to embrace Protestants as well as Catholics in a single confessional party.


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1955 - German Chancellor Adenauer in Moskow
08:10
SD RM master

Soviet Union, Moscow

1955 - German Chancellor Adenauer in Moskow

Konrad Adenauer was a German statesman. Adenauer, a politician in the Catholic Centre Party, was Mayor of Cologne from 1917 to 1933, and as such, flirted with a Rhenish state as part of Germany, but outside Prussia. From 1922 to 1933 he was president of the Prussian State Council (Preussischer Staatsrat). In 1944, he was imprisoned for his opposition to the Nazis. He was first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949-1963, a period which spans most of the preliminary phase of the Cold War. In this period, West Germany was politically separated from East Germany. Adenauer was co-founder of the Christian Democratic Union, a successor to the Centre which hoped to embrace Protestants as well as Catholics in a single confessional party.


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1955 - German Chancellor Adenauer in Moskow
09:07
SD RM German

Soviet Union, Moscow

1955 - German Chancellor Adenauer in Moskow

Konrad Adenauer was a German statesman. Adenauer, a politician in the Catholic Centre Party, was Mayor of Cologne from 1917 to 1933, and as such, flirted with a Rhenish state as part of Germany, but outside Prussia. From 1922 to 1933 he was president of the Prussian State Council (Preussischer Staatsrat). In 1944, he was imprisoned for his opposition to the Nazis. He was first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949-1963, a period which spans most of the preliminary phase of the Cold War. In this period, West Germany was politically separated from East Germany. Adenauer was co-founder of the Christian Democratic Union, a successor to the Centre which hoped to embrace Protestants as well as Catholics in a single confessional party.


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1956 - Hungarian Revolution: Anti-Communist Protest in Hungary
08:25
SD RM English

Hungary, Budapest

1956 - Hungarian Revolution: Anti-Communist Protest in Hungary

The 1956 Hungarian Revolution, also known as the Hungarian Uprising, was a revolt in Hungary. The revolt was brutally suppressed by the Soviet Union. Thousands of Hungarian insurgents and Soviet troops were killed, thousands more were wounded, and nearly a quarter million left the country as refugees. The revolution was a watershed event for Communists in Western countries; some who had formerly supported the Soviet Union now criticized it. On October 23rd, 1956, Hungary"s population rose up against their government. The population achieved control over a large number of social institutions and territory, and the Hungarians began to implement their own policies. One policy on which Hungarians were divided was the status of known ÁVH (secret police) informants; the workers councils and student councils sent armed bands out to arrest ÁVH operatives in preparation for criminal trials; whereas the small ultra-nationalist right-wing groups led by the likes of Jozsef Dudas infamously executed members of the ÁVH. The Hungarian Communist Party made Imre Nagy Prime Minister. After negotiating a ceasefire with Soviet forces in Hungary, Nagy was forced by public opinion to withdraw Hungary from the Warsaw Pact and declare neutrality. Soviet troops were invited into Hungary on two occasions, both in attempts to firm up Moscow line governments (the Gero government that collapsed on the October 23rd and the Kadar government formed on November 3rd). Soviet troops and the Hungarian ÁVH intervened on the night of October 23rd and subsequent days, attacking protestors; this resulted in a ceasefire between Soviet troops and insurgents by November 1st, 1956. On the night of November 4th, 1956, the Soviet army again intervened to halt this process of popular reform. By January, 1957, Kadar had brought the instability to an end. Because of the rapid change in government and social policies, the role of left-wing ideology in motivating some of the population, and the use of armed force to achieve political goals, this uprising is often considered a revolution.


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1956 - Hungarian Revolution: Anti-Communist Protest in Hungary
08:17
SD RM master

Hungary, Budapest

1956 - Hungarian Revolution: Anti-Communist Protest in Hungary

The 1956 Hungarian Revolution, also known as the Hungarian Uprising, was a revolt in Hungary. The revolt was brutally suppressed by the Soviet Union. Thousands of Hungarian insurgents and Soviet troops were killed, thousands more were wounded, and nearly a quarter million left the country as refugees. The revolution was a watershed event for Communists in Western countries; some who had formerly supported the Soviet Union now criticized it. On October 23rd, 1956, Hungary"s population rose up against their government. The population achieved control over a large number of social institutions and territory, and the Hungarians began to implement their own policies. One policy on which Hungarians were divided was the status of known ÁVH (secret police) informants; the workers councils and student councils sent armed bands out to arrest ÁVH operatives in preparation for criminal trials; whereas the small ultra-nationalist right-wing groups led by the likes of Jozsef Dudas infamously executed members of the ÁVH. The Hungarian Communist Party made Imre Nagy Prime Minister. After negotiating a ceasefire with Soviet forces in Hungary, Nagy was forced by public opinion to withdraw Hungary from the Warsaw Pact and declare neutrality. Soviet troops were invited into Hungary on two occasions, both in attempts to firm up Moscow line governments (the Gero government that collapsed on the October 23rd and the Kadar government formed on November 3rd). Soviet troops and the Hungarian ÁVH intervened on the night of October 23rd and subsequent days, attacking protestors; this resulted in a ceasefire between Soviet troops and insurgents by November 1st, 1956. On the night of November 4th, 1956, the Soviet army again intervened to halt this process of popular reform. By January, 1957, Kadar had brought the instability to an end. Because of the rapid change in government and social policies, the role of left-wing ideology in motivating some of the population, and the use of armed force to achieve political goals, this uprising is often considered a revolution.


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1959 - Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro in Havana, attack to the Moncada
08:20
SD RM English

Cuba, Havanna

1959 - Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro in Havana, attack to the Moncada

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) has led Cuba since 1959, when, leading the 26th of July Movement, he helped overthrow the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and turn Cuba into the first Communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He held the title of premier until 1976, when he became president of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers. He has been the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba since its inception in 1965. His brother Raúl is the number two official in the country. As of October 2004, Fidel Castro stated that Raúl would assume authority over Cuba should he become ill.


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1959 - Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro in Havana, attack to the Moncada
08:14
SD RM master

Cuba, Havanna

1959 - Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro in Havana, attack to the Moncada

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) has led Cuba since 1959, when, leading the 26th of July Movement, he helped overthrow the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and turn Cuba into the first Communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He held the title of premier until 1976, when he became president of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers. He has been the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba since its inception in 1965. His brother Raúl is the number two official in the country. As of October 2004, Fidel Castro stated that Raúl would assume authority over Cuba should he become ill.


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1959 - Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro in Havana, attack to the Moncada
09:12
SD RM German

Cuba, Havanna

1959 - Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro in Havana, attack to the Moncada

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) has led Cuba since 1959, when, leading the 26th of July Movement, he helped overthrow the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and turn Cuba into the first Communist state in the Western Hemisphere. He held the title of premier until 1976, when he became president of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers. He has been the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba since its inception in 1965. His brother Raúl is the number two official in the country. As of October 2004, Fidel Castro stated that Raúl would assume authority over Cuba should he become ill.


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1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom
08:19
SD RM English

Germany, Berlin

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom

The Berlin Wall  -  Berliner Mauer - was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.


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1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom
08:14
SD RM master

Germany, Berlin

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom

The Berlin Wall  -  Berliner Mauer - was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.


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