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1932 - The Crisis: The End of the Weimar Republic
08:23
SD RM English

Germany, Weimar

1932 - The Crisis: The End of the Weimar Republic

Perhaps the greatest catalyst for the collapse of the Republic lies in the Wall Street Crash, or more correctly its aftermath. The grounds for the German recovery were overly dependent on loans from America under the Dawes and then Young plans. However, with the Wall Street Crash of 1929, America was forced to recall her debts, this directly led to the deterioration of Germany"s economy and in turn party relations in the Riechstag, a catastrophic event when a country is ruled by coalitions. Following this, Heinrich Bruning was appointed as Chancellor in March 1930; it was the deterioration of the coalition system that led to Hindenburg allowing Bruning to rule by presidential decree, known as Article 48, should he require it. This meant that the Riechstag had to merely tolerate his decrees and not support them. Yet in 1930, the Riechstag refused Bruning"s emergency measures to compensate for the failing economy, which included cutting government spending on things such as wages and welfare payments. This led to an increase on imported goods, especially food, to help German farmers and the buying up of company shares by the government to support deflation. Bruning returned the measures under Article 48 and dissolved the Riechstag; he then called an election, as he believed that it would return a majority for him. This was his first mistake, as it resulted in the Nazi party becoming the second largest party in the Riechstag; and this meant that Bruning could now only rule by decree, providing that the Social Democrats did not move against him. And Bruning knew that they would not as they were fearful of a Nazi take-over. Bruning remained in power until 1932 and by 1933 Hitler was Chancellor, yet in the 8 months between their reigns there were still to be 2 other Chancellors, von Papen and Schleicher. The extraordinary thing is, however, is the fact that both supported Hitler"s appointment and pushed Hindenburg into it, against his better judgment. It was von Papen"s belief that he could control Hitler like a puppet. This is an ideal political position, the idea is that you retain power and use somebody else as your public face. If things go badly, your own career and reputation remain intact.


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1932 - The Crisis: The End of the Weimar Republic
08:16
SD RM master

Germany, Weimar

1932 - The Crisis: The End of the Weimar Republic

Perhaps the greatest catalyst for the collapse of the Republic lies in the Wall Street Crash, or more correctly its aftermath. The grounds for the German recovery were overly dependent on loans from America under the Dawes and then Young plans. However, with the Wall Street Crash of 1929, America was forced to recall her debts, this directly led to the deterioration of Germany"s economy and in turn party relations in the Riechstag, a catastrophic event when a country is ruled by coalitions. Following this, Heinrich Bruning was appointed as Chancellor in March 1930; it was the deterioration of the coalition system that led to Hindenburg allowing Bruning to rule by presidential decree, known as Article 48, should he require it. This meant that the Riechstag had to merely tolerate his decrees and not support them. Yet in 1930, the Riechstag refused Bruning"s emergency measures to compensate for the failing economy, which included cutting government spending on things such as wages and welfare payments. This led to an increase on imported goods, especially food, to help German farmers and the buying up of company shares by the government to support deflation. Bruning returned the measures under Article 48 and dissolved the Riechstag; he then called an election, as he believed that it would return a majority for him. This was his first mistake, as it resulted in the Nazi party becoming the second largest party in the Riechstag; and this meant that Bruning could now only rule by decree, providing that the Social Democrats did not move against him. And Bruning knew that they would not as they were fearful of a Nazi take-over. Bruning remained in power until 1932 and by 1933 Hitler was Chancellor, yet in the 8 months between their reigns there were still to be 2 other Chancellors, von Papen and Schleicher. The extraordinary thing is, however, is the fact that both supported Hitler"s appointment and pushed Hindenburg into it, against his better judgment. It was von Papen"s belief that he could control Hitler like a puppet. This is an ideal political position, the idea is that you retain power and use somebody else as your public face. If things go badly, your own career and reputation remain intact.


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1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt: 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt: interview Konstantin Kobets, Boris Yeltsin,  Alexander Rutskoi , Vladimir Kryuchkov, Dmitry Yazov -  Moscow  tanks,  soldiers
07:05
HD RM master

Russia, Moscow

1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt: 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt: interview Konstantin Kobets, Boris Yeltsin, Alexander Rutskoi , Vladimir Kryuchkov, Dmitry Yazov - Moscow tanks, soldiers

1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt : 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt: interview Konstantin Kobets, Boris Yeltsin Alexander Rutskoi Vladimir Kryuchkov Dmitry Yazov Moscow tanks soldiers


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Abolhassan Banisadr: President of Iran after the Iranian Revolution and during the Iran hostage crisis, saluting
00:17
SD RM

Iran

Abolhassan Banisadr: President of Iran after the Iranian Revolution and during the Iran hostage crisis, saluting

Abolhassan Banisadr: President of Iran after the Iranian Revolution and during the Iran hostage crisis, saluting


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part6: Hitler's chancellorship, holocaust
07:07
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part6: Hitler's chancellorship, holocaust

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part6: Hitler's chancellorship, holocaust


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part5: New Year's Eve, meeting at home, relationship
06:24
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part5: New Year's Eve, meeting at home, relationship

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part5: New Year's Eve, meeting at home, relationship


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part2: background of his resign, relation to the Weimar Republic
05:19
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part2: background of his resign, relation to the Weimar Republic

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part2: background of his resign, relation to the Weimar Republic


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part8: possibilities, opinion about Schleicher, contact and character with Hindenburg
06:03
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part8: possibilities, opinion about Schleicher, contact and character with Hindenburg

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part8: possibilities, opinion about Schleicher, contact and character with Hindenburg


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part6: background of his resign, role of Kurt von Schleicher
06:08
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part6: background of his resign, role of Kurt von Schleicher

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part6: background of his resign, role of Kurt von Schleicher


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part10: negotiations, discussion at home
05:19
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part10: negotiations, discussion at home

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part10: negotiations, discussion at home


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part11: the Nazi torchlight parade, Hitler's celebration
05:06
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part11: the Nazi torchlight parade, Hitler's celebration

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part11: the Nazi torchlight parade, Hitler's celebration


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part13: the Reichstag fire, the Enabling Act of 1933, Hitler's character
06:35
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part13: the Reichstag fire, the Enabling Act of 1933, Hitler's character

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part13: the Reichstag fire, the Enabling Act of 1933, Hitler's character


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part1: the way to chancellorship, cabinet forming, political circumstances
04:43
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part1: the way to chancellorship, cabinet forming, political circumstances

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part1: the way to chancellorship, cabinet forming, political circumstances


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part3: description of his chancellorship and his character
06:02
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part3: description of his chancellorship and his character

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part3: description of his chancellorship and his character


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part7: meeting with Hitler, press, policy during Schleicher cabinet
06:32
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part7: meeting with Hitler, press, policy during Schleicher cabinet

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part7: meeting with Hitler, press, policy during Schleicher cabinet


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part12: Hitler as chancellor and his cabinet, first government term
05:23
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part12: Hitler as chancellor and his cabinet, first government term

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part12: Hitler as chancellor and his cabinet, first government term


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part2: Hitler's campaign, propaganda, Goebbels' role
05:19
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part2: Hitler's campaign, propaganda, Goebbels' role

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part2: Hitler's campaign, propaganda, Goebbels' role


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part4: background of Hitler's seizure of power, the communist threat, radical policy
04:03
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part4: background of Hitler's seizure of power, the communist threat, radical policy

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part4: background of Hitler's seizure of power, the communist threat, radical policy


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part9: meeting in Köln, governmental crisis, forming of new cabinet
04:54
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part9: meeting in Köln, governmental crisis, forming of new cabinet

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Isabella von Papen about Franz von Papen, chancellor of Germany, part9: meeting in Köln, governmental crisis, forming of new cabinet


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Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part1: background of Hitler's seizure of power
07:07
SD RM German

Germany

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part1: background of Hitler's seizure of power

Adolf Hitler's rise to power: Interview with Egon Hanfstaengl about Ernst Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press chief, part1: background of Hitler's seizure of power


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