1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash (00:08:27)
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1929 - The Stock Market Crash: beginning of the 12-year Great Depression, Wall Street Crash

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

United States, New York, 29-10-1929


Black Frida: The Stock Market Crash: The Stock Market Crashy or the Wall Street Crash refers to October 29, 1929, the day when the New York Stock Exchange crashed; this event eventually led to the Great Depression. The crash followed a speculative boom which had taken hold in the late 1920s and which had led millions of Americans to invest heavily in the stock market.This investment drove share prices up to artificially high levels; the rising share prices encouraged more people to invest, as they hoped the shares would rise further, thus fueling further rises and creating an economic bubble. The banks lent heavily to fund this share-buying spree. On October 29, 1929, the bubble finally burst and panic selling set in. Thirteen million shares were sold in the space of one day, as people desperately tried to dispose of their shares before they became worthless. Over the following few days another thirty million shares were sold, and share prices collapsed, ruining millions of investors.The banks who had lent heavily to fund share buying found themselves saddled with debt and this led to the failure of many banks.While millions of people lost their savings, businesses lost their credit lines and were forced to close, causing massive unemployment.The crash dramatically worsened an already fragile economic situation, and was a major contributing factor to the Great Depression. There is a good deal of controversy among economists and historians about the nature of that contribution, though. Some hold that political over-reactions to the crash, such as in the passage of the draconian Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act through the US Congress, caused more harm than the crash itself. After the experience of Black Friday, stock markets around the world instituted measures to temporarily suspend trading in the event of rapid declines, so as to prevent such panic sales. As a result, later stock market crashes, such as the crash of 1987 (Black Monday), have never been quite as severe as that of 1929.

Other languages: show / hide

Bulgarian :

1929, черен петък, 29-ти октомври 1929 г., Уол Стрийт, фондовия пазар, катастрофа, инфлацията, депресия, безработица, икономическа криза, страна, Америка, брокери, Ню Йорк, фондова борса, паника, банка, фабрика, работещите, безработните, устройство, голяма катастрофа, срива на фондовия пазар, Голямата депресия, 20-ти век, икономиката, икономическата, икономически, икономическа система, черният четвъртък, Уолстрийт банкери, Уолстрийт срив от 1929 г., фондовия пазар Crash на 1929, пари кадри, Едуард Ламонт, Джон Кенет, Salwyn Shufro, Артур Маркс, ,

Chinese Traditional :

1929 年,黑色星期二 1929 年 10 月 29 日,華爾街,股票市場、 崩潰、 通貨膨脹、 抑鬱、 失業、 經濟危機、 方、 美國、 經紀人、 紐約、 證券交易所、 恐慌、 銀行、 工廠、 工人、 失業者、 設備,大蕭條,股票市場崩潰,大蕭條時期,20 世紀,經濟、 經濟、 經濟、 經濟系統、 黑色星期四,華爾街的銀行家們,華爾街崩潰 1929 年、 1929 年的股市崩潰、 錢素材,愛德華拉蒙特、 約翰 · 肯尼斯、 Salwyn Shufro、 亞瑟馬克思,

Latvian :

1929, melnā piektdiena, oktobris 29, 1929, Wall Street, akciju tirgus, crash, inflācija, depresija, bezdarba, ekonomisko krīzi, puse, Amerika, brokeri, New York, biržā paniku, bankas, rūpnīcas, darba ņēmēji, bezdarbniekiem, ierīces, lielu avāriju, akciju tirgus Crash, lielā depresija, 20. gadsimta ekonomiku, ekonomikas, ekonomisks, ekonomiskās sistēmas, melnā Ceturtdiena, Volstrītas baņķieri, Wall Street Crash 1929, akciju tirgus Crash 1929, naudas kadrus, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx,

Romanian :

1929, negru vineri, 29 octombrie 1929, Wall Street, Bursa, accident, inflaţia, depresie, şomaj, criza economică, petrecere, America, brokeri, New York, Bursa de panică, Banca, fabrica, lucrătorilor, şomeri, aparat, mare accident, Bursa de avarie, Marea Depresie, al XX-lea, economia, sistem economic, economice, economice, negru joi, Wall Street bancheri, Wall Street accident din 1929, piaţa de valori accident din 1929, bani picior, Edward Lamont, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

Slovenian :

1929, črni petek, 29. oktober 1929, Wall Street, borzo crash, inflacija, depresija, brezposelnost, gospodarska kriza, stranka, Amerika, posredniki, New York, Stock Exchange, paniko, banke, tovarne, delavcev, brezposelnih, napravo, veliki Crash, Crash na borzi, Great Depression, stoletja, gospodarstvo, gospodarski, ekonomično, gospodarski sistem, Črni četrtek, Wall Street bankirji, Wall Street Crash iz leta 1929, borznem trgu Crash iz leta 1929, denar posnetkov, Edward Lamont John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro, Arthur Marx, ,

Turkish :

1929, siyah Cuma, 29 Ekim 1929, Wall Street, borsa, kaza, enflasyon, depresyon, işsizlik, ekonomik kriz, parti, Amerika, komisyoncular, New York, borsa, panik, banka, fabrika, işçiler, işsiz, aygıt, büyük bir gürültüyle çarpmak, borsa kazasında, büyük depresyon, 20. yüzyıl, Ekonomi, Ekonomi, ekonomik, ekonomik sistemi, siyah Perşembe, Wall Street bankacıları, 1929 Crash Wall Street, borsa kazasında 1929, para çekimi, Edward Lamont, Arthur Marx, John Kenneth, Salwyn Shufro,

Sound Bite and conversation:

Shufro, Salwyn

(Broker in 1929) , speaking English:
-  "They bought at any price too expensive, but in the end someone had to pay the bill."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Investors simply ignored the change of the economy. Their greed was greater than their senses."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "When they asked Al Capone what his opinion of the stock exchange was, he said: we all swindle in our own way."

Lamont, Edward

(Banker when the stock market crash, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Up until that point, the market had been rising continuously, it attracted more and more investors – the man on the street: the teacher, the postman and the hairdresser, too."

Marx, Arthur

(Son of the comedian, 1929) , speaking English:
-  "Every evening he called his broker and the price of his stock was growing. He always said that it was much nicer than work."




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18-12-2010 19:59:42

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