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1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR. (00:08:26)
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1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0001.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0189.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0253.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0317.sec 1968 - The end of Prague spring - 0502.sec

Title:

1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Czechoslovakia, Prague, 21-08-1968

Description:

On the night of 20–21 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary) invaded the ČSSR.

 

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5th, 1968, and running until August 20th of that same year when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies (except for Romania ) invaded the country. The Czechs and Slovaks showed increasing signs of independence under the leadership of Alexander Dubček. Dubček"s reforms of the political process inside Czechoslovakia, which he referred to as "Socialism with a human face," did not represent a complete overthrow of the old regime, as was the case in Hungary in 1956. However, it was still seen by the Soviet leadership as a threat to their hegemony over other Eastern Bloc states and to the very safety of the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia was in the middle of the defensive line of the Warsaw Pact and its possible defection to the enemy was unacceptable during the cold war. Furthermore, the role of Czechoslovakia in allowing Hitler to conquer Europe by refusing Soviet military help 30 years earlier and surrendering to Nazi Germany without resistance was still fresh in everyone"s memory.


Other languages: show / hide


Haitian Creole :

1968, Prague Spring, kominis, pak Warsaw, insurrection, demonstrasyon, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková an Heroldova, UN Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, manifestan elèv nan Prague a, Alexander Dubcek, Ri sèn nan Prague, Inyon Sovyetik Lawisi militè ke, mannèv, nan Bratislava, Brezhnev ak Dubcek, tank yo nan Prague yè (swa), twoup yo ap mache nan Prague, Pwotèstè yo fè ou mal, fini Prag pi , Blòk lès la ki gen tout pouvwa, pak Warsaw peyi a CSSR, Czechlovaki, Prague, métrage vidéo czechoslowakia, Husák, Gustáv, Métrage vidéo Husák, Brezhnev, Leonid, Métrage vidéo Brezhnev, Métrage vidéo sistèm kominis, ,


Romanian :

1968, primăvara de la Praga, comunism, Varşovia, insurecţie, demonstraţie, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Alexandru Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, Student demonstranţi în Praga, Alexander Dubcek, scene de stradă în Praga, sovietice manevre militare ruse, Summit-ul de la Bratislava, Brejnev şi Dubcek, tancuri în Praga pe timp de noapte, trupele în marş în Praga, protestatarii rănit, sfârşitul anului primăvara de la Praga , Armatele de Europa de Est, ţările Pactului de la Varșovia au invadat angajat, Cehoslovacia, Praga, czechoslowakia imagini video, Husák, Gustáv, Husák imagini video, Brejnev, Leonid, Imagini video de Brejnev, Imagini video de comunism, ,


Slovak :

1968, pražskej jari, komunizmus, Varšavskej zmluvy, povstanie, demonštrácia Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, študent demonštrantov v Prahe, Alexandra Dubčeka, pouličné scény v Prahe, sovietskych ruských vojenských manévrov, samit v Bratislave, Brežnev a Dubčeka, tanky v Prahe v noci, vojaci pochodovali do Prahy, zranený protestujúcich, koniec pražskej jari , Východného bloku armád krajín Varšavskej zmluvy vtrhli CSSR, Československo, Praha, czechoslowakia videozáznamu, Husák, Gustáv, Husák videozáznamu, Brežnev, Leonid, Brežnev videozáznamu, Komunizmus videozáznamu, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "My father was an employee of the utility works in Prague, he dealt with gas and water. He had a lot of things to do and he was always in the city. As he saw the tanks, he decided spontaneously to protest against them."

Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "As a matter of fact he was not a demonstrator, he was non-political. He just could not accept that they broke into the country and gave commands."

Mouckova, Kamila

(Staffer in the office of the president of Czechoslovakian TV Jiri Pelikan) , speaking Russian:
-  "In the middle of my program, a highly ranked Soviet general came into the studio and shouted at me. Two armed soldiers escorted him. They again threatened me and shouted: "stop the broadcast right now – stop working.""

Slezak, Rudolf

(assistant cameraman) , speaking Polish:
-  "As I woke up from the coma, my first thought was: those bloody Russians. But I could not say my thoughts out loud because my mouth was full of blood and I only felt hate. "

Majorov, General Aleksandr

(commander of the invasion troops) , speaking Russian:
-  "No, we could not say that they approached us with flowers. But really not. No-one wants to see foreign boots in their home land. But the country split into two parts, the right wing was struggling against the left wing and Dubcek could not control this any more. "

Heroldova, Vera

(radio speaker ) , speaking German:
-  "Then we opened the doors and the technicians started to play the national anthem. But then the officers entered the room escorted by a few soldiers. Everyone looked out for themselves. We couldalmost feel the cold metal of the bayonets in our backs."

Goldstücker, Eduard

(Czech diplomat) , speaking German:
-  "This was the first time in history that the whole directorate of the Soviet Union left the country – maybe a few members stayed."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Concerning Dubcek, Cernik and the others, first of all they lost their credit. We did not believe them. That is why there was no other choice. It could not go on like this."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Compared to our system, it was more than a revolution, it was already anarchy. We did not want to accept it because it would have been a bad example, a very dangerous example."

Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "People felt like they were in paradise. Everything was allowed - the people enjoyed it. They no longer had to listen secretly to western radio broadcasts. Our radio broadcasts were more interesting. What all was happening here!. We were in the Centre of Europe again."

Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "The only way of helping would have been violence that would have led to war. No-one wanted this, especially America."

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (master)
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ID Nr.:

100_1968_engl_2027

Uploaded:

18-12-2010 22:22:42

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