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1932 - The Crisis: The End of the Weimar Republic (00:08:23)
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Title:

1932 - The Crisis: The End of the Weimar Republic

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Germany, Weimar, 30-01-1933

Description:

Perhaps the greatest catalyst for the collapse of the Republic lies in the Wall Street Crash, or more correctly its aftermath. The grounds for the German recovery were overly dependent on loans from America under the Dawes and then Young plans. However, with the Wall Street Crash of 1929, America was forced to recall her debts, this directly led to the deterioration of Germany"s economy and in turn party relations in the Riechstag, a catastrophic event when a country is ruled by coalitions. Following this, Heinrich Bruning was appointed as Chancellor in March 1930; it was the deterioration of the coalition system that led to Hindenburg allowing Bruning to rule by presidential decree, known as Article 48, should he require it. This meant that the Riechstag had to merely tolerate his decrees and not support them. Yet in 1930, the Riechstag refused Bruning"s emergency measures to compensate for the failing economy, which included cutting government spending on things such as wages and welfare payments. This led to an increase on imported goods, especially food, to help German farmers and the buying up of company shares by the government to support deflation. Bruning returned the measures under Article 48 and dissolved the Riechstag; he then called an election, as he believed that it would return a majority for him. This was his first mistake, as it resulted in the Nazi party becoming the second largest party in the Riechstag; and this meant that Bruning could now only rule by decree, providing that the Social Democrats did not move against him. And Bruning knew that they would not as they were fearful of a Nazi take-over. Bruning remained in power until 1932 and by 1933 Hitler was Chancellor, yet in the 8 months between their reigns there were still to be 2 other Chancellors, von Papen and Schleicher. The extraordinary thing is, however, is the fact that both supported Hitler"s appointment and pushed Hindenburg into it, against his better judgment. It was von Papen"s belief that he could control Hitler like a puppet. This is an ideal political position, the idea is that you retain power and use somebody else as your public face. If things go badly, your own career and reputation remain intact.


Other languages: show / hide


Bulgarian :

1932, Ваймар, криза, Република, безработица, националсоциализма, Хитлер кадри, Германският райх, избори, кампании, Прусия, аплодисменти, тълпи, безработните, гета, немски, градове, нацистки манифестации, демонстрации, комунисти, Хинденбург, 20-ти век, Адолф Хитлер, фюрер, нацистки, нацистката партия, канцлер на Германия, диктатор, от райхсканцлера, Националсоциалистическата германска работническа партия, Reichsheer, Германска империя, световна война II, война, Холокоста, моята борба, Mein Kampf, диктатура, тоталитарен, автократичен, нацизма, нова поръчка, Lebensraum, жилищни помещения, арийски хора, Хайл Хитлер, фашизъм, военачалник, политик, Демонстрация, избори, правителство, парламент, парти, гласуване, Егон Hanfstaengl, Марион Dönhoff, Гюнтер Шрьодер, Bruno Hähnel, Маркузе, Вайцзекер, ,


Chinese Traditional :

1932 年,魏瑪,危機,共和國、 失業率、 全國社會主義,希特勒的鏡頭,德國德國政府、 選舉、 運動,普魯士,歡呼的人群、 失業者、 貧民窟、 德國,城市,納粹遊行,遊行示威,共產黨人,興登堡,20 世紀,阿道夫 · 希特勒,元首,納粹,納粹党、 德國總理、 獨裁者、 Reichskanzler、 國家社會主義德國工人党,Reichsheer,德國帝國,世界戰爭 II,戰爭,大屠殺,我奮鬥,奮鬥,獨裁、 專制、 獨裁,納粹主義、 新秩序、 生存空間、 生存空間、 雅利安人,希特勒萬歲,法西斯主義,軍事領導人,政治家,示範,選舉、 政府、 議會、 政黨,投票,Egon 施滕格爾,馬里恩 Dönhoff,京特 · 施羅德,Bruno Hähnel、 瑪律庫塞,魏茨澤克,,


Danish :

1932, Weimar, krise, Republikken, arbejdsløshed, nationalsocialismen, Hitler optagelser, tyske rige, valg, kampagner, Preussen, hepper, skarer, arbejdsløse, slum, tyske, byer, nazistiske marcher, demonstrationer, kommunister, Hindenburg, 1900-tallet Adolf Hitler, Führer, nazistiske, nazistiske parti, Tysklands forbundskansler, diktator, Reichskanzler, nationalsocialistiske tyske Workers' Party, Reichsheer, tyske kejserrige, World War II, krig, holocaust, min kamp, Mein Kampf, diktatur, totalitære, autokratisk, nazisme, New Order, Lebensraum, boligareal, ariske folk, Heil Hitler, fascisme, militær leder, politiker, Demonstration, valg, regeringen, Parlamentet, part, stemme, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Finnish :

1932 Weimar, kriisi, tasavalta, työttömyys, Kansallissosialismi, Hitler materiaalia, Saksan valtakunnan, vaalit, kampanjat, Preussin hurraavat väkijoukkoja, työttömien, slummeissa, Saksan, kaupungit, natsien marsseja, mielenosoituksia, kommunistit Hindenburg, 1900-luvun Adolf Hitler, Führer, natsi, natsipuolueen, Saksan liittokansleri, diktaattori valtakunnankansleriksi, kansallissosialistisen Saksan työläisten puolue, Reichsheer, Saksan keisarikunta, World War II sodan, holocaust, taistelu, Mein Kampf diktatuuri, totalitaarisen itsevaltainen ja natsismin, uuden tilauksen, Lebensraum, elintilaa, arjalaisen kansan Heil Hitler fasismin, sotilasjohtaja ja poliitikko Esittelyä, vaalit, hallitus, parlamentti, ELDR äänestää Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schröder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Greek :

1932, Weimar, κρίση, Δημοκρατία, ανεργία, Εθνικός σοσιαλισμός, μήκος σε πόδηα του Χίτλερ, γερμανικό Ράιχ, εκλογή, εκστρατείες, Πρωσία, επευφημίες, πλήθη, άνεργοι, φτωχογειτονιές, γερμανικά, πόλεις, Ναζί πορείες, διαδηλώσεις, κομμουνιστές, Hindenburg, 20ου αιώνα, Ο Αδόλφος Χίτλερ, Φύρερ, ναζιστική, ναζιστικού κόμματος, καγκελάριος της Γερμανίας, δικτάτορας, καγκελάριος, εθνικό σοσιαλιστικό γερμανικό εργατικό κόμμα, Reichsheer, γερμανική αυτοκρατορία, ο παγκόσμιος πόλεμος ΙΙ, πόλεμος, Ολοκαύτωμα, μου αγώνα, το Μάιν Καμπφ δικτατορία, ολοκληρωτικές, αυταρχικές, ο ναζισμός, νέα τάξη, ζωτικού χώρου, εμβαδόν, άριος άνθρωποι, Heil Hitler, φασισμός, στρατιωτικός ηγέτης, πολιτικός, Επίδειξης, εκλογές, κυβέρνηση, Κοινοβούλιο, κόμμα, ψηφοφορία, Egon Hanfstaengl, Μάριον Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Μαρκούζε, Weizsäcker, ,


Haitian Creole :

1932, Weimar, kriz, Repiblik, chomaj, sosyalis la nasyonal, Hitler métrage, German Reich, eleksyon, campagnes, Prusse, alors, foule, emploi, bidonvilles, Almay, vil yo, mach Nazi yo, Des, kòminis lan, Hindenburg, 20tyèm syèk, Ke Nazis Adolf Hitler a, se te Führer, nazi, pati Nazi, Chanselye Germany, diktatè, Reichskanzler, sosyalis nasyonal, pati travayè Alman yo, Reichsheer, Alman anpi, Monde lagè II, lagè, te di, mwen bat ak lavi, Mein Kampf, diktati, totalite, régime, Nazism, nouvo lòd, Lebensraum, plas ki vivan, Aryenne moun, Heil Hitler, fascism, lidè militè, politisyen, Demonstrasyon, elèksyon yo, gouvènman an, palman an, pati, vote, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Hebrew :

1932, ויימאר, משבר, הרפובליקה, אבטלה, סוציאליזם, היטלר מדה, הרייך הגרמני, הבחירות, קמפיינים, פרוסיה, עידוד, קהל, מובטלים, העוני, גרמני, ערים, צעדות הנאצי, הפגנות, קומוניסטים, הינדנבורג, המאה ה-20, אדולף היטלר, הפיהרר, נאצים, המפלגה הנאצית, קאנצלר גרמניה, דיקטטור, Reichskanzler, נאציונל-סוציאליסט, ' מפלגת הפועלים הגרמניים, Reichsheer, האימפריה הגרמנית, העולם מלחמה II, המלחמה, השואה, המאבק מיין קאמפף, דיקטטורה, הטוטליטרי, אוטוקרטי, נאציזם, סדר חדש, שהאלבנים, מרחב מחיה, ארי אנשים, הייל היטלר, פשיזם, מפקד צבא, פוליטיקאי, הפגנה, הבחירות, הממשלה, הפרלמנט, מסיבה, הצבעה, אגון האנפסטנגל, מריון Dönhoff, גינתר שרודר, Bruno Hähnel, מרקוזה, וויזסאקר, ,


Hindi :

1932, Weimar, संकट, गणतंत्र, बेरोजगारी, राष्ट्रीय समाजवाद, हिटलर फुटेज, जर्मन रेक, चुनाव, अभियानों, Prussia, उत्साही, भीड़, बेरोजगारों, झुग्गी बस्तियों, जर्मन, शहरों, नाजी जुलूस, प्रदर्शनों, कम्युनिस्टों, Hindenburg, 20 वीं सदी, एडॉल्फ हिटलर, Führer, नाजी, नाजी पार्टी, जर्मनी की चांसलर, तानाशाह, Reichskanzler, नेशनल सोशलिस्ट, जर्मन श्रमिक पार्टी, Reichsheer, जर्मन साम्राज्य, विश्व युद्ध II, युद्ध, प्रलय, मेरा संघर्ष, धारण Mein Kampf, तानाशाही, अधिनायकवादी, निरंकुश, फ़ासिज़्म, नई आदेश, Lebensraum, रहने की जगह, आर्यन लोगों, Heil हिटलर, फासीवाद, सैन्य नेता, राजनेता, प्रदर्शन, चुनाव, सरकार, संसद, पार्टी, मतदान, इगोन Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, गुंठर Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Indonesian :

Tahun 1932, Weimar, krisis, Republik, pengangguran, Nasional sosialisme, rekaman Hitler, Jerman Reich, pemilu, kampanye, Prusia, bersorak-sorai, kerumunan, menganggur, kumuh, kota-kota, pawai Nazi Jerman, demonstrasi, Komunis, Hindenburg, abad ke-20 Adolf Hitler, Führer, nazi, Partai Nazi, Kanselir Jerman, diktator, Reichskanzler, Sosialis Nasional, Partai Buruh Jerman, Reichsheer, Kekaisaran Jerman, dunia perang II, perang, holocaust, saya perjuangan, Mein Kampf, kediktatoran, totalitarian, otokratis, Nazisme, Orde Baru, Ruang, ruang hidup, orang-orang Aryan, Heil Hitler, fasisme, pemimpin militer dan politikus, Demonstrasi, pemilihan umum, pemerintah, Parlemen, Partai, pemungutan suara, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Italian :

1932, Weimar, crisi, Repubblica, disoccupazione, nazionalsocialismo, filmati di Hitler, il Reich tedesco, elezione, campagne, Prussia, tifo, folle, disoccupati, baraccopoli, tedesco, naziste marche, città, dimostrazioni, comunisti, Hindenburg, XX secolo, Adolf Hitler, Führer, nazista, partito nazista, cancelliere di Germania, dittatore, Reichskanzler, socialista nazionale, il partito tedesco dei lavoratori, Reichsheer, Impero tedesco, World War II, guerra, Olocausto, la mia lotta, Mein Kampf, dittatura, totalitario, autocratico, nazismo, ordine nuovo, Lebensraum, spazio vitale, gente Aryan, Heil Hitler, fascismo, leader militare, politico, Dimostrazione, elezioni, governo, Parlamento, partito, voto, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Japanese :

1932 年に、ワイマール、危機、共和国、失業、国家社会主義、ヒトラーの映像、ドイツのドイツ国、選挙、キャンペーン、応援、群衆、失業、スラム街、プロイセン ドイツ都市、ナチスの行進、デモンストレーション、共産主義者、Hindenburg、20 世紀アドルフ ・ ヒトラー、総統、ナチス、ナチ党、ドイツの一等書記官、独裁者、Reichskanzler、国家社会主義ドイツ労働者党、Reichsheer、ドイツ帝国、世界戦争 II, 戦争, ホロコースト, 私の闘争, 我が闘争、独裁政治、全体主義、独裁、ナチズム、新しい順序、Lebensraum、リビング スペース、アーリア人、Heil Hitler、ファシズム、軍事指導者、政治家、デモでは、選挙、政府、議会、党、投票、エゴン Hanfstaengl マリオン Dönhoff、Günther シュレーダー、Bruno Hähnel、マルクーゼ、Weizsäcker、,


Korean :

1932 년, 바이마르, 위기, 공화국, 실업, 나치즘, 히틀러 영상, 독일 독일, 선거, 캠페인, Prussia, 응원, 군중, 실업자, 빈민가, 독일, 도시, 나치 행진, 시위, 공산주의자, 힌덴부르크, 20 세기 아돌프 히틀러, 총통, 나치, 나치, 독일 장관, 독재자, Reichskanzler, 국가 사회주의 독일 노동자 당, Reichsheer, 독일 제국, 세계 전쟁 II, 전쟁, 홀로 코스트, 나의 투쟁, 나의 투쟁, 독재, 전체 주의 독재, 사회주의 새로운 질서, Lebensraum, 생활 공간, 아리아 사람, 히틀러 히틀러 파시즘, 군사 지도자, 정치인, 데모, 선거, 정부, 의회, 투표, 에곤 Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, 귄터 슈뢰더, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, 파티,


Latvian :

1932, Weimar, krīze, Republikas, bezdarbs, Nacionālais sociālisms, Hitlers kadrus, Vācu Reiha, vēlēšanu kampaņām, Prūsija, sajūsmas saucieni, pūļus, bezdarbniekiem, graustu, vācu, pilsētām, nacistu gājieni, demonstrācijas, komunisti, Hindenburgs, 20. gadsimta Ādolfs Hitlers, fīrers, nacistu, nacistu partijas, Vācijas kanclers, diktators, Reichskanzler, valstu Sociāldemokrātu, vācu strādnieku partija, Reichsheer, Vācijas impērija, World War II, karš, holokausts, mana cīņa, Mein Kampf, diktatūra, totalitārā autokrātisko, nacismu, New Order, Lebensraum, dzīvojamās telpas, āriešu cilvēkus Heil Hitler, fašismu, militārais līderis, politiķis, Demonstrācija, vēlēšanas, valdības, Parlamenta, partija, balsojot, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Markūze, Veiczekers, ,


Polish :

1932, Weimar, kryzys, Republika, bezrobocia, Narodowy socjalizm, długość mierzona w stopach Hitlera, Rzeszy, wybory, kampanie, Prus, doping, tłumy, bezrobotnych, slumsy, niemiecki, miast, nazistowskich marsze, demonstracje, komuniści, Hindenburg, XX wieku, Adolf Hitler, Führer, nazistowskich, NSDAP, kanclerz Niemiec, dyktator, wzmogła, narodowego socjalizmu, Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, Reichsheer, Cesarstwo Niemieckie, World War II wojny, holocaust, moje zmagania, Mein Kampf, dyktatura, totalitaryzmu, autokratyczny, nazizm, New Order, Lebensraum, przestrzeni życiowej, ludzie aryjskiej, Heil Hitler, faszyzm, dowódca wojskowy, polityk, Demonstracja, Wybory, rząd, Parlament, party, głosowania, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Romanian :

1932, Weimar, criza, Republica, şomaj, naţional-socialism, picior de Hitler, Reich-ului German, alegeri, campanii, Prusia, aplauze, mulţimile, şomeri, mahalale, germană, oraşe, nazist marşuri, demonstraţii, comunisti, Hindenburg, al XX-lea, Adolf Hitler, Führer, nazist, Partidul nazist, cancelar al Germaniei, dictatorul, Reichskanzler, Naţional Socialist, Partidul Muncitoresc German, Reichsheer, Imperiul german, lume război II, război, holocaust, lupta meu, Mein Kampf, dictatura, totalitare, autocrată, nazismul, noua ordine, Lebensraum, spaţiu de locuit, ariene oameni, Heil Hitler, fascismului, lider militar, om politic, Demonstraţie, alegeri, guvernului, Parlamentului, Partidul, vot, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Russian :

1932, Веймар, кризис, Республика, безработица, национал-социализм, Гитлер кадры, Немецкий рейх, выборы, кампании, Пруссия, аплодисменты, толпы, безработных, трущобах, немецкий, городов, нацистские марши, демонстрации, коммунисты, Гинденбург, XX века, Адольф Гитлер, фюрер нацистской, нацистской партии, канцлер Германии, диктатор, рейхсканцлером, национал-социалистической немецкой рабочей партии, имперская, Германской империи, мировой войны II, война, Холокост, моя борьба, Mein Kampf, диктатуры, тоталитарного, авторитарного, нацизм, новый порядок, Lebensraum, жизненное пространство, арийского народа, Хайль Гитлер, фашизм, полководец, политик, Демонстрация, выборы, правительство, парламент, партии, голосование, Эгон Ганфштенгль, Марион октября, Гюнтер Шредер, Bruno Hähnel, Маркузе, Вайцзеккер, ,


Slovenian :

1932, Weimar krize, republika, brezposelnost, Nacional socializem, Hitler posnetkov, nemškega rajha, volitve, akcije, Prusija, navijajo, množice, nezaposlenih, revnih četrti, nemška mesta, nacistični pohodov, demonstracije, komunisti, Hindenburg, stoletja, Adolf Hitler, Führer, nazi, nacistične stranke, kancler Nemčije, diktator, kancler, National Socialist, nemška delavska stranka, Reichsheer, nemško cesarstvo, svetovne vojne II, vojne, holokavst, moj boj, Mein Kampf, diktatura, totalitarnih, avtokratske, nacizma novega reda, Lebensraum, življenjski prostor, ljudje Aryan, Heil Hitler, fašizma, vojaški voditelj, politik, Predstavitev, volitve, vlada, parlament, stranka, glasovanja, Egon Hanfstaengl, Marion Dönhoff, Günther Schroeder, Bruno Hähnel, Marcuse, Weizsäcker, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Hitler, Adolf

(german conductor) , speaking German:
-  "„ They can repress us, even kill us, I don’t mind, but we will never capitulate.“"

Marion Dönhoff

(student in a german school, 1932) , speaking German:
-  "He described it so believably, the wonderful things he would realise after having been elected, that people believed with reason that he was their saviour. "

Marion Dönhoff

(student in a german school, 1932) , speaking German:
-  "People believed in a miracle worker, because they were embittered. And then came somebody, who had strong self-confidence and who could impress people with the strength of hypnosis. "

Marcuse, Hans

(Supporter of the German Communist Party) , speaking German:
-  "“We could choose: the Soviet Germany or National Socialist Germany, but at that time people said – or rather the communists said that – who chooses Hitler, chooses war.“ "

Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich von

(university student in Germany, 1990s) , speaking German:
-  "One could see that this could not go on like that. People felt that something radically new had to happen. "

Hähnel, Bruno

(NSDAP member of those times) , speaking German:
-  "The financial situation of the NSDAP from the first day till the last one was very hard. In the first few months they kept the membership certificates of the new members at the local offices, so that they could collect the first few months’ membership fees on a local level and only after that they sent the certificates to headquarters in Munich. "

Schroeder, Günther

(witness when the end of the Weimar republic was) , speaking German:
-  "They had high boots, belt buckles on their trousers, rifle slings and honours – this cost a fortune in those times, but all of them had a uniform. It had to be financed somehow. "

Marion Dönhoff

(student in a german school, 1932) , speaking German:
-  "There were no people who could have been suitable for this task, who would have been ready to risk their lives or reputation. "

Schroeder, Günther

(witness when the end of the Weimar republic was) , speaking German:
-  "They started to hit each other with sticks and slats of the fence. This had nothing to do with the election campaign – it was rather a smaller civil war. "

Marion Dönhoff

(student in a german school, 1932) , speaking German:
-  "Altogether with the families this was at least a quarter of the population and they hardly had any social care. A few years ago I checked it, 10 Mark 50 pfennig was the allotment for a four-or five-member family. A lot of people were starving. "

Marion Dönhoff

(student in a german school, 1932) , speaking German:
-  "Nobody knew what democracy meant, they had no idea about that and nobody wanted it. Everybody trusted in the right wing; they said, this is the end, the cleft where left wing, this “homeless” society, wants to push us. "

Hanfstaengl, Egon

(son of Hitler’s press chief) , speaking German:
-  "The biggest innovation was the flight tour around the country. This way Hitler had the opportunity to hold speeches in different locations in the morning and in the afternoon on mass meetings, in different German cities. "

Hitler, Adolf

(german conductor) , speaking German:
-  "“We have chosen an aim for ourselves and we are fanatically fighting for it, relentlessly till we die if needed... “"

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_1959

Uploaded:

18-12-2010 20:02:45

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