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1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR. (00:08:26)
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Title:

1968 - The end of Prague spring: words against tanks - Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries invaded the CSSR.

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Czechoslovakia, Prague, 21-08-1968

Description:

On the night of 20–21 August 1968, Eastern Bloc armies from four Warsaw Pact countries (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary) invaded the ČSSR.

 

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5th, 1968, and running until August 20th of that same year when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies (except for Romania ) invaded the country. The Czechs and Slovaks showed increasing signs of independence under the leadership of Alexander Dubček. Dubček"s reforms of the political process inside Czechoslovakia, which he referred to as "Socialism with a human face," did not represent a complete overthrow of the old regime, as was the case in Hungary in 1956. However, it was still seen by the Soviet leadership as a threat to their hegemony over other Eastern Bloc states and to the very safety of the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia was in the middle of the defensive line of the Warsaw Pact and its possible defection to the enemy was unacceptable during the cold war. Furthermore, the role of Czechoslovakia in allowing Hitler to conquer Europe by refusing Soviet military help 30 years earlier and surrendering to Nazi Germany without resistance was still fresh in everyone"s memory.


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Arabic :

1968، ربيع براغ، الشيوعية، "حلف وارسو"، العصيان المسلح، مظاهرة، Aleksandr ميجوروف، فالين Valentin، وبحر ايغون، كيزار سيستمير، إدوارد جولدستوكير، رودولف سليزاك، فيرا Šťovíčková هيرولدوفا، موكوفا Kamila، إميليا جوجوفا، طالب المتظاهرون في براغ، ألكسندر دوبتشيك، مشاهد الشوارع في براغ، المناورات العسكرية الروسية السوفياتية، على مستوى القمة في براتيسلافا، بريجنيف ودوبتشيك، الدبابات في براغ في الليل، سار الجنود في براغ، يصب المحتجين، نهاية ربيع براغ، جيوش الكتلة الشرقية، غزت بلدان حلف وارسو [كسر، تشيكوسلوفاكيا، براغ، كزيتشوسلوواكيا لقطات الفيديو، هوساك، Gustáv، لقطات الفيديو هوساك، بريجنيف، ليونيد، لقطات الفيديو بريجنيف، لقطات الفيديو الشيوعية،,


Bulgarian :

1968 г., Пражката пролет, комунизъм, Варшавския договор, бунт, демонстрация, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Егон Bahr, Cestmir Hotel Cisar, Едуард Goldstucker, Рудолф Slezak, Вера Šťovíčková Heroldova, Недялко Mouckova, Емилия Гогова, студент демонстранти в Прага, Александър занемарява, улични сцени в Прага, съветски руски военни маневри, срещата на върха в Братислава, Брежнев и занемарява, цистерните в Прага през нощта, войски навлизат в Прага, протестиращите боли, край на Пражката пролет, Източен блок армии, държавите на Варшавския договор нахлуват CSSR, Чехословакия, Прага, czechoslowakia видео кадри, Хусак, Густав, Хусак видео кадри, Брежнев, Леонид, Брежнев видео кадри, Комунизма видео кадри, ,


Catalan :

Insurrecció comunisme, pacte de Varsòvia, primavera de Praga, 1968, demostració, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, manifestants estudiant a Praga, Alexander Dubcek, escenes del carrer Praga, maniobres militars soviètics rus, cim a Bratislava, Brezhnev i Dubcek, dipòsits de Praga a la nit, les tropes van entrar a Praga, els manifestants fan mal, final de la primavera de Praga, Exèrcits de Bloc Oriental, països del Pacte de Varsòvia van envair la CSSR, Txecoslovàquia, Praga, seqüències de vídeo de czechoslowakia, Husák, Gustáv, Seqüències de vídeo Husák, Brèjnev, Leonid, Seqüències de vídeo de Brèjnev, Seqüències de vídeo de comunisme, ,


Chinese Simplified :

1968 年,布拉格之春,共产主义,华沙条约组织,暴动,示范、 Aleksandr Maijorov、 Valentin 伐林、 Egon Bahr、 切斯特米尔 Cisar、 Eduard Goldstucker、 鲁道夫 Slezak、 维拉 Šťovíčková Heroldova,卡米拉毛奇科娃,伊米莉亚 Gogova,学生示威者在布拉格,亚历山大 · 杜布切克,街景在布拉格,苏联俄罗斯的军事演习,峰会在布拉迪斯拉勃列日涅夫和杜布切克,坦克在布拉格在夜间,部队开进布拉格,抗议者伤害,结束了布拉格之春、 东欧军队华沙条约国家侵入了呼叫建立成功率、 捷克斯洛伐克的布拉格,czechoslowakia 视频片段,胡萨克,列侬,胡萨克录像勃列日涅夫,列昂尼德,勃列日涅夫录像共产主义录像,


Chinese Traditional :

1968 年,布拉格之春,共產主義,華沙條約組織,暴動,示範、 Aleksandr Maijorov、 Valentin 伐林、 Egon Bahr、 賈斯特米爾 Cisar、 Eduard Goldstucker、 魯道夫 Slezak、 維拉 Šťovíčková Heroldova,卡蜜拉毛奇科娃,伊米莉亞 Gogova,學生示威者在布拉格,亞歷山大 · 杜布切克,街景在布拉格,蘇聯俄羅斯的軍事演習,峰會在布拉迪斯拉勃列日涅夫和杜布切克,坦克在布拉格在夜間,部隊開進布拉格,抗議者傷害,結束了布拉格之春、 東歐軍隊華沙條約國家侵入了呼叫建立成功率、 捷克斯洛伐克的布拉格,czechoslowakia 視頻片段,胡薩克,列儂,胡薩克錄影勃列日涅夫,列昂尼德,勃列日涅夫錄影共產主義錄影,


Czech :

1968 Pražské jaro, komunismus, Varšavská smlouva, povstání, demonstrace, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Čestmír císař, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, Student demonstranti v Praze, Alexander Dubcek, pouliční scény v Praze, sovětské ruské vojenské manévry, vrchol v Bratislavě, Brežněv a Dubček, tanky v Praze v noci, vojáci pochodovali do Prahy, protestující bolet, konec Pražského jara, Východního bloku armád zemí Varšavské smlouvy obsadili ČSSR, ČSR, Praha, Česko videozáznamu, Husák, Gustáv, Husák videozáznamu, Brežněv, Leonid, Brežněv videozáznamu, Komunismus video záznam, ,


Danish :

1968, foråret i Prag, kommunisme, Warszawapagten, oprør, Demonstration, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, studerende demonstranter i Prag, Alexander Dubcek, gadebilleder i Prag, sovjetiske russiske militære manøvrer, topmødet i Bratislava, Bresjnev og Dubcek, kampvogne i Prag om natten, Tropperne marcherede ind i Prag, demonstranter ondt, slutningen af foråret i Prag, Østblok hære, Warszawapagt-lande invaderet CSSR, Tjekkoslovakiet, Prag, czechoslowakia video-optagelser, Husák, Gustáv, Husák video optagelser, Bresjnev, Leonid, Bresjnev video optagelser, Kommunismen video optagelser, ,


Finnish :

1968 Prahan kevät, kommunismi, Varsovan kapina, esittely, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, opiskelija mielenosoittajia Prahassa, Alternativen katunäkymiä Prahassa, Neuvostoliiton Venäjän armeijan sotaharjoitukset huippukokouksessa Bratislavassa, Brežnev ja Dubcekille, säiliöt Praha at night, joukot marssivat Praha, mielenosoittajia satuttaa, Praha loppukeväästä, Itäblokin armeijoita, Varsovan liiton maiden hyökkäsi CSSR, Tšekkoslovakia, Praha, czechoslowakia videomateriaalia Husák, Gustáv, Husák videomateriaalia Brezhnevin, Leonid, Brezhnevin videomateriaalia Kommunismin videomateriaalia,


Greek :

1968, άνοιξη της Πράγας, τον κομμουνισμό, σύμφωνο της Βαρσοβίας, εξέγερση, διαδήλωση, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Βέρα Šťovíčková Heroldova, καμήλα Mouckova, Αιμιλία Gogova, φοιτητής διαδηλωτές στην Πράγα, ο Αλεξάντερ Ντούμπτσεκ, σκηνές δρόμου στην Πράγα, Σοβιετική ρωσική στρατιωτική ελιγμούς, ΔΗΜΑΡΧΩΝ στην Μπρατισλάβα, ο Μπρέζνιεφ και Ντούμπτσεκ, δεξαμενές στην Πράγα το βράδυ, τα στρατεύματα βάδισαν στην Πράγα, διαδηλωτές βλάψει, το τέλος της άνοιξης της Πράγας, Ανατολικές δυνάμεις, χώρες του Συμφώνου της Βαρσοβίας εισέβαλαν στην το ΤΣΔ, την Τσεχοσλοβακία, την Πράγα, czechoslowakia βίντεο, Husák, Gustáv, Husák μαγνητοταινίες, Μπρέζνιεφ, Λεονίντ, Brezhnev μαγνητοταινίες, Βιντεοσκοπημένα στιγμιότυπα του κομμουνισμού, ,


Haitian Creole :

1968, Prague Spring, kominis, pak Warsaw, insurrection, demonstrasyon, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková an Heroldova, UN Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, manifestan elèv nan Prague a, Alexander Dubcek, Ri sèn nan Prague, Inyon Sovyetik russe militè ke, mannèv, nan Bratislava, Brezhnev Et Dubcek, tank yo nan Prague yè (swa), twoup yo ap mache nan Prague, Pwotèstè yo fè ou mal, fini Prag pi, Blòk lès la ki gen tout pouvwa, pak Warsaw peyi a CSSR, Czechlovaki, Prague, métrage vidéo czechoslowakia, Husák, Gustáv, Métrage vidéo Husák, Brezhnev, Leonid, Métrage vidéo Brezhnev, Métrage vidéo sistèm kominis, ,


Indonesian :

Tahun 1968, musim semi Praha, komunisme, Pakta Warsawa, pemberontakan, demonstrasi, Aleksandr Maijorov, anggota Fal Valentin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, demonstran mahasiswa di Praha, Alexander Dubcek, street adegan di Praha, manuver militer Rusia soviet, summit di Bratislava, Brezhnev dan Dubcek, tank di Praha di malam hari, pasukan berbaris ke Praha, pengunjuk rasa sakit, akhir musim semi Praha, Pasukan blok Timur, negara-negara Pakta Warsawa menyerang CSSR, Praha, Cekoslowakia czechoslowakia rekaman video, Husák, Gustáv, Husák rekaman video, Brezhnev, Leonid, Cuplikan-cuplikan video Brezhnev, Komunisme cuplikan-cuplikan video, ,


Italian :

Insurrezione di comunismo, patto di Varsavia, 1968, primavera di Praga, dimostrazione, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Šťovíčková Vera Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, manifestanti studente a Praga, Alexander Dubcek, scene di stradale a Praga, manovre militari russi sovietici, al vertice di Bratislava, Brezhnev e Dubcek, carri armati a Praga di notte, le truppe hanno marciato in Praga, manifestanti male, la fine della primavera di Praga, Gli eserciti del blocco orientale, paesi del patto di Varsavia invasero la CSSR, Cecoslovacchia, Praga, czechoslowakia riprese video, Husák, Gustáv, Husák riprese video, Brezhnev, Leonid, Riprese video di Brezhnev, Riprese video del comunismo, ,


Japanese :

1968 年に、プラハの春ワルシャワ協定、共産主義の暴動、デモンストレーション、Aleksandr Maijorov、Valentin Falin、Egon Bahr、Cestmir Cisar、Eduard Goldstucker、ルドルフ Slezak ベラ Šťovíčková Heroldova、カミラ Mouckova エミリア ・ Gogova、学生デモ プラハ、アレクサンドル ドゥプチェク、プラハでは、ソビエト ロシアの軍事演習、ストリート シーンのブラチスラバ、ブレジネフのサミットしドゥプチェク、プラハ夜のタンク、軍隊はプラハに行進は、抗議者を傷つける、プラハの春の終わり、東部の軍隊、CSSR、チェコスロバキア、プラハ、ワルシャワ条約機構加盟国を侵略しました。czechoslowakia ビデオ映像、Gustáv HusákHusák のビデオ映像、レオニード ・ ブレジネフブレジネフのビデオ映像共産主義のビデオ映像,


Korean :

1968 년 프라하의 봄 공산주의 바르샤바 협정, 반란, 데모, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, 루돌프 Slezak, 베라 Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova 에밀리 아 Gogova, 프라하, 알렉산더 Dubcek 프라하, 소련 러시아 군사 훈련에에서 거리 장면에서에서 학생 시위대 정상회의 브라 티 슬 라바, 브레즈네프와 Dubcek, 밤에 프라하에 있는 탱크, 프라하로 행진 하는 군대, 시위대 상처, 프라하 봄의 끝동구권 군대 CSSR, 체코슬로바키아, 프라하, 바르샤바 협정 국가 침공 했다. czechoslowakia 영상 Husák, 구스타프, Husák 영상 Brezhnev, 리오, Brezhnev 영상 공산주의 영상,


Latvian :

1968. gadā, Prāgas pavasara komunisms, Varšavas pakta sacelšanās, demonstrējumu, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova Emilia Gogova students demonstrantu Prāgā, Alexander Dubcek ielas ainas Prāgā, Padomju Krievijas militārie manevri, sammitā Bratislavā, Brežņevs un Dubčeka, tvertnes Prāgā naktī, karaspēks devās uz Prāgu, protestētājiem sāp, Prāgas pavasara beigām, Austrumu bloka armijām, Varšavas pakta valstis iebruka CSSR, Čehoslovākija, Prāga, czechoslowakia video kadrus, Husák, Gustáv, Husák video kadrus, Brežņevs, Leonīds, Brežņevs videomateriālu, Komunisma videomateriālu, ,


Lithuanian :

1968 m. Prahos pavasaris, komunizmas, Varšuvos pakto, sukilimą, demonstravimo, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Vaidotas Mouckova, Emilija Gogova, studentų demonstrantų Prahoje, Aleksandras Dubčekas, paplūdimio scenos Prahoje, Sovietų Rusijos karinius manevrus, aukščiausio lygio susitikimas Bratislavoje, Brežnevo ir Dubčekas, rezervuarai Prahoje naktį, kariuomenės žygiavo į Praha, protestuotojų skauda, Prahos pavasario pabaigoje, Rytų bloko armijas, Varšuvos pakto šalių įsiveržė ČSSR, Čekoslovakija, Praha, czechoslowakia vaizdo medžiagą, Husák, Gustáv, Husák vaizdo medžiagą, Brežnevas, Leonidas, Brežnevas vaizdo medžiagą, Komunizmo vaizdo medžiagą, ,


Russian :

1968, Пражская весна, коммунизм, Варшавского договора, восстания, демонстрации, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Фалин, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Цисар, Эдуард Goldstucker, Рудольф Слезак, вера Šťovíčková Heroldova, Камила Mouckova, Эмилия Gogova, студентов-демонстрантов в Праге, Александр Дубчек, уличные сцены в Праге, советских российских военных маневров, саммит в Братиславе, Брежнев и Дубчек, танки в Праге ночью, войска маршировали в Праге, протестующие больно, конец Пражской весны, Армиями Восточного блока стран Варшавского договора вторглись в ЧССР, Чехословакии, Прага, czechoslowakia видеоролике, Гусак, смена, Гусак видеоматериалы, Брежнев, Леонид, Брежнев видео кадры, Коммунизм видеоматериалы, ,


Swedish :

1968, Pragvåren, kommunism, Warszawapakten, uppror, Demonstration, Aleksandr Maijorov, Valentin Falin, Egon Bahr, Cestmir Cisar, Eduard Goldstucker, Rudolf Slezak, Vera Šťovíčková Heroldova, Kamila Mouckova, Emilia Gogova, Student demonstranter i Prag, Alexander Dubcek, gatan scener i Prag, sovjetiska ryska militära manövrar, toppmötet i Bratislava, Brezjnev och Dubcek, tankar i Prag på natten, trupper marscherade in i Prag, Demonstranterna ont, slutet av Pragvåren, Östblocket arméer, Warszawapakten invaderade det CSSR, Tjeckoslovakien, Prag, czechoslowakia videofilmer, Husák, Gustav, Husák videofilmer, Brezjnev, Leonid, Brezjnev videofilmer, Kommunismen videofilmer, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "My father was an employee of the utility works in Prague, he dealt with gas and water. He had a lot of things to do and he was always in the city. As he saw the tanks, he decided spontaneously to protest against them."

Gogova, Emilia

(daughter of Emil Gallo, the man in front of the tank) , speaking Russian:
-  "As a matter of fact he was not a demonstrator, he was non-political. He just could not accept that they broke into the country and gave commands."

Mouckova, Kamila

(Staffer in the office of the president of Czechoslovakian TV Jiri Pelikan) , speaking Russian:
-  "In the middle of my program, a highly ranked Soviet general came into the studio and shouted at me. Two armed soldiers escorted him. They again threatened me and shouted: "stop the broadcast right now – stop working.""

Slezak, Rudolf

(assistant cameraman) , speaking Polish:
-  "As I woke up from the coma, my first thought was: those bloody Russians. But I could not say my thoughts out loud because my mouth was full of blood and I only felt hate. "

Majorov, General Aleksandr

(commander of the invasion troops) , speaking Russian:
-  "No, we could not say that they approached us with flowers. But really not. No-one wants to see foreign boots in their home land. But the country split into two parts, the right wing was struggling against the left wing and Dubcek could not control this any more. "

Heroldova, Vera

(radio speaker ) , speaking German:
-  "Then we opened the doors and the technicians started to play the national anthem. But then the officers entered the room escorted by a few soldiers. Everyone looked out for themselves. We couldalmost feel the cold metal of the bayonets in our backs."

Goldstücker, Eduard

(Czech diplomat) , speaking German:
-  "This was the first time in history that the whole directorate of the Soviet Union left the country – maybe a few members stayed."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Concerning Dubcek, Cernik and the others, first of all they lost their credit. We did not believe them. That is why there was no other choice. It could not go on like this."

Falin, Valentin

(European Expert in the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Compared to our system, it was more than a revolution, it was already anarchy. We did not want to accept it because it would have been a bad example, a very dangerous example."

Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "People felt like they were in paradise. Everything was allowed - the people enjoyed it. They no longer had to listen secretly to western radio broadcasts. Our radio broadcasts were more interesting. What all was happening here!. We were in the Centre of Europe again."

Bahr, Egon

(former speaker of the Berlin Senate) , speaking German:
-  "The only way of helping would have been violence that would have led to war. No-one wanted this, especially America."

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (master)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_1968_engl_2027

Uploaded:

18-12-2010 22:22:42

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