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1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini
08:20
SD RM English

Iran, Teheran

1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini

The Iranian Revolution was the 1979 revolution that transformed Iran from an autocratic pro-west monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to an Islamic, theocratic democracy under the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini. The revolution is divided into two stages: the first saw an alliance of liberal, leftist, and religious groups oust the Shah; the second stage, often named the Islamic Revolution, saw the ayatollahs come to power. The Shah had been in power since 1941, with a brief interruption in 1953; through the 1960s and 1970s he faced continued opposition, from religious figures as well as from urban middle classes, who were not among the wealthy elite benefitting from the Shah”s extravagance, and who supported a constitutional democracy. The Shah enforced a strict regime, imprisoning hundreds of political activists and enforcing censorship laws. While living conditions for most of the population were poor, there was little popular demand for constitutional reform. In 1978 a series of protests, triggered by a libelous story attacking Khomeini in the official press, created an escalating cycle of violence until, on December 12, over two million people filled the streets of Azadi Square in Tehran to protest against the Shah. The army began to disintegrate as conscripts refused to fire on demonstrators and began to switch sides. The Shah agreed to introduce a more moderate constitution, but it was too late for compromise. The majority of the population was loyal to Khomeini, and when he called for a complete end to the monarchy the Shah was forced to flee the country on January 16, 1979. Khomeini returned to Iran on February 1, invited by the anti-Shah revolution already in progress, and rapidly displaced the more moderate elements, creating an Islamic Republic with Khomeini as Supreme Leader


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1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini
08:17
SD RM master

Iran, Teheran

1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini

The Iranian Revolution was the 1979 revolution that transformed Iran from an autocratic pro-west monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to an Islamic, theocratic democracy under the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini. The revolution is divided into two stages: the first saw an alliance of liberal, leftist, and religious groups oust the Shah; the second stage, often named the Islamic Revolution, saw the ayatollahs come to power. The Shah had been in power since 1941, with a brief interruption in 1953; through the 1960s and 1970s he faced continued opposition, from religious figures as well as from urban middle classes, who were not among the wealthy elite benefitting from the Shah”s extravagance, and who supported a constitutional democracy. The Shah enforced a strict regime, imprisoning hundreds of political activists and enforcing censorship laws. While living conditions for most of the population were poor, there was little popular demand for constitutional reform. In 1978 a series of protests, triggered by a libelous story attacking Khomeini in the official press, created an escalating cycle of violence until, on December 12, over two million people filled the streets of Azadi Square in Tehran to protest against the Shah. The army began to disintegrate as conscripts refused to fire on demonstrators and began to switch sides. The Shah agreed to introduce a more moderate constitution, but it was too late for compromise. The majority of the population was loyal to Khomeini, and when he called for a complete end to the monarchy the Shah was forced to flee the country on January 16, 1979. Khomeini returned to Iran on February 1, invited by the anti-Shah revolution already in progress, and rapidly displaced the more moderate elements, creating an Islamic Republic with Khomeini as Supreme Leader


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1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini
09:15
SD RM German

Iran, Teheran

1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini

The Iranian Revolution was the 1979 revolution that transformed Iran from an autocratic pro-west monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to an Islamic, theocratic democracy under the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini. The revolution is divided into two stages: the first saw an alliance of liberal, leftist, and religious groups oust the Shah; the second stage, often named the Islamic Revolution, saw the ayatollahs come to power. The Shah had been in power since 1941, with a brief interruption in 1953; through the 1960s and 1970s he faced continued opposition, from religious figures as well as from urban middle classes, who were not among the wealthy elite benefitting from the Shah”s extravagance, and who supported a constitutional democracy. The Shah enforced a strict regime, imprisoning hundreds of political activists and enforcing censorship laws. While living conditions for most of the population were poor, there was little popular demand for constitutional reform. In 1978 a series of protests, triggered by a libelous story attacking Khomeini in the official press, created an escalating cycle of violence until, on December 12, over two million people filled the streets of Azadi Square in Tehran to protest against the Shah. The army began to disintegrate as conscripts refused to fire on demonstrators and began to switch sides. The Shah agreed to introduce a more moderate constitution, but it was too late for compromise. The majority of the population was loyal to Khomeini, and when he called for a complete end to the monarchy the Shah was forced to flee the country on January 16, 1979. Khomeini returned to Iran on February 1, invited by the anti-Shah revolution already in progress, and rapidly displaced the more moderate elements, creating an Islamic Republic with Khomeini as Supreme Leader


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1981 - The attempt on the Pope John Paul II
08:23
SD RM English

Italy, Rome

1981 - The attempt on the Pope John Paul II

His Holiness Pope John Paul II, officially in Latin Ioannes Paulus PP. II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005), was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from 16 October 1978 until his death. As such, he was Bishop of Rome, ruled Vatican City and led the Roman Catholic Church including the Eastern Rite Churches in communion with the Holy See. He had the third-longest pontificate following St Peter and Pope Pius IX. (According to Catholic tradition, St Peter was the first Pope, although this was not a title used by St Peter himself). He was the first non-Italian to serve in office since the Dutch-German Pope Adrian VI assumed the papacy in 1522. His reign experienced a rapid decline of Catholicism in industrialized nations and expansion in the third world. On 13 May 1981, John Paul II was shot and critically wounded by Mehmet Ali Ağca, a Turkish gunman, as he entered St Peters Square to address an audience. Ağca was eventually sentenced to life imprisonment. Two days after the Christmas of 1983, John Paul visited the prison where his would-be assassin was being held. The two spoke privately for some time. John Paul II said "What we talked about will have to remain a secret between him and me. I spoke to him as a brother whom I have pardoned and who has my complete trust." Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005 after a long fight against Parkinsons disease and other illnesses. The public viewing of his body in St. Peters Basilica drew over four million people to Vatican City and was one of the largest pilgrimages in the history of Christianity.


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1981 - The attempt on the Pope John Paul II
08:09
SD RM master

Italy, Rome

1981 - The attempt on the Pope John Paul II

His Holiness Pope John Paul II, officially in Latin Ioannes Paulus PP. II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005), was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from 16 October 1978 until his death. As such, he was Bishop of Rome, ruled Vatican City and led the Roman Catholic Church including the Eastern Rite Churches in communion with the Holy See. He had the third-longest pontificate following St Peter and Pope Pius IX. (According to Catholic tradition, St Peter was the first Pope, although this was not a title used by St Peter himself). He was the first non-Italian to serve in office since the Dutch-German Pope Adrian VI assumed the papacy in 1522. His reign experienced a rapid decline of Catholicism in industrialized nations and expansion in the third world. On 13 May 1981, John Paul II was shot and critically wounded by Mehmet Ali Ağca, a Turkish gunman, as he entered St Peters Square to address an audience. Ağca was eventually sentenced to life imprisonment. Two days after the Christmas of 1983, John Paul visited the prison where his would-be assassin was being held. The two spoke privately for some time. John Paul II said "What we talked about will have to remain a secret between him and me. I spoke to him as a brother whom I have pardoned and who has my complete trust." Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005 after a long fight against Parkinsons disease and other illnesses. The public viewing of his body in St. Peters Basilica drew over four million people to Vatican City and was one of the largest pilgrimages in the history of Christianity.


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1981 - The attempt on the Pope John Paul II
09:06
SD RM German

Italy, Rome

1981 - The attempt on the Pope John Paul II

His Holiness Pope John Paul II, officially in Latin Ioannes Paulus PP. II, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005), was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from 16 October 1978 until his death. As such, he was Bishop of Rome, ruled Vatican City and led the Roman Catholic Church including the Eastern Rite Churches in communion with the Holy See. He had the third-longest pontificate following St Peter and Pope Pius IX. (According to Catholic tradition, St Peter was the first Pope, although this was not a title used by St Peter himself). He was the first non-Italian to serve in office since the Dutch-German Pope Adrian VI assumed the papacy in 1522. His reign experienced a rapid decline of Catholicism in industrialized nations and expansion in the third world. On 13 May 1981, John Paul II was shot and critically wounded by Mehmet Ali Ağca, a Turkish gunman, as he entered St Peters Square to address an audience. Ağca was eventually sentenced to life imprisonment. Two days after the Christmas of 1983, John Paul visited the prison where his would-be assassin was being held. The two spoke privately for some time. John Paul II said "What we talked about will have to remain a secret between him and me. I spoke to him as a brother whom I have pardoned and who has my complete trust." Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005 after a long fight against Parkinsons disease and other illnesses. The public viewing of his body in St. Peters Basilica drew over four million people to Vatican City and was one of the largest pilgrimages in the history of Christianity.


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7th Olympics: Antwerp, 1920 - cityscape with ship and church
00:04
SD RM

Belgium, Antwerp

7th Olympics: Antwerp, 1920 - cityscape with ship and church

Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal, Cathedral of our Lady,Scheldt river The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium. The 1920 Games were awarded to Antwerp to honor the people of that city after the suffering they endured during World War I.[1][2] The initial choice for the site of the Games had been Budapest, Hungary. Though the majority of events took place in Belgium, there was a single sailing event which took place in Dutch waters and as such, the games were officially in both countries. The 1916 Summer Olympics, to be held in Berlin, capital of the German Empire, were canceled due to the war. The aftermath of the war and the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 affected the Olympic Games not only due to new states being created, but also by sanctions against the nations that lost the war and were blamed for starting it. Budapest had initially been selected to host the Games over Amsterdam and Lyon, but as the Austro-Hungarian Empire had been a German ally in the First World War, the Games were transferred to Antwerp in April 1919. Hungary, Germany, Austria, Bulgaria and Turkey were also banned from competing in the Games. Germany remained banned until 1925, and instead hosted a series of games called Deutsche Kampfspiele, starting with the Winter edition of 1922 (which predated the first Winter Olympics).


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Abandonment of Chernobyl
03:20
HD RM master

Ukraine, Chernobyl

Abandonment of Chernobyl

Derelict houses, streets, parks of the City of Chernobyl. A active monastery in the Zone of Alienation. Small fishing boats, abondoned temple and Jewish burial vault.


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Abbassi Madani: President of the Islamic Salvation Front speaks in stadium
01:00
SD RM Arabic

Algeria

Abbassi Madani: President of the Islamic Salvation Front speaks in stadium

Abbassi Madani: President of the Islamic Salvation Front speaks in stadium


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Abbassi Madani: President of the Islamic Salvation Front greets young people
00:08
SD RM Arabic

Algeria

Abbassi Madani: President of the Islamic Salvation Front greets young people

Abbassi Madani: President of the Islamic Salvation Front greets young people


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Abu Simbel temples: Relocation the temples
00:20
SD RM master

Egypt, Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel temples: Relocation the temples

Abu Simbel temples x


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Advent holiday in a church
01:24
SD RM master

Hungary

Advent holiday in a church

Advent holiday in a church


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Advent wreath
03:16
SD RM master

worldwide

Advent wreath

Advent wreath


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Advent wreath with candles
04:26
SD RM master

worldwide

Advent wreath with candles

Advent wreath with candles


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Albania: Prayer in the mosque
00:22
SD RM master

Albania, Tirana

Albania: Prayer in the mosque

Albania (en-us-Albania.ogg /ælˈbeɪniə/ (help·info) al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria, Gheg Albanian: Shqipnia/Shqypnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë, pronounced [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in South Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo[a] to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west, and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea. Albania is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organisation, Organisation of the Islamic Conference and one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. Albania has been a potential candidate for accession to the European Union since January 2003, and it formally applied for EU membership on 28 April 2009.[4] Albania is a parliamentary democracy and a transition economy. The Albanian capital, Tirana, is home to approximately 607,467 of the country's 3.6 million people, and it is also the financial capital of the country.[1] Free-market reforms have opened the country to foreign investment, especially in the development of energy and transportation infrastructure


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Albania: Praying in the church
00:23
SD RM master

Albania

Albania: Praying in the church

Albania: Praying in the church


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Ali Khamenei: Preaching like Hussein-Ali Montazeri, who holds a Kalashnikov rifle as the sword of Islam, praying at grave Ruhollah Khomeini, fountain of water colored red as symbol of martyrs
01:30
SD RM Iranian

Iran, Tehran

Ali Khamenei: Preaching like Hussein-Ali Montazeri, who holds a Kalashnikov rifle as the sword of Islam, praying at grave Ruhollah Khomeini, fountain of water colored red as symbol of martyrs

Ali Khamenei: Preaching like Hussein-Ali Montazeri, who holds a Kalashnikov rifle as the sword of Islam, praying at grave Ruhollah Khomeini, fountain of water colored red as symbol of martyrs


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Allah adoration: prayer, spiritual song, supplication
01:02
SD RM master

Turkey

Allah adoration: prayer, spiritual song, supplication

Allah adoration. prayers, spiritual song, supplication


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Allah adoration: ritual stab
01:21
SD RM master

Turkey

Allah adoration: ritual stab

Allah adoration, ritual stab


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Anti-Jewish inscriptions
00:12
SD RM

Germany

Anti-Jewish inscriptions

Anti-Jewish inscriptions


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