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1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini (00:08:20)
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Title:

1979 - The Revolution in Iran: Ayatollah Khomeini

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Iran, Teheran, 04-11-1979

Description:

The Iranian Revolution was the 1979 revolution that transformed Iran from an autocratic pro-west monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to an Islamic, theocratic democracy under the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini. The revolution is divided into two stages: the first saw an alliance of liberal, leftist, and religious groups oust the Shah; the second stage, often named the Islamic Revolution, saw the ayatollahs come to power. The Shah had been in power since 1941, with a brief interruption in 1953; through the 1960s and 1970s he faced continued opposition, from religious figures as well as from urban middle classes, who were not among the wealthy elite benefitting from the Shah”s extravagance, and who supported a constitutional democracy. The Shah enforced a strict regime, imprisoning hundreds of political activists and enforcing censorship laws. While living conditions for most of the population were poor, there was little popular demand for constitutional reform. In 1978 a series of protests, triggered by a libelous story attacking Khomeini in the official press, created an escalating cycle of violence until, on December 12, over two million people filled the streets of Azadi Square in Tehran to protest against the Shah. The army began to disintegrate as conscripts refused to fire on demonstrators and began to switch sides. The Shah agreed to introduce a more moderate constitution, but it was too late for compromise. The majority of the population was loyal to Khomeini, and when he called for a complete end to the monarchy the Shah was forced to flee the country on January 16, 1979. Khomeini returned to Iran on February 1, invited by the anti-Shah revolution already in progress, and rapidly displaced the more moderate elements, creating an Islamic Republic with Khomeini as Supreme Leader


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Arabic :

الثورة الإيرانية، ويترك الخميني في فرنسا، شاهبيلد الحرق، شاه إيران، شاه في نيويورك، ومستشفى، ومظاهره معادية للأمريكيين في طهران عام 1979، إيران، الإسلام، طهران، أية الله الخميني، وجيمي كارتر رئيس الولايات المتحدة، شاه، وأبو Hassan بني صدر، لينغ بروس، Michael ميترينكو، Yazdır إبراهيم، Gary المرضى، جون لمبرت، روزين Barry، هديان نصار،، ونحن نريد الشاه، رسالة في كارتر عيد الميلاد، وطائرات الهليكوبتر، والعراق وإيران war, U.S. الانتخابات، استقال كارتر ، خطاب كارتر، الشعب الشهيرة، وشخصية مشهورة، الدين، والله، السياسة،,


Bulgarian :

1979, Иран, исляма, Техеран, аятолах Хомейни, Джими Картър президент Съединените щати, шах, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Брус Ленг, Michael Metrinko, Ибрахим Yazdır, Gary болни, Джон Limbert, Barry Росен, Nassar Hadian ирански революция, Хомейни във Франция, изгаряне Shahbild шах листа Иран, шах в Ню Йорк, болница, анти американска демонстрация в Техеран, искаме шах, Картър Коледа съобщение, хеликоптер, Ирак-Иран war, U.S. избори, Картър се оттегля , Картър реч, известни личности, известни личност, религия, Бог, политика, ,


Catalan :

1979, Iran, Islam, Teheran, l'aiatol Khomeini, Jimmy Carter President dels Estats Units, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary malalt, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, la revolució iraniana, Khomeini a França, ardor Shahbild, Shah deixa l'Iran, Shah a Nova York, hospital, demostració d'anti-americà a Teheran, volem el Shah, missatge de Nadal de Carter, helicòpter, l'Iraq-Iran war, U.S. eleccions, Carter dimiteix , Discurs de Carter, gent famosa, la famosa personalitat, religió, Déu, política, ,


Chinese Simplified :

1979 年,伊朗,伊斯兰教,德黑兰、 阿亚图拉霍梅尼、 吉米 · 卡特总统美国、 沙、 即位成为 Hassan Banisadr、 布鲁斯 · 莱恩、 Michael 梅特林科、 易卜拉欣 Yazdır,Gary 生病、 约翰 · 利伯特、 Barry 罗森,纳塞尔海淀伊朗革命,霍梅尼在法国,燃烧 Shahbild Shah 离开伊朗,沙阿在纽约,医院,在德黑兰的反美示威,我们希望沙阿卡特的圣诞节消息、 直升机、 伊拉克伊朗 war, U.S.选举,卡特辞职卡特的讲话 著名的人物,著名的个性, 宗教、 上帝, 政治,,


Chinese Traditional :

1979 年,伊朗,伊斯蘭教,德黑蘭、 阿亞圖拉霍梅尼、 吉米 · 卡特總統美國、 沙、 即位成為 Hassan Banisadr、 布魯斯 · 萊恩、 Michael 梅特林科、 易卜拉欣 Yazdır,Gary 生病、 約翰 · 利伯特、 Barry 羅森,納塞爾海澱伊朗革命,霍梅尼在法國,燃燒 Shahbild Shah 離開伊朗,沙阿在紐約,醫院,在德黑蘭的反美示威,我們希望沙阿卡特的耶誕節消息、 直升機、 伊拉克伊朗 war, U.S.選舉,卡特辭職卡特的講話 著名的人物,著名的個性, 宗教、 上帝, 政治,,


Danish :

1979, Iran, Islam, Teheran, Ayatollah Khomeini, Jimmy Carter præsident USA, Shah, Sarahs Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary syg, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, iranske revolution, Khomeini i Frankrig, brændende Shahbild, Shah forlader Iran, Shah i New York, hospital, anti-amerikanske demonstration i Teheran, vi ønsker Shah, Carters julehilsen, helikopter, Irak og Iran war, U.S. valg, Carter fratræder , Carters tale, berømte mennesker, berømte personlighed, religion, Gud, politik, ,


Estonian :

1979, Iraan, Islam, Teheran, ajatolla Khomeini, Jimmy Carter President Ameerika Ühendriikides, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary haige, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, Iraani revolutsioon, Prantsusmaa, põletavad Shahbild, Shah Khomeini jätab Iraan, New York, haigla, anti-Ameerika demonstratsioon Teheranis Shah, tahame Shah, Carter's Christmas teate, helikopter, Iraagi-Iraani war, U.S. valimised, Carter astus tagasi , Carter's kõnes, kuulsaid inimesi, kuulsa isiksus, Usk, Jumal, poliitikas, ,


Finnish :

1979 Iran Islam Teheranissa, Ajatollah Khomeini, Jimmy Carter presidentti Yhdysvallat, Shah, Nina Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary sairas, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Mika Hadian, Iranin vallankumous Khomeini Ranska, palava Shahbild Shah lähtee Iranin šaahi New York, sairaala, anti-amerikkalainen mielenosoitus Teheranissa, haluamme Shah Carterin joulun sanoma, helikopteri, Irakin ja Iranin välisessä war, U.S. vaalit, Carter eroaa , Carterin puhe, kuuluisat ihmiset, kuuluisa persoonallisuus uskonto, Jumala, politiikka, ,


German :

1979, Iran, Islam, Teheran, Ayatollah Khomeini, Jimmy Carter Präsident USA, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary Sick, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, iranische Revolution, Khomeini in Frankreich, brennenden Shahbild Schah verlässt Iran Schah in New York, Krankenhaus, Anti-amerikanischen Demonstration in Teheran, wir wollen den Schah, Carters Weihnachtsbotschaft, Hubschrauber, Irak und dem Iran war, U.S. Wahlen, Carter tritt zurück , Carters Rede, Berühmte Personen, berühmte Persönlichkeit, Religion, Gott, Politik, ,


Greek :

1979, Ιράν, Ισλάμ, Τεχεράνη, Αγιατολάχ Χομεϊνί, Jimmy Carter Πρόεδρος Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary άρρωστος, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, ιρανική επανάσταση, ο Χομεϊνί στην Γαλλία, καύση Shahbild, Shah αφήνει Ιράν, Shah στη Νέα Υόρκη, νοσοκομείο, αντι-αμερικανική διαδήλωση στην Τεχεράνη, θέλουμε το Shah, Carter μήνυμα των Χριστουγέννων, ελικόπτερο, Ιράκ-Ιράν war, U.S. εκλογές, παραιτείται Κάρτερ , Carter ομιλία, Διάσημοι άνθρωποι, διάσημη προσωπικότητα, θρησκεία, ο Θεός, πολιτική, ,


Haitian Creole :

1979, Iran, Islamis, Tehran, Ayatollah Khomeini, Jimmy Carter pwezidan an nan Etazini, Shah, Abol, Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, malad Gary, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar, Hadian, Iranyen revolisyon Khomeini nan Shah Fwans, k'ap boule Shahbild, kite Iran, Shah nan New York, lopital, demonstrasyon kont-Ameriken nan Tehran, nou vle Shah a, mesaj nwèl Carter a, elikoptè, Irak-Iran yo war, U.S. eleksyon yo, sa Carter , Diskou Carter a, moun ki pi popilè, pi popilè pèsonalite relijyon, Bondye, politik yo, ,


Hebrew :

1979, איראן, האסלאם, בטהראן, איתאללה ח'מיני, ג'ימי קרטר נשיא ארצות הברית, שאה, ח'ומייני Hassan Abol, ברוס ליינג, Michael Metrinko, איברהים Yazdır, Gary חולה, ג'ון Limbert, Barry רוזן, Hadian נסאר, המהפכה האיראנית, חומייני ב צרפת, Shahbild בוער, שאה משאיר איראן, שאה ב ניו יורק, בית החולים, הפגנה אנטי-אמריקאי בטהראן, אנחנו רוצים השאה, הודעת חג המולד של קרטר, מסוק, עיראק-איראן war, U.S. הבחירות, קרטר מתפטר , הנאום של קרטר, אנשים מפורסמים, אישיות מפורסמת, דת, אלוהים. פוליטיקה, ,


Hindi :

१९७९, ईरान, इस्लाम, तेहरान, अयातुल्ला खुमैनी, जिमी कार्टर राष्ट्रपति संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका, शाह, Abol Hassan Banisadr, ब्रुस Laing, Michael Metrinko, इब्राहिम Yazdır, Gary बीमार, जॉन Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, ईरानी क्रांति, फ्रांस, जल Shahbild, शाह में खोमैनी पत्तियों ईरान, न्यू यार्क, अस्पताल, तेहरान में एंटी-अमेरिकी प्रदर्शन में शाह, शाह, है कार्टर क्रिसमस संदेश, हेलिकॉप्टर, इराक-ईरान war, U.S. चुनाव, हम चाहते हैं कार्टर इस्तीफा , कार्टर का भाषण, प्रसिद्ध लोग, प्रसिद्ध व्यक्तित्व, धर्म, परमेश्वर, राजनीति, ,


Hungarian :

Irán, iszlám, Teherán, Khomeini ajatollah, Jimmy Carter elnöke az Egyesült Államok, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary beteg, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Herczku Lászlóné, 1979 iráni forradalom, Khomeini-Franciaország, égő Shahbild, Shah levelek Irán, Shah, a New York-i, a kórház, az anti-amerikai demonstráció Teheránban, azt akarjuk, hogy a sah, Carter karácsonyi üzenet, helikopter, Irak-Irán war, U.S. választások, Carter lemond , Carter beszéd, híres emberek, híres személyiség, vallás, Isten, politika, ,


Italian :

1979, Iran, Islam, Teheran, l'Ayatollah Khomeini, Jimmy Carter Presidente Stati Uniti, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary Sick, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, rivoluzione iraniana, Khomeini in Francia, bruciore Shahbild, Shah lascia l'Iran, Shah in New York, ospedale, dimostrazione di anti-americani a Teheran, vogliamo lo Scià, il messaggio di Natale di Carter, elicottero, le elezioni war, U.S. Iraq-Iran, Carter si dimette , Discorso di Carter, persone famose, celebri personalità, religione, Dio, politica, ,


Korean :

1979 년, 이란, 이슬람, 테헤란, 아야 톨 라 Khomeini, 지미 카터 대통령 미국, , Abol Hassan Banisadr, 브루스 Laing, Michael Metrinko, 이브라힘 Yazdır, Gary 아픈, 존 Limbert, Barry 로젠, Nassar Hadian, 이란 혁명, 프랑스, 레코딩 Shahbild 샤에 호메이니 잎 이란, 뉴욕, 병원, 반대로 미국 논증 이란에서에 Shah, 우리 샤, 카터의 크리스마스 메시지, 헬기, 이라크-이란 war, U.S. 선거, 카터 사임 카터의 연설, 유명한 사람들, 유명한 개성, 종교, 하나님, 정치, ,


Portuguese :

1979, Irã, Islã, Teerã, Aiatolá Khomeini, Jimmy Carter Presidente EUA, Sousa, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary doente, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, revolução iraniana, Khomeini em Sousa de França, Shahbild ardente, folhas de Irã, Shah em Nova York, hospital, manifestação anti-americana em Teerã, queremos o Xá, mensagem de Natal do Carter, helicóptero, Iraque-Irã war, U.S. as eleições, Carter demite-se , Discurso do Carter, gente famosa, celebridade, religião, Deus, política, ,


Russian :

1979, Иран, Ислам, Тегеран, аятолла Хомейни, Джимми Картер президента Соединенных Штатов, Шах, Марат Hassan Банисадр, Брюс Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ибрагим Yazdır, Gary Sick, Джон Лимберт, Barry Розен, Hadian Нассар, иранской революции, листья Хомейни в Франции, жжение Shahbild, шах Ирана, Шах в Нью-Йорке, больница, анти американской демонстрации в Тегеране, мы хотим Шах, Картер Рождество сообщение, вертолет, ирано-war, U.S. выборы, Картер уходит в отставку , Картер речи, известные люди, известные личности, Религия, Бог, политика, ,


Slovak :

1979, Irán Islam, Teherán, ajatolláh Chomejní, Jimmy Carter prezident Spojených štátov, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary chorý, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, iránskej revolúcie, Chomejní vo Francúzsku, pálenie Shahbild Shah listy Irán, Shah v New Yorku, nemocnice, proti-americká demonštrácie v Teheráne, chceme Shah Cartera vianočné posolstvo, vrtuľník, Irak-Iran war, U.S. voľby, odstúpi Carter , Cartera reči, slávne osobnosti, slávna osobnosť, náboženstvo, Bože, politika, ,


Swedish :

1979, Iran, Islam, Teheran, Ayatollah Khomeini, Jimmy Carter President USA, Shah, Abol Hassan Banisadr, Bruce Laing, Michael Metrinko, Ibrahim Yazdır, Gary sjuk, John Limbert, Barry Rosen, Nassar Hadian, iranska revolutionen, Khomeini i Frankrike, brinnande Shahbild, Shah lämnar Iran, Shah i New York, sjukhus, anti-Amerikan demonstration i Teheran, vi vill ha Shahen, Carters julhälsning, helikopter, Irak-Iran war, U.S. val, Carter avgår , Carters tal, kända personer, berömda personlighet, religion, Gud, politik, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "The Americans explained the action, as a humanitarian action. Although, everything which was planned in the United States of America was aggressive."

Yazdi, Ibrahim

(Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Iranian revolutionary government ) , speaking English:
-  "Khomeini used the hijacking in an admirable way, to enhance the power of the clerical order. "

Metrinko, Michael

(Political officer, American embassy) , speaking English:
-  "America got weaker. Though the situation gave a feeling of togetherness and pride which was lost in Vietnam."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "One of the guards braced his cold gun to my head and said if I didn’t answer his questions in ten seconds, he would kill me right away."

Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "We closed them into the bedroom and other rooms in a way so that we could control them. We separated the men from each other."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "They had automatic weapons. I asked them to leave my office. They replied in their own language. They ordered me to shut up, because I am their hostage."

Hadian, Yasser

(Professor, University of Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "They thought they were martyrs. When they decided to climb through the fence, they were ready to die."

Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "The occupation of the embassy was a reaction to America’s action. The entry permit of the Shah meant a crime against the revolution for us."

Yazdi, Ibrahim

(Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Iranian revolutionary government ) , speaking English:
-  "Soon it became a symbol. He handled the crowd with very good sense. He understood their complaints and negative attitude towards the Shah and the foreign influence."

Yazdi, Ibrahim

(Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Iranian revolutionary government ) , speaking English:
-  "A lot of Iranians looked at America, as something extremely responsible for the crimes and despotism of the Shah."

Metrinko, Michael

(Political officer, American embassy) , speaking English:
-  "He counted always as „our Iranian person“. Iran used to be our oil-source, belonged to the best customers of the military equipment, and protected us, in its way from the Soviet Union."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "I looked out of my window and saw that these young Iranians, with their protesting boards were climbing over the fence and wanted to get to the gate of the embassy. This was the most memorable day of my life."

Asgharzadeh, Ibrahim

(Undergraduate leader) , speaking Persian:
-  "We were really scared. It was 99% sure that the security people of the embassy would shoot us."

Metrinko, Michael

(Political officer, American embassy) , speaking English:
-  "It was a real war. Suddenly we needed diplomatic relationships and weapons, which we didn’t find important before. All these were urgent, we needed them as soon as possible."

Rosen, Barry

(media spokesman, American embassy in Tehran) , speaking English:
-  "In the long term it resulted in the fact, that the Islamic, first of all the Iran Islamic became a devil concept for us."

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_1979_engl_2012

Uploaded:

15-11-2010 12:15:39

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