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1942 - Concentration camp in Auschwitz
08:23
SD RM English

Poland, Auschwitz

1942 - Concentration camp in Auschwitz

30-01-1942, Hitler, speaking at the Berlin Sports Palace, reaffirms his prewar prophecy concerning the Jews; once again telling an audience that "the result of this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews."   Auschwitz is the name loosely used to identify three main Nazi German concentration camps and 39 sub-camps. The name is derived from the Germanized form of the nearby Polish town of Oświęcim, situated about 60 km southwest of Krakow. Beginning in 1940, Nazi Germany built several concentration camps and an extermination camp in the area, which at the time had been annexed by Nazi Germany. The camps were a major constituent of the Holocaust. The total number of casualties is still under debate, but most modern estimates are around 1-1.5 million.


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1942 - Concentration camp in Auschwitz
08:11
SD RM master

Poland, Auschwitz

1942 - Concentration camp in Auschwitz

30-01-1942, Hitler, speaking at the Berlin Sports Palace, reaffirms his prewar prophecy concerning the Jews; once again telling an audience that "the result of this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews." Auschwitz is the name loosely used to identify three main Nazi German concentration camps and 39 sub-camps. The name is derived from the Germanized form of the nearby Polish town of Oświęcim, situated about 60 km southwest of Krakow. Beginning in 1940, Nazi Germany built several concentration camps and an extermination camp in the area, which at the time had been annexed by Nazi Germany. The camps were a major constituent of the Holocaust. The total number of casualties is still under debate, but most modern estimates are around 1-1.5 million.


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1942 - Concentration camp in Auschwitz
09:03
SD RM German

Poland, Auschwitz

1942 - Concentration camp in Auschwitz

30-01-1942, Hitler, speaking at the Berlin Sports Palace, reaffirms his prewar prophecy concerning the Jews; once again telling an audience that "the result of this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews."   Auschwitz is the name loosely used to identify three main Nazi German concentration camps and 39 sub-camps. The name is derived from the Germanized form of the nearby Polish town of Oświęcim, situated about 60 km southwest of Krakow. Beginning in 1940, Nazi Germany built several concentration camps and an extermination camp in the area, which at the time had been annexed by Nazi Germany. The camps were a major constituent of the Holocaust. The total number of casualties is still under debate, but most modern estimates are around 1-1.5 million.


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1992 - Omarska: The Bosnian war
08:18
SD RM English

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Omarska

1992 - Omarska: The Bosnian war

Omarska is a town near Prijedor in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It includes an old iron mine and ore processing plant. Omarska gained worldwide infamy as the location for a detention or concentration camp set up by the authorities of the Republika Srpska during the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia. It was officially termed investigation centre and the detainees were Bosnian Muslim and Croatian men that the Serbs accused of paramilitary activities. Persons indicted at the ICTY regarding the mistreatment of prisoners at Omarska have included Momčilo Gruban, Duško Knežević and Željko Meakić.


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Adolf Eichmann: Mass murderer is on the hook
04:23
SD RM master

Germany, Solingen

Adolf Eichmann: Mass murderer is on the hook

Adolf Eichmann: Mass murderer is on the hook 11th of May 1960. Buenos Aires. A mass murderer, who has been fleeing for fifteen years, finally gets on the hook. The Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was hunted by the Israeli intelligence service for a long time. The plan: to strike him in front of his house.Three people restrain the man who only says "I've already succumbed to fate."


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Albania: show trials and gulag
06:03
SD RM English

Albania

Albania: show trials and gulag

show trials and gulag


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Albania: show trials and gulag
06:03
SD RM master

Albania

Albania: show trials and gulag

show trials and gulag


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Auschwitz: The museum Auschwitz-Birkenau - 60 years later
01:08
SD RM master

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz: The museum Auschwitz-Birkenau - 60 years later

The day, January 27th, was declared as the International Holocaust Remembrance Day by the UN General Assembly in 2005. In 1945, this was the day when the largest and most notorious Nazi death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, was liberated. During the second World War 1.3 million people lost their lives here. On the 27th of January, the world remembers the 6 million Jewish victims and the millions of other victims of the Nazi genocide.  


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Auschwitz: Deportation of Jews to Auschwitz
01:16
SD RM German

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz: Deportation of Jews to Auschwitz

The day, January 27th, was declared as the International Holocaust Remembrance Day by the UN General Assembly in 2005. In 1945, this was the day when the largest and most notorious Nazi death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, was liberated. During the second World War 1.3 million people lost their lives here. On the 27th of January, the world remembers the 6 million Jewish victims and the millions of other victims of the Nazi genocide.  


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Auschwitz: Preparation for surgery
00:23
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz: Preparation for surgery

Preparation for surgery


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Auschwitz: disabled child, emaciated woman
00:10
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz: disabled child, emaciated woman

disabled child, emaciated woman


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Auschwitz: test personnel - prisoners of war
00:13
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz: test personnel - prisoners of war

disabled child, emaciated woman


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Auschwitz: barracks and entrance - Arbeit macht frei ("work makes free")
00:09
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz: barracks and entrance - Arbeit macht frei ("work makes free")

Auschwitz: barracks and entrance - Arbeit macht frei ("work makes free")


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Auschwitz concentration camp: Internal shot of a crematorium, incinerator
00:18
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz concentration camp: Internal shot of a crematorium, incinerator

Auschwitz concentration camp: Internal shot of a crematorium, incinerator


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Auschwitz concentration camp: External shots, main entrance, gate, wire fence, yard, watchtower
00:52
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz concentration camp: External shots, main entrance, gate, wire fence, yard, watchtower

Auschwitz concentration camp: External shots, main entrance, gate, wire fence, yard, watchtower


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Auschwitz concentration camp: Air shots of the camp, barrack, remains
00:40
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz concentration camp: Air shots of the camp, barrack, remains

Auschwitz concentration camp: Air shots of the camp, barrack, remains


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Auschwitz concentration camp: Plans of the camp
00:10
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz concentration camp: Plans of the camp

Auschwitz concentration camp: Plans of the camp


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Auschwitz concentration camp: Life in the camp, detainee, eating, leaving the barrack, children showing their tattooed number
01:05
SD RM

Poland, Auschwitz

Auschwitz concentration camp: Life in the camp, detainee, eating, leaving the barrack, children showing their tattooed number

Auschwitz concentration camp: Life in the camp, detainee, eating, leaving the barrack, children showing their tattooed number


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Bergen-Belsen: Concentration Camp - Camp for Jewish refugees after World War II.
00:25
SD RM

Germany, Bergen-Belsen

Bergen-Belsen: Concentration Camp - Camp for Jewish refugees after World War II.

Germany: Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp - Camp for Jewish refugees after wolrd war II. - English Zone Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a German Nazi concentration camp in Lower Saxony in northwestern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as the prisoner of war camp Stalag XI-C, in 1943 it became a concentration camp on the orders of Heinrich Himmler, where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas[1]. Later still the name was applied to the displaced persons camp established nearby, but it is most commonly associated with the concentration camp it became as conditions deteriorated between 1943-1945. During this time an estimated 50,000 Russian prisoners of war and a further 50,000 inmates died there,[2] up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945.[3] The camp was liberated on April 15, 1945 by the British 11th Armoured Division.[4] 60,000 prisoners were found inside, most of them seriously ill,[3] and another 13,000 corpses lay around the camp unburied.[4] The scenes that greeted British troops were described by the BBC's Richard Dimbleby, who accompanied them: “ ...Here over an acre of ground lay dead and dying people. You could not see which was which... The living lay with their heads against the corpses and around them moved the awful, ghostly procession of emaciated, aimless people, with nothing to do and with no hope of life, unable to move out of your way, unable to look at the terrible sights around them ... Babies had been born here, tiny wizened things that could not live ... A mother, driven mad, screamed at a British sentry to give her milk for her child, and thrust the tiny mite into his arms, then ran off, crying terribly. He opened the bundle and found the baby had been dead for days. "This day at Belsen was the most horrible of my life.[5] ” "I could not believe the horror of these camps," said one liberator. "We found piles of bodies in train cars that had been dead for days."


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Bergen-Belsen: Camp for Jewish refugees after World War II. - working people
00:27
SD RM

Germany, Bergen-Belsen

Bergen-Belsen: Camp for Jewish refugees after World War II. - working people

Germany: Bergen-Belsen - Camp for Jewish refugees after Wolrd War II. - working people 1946: 100 thousand Jews lived in the camp An introduction to the events that led to the creation of Israel, the Jewish state, in 1948 Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Yisrā'el; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيلُ‎, Isrā'īl), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: About this sound מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (help·info), Medīnat Yisrā'el; Arabic: دَوْلَةُ إِسْرَائِيلَ‎, Dawlat Isrā'īl), is a parliamentary republic in the Middle East located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, the Gaza Strip and Egypt on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel is the world's only predominantly Jewish state, with a population estimated in May 2010 to be 7,602,400 people, of whom 6,051,000 are Jews. Arab citizens of Israel form the country's second-largest ethnic group, which includes Muslims, Christians, Druze, and Samaritans. According to the May 2010 population estimate, including 300,000 non-citizen Arabs living in East Jerusalem, this minority numbers 1,551,400. The modern State of Israel traces its historical and religious roots to the Biblical Land of Israel, also known as Zion, a concept central to Judaism since ancient times. Political Zionism took shape in the late-19th century under Theodor Herzl, and the Balfour Declaration of 1917 formalized British policy preferring the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people. Following World War I, the League of Nations granted Great Britain the Mandate for Palestine, which included responsibility for securing "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people". In November 1947, the United Nations voted in favor of the partition of Palestine, proposing the creation of a Jewish state, an Arab state, and a UN-administered Jerusalem.Partition was accepted by Zionist leaders but rejected by Arab leaders, leading to civil war. Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948 and neighboring Arab states attacked the next day. Since then, Israel has fought a series of wars with neighboring Arab states, and in consequence occupied territories, including the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights, beyond those delineated in the 1949 Armistice Agreements. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, but efforts by elements within both parties to diplomatically solve the problem have so far only met with limited success and some of Israel's international borders remain in dispute. Israel is a developed country and a representative democracy with a parliamentary system and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's legislative body. The economy, based on the nominal gross domestic product, was the 41st-largest in the world in 2008. Israel ranks highest among Middle Eastern countries on the UN Human Development Index, and it has one of the highest life expectancies in the world.Jerusalem is the country's capital, although it is not recognized internationally as such.[a] Israel's main financial center is Tel Aviv, and its main industrial center is Haifa. In 2010, Israel joined the OECD.


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