1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin (00:08:23)

Show available content from this video:

You can download the latest Adobe Flash Player here, then you have to enable the Javascript in your browser!

If you use iPhone, iPad, iPod, etc. try using Skyfire the ultimate browser




download link will be emailed after the payment is completed

Available formats: PAL: SD 720x576 25 fps 4.166 Kbit/sec
NTSC: SD 720x486 29,97 fps 4.166 Kbit/sec
Filesize: 250 Mb
Download format - web quality: 480x360 800 Kbit/sec
Sound: 192 Kbit/sec 48 KHz stereo
Still images from SD video jpg 720x576
Documents: html


Click to view the video from this part!
show images
1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin - 0001.sec 1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin - 0188.sec 1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin - 0251.sec 1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin - 0315.sec 1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin - 0499.sec


1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

United Kingdom, Oxford, 1928


Penicillin (sometimes abbreviated PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics derived from Penicillium fungi. Penicillin antibiotics are historically significant because they are the first drugs that were effective against many previously serious diseases such as syphilis and Staphylococcus infections. Penicillins are still widely used today, though many types of bacteria are now resistant. All penicillins are Beta-lactam antibiotics and are used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually Gram-positive, organisms.

The term "penicillin" can also refer to the mixture of substances that are naturally, and organically, produced

Sir Alexander Fleming (August 6, 1881 – March 11, 1955) discovered the antibiotic substance lysozyme and isolated the antibiotic substance penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum. In September 1928, he was sorting through the many idle experiments strewn about his lab. He inspected each specimen before discarding it and noticed an interesting fungal colony had grown as a contaminant on one of the agar plates streaked with the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. Fleming inspected the Petri dish further and found that the bacterial colonies around the fungus were transparent because their cells were undergoing the process of lysis. Lysis is the breakdown of cells, and in this case, potentially harmful bacteria. The importance was immediately recognized; however, the discovery was still underestimated. Fleming issued a publication about penicillin in the British Journal of Experimental Pathology in 1929. Fleming worked with the mould for some time, but refining and growing it was a difficult process better suited to chemists. Fleming”s impression was that, because of the problem of producing the drug in quantity and because its action seemed slow, it would not be an important resource for treating infection. Furthermore, his initial paper was not well received in the medical community. Fleming, therefore, did not pursue the subject further. It was left to two other scientists, Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain, to develop a method of purifying penicillin to an effective form. Through their work, the drug was available for mass distribution during World War II. For his achievements, Fleming was knighted in 1944. Fleming, Florey, and Chain were the joint recipients of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945. Florey was later given the honor of a peerage for his monumental work in making penicillin available to the public and saving millions of lives in World War II.

In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming made a chance discovery from an already discarded, contaminated Petri dish. The mold that had contaminated the experiment turned out to contain a powerful antibiotic, penicillin. However, though Fleming was credited with the discovery, it was over a decade before someone else turned penicillin into the miracle drug for the 20th century.

Other languages: show / hide

Catalan :

1928, penicil·lina, Alexander Fleming, medicina, Guerra Mundial, el Premi Nobel, Research, Regne Unit, Oxford, malaltia, Penicillium, PCN, bolígraf, antibiòtics, Staphylococcus, infeccions, bacteris, antibiòtics Beta-lactàmics, Penicillium notatum, sífilis, gangrena, tuberculosi, biòleg, farmacòleg, del segle XX, descobriment, mèdic, medicinal, medicament, medicament, salut, hospital, malalts, pacient, curació, hospital St Mary, penicil·lina G, penicil·lina procaïna, mitjançant penicil·lina benzatina, penicil·lina V, infeccions bacterianes, imatges de descobriment, seqüències de Medicina, seqüències de malaltia, Norman Heatley, Hans Schadewaldt, Nathan Reed, ,

Chinese Traditional :

1928 年,青黴素,亞歷山大 · 弗萊明、 醫藥、 世界大戰、 諾貝爾獎、 研究,聯合王國、 牛津大學、 疾病、 青黴、 PCN、 鋼筆、 抗生素、 葡萄球菌、 感染、 細菌、 β-內醯胺類抗生素、 特異青黴菌、 梅毒、 壞疽、 肺結核、 生物學家、 藥理學家,20 世紀,發現、 醫療、 藥用、 藥物、 藥劑、 衛生、 醫院、 病人、 病人、 癒合、 聖瑪麗醫院、 青黴素 G、 普魯卡因青黴素、 苄星青黴素,青黴素 V,細菌感染,發現畫面醫學素材疾病的影片片段,諾曼 · 希特利,Hans Schadewaldt、 彌敦道蘆葦,

Estonian :

1928, penitsilliini, Alexander Fleming, meditsiin, maailmasõda, Nobeli preemia, teadus, Suurbritannia, Oxford, haiguse, Penicillium, PCN, pliiats, antibiootikumid, Staphylococcus, infektsioonid, bakterid, beeta-laktaamantibiootikumide Penicillium notatum süüfilis gangreenita tuberkuloosi bioloog, farmakoloog, 20. sajandi Discovery, meditsiini, ravimite, ravi, ravim, tervise, haigla, haige, patsient, tervendav, St Mary haigla, penitsilliin G, prokaiin penitsilliini, benzathine penitsilliini, penitsilliin V, bakteriaalsed infektsioonid, Discovery filmimaterjali, meditsiin filmimaterjali, haiguse filmimaterjali, Norman Heatley, Hans Schadewaldt, Nathan Reed, ,

Finnish :

penisilliini, 1928 Alexander Fleming, lääketiede, maailmansodan, Nobel-palkinnon, tutkimus, Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta, Oxford, sairaus, Penicillium, PCN, kynä, antibiootteja, Staphylococcus, infektioita, bakteerit, beetalaktaamiantibioottien, Penicillium tehdä, kuppa, kuolio, tuberkuloosi, biologi, aivotutkija 1900-luvun Discovery, lääketieteen, lääkkeiden, lääkitys, lääke, terveys, sairaala, sairas, potilas, healing, St Mary sairaala, penisilliini G, prokaiini penisilliini, bentsatiinibentsyylipenisilliiniä penisilliini, penisilliini V, bakteeri-infektioita, Discovery materiaalia, lääke materiaalia, sairauden materiaalia, Norman Heatley, Hans Schadewaldt, Nathan Reed, ,

Greek :

1928, πενικιλίνη, Αλέξανδρος Φλέμινγκ, ιατρική, παγκόσμιος πόλεμος, βραβείο Νόμπελ, έρευνα, Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο, Οξφόρδη, ασθένεια, Penicillium PCN, στυλό, αντιβιοτικά, σταφυλόκοκκος, λοιμώξεις, βακτήρια, β-λακτάμης αντιβιοτικά, Penicillium notatum, σύφιλη, γάγγραινα, φυματίωση, βιολόγος, φαρμακολόγος, 20ου αιώνα, ανακάλυψη, ιατρικό, φαρμακευτικό, φαρμακευτική αγωγή, φάρμακο, υγεία, νοσοκομείο, αρρώστους, ασθενής, επούλωση, νοσοκομείο St Mary, πενικιλλίνη G, προκαΐνη πενικιλίνη, Βενζαθινικής πενικιλλίνης, πενικιλλίνη V, βακτηριακές λοιμώξεις, ανακάλυψη πλάνα, υλικό ιατρικής, ασθένεια πλάνα, Norman ΧΙΤΛΙ, Hans Schadewaldt, Nathan Reed, ,

Italian :

1928, penicillina, Alexander Fleming, medicina, guerra mondiale, premio Nobel, ricerca, Regno Unito, Oxford, malattia, Penicillium, NCP, penna, antibiotici, stafilococco, infezioni, batteri, antibiotici Beta-lattamici, Penicillium notatum, sifilide, cancrena, tubercolosi, biologo, farmacologo, XX secolo, scoperta medica, medicinale, farmaco, medicamento, salute, ospedale, malato, paziente, guarigione, St. Mary hospital, penicillina G, penicillina procaina, penicillina della benzatina, penicillina V, infezioni batteriche, filmati di scoperta, filmati di medicina, riprese di malattia, Norman Heatley, Hans Schadewaldt, Nathan Reed, ,

Sound Bite and conversation:

Schadewaldt, Hans

(Medicine Historian, penicillin) , speaking German:
-  "The propaganda minister of the Empire prohibited the German press – and he could prohibit in a totalitarian state – to use the word penicillin. He wanted the people to know about a German invention, Domagk. He never wanted to admit that the English had found a very efficient agent, penicillin. "

Schadewaldt, Hans

(Medicine Historian, penicillin) , speaking German:
-  "Hitler’s doctor, Morell, wrote a study where he identified penicillin as a new medicine. This case study was immediately encrypted and only a few people got to read this document. So even doctors were not allowed to know about it. "

Schadewaldt, Hans

(Medicine Historian, penicillin) , speaking German:
-  "We only suspected that a new medicine had been discovered. They said that the Americans had something similar. In North Africa they found a sizeable quantity of penicillin in English warehouses. But this was only stolen material and not from their own production. "

Heatley, Norman

(Penicillin researcher) , speaking English:
-  "On one side they try to kill as many people as possible – on the other side they have a medicine that could save the lives of those soldiers who would die without the medicine. This was a great military advantage. "

Heatley, Norman

(Penicillin researcher) , speaking English:
-  "We started our research as the war broke out on 1st October 1939. "

Heatley, Norman

(Penicillin researcher) , speaking English:
-  "“He realised that the fungus contained some substance which stopped the development of the streptococcus. This was penicillin.” "

Heatley, Norman

(Penicillin researcher) , speaking English:
-  "At that time no-one took him seriously and soon they forgot his discovery. Surely nobody would remember this. If Fleming would not have recorded it, today we would not have penicillin. "




color audio


Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:



15-11-2010 15:30:53

Rights-ready pricing
Your price:
Requires all project details to be selected

How to buy/download?

video  image  sound  text  all

I am Hédi, can I help you?

mail  skype  call