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Brezhnev Leonid stock video footage

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1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.
08:26
SD RM master

Czechoslovakia, Prague

1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.

On the night of 20–21 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary) invaded the ČSSR.   The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5th, 1968, and running until August 20th of that same year when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies (except for Romania ) invaded the country. The Czechs and Slovaks showed increasing signs of independence under the leadership of Alexander Dubček. Dubček"s reforms of the political process inside Czechoslovakia, which he referred to as "Socialism with a human face," did not represent a complete overthrow of the old regime, as was the case in Hungary in 1956. However, it was still seen by the Soviet leadership as a threat to their hegemony over other Eastern Bloc states and to the very safety of the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia was in the middle of the defensive line of the Warsaw Pact and its possible defection to the enemy was unacceptable during the cold war. Furthermore, the role of Czechoslovakia in allowing Hitler to conquer Europe by refusing Soviet military help 30 years earlier and surrendering to Nazi Germany without resistance was still fresh in everyone"s memory.


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1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.
08:26
SD RM Russian

Czechoslovakia, Prague

1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.

On the night of 20–21 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary) invaded the ČSSR.   The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5th, 1968, and running until August 20th of that same year when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies (except for Romania ) invaded the country. The Czechs and Slovaks showed increasing signs of independence under the leadership of Alexander Dubček. Dubček"s reforms of the political process inside Czechoslovakia, which he referred to as "Socialism with a human face," did not represent a complete overthrow of the old regime, as was the case in Hungary in 1956. However, it was still seen by the Soviet leadership as a threat to their hegemony over other Eastern Bloc states and to the very safety of the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia was in the middle of the defensive line of the Warsaw Pact and its possible defection to the enemy was unacceptable during the cold war. Furthermore, the role of Czechoslovakia in allowing Hitler to conquer Europe by refusing Soviet military help 30 years earlier and surrendering to Nazi Germany without resistance was still fresh in everyone"s memory.


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1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.
09:12
SD RM German

Czechoslovakia, Prague

1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.

On the night of 20–21 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary) invaded the ČSSR.   The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5th, 1968, and running until August 20th of that same year when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies (except for Romania ) invaded the country. The Czechs and Slovaks showed increasing signs of independence under the leadership of Alexander Dubček. Dubček"s reforms of the political process inside Czechoslovakia, which he referred to as "Socialism with a human face," did not represent a complete overthrow of the old regime, as was the case in Hungary in 1956. However, it was still seen by the Soviet leadership as a threat to their hegemony over other Eastern Bloc states and to the very safety of the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia was in the middle of the defensive line of the Warsaw Pact and its possible defection to the enemy was unacceptable during the cold war. Furthermore, the role of Czechoslovakia in allowing Hitler to conquer Europe by refusing Soviet military help 30 years earlier and surrendering to Nazi Germany without resistance was still fresh in everyone"s memory.


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22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: paratroops, five olympic rings, opening ceremony, Central Lenin Stadium, Leonid Brezhnev (part 1)
09:57
SD RM Russian

Soviet Union, Moscow

22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: paratroops, five olympic rings, opening ceremony, Central Lenin Stadium, Leonid Brezhnev (part 1)

22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980 : paratroops, five olympic rings, opening ceremony, Leonid Brezhnev (part 1)


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22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: opening ceremony, Ignati Novikov, Lord Killanin, Leonid Brezhnev, olympic flame, Viktor Saneyev, Misha, performance (part 2)
10:00
SD RM Russian

Soviet Union, Moscow

22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: opening ceremony, Ignati Novikov, Lord Killanin, Leonid Brezhnev, olympic flame, Viktor Saneyev, Misha, performance (part 2)

22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: opening ceremony, Ignati Novikov, Lord Killanin, Leonid Brezhnev, olympic flame, Viktor Saneyev, Misha, performance (part 2)


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22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: opening ceremony, performance, athletes, Lyudmila Kondratyeva, Allan Wells, Sebastian Coe, Miruts Yifter, Thomas Munkelt, Alejandro Casañas, Bronisław Malinowski (part 3)
09:59
SD RM Russian

Soviet Union, Moscow

22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: opening ceremony, performance, athletes, Lyudmila Kondratyeva, Allan Wells, Sebastian Coe, Miruts Yifter, Thomas Munkelt, Alejandro Casañas, Bronisław Malinowski (part 3)

22th Olympics, Moscow, 1980: opening ceremony, performance, athletes, Lyudmila Kondratyeva, Allan Wells, Sebastian Coe, Miruts Yifter, Thomas Munkelt, Alejandro Casañas, Bronisław Malinowski (part 3)


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Brezhnev: Comrades' kisses from Brezhnev to - Władysław Gomułka, János Kádár, Erick Honecker
00:08
SD RM master

Unknown

Brezhnev: Comrades' kisses from Brezhnev to - Władysław Gomułka, János Kádár, Erick Honecker

Comradely kisses from Brezhnev to: János Kádár, Erick Honecker


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Fidel Castro: Leonid Brezhnev, Order of José Martí, Cuba's highest honor, reception, comrade kisses
04:58
SD RM master

Cuba, Havana

Fidel Castro: Leonid Brezhnev, Order of José Martí, Cuba's highest honor, reception, comrade kisses

Fidel Castro, Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in an informal setting. Cuba. Havana. 1974: Reception in Havana on the delivery of Leonid Brezhnev Order of José Martí, Cuba's highest honor.


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Fidel Castro: meets with Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Gorbachev, Pope John Paul II, Carter, military parade, Kennedy, refugees, cuban life, Che,
08:40
SD RM master

Cuba

Fidel Castro: meets with Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Gorbachev, Pope John Paul II, Carter, military parade, Kennedy, refugees, cuban life, Che,

Fidel Castro: meeting with Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Gorbachev, Pope John Paul II, Carter, military parade, Kennedy, refugees, cuban life, Che,


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Israel's operation "Defensive Wall" against 200 Palestinian militants: Arafat, Ariel Sharon, Brezhnev, soldiers, wounded, children
10:39
SD RM master

Palestinian Territory, Bethlehem

Israel's operation "Defensive Wall" against 200 Palestinian militants: Arafat, Ariel Sharon, Brezhnev, soldiers, wounded, children

Israel's operation "Defensive Wall" against 200 Palestinian militants. 2002, Bethlehem: The siege and storming of the Nativity of Christ Sharon, Yasser Arafat, Terrorist attack in Jerusalem - 9 people were killed. Palestinians in Ramallah celebrate the murder of Jews. Temple "Razhdestva Christ," Bethlehem. From the bell tower shoots a Palestinian by Israeli soldiers. In the Temple of sheltering militants Palestinians. Israeli tanks patrolling Bethlehem Civilian casualties Palestinian Bethlehem Palestinian terrorists demonstrate the production zones of martyrs - suicide bombs natelnyh Destruction of clandestine laboratory Palestinian suicide bombers Repeated bombing in Jerusalem - the bus explosion Bethlehem - a group of Arabs held by an Israeli tank patrol Wounded Palestinian youths A wounded Palestinian man caught in the area of ​​the siege of the Nativity of Christ, Bethlehem The siege, 2 months, is completed. Church of the Nativity by Palestinian militants to leave, carrying their fallen comrades.


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Khrushchev: Brezhnev - award to Khrushchev
00:20
SD RM master

Soviet Union, Moscow

Khrushchev: Brezhnev - award to Khrushchev

Khrushchev : Brezhnev - award to Khrushchev


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Leonid Brezhnev: goes up the stairs to Lenin's mausoleum
00:16
SD RM master

Soviet Union, Moscow

Leonid Brezhnev: goes up the stairs to Lenin's mausoleum

Russia: goes up the stairs to Lenin's mausoleum: Brezhnev: goes up the stairs to Lenin's mausoleum goes up the stairs to Lenin's mausoleum


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Leonid Brezhnev: Scenes from the life of Brezhnev's - a funeral
04:05
SD RM master

Soviet Union

Leonid Brezhnev: Scenes from the life of Brezhnev's - a funeral

Soviet Union: Scenes from the life of Brezhnev's - a funeral (poor image quality)


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Leonid Brezhnev: Brezhnev and Antonín Novotný signed a contract
00:16
SD RM master

Czechoslovakia, Prague

Leonid Brezhnev: Brezhnev and Antonín Novotný signed a contract

Czechoslovakia: Brezhnev and Antonín Novotný signed a contract Antonín Novotný (10 December 1904–28 January 1975) was General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from 1953 to 1968, and also held the post of President of Czechoslovakia from 1957 to 1968. He was born in Letňany, now part of Prague. Antonín Novotný became a member of the Communist party in 1921. He later worked as a delegate to the 7th congress of Comintern (1935). Due to his involvement in the party's underground struggle, he was arrested in 1941 and imprisoned in the Mauthausen concentration camp where he served as Kapo.[1] He was liberated by American troops on 5 May 1945. After the war, Novotný became an important member of the communist party and was appointed as First Secretary in 1951, but a short time later resigned. However, when Rudolf Slánský was ousted from the post in 1953, Novotný succeeded him and thus became the de facto leader of Czechoslovakia when Klement Gottwald died later that year. He was reelected in 1958 and 1964. In 1957, he assumed the post of president, succeeding to Gottwald. While President Antonín Zápotocký and Prime Minister Viliam Široký wanted a less repressive way of governing, Novotný was able to outflank them because he had the backing of the Soviet Union. In late 1953, at a meeting in Moscow, Zápotocký and Široký were told to adhere to the principles of "collective leadership"--in other words, abandon power to Novotný. In the Czechoslovakia of Novotný, people continued to face strict government regulations in the arts and media, although they had loosened dramatically since Stalin's death in 1953 and the subsequent De-Stalinisation programmes of 1956. His quasi-authoritarian practices led to mounting calls for a new form of socialism over the unsatisfactory pace of change that would include the accountability, proper elections, and responsibility of leaders to society. Novotný's administration, however, still remained centralised for 10 years. But growing public unpopularity caused Novotný to lose his grip on power. He was forced to resign as party leader in January 1968 and was replaced by a reformer, Alexander Dubček. In March 1968, he lost the post of President and in May he resigned from the Central Committee of KSC. In 1971 during the period of normalization he was elected member of the central committee for the second time, but his political influence was minimal and he was too ill to be a strong force in the more moderate Gustáv Husák administration. He died on 28 January 1975 in Prague.


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Leonid Brezhnev: Brezhnev arrived in Prague by train - Dubcek and Svoboda accept
00:19
SD RM Russian

Czechoslovakia, Prague

Leonid Brezhnev: Brezhnev arrived in Prague by train - Dubcek and Svoboda accept

Brezhnev arrived in Prague by train - Dubcek and Svoboda accept


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Leonid Brezhnev: Kremlin's total - Brezhnev in his office discussing
00:29
SD RM Russian

Soviet Union, Moscow

Leonid Brezhnev: Kremlin's total - Brezhnev in his office discussing

Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Russian: About this sound Леони́д Ильи́ч Бре́жнев​ (help·info), December 19, 1906 – November 10, 1982) was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen year term as General Secretary was one of the lengthiest, second only to that of Joseph Stalin. During Brezhnev's rule, the global influence of the Soviet Union grew dramatically, in part because of the expansion of the Soviet Military during this time. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to support the fragile Marxist government located there, a move condemned by the West. His tenure as leader has often been criticized for marking the beginning of a period of economic stagnation, overlooking serious economic problems which eventually led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoe into a Ukrainian workers family. After graduating from the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum he became a metallurgical engineer in the iron and steel industry in Ukraine. He joined Komsomol in 1923 and, in 1929, joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, playing an active role in the party's affairs. In 1936, he was drafted into compulsory military service and later became a political commissar in a tank factory. In 1939, he was promoted Party Secretary of Dnipropetrovsk, an important military industrial complex. When Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, he was drafted into immediate military service. During his service, he met Nikita Khrushchev whom he later succeeded as General Secretary. He left the army in 1946 with the rank of Major General and was subsequently promoted to First Secretary of the Communist Party in Dnipropetrovsk. In 1950, he became deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, the highest legislative body in the country, and in 1952 became a member of the Central Committee. Brezhnev was appointed to the Presidium (formerly the Politburo) soon after. He became a Khrushchev protégé in government, but eventually orchestrated his overthrow and replaced him as General Secretary in 1964. As a leader, Brezhnev was a team player, and took care to consult his colleagues before acting, but his attempt to govern without meaningful economic reforms led to a national decline by the mid-1970s. His rule was marked by what later became known as the Brezhnev stagnation. A significant increase in military expenditures which by the time of Brezhnev's death stood at approximately 15 percent of the country's GNP, and an increasingly elderly and ineffective leadership set the stage for a dwindling GNP compared to Western nations. It was during this time that the full extent of government corruption became known, but Brezhnev refused to launch any major corruption investigations, claiming that no one lived just on their wages. On November 10, 1982, an ill Brezhnev died, and was quickly succeeded in his post as General Secretary by Yuri Andropov. While at the helm of the USSR, Brezhnev pushed for détente between the Eastern and Western countries. Brezhnev engaged in increased international trade with non-communist countries, most notably the United States. However, his view on tackling the reformist movement was not flexible, and in 1968 the USSR along with members states of the Warsaw Pact invaded Czechoslovakia. In the invasion's aftermath, the Soviet Union strengthened its hold on Eastern Europe and became tougher in its diplomatic relations abroad, particularly with Third World countries. His last major decision in power was to send Soviet military to Afghanistan in an attempt to save the fragile regime which fought a war against religious extremists. Brezhnev fostered a cult of personality, although not on the same level seen under Stalin. After his death the subsequent leader of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, denounced his legacy and drove the process of liberalization of the Soviet Union.


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Leonid Brezhnev: Birthday - Medal of the Brezhnev
00:37
SD RM Russian

Soviet Union, Moscow

Leonid Brezhnev: Birthday - Medal of the Brezhnev

Soviet Union:Birthday - Medal of the Brezhnev


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Leonid Brezhnev: Listening and sitting in the row, headphone, translate, leader, meeting, Communist Party, general secretary
00:04
SD RM master

Soviet Union

Leonid Brezhnev: Listening and sitting in the row, headphone, translate, leader, meeting, Communist Party, general secretary

Leonid Brezhnev: Listening and sitting in the row, headphone, translate, leader, meeting, Communist Party, general secretary


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Leonid Brezhnev: Arriving by train, meeting with Alexander Dubček, welcome, during Prague Spring at Bratislava conference
00:13
SD RM

Czechoslovakia, Bratislava

Leonid Brezhnev: Arriving by train, meeting with Alexander Dubček, welcome, during Prague Spring at Bratislava conference

Leonid Brezhnev: Arriving by train, meeting with Alexander Dubček, welcome, during Prague Spring at Bratislava conference


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Leonid Brezhnev: Moscow summit, meeting, discussion
00:26
SD RM

Soviet Union

Leonid Brezhnev: Moscow summit, meeting, discussion

Leonid Brezhnev: Moscow summit, meeting, discussion


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