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1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall (00:08:20)
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Title:

1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Germany, Berlin, 09-11-1989

Description:

On June 27, 1989, Hungary removed its border restrictions with Austria, and in September more than 13,000 East Germans escaped through Hungary . Mass demonstrations against the government in East Germany began in the fall of 1989. The leader of East Germany , Erich Honecker, resigned on October 18, 1989. He was replaced by a short-lived successor, Egon Krenz, a few days later. The travel restrictions for East Germans were lifted somewhat by the new government on November 9, 1989. After a misunderstanding, Günter Schabowski announced in a press conference, televised live on East German state TV, that all restrictions had been abandoned. Upon this news spreading, tens of thousands of people immediately went to the Wall, where they quickly became a major crowd control problem for the surprised and overwhelmed border guards. Many hectic telephone calls and much to and fro with the guards superiors ensued while still more people kept converging on the major crossing points. It eventually became clear that there was little way to hold back these huge numbers of East German citizens as the vastly outnumbered border guards had only been equipped for another day of regular duty. The masses could also not be convinced to turn back or calm down — they had heard of Mr. Schabowskis statement and they wanted it to be acted upon. Probably the only way to hold the crowds back would have been use of lethal force, but this would have meant massacring the countrys own citizens in huge numbers — which at that point the guards and authorities were simply not willing to do. In face of the escalating crowd safety situation the guards eventually just yielded, opening the access points and allowing people through with (at most) minimal identity verification checks. The ecstatic East Berliners were soon greeted by jubilant West Berliners on the other side in an all-out party atmosphere. November 9 is thus considered the date the Wall fell.


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Arabic :

1989، حائط برلين، وبوابة براندنبورغ، GDR، أوتو فون هابسبورغ، نزهة من سوبرون، مظاهرة، ومواطني جمهورية ألمانيا الديمقراطية، "السفارة الألمانية الاتحادية في براغ"، نهاية الجدار GDR، هونيكر، يكون مفتوحاً، وغورباتشوف، نهاية الحرب الباردة، ونازلة من حائط برلين، ألمانيا، برلين، اريش، لقطات الفيديو هونيكر، الشيوعية، لقطات الفيديو الشيوعية، هانز ديتريش غينشر، يواكيم أبيتز، كرنز ايغون، غونتر شابوفسكي، راينر ابيلمان،,


Bulgarian :

1989, Берлинската стена, Бранденбургската врата, ГДР, Ото фон Хабсбург, пикник от Сопрон демонстрация, граждани на ГДР, Прага Федерална немски посолство, края на ГДР, Хонекер, стената е отворен, Горбачов, края на Студената война, слиза на Берлинската стена, Германия, Берлин, Ерих, Хонекер видео кадри, комунизма, Комунизма видео кадри, Ханс Дитрих Геншер, Йоахим Apitz, Егон Кренц, Гюнтер Schabowski, Райнер Eppelmann,


Catalan :

1989, mur de Berlín, la porta de Brandenburg, RDA, Otto von Habsburg, pícnic de Sopron, demostració, ciutadans de la RDA, Praga Federal alemany ambaixada, final de la paret de la RDA, Honecker, és obert, Gorbatxov, final de la guerra freda, baixant del mur de Berlín, Alemanya, Berlín, Erich, Seqüències de vídeo de Honecker, comunisme, Seqüències de vídeo de comunisme, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Chinese Simplified :

1989, 柏林墙壁, 勃兰登堡门, gdr, 奥多冯哈布斯堡, 野餐从布达佩斯, 示范, gdr 公民, 布拉格联邦德国使馆, gdr 的结尾, 昂纳克, 墙壁是开放的, 戈尔巴乔夫, 冷战的结尾, 下来柏林墙壁, 德国, 柏林, erich, 昂纳克的录像 共产主义, 共产主义视频片段, 汉斯. 根舍, Apitz, Egon Krenz, nter 沙博夫斯基, 雷纳 Eppelmann, ,


Chinese Traditional :

1989, 柏林牆壁, 勃蘭登堡門, gdr, 奧多馮哈布斯堡, 野餐從布達佩斯, 示範, gdr 公民, 布拉格聯邦德國使館, gdr 的結尾, 昂納克, 牆壁是開放的, 戈巴契夫, 冷戰的結尾, 下來柏林牆壁, 德國, 柏林, erich, 昂納克的錄影 共產主義, 共產主義視頻片段, 漢斯. 根舍, Apitz, Egon Krenz, nter 沙博夫斯基, 雷納 Eppelmann, ,


Czech :

1989, Berlínská zeď, Braniborská brána, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik ze Šoproně, demonstrace, občané NDR, federální německého velvyslanectví v Praze, konci NDR, Honecker, zeď je otevřený, Gorbačov, konec studené války, sestupuje z berlínské zdi, Německo, Berlín, Erich, Honecker videozáznamy, komunismus, Komunismus video záběry, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Danish :

1989, Berlinmurens fald, Brandenburger Tor, DDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picnic fra Sopron, demonstration, DDR borgere, Prag føderale tyske ambassade, udgangen af GDR, Honecker, væg er åben, Gorbatjov, slutningen af den kolde krig, kommer af Berlinmuren, Tyskland, Berlin, Erich, Honecker video optagelser, kommunisme, Kommunismen video-optagelser, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Dutch :

1989, Berlijnse muur, Brandenburger Tor, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, picknick van Sopron, demonstratie, DDR-burgers, federale Duitse ambassade van Praag, einde van de muur van de DDR, Honecker, is geopend, Gorbatsjov, einde van de koude oorlog, naar beneden van de Berlijnse muur, Duitsland, Berlijn, Erich, Honecker videobeelden, communisme, Communisme videobeelden, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Estonian :

1989 Berliini müüri, Brandenburgi värav, SDV, Otto von Habsburg, piknik Sopronist, demonstratsioon, SDV kodanikud, Praha föderaalne Saksamaa Suursaatkond, SDV, Honecker, seina lõpeb avatud, Gorbatšov, külm sõda, Berliini müüri, Saksamaa, Berliin, langeb Erich, Honecker videomaterjal nud Kommunismi videomaterjali, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Finnish :

1989, Brandenburgin portti, Berliinin muuri, Picnic Sopron, esittely, DDR: N kansalaiset, Praha liittovaltion Saksan suurlähetystö, Otto von Habsburg, GDR Honecker, DDR: N muurin on avattu Gorbatsov, tulossa alas Berliinin muurin, Saksa, Berlin, kylmän sodan päättymisen Erich, Honecker videomateriaalia kommunismi, Kommunismin videomateriaalia, Joachim Apitz, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Rainer Eppelmann, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski,


French :

1989, le mur de Berlin, porte de Brandebourg, RDA, Otto von Habsburg, pique-nique de Sopron, démonstration, citoyens de la RDA, ambassade d’Allemagne fédérale Prague, fin de la paroi de la RDA, Honecker, est ouverte, Gorbachev, fin de la guerre froide, en descendant du mur de Berlin, Allemagne, Berlin, Erich, Séquences vidéo de Honecker, communisme, Séquences vidéo de communisme, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


German :

1989, Berliner Mauer, Brandenburger Tor, DDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picknick von Sopron, Demonstration, DDR-Bürger, Prag Bundesrepublik Deutsche Botschaft, Ende der DDR, Honecker, Wand ist offen, Gorbatschow, Ende des Kalten Krieges, der Berliner Mauer, Deutschland, Berlin, herab Erich, Honecker Videomaterial, Kommunismus, Kommunismus Videomaterial, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Greek :

1989, το τείχος του Βερολίνου, πύλη του Βραδεμβούργου, ΟΔΓ, Otto von Habsburg, πικ-νικ από Sopron, επίδειξη, πολίτες της ΟΔΓ, Ομοσπονδιακή γερμανική πρεσβεία Πράγας, τέλος της ΟΔΓ, Χόνεκερ, τοίχο είναι ανοικτή, Γκορμπατσόφ, το τέλος του ψυχρού πολέμου, κατεβαίνει του τείχους του Βερολίνου, Γερμανία, Βερολίνο, Erich, Πλάνα βίντεο Χόνεκερ, ο κομμουνισμός, Βιντεοσκοπημένα στιγμιότυπα του κομμουνισμού, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Ράινερ Eppelmann, ,


Haitian Creole :

1989, mi, Brandenburg Gate, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, Otto von Habsburg, Piknik Sopron, demonstrasyon, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN sitwayen, Prague Federal anbasad Almay, nan fen Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, Honecker, miray lavil la louvri, Mikayèl Gòbatchèv, fen lagè fwèt la, desann nan Berlin miray ranpa a, Almay, Berlin, Erich, Métrage vidéo Honecker, sistèm kominis, Sistèm kominis vidéo métrage, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer, Eppelmann, ,


Hebrew :

1989, חומת ברלין, שער ברנדנבורג, גרמניה המזרחית, אוטו פון האבסבורג, פיקניק משופרון, הפגנה, אזרחי מזרח גרמניה, פראג השגרירות הגרמנית הפדרלית, סוף הקיר GDR, הונקר, פתוחה, גורבצ'וב, סוף המלחמה הקרה, יורד של חומת ברלין, גרמניה, ברלין, אריך, הונקר קטעי וידאו, קומוניזם, קטעי וידאו הקומוניזם, הנס דיטריך Genscher, יואכים Apitz, אגון Krenz, גינתר שאבובסקי, ריינר Eppelmann, ,


Hindi :

1989, बर्लिन की दीवार, ब्रांडेनबर्ग गेट, gdr, ओटो वॉन Habsburg, Sopron से पिकनिक, प्रदर्शन, gdr नागरिकों, प्राग संघीय जर्मन दूतावास, gdr के अंत, Honecker, दीवार खुली, गोर्बाचेव, शीत युद्ध के अंत, बर्लिन की दीवार के नीचे आ रहा है, जर्मनी, बर्लिन, erich, Honecker वीडियो फुटेज, सांप्रदायिकता, साम्यवाद विडियो फुटेज, हंस Dietrich Genscher, जोकिम Apitz, इगोन Krenz, Günter Schabowski, रेनर Eppelmann, ,


Hungarian :

1989-ben, a berlini fal, Brandenburgi kapu, NDK, Habsburg Ottó, Sopron, bemutató, NDK állampolgárok, Prága szövetségi német nagykövetség, a piknik vége az NDK-ban, Honecker, fal, nyitott, Gorbacsov, jön le a berlini fal, Németország, Berlin, a hidegháború végét Erich, Honecker videofelvétel a kommunizmus, A kommunizmus videofelvétel, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Indonesian :

1989, tembok Berlin, Gerbang Brandenburg, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik dari Sopron, demonstrasi, GDR warga, Praha Federal Jerman Embassy, akhir dari GDR, Honecker, dinding ini terbuka, Gorbachev, akhir perang dingin, turun tembok Berlin, Jerman, Berlin, Erich, Honecker rekaman video, komunisme, Rekaman video komunisme, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Japanese :

1989 年、ベルリンの壁、ブランデンブルク門、GDR、オットー ・ フォン ・ ハプスブルク、ショプロン、デモンストレーション、GDR の市民、プラハ連邦駐日ドイツ大使館からピクニック ホーネッカー、GDR 壁の端が開いて、ゴルバチョフ、ベルリンの壁、ドイツ、ベルリン、下って来る冷戦の終わりエリック、 ホーネッカーのビデオ映像 共産主義、 共産主義のビデオ映像、ハンス ・ ディートリッヒ ・ ゲンシャー、ヨアヒム ・ Apitz、エゴン ・ クレンツ、ギュンター ・ Schabowski、ライナー ・ Eppelmann,


Korean :

1989 년 베를린 장벽, 브란덴부르크 문, GDR, 오토 폰 Habsburg, 피크닉 쇼프론, 데모, GDR 시민, 프라하 연방 독일 대사관에서에서 GDR, Honecker, 벽의 끝이 열려, 고르바초프, 베를린 장벽, 독일, 베를린, 내려 오고 냉전의 끝 Erich, Honecker 영상, 공산주의 공산주의 영상, 한스 디트리히 Genscher, 요 아 킴 Apitz, Egon Krenz, 귄터 Schabowski, 라이너 Eppelmann,


Latvian :

1989. gadā Berlīnes mūris, Brandenburgas vārti, VDR, Otto fon Habsburg, piknika Sopron, demonstrācijām, VDR pilsoņi, Prāgas Federatīvās Vācijas vēstniecība, no VDR, Honecker, sienas gals ir vaļā, Gorbačovs, aukstā kara beigām, nokāpjam no Berlīnes mūris, Vācija, Berlīne, Erich, Honecker videomateriālu, komunisms, Komunisma video kadrus, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann,


Lithuanian :

1989 m. Berlyno sienos, Brandenburgo vartai, VDR, Otto von Habsburg, iškylą nuo Sopron, demonstravimo, VDR piliečių, Prahos federalinė Vokietijos ambasada, VDR, Honecker, sienos yra atvira, Gorbačiovas, šaltojo karo, Berlyno siena, Vokietija, Berlynas, leistis Erich, Honecker vaizdo medžiagą, komunizmas, Komunizmo vaizdo medžiagą, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Norwegian :

1989, Berlinmuren, Brandenburger Tor, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik fra Sopron, demonstrasjon, DDR borgere, Praha føderale tyske ambassaden, slutten av DDRS Honecker, veggen er åpen, Gorbatsjov, slutten av den kalde krigen, kommer ned av Berlinmuren, Tyskland, Berlin, Erich, Honecker videoopptak, kommunismen, Kommunismen videoopptak, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Polish :

1989, mur berliński, Bramę Brandenburską, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik z Sopron, demonstracji, obywateli NRD, federalnych ambasady niemieckiej w Pradze, koniec ściany GDR, Honecker, jest otwarty, Gorbaczow, koniec zimnej wojny, schodzili z muru berlińskiego, Niemcy, Berlin, Erich, Honecker materiału wideo, komunizm, Komunizm materiału wideo, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Russian :

1989, Берлинская стена, Бранденбургские ворота, ГДР, Отто фон Габсбург, пикник от Шопрона, демонстрация, граждан ГДР, Прага федерального немецкого посольства, конец ГДР, Honecker, стены открыт, Горбачев, окончание холодной войны, сходящего Берлинской стены, Германия, Берлин, Эрих, Хонеккер видеоматериалы, коммунизм, Коммунизм видеоматериалы, Ганс-Дитрих Геншер, Йоахим Apitz, Эгон Кренц, Günter Schabowski, Райнер Еппельманн, ,


Slovenian :

1989, Berlinski zid, Brandenburška vrata, NDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik od mesta Sopron, predstavitev, NDR državljanov, Praga zveznega nemškega veleposlaništva, konec stene NDR, Honecker, je odprt, Gorbačov, konec hladne vojne, spušča berlinskega zidu, Nemčija, Berlin, Erich, Honecker video posnetkov, komunizma, Komunizem video posnetkov, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Swedish :

1989, Berlinmuren, Brandenburger Tor, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, picknick från Sopron, demonstration, DDR-medborgare, Prag Förbundsrepubliken Tysklands ambassad, slutet av GDREN, Honecker, väggen är öppen, Gorbatjov, slutet av det kalla kriget, kommer ner Berlinmuren, Tyskland, Berlin, Erich, Honecker videofilmer, kommunism, Kommunismen videofilmer, Joachim Apitz, Günter Schabowski, Egon Krenz, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Thai :

1989 กำแพงเบอร์ลิน ตูบ GDR ออตโต von Habsburg ปิกนิกจาก Sopron สาธิต GDR พลเมือง สถานทูตเยอรมันสหพันธ์ปราก สิ้นสุดกำแพง GDR, Honecker เปิด อิล จุดสิ้นสุดของสงครามเย็น มาลงของกำแพงเบอร์ลิน ประเทศเยอรมัน เบอร์ลิน ริช ภาพวิดีโอ Honecker คอมมิวนิสต์ ภาพวิดีโอคอมมิวนิสต์ ฮันส์ดีทริช Genscher โจอาคิม Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski หลัง Eppelmann,


Turkish :

1989, Berlin Duvarı, Brandenburg Geçidi, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik Sopron, gösteri, GDR vatandaşlar, Prag Federal Alman Büyükelçiliği üzerinden GDR, Honecker, duvar sonu açıksa, Gorbaçov, soğuk savaş, Berlin duvarına, Almanya, Berlin, iniyor Erich, Honecker video görüntüleri, Komünizm, Komünizm video görüntüleri, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Vietnamese :

Năm 1989, bức tường Berlin, Brandenburg Gate, Đông Đức, Otto von Habsburg, dã ngoại từ Sopron, cuộc biểu tình, công dân GDR, đại sứ quán Đức liên bang Praha, kết thúc của GDR, Honecker, tường là mở, Gorbachev, kết thúc chiến tranh lạnh, đi xuống của bức tường Berlin, Đức, Berlin, Erich, Honecker cảnh quay video, chủ nghĩa cộng sản, Chủ nghĩa cộng sản các cảnh quay video, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Essentially the situation was much worse than we imagined. The people were squeezed together. Many of them were looking at me questioning, others already might have lost their hope, since they had expected good news long before. And when the news arrived, oh well…, the situation explains itself, why people reacted that intensely…"

Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "I am here to announce that as of today, you are now free to go abroad."

Apitz, Joachim

(inhabitant of Leipzig) , speaking German:
-  "We were absolutely terrified. People were so close to each other, that everyone stepped on other people‘s feet, since this close distance gave us a feeling of security. With this scary feeling we started to shout: We don’t want violence, we are the people, Gorbi! Gorbi! Join us! "

Krenz, Egon

(President of the state commission of Eastern-Germany ) , speaking German:
-  "At that time, I thought that we must be able to make some connection to reforms in the Soviet Union - obviously with German specifications – and that we could reform East Germany in this manner.."

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "By the end of the Central Committee meeting, Krenz gave me a paper and said: we discussed the case over and over again, and it is a regulation instead of a law, which takes effect immediately. I suggest to announce it tonight. I am sure, it will „blow up like a bomb“."

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "People travelling privately abroad can make an application without any explanation, like having family relationships or such, as it used to be before. Permission will be granted promptly. "

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "It was a blunder. I assume the people who composed the text wanted to write a closed deadline. Which would have been 4am. So at 4 in the morning, when everybody was still asleep, the radio was supposed to have announced that there was no obstacle for any travel abroad. "

Eppelmann, Rainer

(Civil rights activist at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "If I said that this night, for me, was like God helped us, then I can say: it was a miracle!"

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (master)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_2040

Uploaded:

15-11-2010 12:15:41

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