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GDR stock video footage

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1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States
08:10
SD RM English

Germany, Bonn

1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States

On May 23rd, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was established. In 1949, during the Berlin Blockade, Western forces airlifted food and supplies into West Berlin after it had been cut off from Soviet-controlled East Berlin . West Germany benefited from the American Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after the war and was a founding state of the European Union. The reconstructed West Germany once again became one of the world"s major economies and the democracy was reconstructed.


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1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States
08:04
SD RM master

Germany, Bonn

1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States

On May 23rd, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was established. In 1949, during the Berlin Blockade, Western forces airlifted food and supplies into West Berlin after it had been cut off from Soviet-controlled East Berlin . West Germany benefited from the American Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after the war and was a founding state of the European Union. The reconstructed West Germany once again became one of the world"s major economies and the democracy was reconstructed.


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1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States
09:16
SD RM German

Germany, Bonn

1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States

On May 23rd, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was established. In 1949, during the Berlin Blockade, Western forces airlifted food and supplies into West Berlin after it had been cut off from Soviet-controlled East Berlin . West Germany benefited from the American Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after the war and was a founding state of the European Union. The reconstructed West Germany once again became one of the world"s major economies and the democracy was reconstructed.


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1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States
09:02
SD RM German

Germany, Bonn

1949 - The Separation: The founding of the East and West German States

On May 23rd, 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was established. In 1949, during the Berlin Blockade, Western forces airlifted food and supplies into West Berlin after it had been cut off from Soviet-controlled East Berlin . West Germany benefited from the American Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after the war and was a founding state of the European Union. The reconstructed West Germany once again became one of the world"s major economies and the democracy was reconstructed.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
08:19
SD RM English

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
08:13
SD RM master

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
08:12
SD RM master

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks
09:09
SD RM German

East-Germany, Berlin

1953 - Upheaval in East Germany: Stones against Tanks

The Uprising in 1953 in East Germany took place in June and July of 1953. A strike by Berlin construction workers on the 16th turned into a widespread uprising against the East German government the next day. The uprising in Berlin was violently suppressed by tanks from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany and the Volkspolizei (People”s Police). In spite of the intervention of Soviet troops, the wave of strikes and protests was not easily brought under control. There were demonstrations even after June 17th in more that 500 towns and villages. The high point of the protests was in the middle of July.


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1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom
08:19
SD RM English

Germany, Berlin

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom

The Berlin Wall  -  Berliner Mauer - was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.


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1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom
08:14
SD RM master

Germany, Berlin

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom

The Berlin Wall  -  Berliner Mauer - was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.


cart/download

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom
08:14
SD RM master

Germany, Berlin

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom

The Berlin Wall  -  Berliner Mauer - was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.


cart/download

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom
09:10
SD RM German

Germany, Berlin

1961 - Berlin Crisis: the Berlin wall, the leap to freedom

The Berlin Wall  -  Berliner Mauer - was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.


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1974 - Guillaume Affair: West Germany an East German Spy in the Chancellery
08:18
SD RM English

Germany

1974 - Guillaume Affair: West Germany an East German Spy in the Chancellery

Around 1973, German security organizations received information that one of Brandt”s personal assistants, Günter Guillaume, was a spy of the GDR. Brandt was asked to continue work as usual, and he agreed, even taking a private vacation with Guillaume. Guillaume was arrested on April 24, 1974. At the same time, some revelations about Brandt"s private life (he had had frequent short-lived affairs with much younger women) appeared in newspapers. Brandt contemplated suicide and even drafted a suicide note. But he lived on, accepted responsibility and resigned on May 7, 1974. Guillaume had been a spy for East Germany and was led by Markus Wolf, who stated after the reunification that the resignation of Brandt had never been intended, and that the affair had been one of the biggest mistakes of the East German secret service.


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1974 - Guillaume Affair: West Germany an East German Spy in the Chancellery
08:13
SD RM master

Germany

1974 - Guillaume Affair: West Germany an East German Spy in the Chancellery

Around 1973, German security organizations received information that one of Brandt”s personal assistants, Günter Guillaume, was a spy of the GDR. Brandt was asked to continue work as usual, and he agreed, even taking a private vacation with Guillaume. Guillaume was arrested on April 24, 1974. At the same time, some revelations about Brandt"s private life (he had had frequent short-lived affairs with much younger women) appeared in newspapers. Brandt contemplated suicide and even drafted a suicide note. But he lived on, accepted responsibility and resigned on May 7, 1974. Guillaume had been a spy for East Germany and was led by Markus Wolf, who stated after the reunification that the resignation of Brandt had never been intended, and that the affair had been one of the biggest mistakes of the East German secret service.


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1974 - Guillaume Affair: West Germany an East German Spy in the Chancellery
09:09
SD RM German

Germany

1974 - Guillaume Affair: West Germany an East German Spy in the Chancellery

Around 1973, German security organizations received information that one of Brandt”s personal assistants, Günter Guillaume, was a spy of the GDR. Brandt was asked to continue work as usual, and he agreed, even taking a private vacation with Guillaume. Guillaume was arrested on April 24, 1974. At the same time, some revelations about Brandt"s private life (he had had frequent short-lived affairs with much younger women) appeared in newspapers. Brandt contemplated suicide and even drafted a suicide note. But he lived on, accepted responsibility and resigned on May 7, 1974. Guillaume had been a spy for East Germany and was led by Markus Wolf, who stated after the reunification that the resignation of Brandt had never been intended, and that the affair had been one of the biggest mistakes of the East German secret service.


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1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall
08:20
SD RM master

Germany, Berlin

1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall

On June 27, 1989, Hungary removed its border restrictions with Austria, and in September more than 13,000 East Germans escaped through Hungary . Mass demonstrations against the government in East Germany began in the fall of 1989. The leader of East Germany , Erich Honecker, resigned on October 18, 1989. He was replaced by a short-lived successor, Egon Krenz, a few days later. The travel restrictions for East Germans were lifted somewhat by the new government on November 9, 1989. After a misunderstanding, Günter Schabowski announced in a press conference, televised live on East German state TV, that all restrictions had been abandoned. Upon this news spreading, tens of thousands of people immediately went to the Wall, where they quickly became a major crowd control problem for the surprised and overwhelmed border guards. Many hectic telephone calls and much to and fro with the guards superiors ensued while still more people kept converging on the major crossing points. It eventually became clear that there was little way to hold back these huge numbers of East German citizens as the vastly outnumbered border guards had only been equipped for another day of regular duty. The masses could also not be convinced to turn back or calm down — they had heard of Mr. Schabowskis statement and they wanted it to be acted upon. Probably the only way to hold the crowds back would have been use of lethal force, but this would have meant massacring the countrys own citizens in huge numbers — which at that point the guards and authorities were simply not willing to do. In face of the escalating crowd safety situation the guards eventually just yielded, opening the access points and allowing people through with (at most) minimal identity verification checks. The ecstatic East Berliners were soon greeted by jubilant West Berliners on the other side in an all-out party atmosphere. November 9 is thus considered the date the Wall fell.


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1990 - The German unit: the union of the two German States
08:18
SD RM English

Germany, Berlin

1990 - The German unit: the union of the two German States

German reunification took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR – in English often called „East Germany”) were incorporated into The Federal Republic of Germany („West Germany”). After the GDRs first free elections on 18 March 1990, negotiations between the GDR and FRG culminated in a Unification Treaty, whilst negotiations between the GDR and FRG and four occupying powers produced the so-called „Two Plus Four Treaty” granting full independence to a reunified German state. The reunified Germany remained a member of the European Community and Nato. The term „reunification” is used in contrast with initial unification of Germany in 1871.


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1990 - The German unit: the union of the two German States
08:12
SD RM master

Germany, Berlin

1990 - The German unit: the union of the two German States

German reunification took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR – in English often called „East Germany”) were incorporated into The Federal Republic of Germany („West Germany”). After the GDRs first free elections on 18 March 1990, negotiations between the GDR and FRG culminated in a Unification Treaty, whilst negotiations between the GDR and FRG and four occupying powers produced the so-called „Two Plus Four Treaty” granting full independence to a reunified German state. The reunified Germany remained a member of the European Community and Nato. The term „reunification” is used in contrast with initial unification of Germany in 1871.


cart/download

1990 - The German unit: the union of the two German States
09:09
SD RM German

Germany, Berlin

1990 - The German unit: the union of the two German States

German reunification took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR – in English often called „East Germany”) were incorporated into The Federal Republic of Germany („West Germany”). After the GDRs first free elections on 18 March 1990, negotiations between the GDR and FRG culminated in a Unification Treaty, whilst negotiations between the GDR and FRG and four occupying powers produced the so-called „Two Plus Four Treaty” granting full independence to a reunified German state. The reunified Germany remained a member of the European Community and Nato. The term „reunification” is used in contrast with initial unification of Germany in 1871.


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40 Years of the GDR: Military Parade Celebrating the 40th Anniversary of the GDR - Jaruzelski, Gorbachev, Willi Stoph, Erich Honecker, torch journey
01:00
SD RM

East-Germany, East-Berlin

40 Years of the GDR: Military Parade Celebrating the 40th Anniversary of the GDR - Jaruzelski, Gorbachev, Willi Stoph, Erich Honecker, torch journey

As signs of the decline of the SED dictatorship became ever clearer over the spring and summer of 1989, SED leaders stubbornly adhered to distant, unrealistic slogans about a victorious socialism. They chose to ignore the growing political opposition, mass demonstrations, and demands for political reform and free elections. Peaceful demonstrators in East Berlin even dared to take to the streets during the regime's official celebration of the 40th anniversary of the founding of the GDR on October 6 and 7, 1989. These demonstrations were immediately suppressed and more than a thousand people were arrested. This photo shows the VIP-grandstand on Karl-Marx Allee during the official military parade in East Berlin on October 7, 1989. Soviet head of state and party leader Mikhail Gorbachev, East German head of state and SED general secretary Erich Honecker, Raisa Gorbacheva, and Willi Stoph, prime minister of the German Democratic Republic can be seen in the middle of the grandstand, among others. The banner in the background reads, "40 Years of the GDR." 


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