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1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall (00:08:20)
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Title:

1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Germany, Berlin, 09-11-1989

Description:

On June 27, 1989, Hungary removed its border restrictions with Austria, and in September more than 13,000 East Germans escaped through Hungary . Mass demonstrations against the government in East Germany began in the fall of 1989. The leader of East Germany , Erich Honecker, resigned on October 18, 1989. He was replaced by a short-lived successor, Egon Krenz, a few days later. The travel restrictions for East Germans were lifted somewhat by the new government on November 9, 1989. After a misunderstanding, Günter Schabowski announced in a press conference, televised live on East German state TV, that all restrictions had been abandoned. Upon this news spreading, tens of thousands of people immediately went to the Wall, where they quickly became a major crowd control problem for the surprised and overwhelmed border guards. Many hectic telephone calls and much to and fro with the guards superiors ensued while still more people kept converging on the major crossing points. It eventually became clear that there was little way to hold back these huge numbers of East German citizens as the vastly outnumbered border guards had only been equipped for another day of regular duty. The masses could also not be convinced to turn back or calm down — they had heard of Mr. Schabowskis statement and they wanted it to be acted upon. Probably the only way to hold the crowds back would have been use of lethal force, but this would have meant massacring the countrys own citizens in huge numbers — which at that point the guards and authorities were simply not willing to do. In face of the escalating crowd safety situation the guards eventually just yielded, opening the access points and allowing people through with (at most) minimal identity verification checks. The ecstatic East Berliners were soon greeted by jubilant West Berliners on the other side in an all-out party atmosphere. November 9 is thus considered the date the Wall fell.


Other languages: show / hide


Arabic :

1989، حائط برلين، وبوابة براندنبورغ، GDR، أوتو فون هابسبورغ، نزهة من سوبرون، مظاهرة، المواطنين GDR، "السفارة الألمانية الاتحادية في براغ"، نهاية الجدار GDR، هونيكر، مفتوحة، غورباتشوف، نهاية الحرب الباردة، ونازلة من حائط برلين، ألمانيا، وبرلين، واريك، لقطات الفيديو هونيكر، الشيوعية، لقطات الفيديو الشيوعية، هانز ديتريش غينشر، Joachim أبيتز، كرنز ايغون، غونتر شابوفسكي، راينر ابيلمان،,


Bulgarian :

1989, Берлинската стена, Бранденбургската врата, ГДР, Ото фон Хабсбург, пикник от Сопрон, демонстрация, граждани на ГДР, Прага Федерална германското посолство, края на ГДР, Хонекер, стената е отворен, Горбачов, края на Студената война, слиза на Берлинската стена, Германия, Берлин, Ерих, Хонекер видео кадри, комунизма, Комунизма видео кадри, Ханс Дитрих Геншер, Joachim Apitz, Егон Кренц, Гюнтер Schabowski, Райнер Eppelmann, ,


Catalan :

1989, mur de Berlín, la porta de Brandenburg, RDA, Otto von Habsburg, pícnic de Sopron, demostració, ciutadans de la RDA, Praga Federal alemany ambaixada, final de la paret de la RDA, Honecker, és obert, Gorbatxov, final de la guerra freda, baixant del mur de Berlín, Alemanya, Berlín, Erich, Seqüències de vídeo de Honecker, comunisme, Seqüències de vídeo de comunisme, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Chinese Simplified :

1989 年,柏林墙,勃兰登堡门,GDR、 奥托 · 冯 · 哈布斯堡,从肖普朗、 示范、 GDR 公民、 布拉格联邦的德国大使馆,野餐结束的 GDR,昂纳克,墙上是开放的戈尔巴乔夫,冷战结束,柏林墙,德国,柏林,Erich,下来昂纳克的录像片段,共产主义,共产主义录像片段,汉斯 · 迪特里希舍,Joachim Apitz,伦茨、 Günter 沙博夫斯基,Rainer Eppelmann,


Chinese Traditional :

1989 年,柏林牆,勃蘭登堡門,GDR、 奧托 · 馮 · 哈布斯堡,從肖普朗、 示範、 GDR 公民、 布拉格聯邦的德國大使館,野餐結束的 GDR,昂納克,牆上是開放的戈巴契夫,冷戰結束,柏林牆,德國,柏林,Erich,下來昂納克的錄影片段,共產主義,共產主義錄影片段,漢斯 · 迪特裡希舍,Joachim Apitz,倫茨、 Günter 沙博夫斯基,Rainer Eppelmann,


Czech :

1989, Berlínská zeď, Braniborská brána, NDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik ze Šoproně, demonstrace, GDR občany, federální německého velvyslanectví v Praze, konci NDR, Honecker, zeď je otevřený, Gorbačov, konec studené války, sestupuje z berlínské zdi, Německo, Berlín, Erich, Honecker videozáznamu, komunismus, Komunismus video záběry, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Danish :

1989, Berlinmurens fald, Brandenburger Tor, DDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picnic fra Sopron, demonstration, DDR borgere, Prag føderale tyske ambassade, udgangen af GDR, Honecker, væg er åben, Gorbatjov, slutningen af den kolde krig, kommer af Berlinmuren, Tyskland, Berlin, Erich, Honecker video optagelser, kommunisme, Kommunismen video-optagelser, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Estonian :

1989, Berliini müür, Brandenburgi värav, SDV, Otto von Habsburg, piknik Sopronist, demonstratsioon, SDV kodanikud, Praha föderaalse Saksa saatkond, SDV, Honecker, seina lõpp on avatud, Gorbatšov, külm sõda, Berliini müüri Saksamaa, Berliini, Erich, maha tulevat lõppu Honecker videomaterjali nud Kommunismi videomaterjali, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann,


Finnish :

1989, Brandenburgin portti, Berliinin muuri, piknik Sopron, esittely, DDR: N kansalaiset, Praha liittovaltion Saksan suurlähetystö, Otto von Habsburg, GDR DDR, Honecker, seinä on auki, Gorbatšov, tulossa alas Berliinin muurin Saksa, Berliini, Erich, kylmän sodan päättymisen Honecker videomateriaalia kommunismi, Kommunismin videomateriaalia, Joachim Apitz, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Rainer Eppelmann, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski,


French :

1989, le mur de Berlin, porte de Brandebourg, RDA, Otto von Habsburg, pique-nique de Sopron, démonstration, citoyens de la RDA, ambassade d'Allemagne fédérale Prague, fin de la paroi de la RDA, Honecker, est ouverte, Gorbachev, fin de la guerre froide, en descendant du mur de Berlin, Allemagne, Berlin, Erich, Séquences vidéo de Honecker, communisme, Séquences vidéo de communisme, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


German :

1989, Berliner Mauer, Brandenburger Tor, DDR, Otto von Habsburg, Picknick von Sopron, Demonstration, DDR-Bürger, Prag föderalen deutschen Botschaft, Ende der DDR, Honecker, Wand ist offen, Gorbatschow, Ende des Kalten Krieges, der Berliner Mauer, Deutschland, Berlin, Erich, Abstieg Honecker Videomaterial, Kommunismus, Kommunismus Videomaterial, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Greek :

1989, το τείχος του Βερολίνου, η πύλη του Βρανδεμβούργου, ΟΔΓ, Otto von Habsburg, πικνίκ από Sopron, διαδήλωση, πολίτες της ΟΔΓ, ομοσπονδιακή γερμανική πρεσβεία Πράγας, τέλος της ΟΔΓ, Honecker, τοίχο είναι ανοιχτό, Γκορμπατσόφ, το τέλος του ψυχρού πολέμου, κατεβαίνει του τείχους του Βερολίνου, η Γερμανία, Βερολίνο, Erich, Honecker μαγνητοταινίες, ο κομμουνισμός, Βιντεοσκοπημένα στιγμιότυπα του κομμουνισμού, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Ράινερ Eppelmann, ,


Haitian Creole :

1989, mi, Brandenburg Gate, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, Otto von Habsburg, Piknik de Sopron, demonstrasyon, Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN sitwayen yo, Prague Federal anbasad Almay, fin de Repiblik Demokratik ALMAN, Honecker, miray lavil la louvri, Mikayèl Gòbatchèv, fen lagè fwèt la, desann de Berlin miray ranpa a, Almay, Berlin, Erich, Métrage vidéo Honecker, sistèm kominis, Sistèm kominis vidéo métrage, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer, Eppelmann, ,


Hebrew :

1989, חומת ברלין, שער ברנדנבורג, גרמניה המזרחית, אוטו פון האבסבורג, פיקניק משופרון, הפגנה, אזרחי מזרח גרמניה, פראג השגרירות הגרמנית הפדרלית, סוף הקיר GDR, הונקר, פתוחה, גורבצ'וב, סוף המלחמה הקרה, יורד של חומת ברלין, גרמניה, ברלין, אריך. הונקר קטעי וידאו, קומוניזם, קטעי וידאו הקומוניזם, הנס דיטריך Genscher, Joachim Apitz, אגון Krenz, גינתר שאבובסקי, ריינר Eppelmann, ,


Hindi :

1989, बर्लिन की दीवार, ब्रांडेनबर्ग गेट, GDR, Otto वॉन Habsburg, Sopron, प्रदर्शन, GDR नागरिकों, प्राग संघीय जर्मन दूतावास, से पिकनिक GDR, Honecker, दीवार के अंत खुला है, गोर्बाचेव, बर्लिन की दीवार, जर्मनी, बर्लिन, Erich, नीचे आ रही, शीत युद्ध की समाप्ति Honecker वीडियो फुटेज, साम्यवाद, साम्यवाद वीडियो फुटेज, हैंस Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, इगोन क्रेंज ने, Günter Schabowski, रेनर Eppelmann, ,


Hungarian :

1989-ben, a berlini fal, Brandenburgi kapu, NDK, Habsburg Ottó, Sopron, bemutató, NDK állampolgárok, Prága szövetségi német nagykövetség, a piknik vége az NDK-ban, Honecker, fal, nyitott, Gorbacsov, vége a hideg háború, jön le a berlini fal, Németország, Berlin, Erich, Honecker videofelvétel a kommunizmus, A kommunizmus videofelvétel, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Indonesian :

1989, tembok Berlin, Gerbang Brandenburg, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik dari Sopron, demonstrasi, GDR warga, Praha Federal Jerman Embassy, akhir dari GDR, Honecker, dinding ini terbuka, Gorbachev, akhir perang dingin, turun tembok Berlin, Berlin, Jerman, Erich, Honecker rekaman video, komunisme, Rekaman video komunisme, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Italian :

1989, il muro di Berlino, porta di Brandeburgo, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, pic-nic da Sopron, dimostrazione, cittadini del GDR, ambasciata tedesca federale di Praga, fine del muro, Honecker, il GDR è aperto, Gorbachev, fine della guerra fredda, scendendo il muro di Berlino, Germania, Berlino, Erich, Riprese video di Honecker, comunismo, Riprese video del comunismo, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Japanese :

1989 年に、ベルリンの壁、ブランデンブルグ門、GDR、オットー フォン Habsburg、ショプロン、デモンストレーション、GDR の市民、プラハ連邦ドイツ大使館からピクニック ホーネッカー、GDR 壁の端が開いている、ゴルバチョフは、ベルリンの壁、ドイツ、ベルリン、Erich、下って来る冷戦の終わりホーネッカー ビデオ映像共産主義、共産主義のビデオ映像、ハンス ・ ディートリッヒ ・ ゲンシャー Joachim Apitz、エゴン ・ クレンツ、ギュンター ・ Schabowski、ライナー ・ Eppelmann,


Korean :

1989 년 베를린 장벽, 브란덴부르크 문, GDR, 오토 폰 Habsburg, 피크닉 쇼프론, 데모, GDR 시민, 프라하 연방 독일 대사관에서에서 GDR, Honecker, 벽의 끝이 열려, 고르바초프, 베를린 장벽, 독일, 베를린, Erich, 내려 오고 냉전의 끝 Honecker 영상 공산주의 공산주의 영상, 한스 디트리히 Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, 귄터 Schabowski, 라이너 Eppelmann,


Latvian :

1989. gadā Berlīnes mūris, Brandenburgas vārti, VDR, Otto fon Habsburg, piknika Sopron, demonstrācijām, VDR pilsoņi, Prāgas Federatīvās Vācijas vēstniecība, no VDR, Honecker, sienas gals ir vaļā, Gorbačovs, aukstā kara beigām, nokāpjam no Berlīnes mūris, Vācija, Berlīne, Erich, Honecker videomateriālu, komunisms, Komunisma video kadrus, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann,


Lithuanian :

1989 m. Berlyno sienos, Brandenburgo vartai, VDR, Otto von Habsburg, iškylą nuo Sopron, demonstravimo, VDR piliečių, Prahos federalinė Vokietijos ambasada, pabaigoje VDR, Honecker, sienos yra atvira, Gorbačiovas, po šaltojo karo, Berlyno sienos, Vokietija, Berlynas, Erich, leistis Honecker vaizdo medžiagą, komunizmas, Komunizmo vaizdo medžiagą, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Norwegian :

1989, Berlinmuren, Brandenburger Tor, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik fra Sopron, demonstrasjon, DDR borgere, Praha føderale tyske ambassaden, slutten av DDRS Honecker, veggen er åpen, Gorbatsjov, slutten av den kalde krigen, kommer ned av Berlinmuren, Tyskland, Berlin, Erich, Honecker videoopptak, kommunismen, Kommunismen videoopptak, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Polish :

1989, mur berliński, Brama Brandenburska, NRD, Otto von Habsburg, piknik z Sopron, demonstracja, obywateli NRD, Praga federalnych ambasady niemieckiej, koniec NRD, Honecker, ściany jest otwarty, Gorbaczow, koniec zimnej wojny, schodzili z muru berlińskiego, Niemcy, Berlin, Erich, Honecker wideo długość mierzona w stopach, komunizm, Nagranie komunizmu, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Romanian :

1989, Zidul Berlinului, Poarta Brandenburg, RDG, Otto von Habsburg, Picnic de Sopron, demonstraţie, RDG cetăţeni, Praga Ambasadei Germaniei federale, sfârşitul de perete RDG, Honecker, este deschis, Gorbaciov, sfârşitul războiului rece, vin în jos Zidului din Berlin, Germania, Berlin, Erich, Imagini video de Honecker, comunismului, Imagini video de comunism, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Russian :

1989, Берлинская стена, Бранденбургские ворота, ГДР, Отто фон Габсбург, пикник от Шопрона, демонстрация, граждан ГДР, Прага федерального посольства Германии, конец ГДР, Хонеккер, стена открыта, Горбачев, окончание холодной войны, спускаясь из Берлинской стены, Германия, Берлин, Эрих, Хонеккер видеоматериалы, коммунизм, Коммунизм видеоматериалы, Ганс Дитрих Геншер, Joachim Apitz, Эгон Кренц, Гюнтер Шабовски, Райнер Еппельманн, ,


Slovak :

1989, Berlínsky múr, Brandenburská brána, NDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik z Sopron, demonštrácia, občanov NDR, Praha Spolkovej nemeckej ambasády, koniec NDR, Honecker, múru je otvorený, Gorbačov, Koniec studenej vojny, zostupuje Berlínskeho múru, Nemecko, Berlín, Erich, Honecker videozáznamu, komunizmus, Komunizmus videozáznamu, Hans Dietrich Genscher Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Slovenian :

1989 je Berlinski zid, Brandenburška vrata, NDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik od mesta Sopron, predstavitev, državljani GDR, Praga zveznega nemškega veleposlaništva, konec stene NDR, Honecker, je odprt, Gorbačov, konec hladne vojne, spušča berlinskega zidu, Nemčija, Berlin, Erich, Honecker video posnetkov, komunizma, Komunizem video posnetkov, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Thai :

เป็นจุดสิ้นสุดของกำแพง GDR, Honecker, 1989 กำแพงเบอร์ลิน ตูบ GDR ออตโตฟอน Habsburg ปิกนิกจาก Sopron สาธิต GDR ประชาชน ปรากสหพันธรัฐเยอรมันสถานทูต เปิด ฮาอิล จุดสิ้นสุดของสงครามเย็น มาลงของกำแพงเบอร์ลิน เยอรมัน เบอร์ลิน เอ ริช วิดีโอ Honecker คอมมิวนิสต์ คอมมิวนิสต์วิดีโอ ฮันส์ดีทริช Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann,


Turkish :

1989, Berlin Duvarı, Brandenburg Geçidi, GDR, Otto von Habsburg, piknik Sopron, gösteri, GDR vatandaşlar, Prag Federal Alman Büyükelçiliği üzerinden GDR, Honecker, duvar sonu açık, Gorbaçov, soğuk savaş, Berlin duvarının, Almanya, Berlin, Erich, iniyor Honecker video görüntüleri, Komünizm, Komünizm video görüntüleri, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Vietnamese :

Năm 1989, bức tường Berlin, Brandenburg Gate, Đông Đức, Otto von Habsburg, dã ngoại từ Sopron, cuộc biểu tình, công dân GDR, Praha liên bang Đức Embassy, cuối tường GDR, Honecker, là mở, Gorbachev, kết thúc chiến tranh lạnh, xuống của bức tường Berlin, Đức, Berlin, Erich, Honecker cảnh quay video, chủ nghĩa cộng sản, Chủ nghĩa cộng sản các cảnh quay video, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Essentially the situation was much worse than we imagined. The people were squeezed together. Many of them were looking at me questioning, others already might have lost their hope, since they had expected good news long before. And when the news arrived, oh well…, the situation explains itself, why people reacted that intensely…"

Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "I am here to announce that as of today, you are now free to go abroad."

Apitz, Joachim

(inhabitant of Leipzig) , speaking German:
-  "We were absolutely terrified. People were so close to each other, that everyone stepped on other people‘s feet, since this close distance gave us a feeling of security. With this scary feeling we started to shout: We don’t want violence, we are the people, Gorbi! Gorbi! Join us! "

Krenz, Egon

(President of the state commission of Eastern-Germany ) , speaking German:
-  "At that time, I thought that we must be able to make some connection to reforms in the Soviet Union - obviously with German specifications – and that we could reform East Germany in this manner.."

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "By the end of the Central Committee meeting, Krenz gave me a paper and said: we discussed the case over and over again, and it is a regulation instead of a law, which takes effect immediately. I suggest to announce it tonight. I am sure, it will „blow up like a bomb“."

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "People travelling privately abroad can make an application without any explanation, like having family relationships or such, as it used to be before. Permission will be granted promptly. "

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "It was a blunder. I assume the people who composed the text wanted to write a closed deadline. Which would have been 4am. So at 4 in the morning, when everybody was still asleep, the radio was supposed to have announced that there was no obstacle for any travel abroad. "

Eppelmann, Rainer

(Civil rights activist at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "If I said that this night, for me, was like God helped us, then I can say: it was a miracle!"

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (master)
Click to view the video from this part!

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100_2040

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15-11-2010 12:15:41

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