1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash (00:08:27)
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1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

United States, New York, 29-10-1929


Black Frida: The Stock Market Crash: The Stock Market Crashy or the Wall Street Crash refers to October 29, 1929, the day when the New York Stock Exchange crashed; this event eventually led to the Great Depression. The crash followed a speculative boom which had taken hold in the late 1920s and which had led millions of Americans to invest heavily in the stock market.This investment drove share prices up to artificially high levels; the rising share prices encouraged more people to invest, as they hoped the shares would rise further, thus fueling further rises and creating an economic bubble. The banks lent heavily to fund this share-buying spree. On October 29, 1929, the bubble finally burst and panic selling set in. Thirteen million shares were sold in the space of one day, as people desperately tried to dispose of their shares before they became worthless. Over the following few days another thirty million shares were sold, and share prices collapsed, ruining millions of investors.The banks who had lent heavily to fund share buying found themselves saddled with debt and this led to the failure of many banks.While millions of people lost their savings, businesses lost their credit lines and were forced to close, causing massive unemployment.The crash dramatically worsened an already fragile economic situation, and was a major contributing factor to the Great Depression. There is a good deal of controversy among economists and historians about the nature of that contribution, though. Some hold that political over-reactions to the crash, such as in the passage of the draconian Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act through the US Congress, caused more harm than the crash itself. After the experience of Black Friday, stock markets around the world instituted measures to temporarily suspend trading in the event of rapid declines, so as to prevent such panic sales. As a result, later stock market crashes, such as the crash of 1987 (Black Monday), have never been quite as severe as that of 1929.

Other languages: show / hide

Finnish :

1929, musta perjantai 29 lokakuu 1929, Wall Street, pörssi, crash, inflaatio, masennus, työttömyys, taloudellinen kriisi, puolue, Amerikka, välittäjät, New York, pörssi, paniikki, pankki, tehdas, työntekijät, työttömät, laite, suuria Crash, pörssiromahdus, Great Depression, 1900-luvun talous, talous-, taloudellinen-, system, musta torstai, Wall Streetin pankkiirit, Wall Streetin pörssiromahduksesta 1929 pörssiromahdus vuonna 1929, rahaa materiaalia, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

German :

1929, schwarz Dienstag, 29. Oktober 1929, Wallstreet, Börse, Crash, Inflation, Depression, Arbeitslosigkeit, Wirtschaftskrise, party, America, Makler, New York, Börse, Bank, Fabrik, Arbeitnehmer, Arbeitslose, Panik, Gerät, großen Crash, Börsencrash, Weltwirtschaftskrise, 20. Jahrhundert, Wirtschaft, Wirtschaft, wirtschaftliche und wirtschaftliche System, Schwarzer Donnerstag, Wall-Street-Banker, Börsenkrach von 1929, Stock Market Crash 1929, Geld-Filmmaterial, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

Hebrew :

1929, שחור ביום שישי, 29 באוקטובר 1929, וול סטריט, שוק המניות, התרסקות, אינפלציה, דיכאון, אבטלה, המשבר הכלכלי, מסיבה, אמריקה, ברוקרים, ניו יורק, הבורסה, פאניקה, בנק, המפעל, העובדים, מובטלים, התקן, ההתרסקות הגדולה, התרסקות שוק המניות, השפל הכלכלי הגדול המאה ה-20, הכלכלה, מערכת כלכלית, חסכן, כלכלי, שחור הבנקאים בוול סטריט, יום חמישי בוול סטריט התרסקות של 1929, התרסקות שוק המניות של 1929, כסף מדה, אדוארד למונט, ג'ון Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur מרקס, ,

Italian :

1929, nero martedì 29 ottobre 1929, Wall Street, il mercato azionario, crash, inflazione, depressione, disoccupazione, crisi economica, partito, America, broker, New York, borsa, panico, banca, fabbrica, lavoratori, disoccupati, dispositivo, grande Crash, Crash del mercato azionario, grande depressione, XX secolo, economia, sistema economico, economico, economico, Black giovedì, banchieri di Wall Street, Wall Street Crash del 1929, Stock Market Crash del 1929, il metraggio di denaro, Edward Lamont, Salwyn Shufro, John Kenneth Arthur Marx, ,

Portuguese :

1929, preto terça-feira, 29 de outubro de 1929, Wall Street, o mercado de ações, queda, inflação, depressão, desemprego, crise econômica, festa, América, corretores, Nova Iorque, bolsa de valores, pânico, banco, fábrica, trabalhadores, desempregados, dispositivo, grande Crash, Crash da bolsa, grande depressão, do século XX, economia, sistema econômico, econômico, econômico, Black quinta-feira, banqueiros de Wall Street, Wall Street Crash de 1929, o mercado acionário Crash de 1929, filmagens de dinheiro, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

Sound Bite and conversation:

Shufro, Salwyn

(Broker in 1929) , speaking English:
-  "They bought at any price too expensive, but in the end someone had to pay the bill."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Investors simply ignored the change of the economy. Their greed was greater than their senses."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "When they asked Al Capone what his opinion of the stock exchange was, he said: we all swindle in our own way."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Up until that point, the market had been rising continuously, it attracted more and more investors – the man on the street: the teacher, the postman and the hairdresser, too."

Marx, Arthur

(Son of the comedian, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Every evening he called his broker and the price of his stock was growing. He always said that it was much nicer than work."




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18-12-2010 19:59:42

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