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1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini (00:08:20)
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Title:

1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Iran, Teheran, 04-11-1979

Description:

The Iranian Revolution was the 1979 revolution that transformed Iran from an autocratic pro-west monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to an Islamic, theocratic democracy under the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini. The revolution is divided into two stages: the first saw an alliance of liberal, leftist, and religious groups oust the Shah; the second stage, often named the Islamic Revolution, saw the ayatollahs come to power. The Shah had been in power since 1941, with a brief interruption in 1953; through the 1960s and 1970s he faced continued opposition, from religious figures as well as from urban middle classes, who were not among the wealthy elite benefitting from the Shah”s extravagance, and who supported a constitutional democracy. The Shah enforced a strict regime, imprisoning hundreds of political activists and enforcing censorship laws. While living conditions for most of the population were poor, there was little popular demand for constitutional reform. In 1978 a series of protests, triggered by a libelous story attacking Khomeini in the official press, created an escalating cycle of violence until, on December 12, over two million people filled the streets of Azadi Square in Tehran to protest against the Shah. The army began to disintegrate as conscripts refused to fire on demonstrators and began to switch sides. The Shah agreed to introduce a more moderate constitution, but it was too late for compromise. The majority of the population was loyal to Khomeini, and when he called for a complete end to the monarchy the Shah was forced to flee the country on January 16, 1979. Khomeini returned to Iran on February 1, invited by the anti-Shah revolution already in progress, and rapidly displaced the more moderate elements, creating an Islamic Republic with Khomeini as Supreme Leader


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Greek :

1979, Ιράν, Ισλάμ, Τεχεράνη, Αγιατολάχ Χομεϊνί, Jimmy Carter Πρόεδρε Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary άρρωστος, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, ιρανική επανάσταση, ο Χομεϊνί στην Γαλλία, καύση Shahbild, Shah αφήνει Ιράν, Shah στη Νέα Υόρκη, νοσοκομείο, αντι-αμερικανική διαδήλωση στην Τεχεράνη, θέλουμε το Shah, Carter μήνυμα των Χριστουγέννων, ελικόπτερο, Ιράκ-Ιράν war, U.S. εκλογές, Κάρτερ παραιτείται, Carter ομιλία, Διάσημοι άνθρωποι, γνωστή προσωπικότητα, θρησκεία, ο Θεός, πολιτική, ,


Hebrew :

1979, איראן, האסלאם, בטהראן, איתאללה ח'מיני, ג'ימי קרטר נשיא ארצות הברית, שאה, ח'ומייני Hassan Abol, ברוס ליינג, Michael Metrinko, איברהים Yazdır, Gary חולה, ג'ון Limbert, Barry רוזן, Hadian נסאר, המהפכה האיראנית, חומייני ב צרפת, Shahbild בוער, שאה משאיר איראן, שאה ב ניו יורק, בית החולים, הפגנה אנטי-אמריקאי בטהראן, אנחנו רוצים השאה, הודעת חג המולד של קרטר, מסוק, עיראק-איראן war, U.S. הבחירות, קרטר מתפטר, הנאום של קרטר, אנשים מפורסמים, אישיות מפורסמת, דת, אלוהים. פוליטיקה, ,


Thai :

1979 อิหร่าน อิสลาม เตหะราน โคเมื่อ จิมมีคาร์เตอร์ประธานาธิบดีสหรัฐอเมริกา ชาห์ Abol Hassan Banisadr บรูซ Laing, Michael Metrinko, Yazdır อิบรอฮีม Gary ป่วย จอห์น Limbert โร Barry, Nassar Hadian ปฏิวัติอิหร่าน อิหร่าน ชาห์ในนิวยอร์ก โรงพยาบาล เดินขบวนต่อต้านอเมริกันในเตหรานออกจากโคในประเทศฝรั่งเศส Shahbild เขียน ชาห์ เราต้องชาห์ ข้อความวันคริสต์มาสของคาร์เตอร์ เฮลิคอปเตอร์ อิรักอิหร่าน war, U.S การเลือก ตั้ง คาร์เตอร์ resignsคำพูดของคาร์เตอร์ คนที่มีชื่อเสียง บุคลิกภาพที่มีชื่อเสียง ศาสนา พระเจ้า การเมือง,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "The Americans explained the action, as a humanitarian action. Although, everything which was planned in the United States of America was aggressive."

Yazdi, Ibrahim

(Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Iranian revolutionary government ) , speaking English:
-  "Khomeini used the hijacking in an admirable way, to enhance the power of the clerical order. "

Metrinko, Michael

(Political officer, American embassy) , speaking English:
-  "America got weaker. Though the situation gave a feeling of togetherness and pride which was lost in Vietnam."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "One of the guards braced his cold gun to my head and said if I didn’t answer his questions in ten seconds, he would kill me right away."

Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "We closed them into the bedroom and other rooms in a way so that we could control them. We separated the men from each other."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "They had automatic weapons. I asked them to leave my office. They replied in their own language. They ordered me to shut up, because I am their hostage."

Hadian, Yasser

(Professor, University of Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "They thought they were martyrs. When they decided to climb through the fence, they were ready to die."

Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "The occupation of the embassy was a reaction to America’s action. The entry permit of the Shah meant a crime against the revolution for us."

Yazdi, Ibrahim

(Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Iranian revolutionary government ) , speaking English:
-  "Soon it became a symbol. He handled the crowd with very good sense. He understood their complaints and negative attitude towards the Shah and the foreign influence."

Yazdi, Ibrahim

(Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Iranian revolutionary government ) , speaking English:
-  "A lot of Iranians looked at America, as something extremely responsible for the crimes and despotism of the Shah."

Metrinko, Michael

(Political officer, American embassy) , speaking English:
-  "He counted always as „our Iranian person“. Iran used to be our oil-source, belonged to the best customers of the military equipment, and protected us, in its way from the Soviet Union."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "I looked out of my window and saw that these young Iranians, with their protesting boards were climbing over the fence and wanted to get to the gate of the embassy. This was the most memorable day of my life."

Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "We were really scared. It was 99% sure that the security people of the embassy would shoot us."

Metrinko, Michael

(Political officer, American embassy) , speaking English:
-  "It was a real war. Suddenly we needed diplomatic relationships and weapons, which we didn’t find important before. All these were urgent, we needed them as soon as possible."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "In the long term it resulted in the fact, that the Islamic, first of all the Iran Islamic became a devil concept for us."

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_1979_engl_2012

Uploaded:

15-11-2010 12:15:39

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