1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall (00:08:20)
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1989 - The end of the Cold War: the coming down of the Berlin wall

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Germany, Berlin, 09-11-1989


On June 27, 1989, Hungary removed its border restrictions with Austria, and in September more than 13,000 East Germans escaped through Hungary . Mass demonstrations against the government in East Germany began in the fall of 1989. The leader of East Germany , Erich Honecker, resigned on October 18, 1989. He was replaced by a short-lived successor, Egon Krenz, a few days later. The travel restrictions for East Germans were lifted somewhat by the new government on November 9, 1989. After a misunderstanding, Günter Schabowski announced in a press conference, televised live on East German state TV, that all restrictions had been abandoned. Upon this news spreading, tens of thousands of people immediately went to the Wall, where they quickly became a major crowd control problem for the surprised and overwhelmed border guards. Many hectic telephone calls and much to and fro with the guards superiors ensued while still more people kept converging on the major crossing points. It eventually became clear that there was little way to hold back these huge numbers of East German citizens as the vastly outnumbered border guards had only been equipped for another day of regular duty. The masses could also not be convinced to turn back or calm down — they had heard of Mr. Schabowskis statement and they wanted it to be acted upon. Probably the only way to hold the crowds back would have been use of lethal force, but this would have meant massacring the countrys own citizens in huge numbers — which at that point the guards and authorities were simply not willing to do. In face of the escalating crowd safety situation the guards eventually just yielded, opening the access points and allowing people through with (at most) minimal identity verification checks. The ecstatic East Berliners were soon greeted by jubilant West Berliners on the other side in an all-out party atmosphere. November 9 is thus considered the date the Wall fell.

Other languages: show / hide

Greek :

1989, το τείχος του Βερολίνου, η πύλη του Βρανδεμβούργου, ΟΔΓ, Otto von Habsburg, πικνίκ από Sopron, διαδήλωση, πολίτες της ΟΔΓ, ομοσπονδιακή γερμανική πρεσβεία Πράγας, τέλος της ΟΔΓ, Honecker, τοίχο είναι ανοιχτό, Γκορμπατσόφ, το τέλος του ψυχρού πολέμου, κατεβαίνει του τείχους του Βερολίνου, η Γερμανία, Βερολίνο, Erich, Honecker μαγνητοταινίες, ο κομμουνισμός, Βιντεοσκοπημένα στιγμιότυπα του κομμουνισμού, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Ράινερ Eppelmann, ,

Hungarian :

1989-ben, a berlini fal, Brandenburgi kapu, NDK, Habsburg Ottó, Sopron, bemutató, NDK állampolgárok, Prága szövetségi német nagykövetség, a piknik vége az NDK-ban, Honecker, fal, nyitott, Gorbacsov, vége a hideg háború, jön le a berlini fal, Németország, Berlin, Erich, Honecker videofelvétel a kommunizmus, A kommunizmus videofelvétel, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski Rainer Eppelmann, ,

Korean :

1989 년 베를린 장벽, 브란덴부르크 문, GDR, 오토 폰 Habsburg, 피크닉 쇼프론, 데모, GDR 시민, 프라하 연방 독일 대사관에서에서 GDR, Honecker, 벽의 끝이 열려, 고르바초프, 베를린 장벽, 독일, 베를린, Erich, 내려 오고 냉전의 끝 Honecker 영상 공산주의 공산주의 영상, 한스 디트리히 Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, 귄터 Schabowski, 라이너 Eppelmann,

Lithuanian :

1989 m. Berlyno sienos, Brandenburgo vartai, VDR, Otto von Habsburg, iškylą nuo Sopron, demonstravimo, VDR piliečių, Prahos federalinė Vokietijos ambasada, pabaigoje VDR, Honecker, sienos yra atvira, Gorbačiovas, po šaltojo karo, Berlyno sienos, Vokietija, Berlynas, Erich, leistis Honecker vaizdo medžiagą, komunizmas, Komunizmo vaizdo medžiagą, Hans Dietrich Genscher, Joachim Apitz, Egon Krenz, Günter Schabowski, Rainer Eppelmann, ,

Russian :

1989, Берлинская стена, Бранденбургские ворота, ГДР, Отто фон Габсбург, пикник от Шопрона, демонстрация, граждан ГДР, Прага федерального посольства Германии, конец ГДР, Хонеккер, стена открыта, Горбачев, окончание холодной войны, спускаясь из Берлинской стены, Германия, Берлин, Эрих, Хонеккер видеоматериалы, коммунизм, Коммунизм видеоматериалы, Ганс Дитрих Геншер, Joachim Apitz, Эгон Кренц, Гюнтер Шабовски, Райнер Еппельманн, ,

Sound Bite and conversation:

Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "Essentially the situation was much worse than we imagined. The people were squeezed together. Many of them were looking at me questioning, others already might have lost their hope, since they had expected good news long before. And when the news arrived, oh well…, the situation explains itself, why people reacted that intensely…"

Genscher, Hans Dietrich

(then Minister of Foreign Affairs) , speaking German:
-  "I am here to announce that as of today, you are now free to go abroad."

Apitz, Joachim

(inhabitant of Leipzig) , speaking German:
-  "We were absolutely terrified. People were so close to each other, that everyone stepped on other people‘s feet, since this close distance gave us a feeling of security. With this scary feeling we started to shout: We don’t want violence, we are the people, Gorbi! Gorbi! Join us! "

Krenz, Egon

(President of the state commission of Eastern-Germany ) , speaking German:
-  "At that time, I thought that we must be able to make some connection to reforms in the Soviet Union - obviously with German specifications – and that we could reform East Germany in this manner.."

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "By the end of the Central Committee meeting, Krenz gave me a paper and said: we discussed the case over and over again, and it is a regulation instead of a law, which takes effect immediately. I suggest to announce it tonight. I am sure, it will „blow up like a bomb“."

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "People travelling privately abroad can make an application without any explanation, like having family relationships or such, as it used to be before. Permission will be granted promptly. "

Schabowski, Günter

(Central Committee at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "It was a blunder. I assume the people who composed the text wanted to write a closed deadline. Which would have been 4am. So at 4 in the morning, when everybody was still asleep, the radio was supposed to have announced that there was no obstacle for any travel abroad. "

Eppelmann, Rainer

(Civil rights activist at the end of the cold war) , speaking German:
-  "If I said that this night, for me, was like God helped us, then I can say: it was a miracle!"




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15-11-2010 12:15:41

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