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1993 - The UN flees Somalia (00:08:26)
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Title:

1993 - The UN flees Somalia

Rights-Managed, Editorial

Location and time:

Somalia, 03-10-1993

Description:

United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) was the second phase of the United Nations intervention in Somalia, from March 1993 until March 1995.

UNOSOM II carried on from the United States-controlled (but UN-sanctioned) Unified Task Force (UNITAF), which had in turn taken over from the ineffectual United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I) mission. All three of these interventions were aimed at creating a secure enough environment for humanitarian operations to be carried out in the increasingly lawless and famine-stricken country.

The UNOSOM II intervention is well-known for the Battle of Mogadishu and the resulting events portrayed in the book Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War, and its associated film Black Hawk Down.

 

On October 3, 1993, Task Force Ranger raided a hotel in Mogadishu in which Aidid was thought to be hiding. What ensued was the longest, bloodiest and deadliest battle for US troops in Somalia. In what later became known as the Battle of Mogadishu, eighteen US soldiers were killed. Images of their dead bodies being dragged through the streets were broadcast on television stations all over the world, horrifying and infuriating the American public.


Other languages: show / hide


Danish :

1993, Somalia, sult, hungersnød, marinesoldater, Afrika, FN, USA, borgerkrig, Gregg Gould, David W., Floyd, Basi Sufi Muhammad, Yusuf Adam Bokah, James W. Davis, Robert B. Oakley, Fred Peck, Landing, kæmper Mogadishu, hospitalet, sårede, mad, FN-operationer, helikopter, angreb, kamp, nat, sejr, US troop, tilbagetrækning, plyndring, lufthavn, United Nation, drift, sygdom, militær, army, soldat, krig, disciplin, officer, rang, vagt, børn, børn, unge, flygtninge, flygtning, indvandring, fattigdom, grundlæggende menneskelige behov, elendighed, fattigdom, ,


Korean :

1993 년 소말리아, 굶주림, 기근, 해병대, 아프리카, 유엔, 미국, 남북 전쟁, 그레그 굴드, David W., 플로이드, Basi 수 피 무하마드, 유서 프 아담 Bokah, James W. Davis, 로버트 B. 오클리, Fred 펙, 착륙, 싸우는 모가디슈, 부상, 병원, 식품, 취소 작업, 헬기, 공격, 싸움, , 승리, 미국 부 대, 철수, 약탈, 공항, 유엔, 운영, 질병, 군사, 군대, 군인, 전쟁, 훈련, 장교, 계급, 가드, 아이 들, 아이, 젊은, 난민, 난민, 이민, 빈곤, 기본적인 인간의 욕구, 결핍, poorness, ,


Portuguese :

1993, Somália, fome, fome, fuzileiros, África, ONU, EUA, Guerra Civil, Gregg Gould, David W., Floyd, Basi Sufi Muhammad, Yusuf Adam Bokah, James W. Davis, Robert B. Oakley, Fred Peck, desembarque, combate a Mogadíscio, hospital, ferido, comida, as operações da ONU, helicóptero, ataque, luta, noite, vitória, tropas americanas, retirada, saques, aeroporto, Nações Unidas, operação, doença, militar, exército, soldado, guerra, disciplina, oficial, rank, guarda, crianças, criança, jovem, refugiados, refugiados, imigração, pobreza, as necessidades humanas básicas, miséria, pobreza, ,


Slovak :

1993, Somálsko, hlad, hladomor, Marines, Afrika, OSN, USA, občianskej vojny, Gregg Gould, David W., Floyd, Basi Sufi Muhammad, Yusuf Adam Bokah, James W. Davis, Robert B. Oakley, Fred Peck, pristátie, boj Mogadišo, nemocnice, zranený, jedlo operácií OSN vrtuľníka, útok, boj, noc, víťazstvo, vojakov USA, odstúpenie od zmluvy, rabovanie, Airport, OSN, prevádzku, choroby, vojenské armády vojak, vojna, disciplína, úradník, hodnosť, stráž, deti, deti, mladých, utečencov, pre utečencov, prisťahovalectvo, chudoba, základné ľudské potreby, bieda, poorness, ,


Sound Bite and conversation:



Peck, Fred

(American marine-Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "They observed us rather as a curiosity. I am sure that the people in Somalia had never seen things like what we took with us. First of all amphibious vehicles, then enormous hovercrafts with which we could go straight from water to the sandy beach. We had a program which could have been Disneyland for them."

Sufi, Basi Mohamed

(Former employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking English:
-  "It was inhuman. People were walking on the streets as ghosts – nothing but skin and bones."

Sufi, Basi Mohamed

(Former employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking English:
-  "We took the road each morning with small baskets to find aqueducts to get some drinking water. Then drop by drop, sometimes even waiting for 2-3 hours, we collected a bit of water."

Sufi, Basi Mohamed

(Former employee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) , speaking English:
-  "The whole city echoed from the bomb-explosions. I think even some shops broke into flames. The crackle of machine-guns could be heard everywhere. It was not secure to stay in Mogadishu anymore."

Oakley, Robert

(Special commissioner at the American embassy in Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "Everybody was satisfied at this time. Equanimity was everywhere; the people got food and medical attendance. We felt we fulfilled our mission."

Oakley, Robert

(Special commissioner at the American embassy in Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "The provisions became weapons. If someone could keep the enemy away from food, it was a success. It was even better to keep the food for themselves because then he could eat, change it to weapons or even sell it. It was a horrible situation, people died in quantities."

Peck, Fred

(American marine-Somalia) , speaking English:
-  "We wanted to prove for them, how better we were. We wanted to let them know, that we were strong, we were harsh, we had weapons, and if you made trouble, we would kill you."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "The hate, the revenge and the inimical feelings took over on both sides. It was just unbelievable."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "The dew was so thick we could hardly see the earth. As soon as we jumped out from the helicopters, they shot at us. When we reached the ground, we knew it was an absolutely different commission. We were in a jam from that moment onwards, when we touched down."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "Often we couldn’t even assess, from where they were firing at us, from window or from the corner of the street. They were all around us. We couldn’t say that the enemy was here or there. We were right in the middle of the problem, as we just clogged into a wasp’s nest."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "We were continuously under fire for about 15 or 16 hours. And our munitions just got less and less. We were extremely thirsty – and even our water-resources were about running out."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "The ones, who could still walk, split into smaller groups and tried to get out from the trap behind the cars in the two sides of the street. To shoot and run – this was their plan."

Davis, Dr. James

(politologist about Somalia, 1993) , speaking English:
-  "The pictures were really shocking, and I think they had a huge response. These pictures were forcing the decision: the American troops were pulled out and they could return home."

Floyd, Dawid W.

(United States - sea forces) , speaking English:
-  "If we investigated the case holistically – the Somali action from the beginning till the end – then it turned out, that the different clans were fighting against each other again and again. There was no hope for a central government and the starvation was there again – so we have to state, that the intervention was not successful."

Produced

1999

Definition:

SD
color audio

Format:

4:3
Original video: This ist the original video - with voice over (English)
Click to view the video from this part!

ID Nr.:

100_1993_engl_2061

Uploaded:

25-12-2010 20:45:23

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